Ecology Practice Test 1

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Ecology Quizzes & Trivia

3rd Grade - Ecology Practise Test 1


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    A living thing that makes its own food

    • A.

      Consumer

    • B.

      Ecologist

    • C.

      Producer

    • D.

      Herbivore

    Correct Answer
    C. Producer
    Explanation
    A producer is a living thing that makes its own food through the process of photosynthesis. This means that it is able to convert sunlight, water, and carbon dioxide into energy-rich molecules such as glucose. Producers, such as plants and some types of bacteria, play a crucial role in ecosystems as they are the primary source of energy. They provide food for other organisms, such as herbivores, which in turn are consumed by other organisms. Producers are essential for maintaining the balance and functioning of ecosystems.

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  • 2. 

    A living thing that eats other living things

    • A.

      Decomposer

    • B.

      Consumer

    • C.

      Producer

    • D.

      Parasite

    Correct Answer
    B. Consumer
    Explanation
    A consumer is a living thing that eats other living things. Consumers obtain energy by consuming other organisms, either plants or other animals. They are an essential part of the food chain and play a crucial role in transferring energy from one trophic level to another. Consumers can be herbivores, carnivores, or omnivores, depending on their diet. They are distinct from decomposers, producers, and parasites, as they directly consume other living organisms for their energy needs.

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  • 3. 

    A living thing that breaks down the bodies of other living things after they have died

    • A.

      Decomposer

    • B.

      Omnivore

    • C.

      Parasite

    • D.

      Consumer

    Correct Answer
    A. Decomposer
    Explanation
    A decomposer is a living thing that breaks down the bodies of other living things after they have died. Decomposers play a crucial role in the ecosystem by breaking down dead organisms and returning nutrients back to the soil. They break down complex organic matter into simpler forms, such as carbon dioxide and water, through the process of decomposition. Examples of decomposers include bacteria, fungi, and worms. They are essential for recycling nutrients and maintaining the balance in the ecosystem.

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  • 4. 

    A living thing that eats only plants

    • A.

      Carnivore

    • B.

      Omnivore

    • C.

      Consumer

    • D.

      Herbivore

    Correct Answer
    D. Herbivore
    Explanation
    A herbivore is a living thing that eats only plants. Herbivores obtain their energy and nutrients by consuming plant material. They have specialized digestive systems that allow them to break down and extract nutrients from plant matter. Unlike carnivores, which eat only meat, herbivores do not consume other animals. Omnivores, on the other hand, eat both plants and animals, while consumers refer to any living thing that ingests organic matter for energy.

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  • 5. 

    A living thing that eats only the bodies of other living animals

    • A.

      Omnivore

    • B.

      Carnivore

    • C.

      Herbivore

    • D.

      Parasite

    Correct Answer
    B. Carnivore
    Explanation
    A carnivore is a living thing that eats only the bodies of other living animals. Unlike herbivores that eat plants or omnivores that eat both plants and animals, carnivores exclusively rely on consuming the flesh and bodies of other animals for their sustenance. This dietary preference makes them specialized predators in the food chain, as they have adapted physical features and hunting strategies to capture and feed on other animals. Examples of carnivores include lions, tigers, and wolves.

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  • 6. 

    A living thing that eats both plants and the bodies of other animals

    • A.

      Carnivore

    • B.

      Herbivore

    • C.

      Omnivore

    • D.

      Consumer

    Correct Answer
    C. Omnivore
    Explanation
    An omnivore is a living thing that eats both plants and the bodies of other animals. This means that it has a varied diet and can consume both plant matter and other animals for sustenance. Unlike herbivores, which only eat plants, and carnivores, which only eat other animals, omnivores have the ability to digest and obtain nutrients from both sources. This allows them to adapt to different environments and have a wider range of food options available to them.

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  • 7. 

    Vitamins (not the ones we buy at the store, but the ones that are invisible and are used to make food and make the plant healthier).

    • A.

      Unhealthy

    • B.

      Nutrients

    • C.

      Food

    • D.

      Pollutant

    Correct Answer
    B. Nutrients
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "nutrients." Vitamins are essential nutrients that are necessary for the proper functioning of our bodies. They are not visible to the naked eye and are found in various foods. Vitamins play a crucial role in maintaining our overall health and well-being. They help in boosting our immune system, promoting growth and development, and preventing various diseases. Therefore, the statement suggests that vitamins are important nutrients that contribute to making food and plants healthier.

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  • 8. 

    Like a circle

    • A.

      Cycle

    • B.

      Sphere

    • C.

      Ecosystem

    • D.

      Web

    • E.

      Recycle

    Correct Answer
    A. Cycle
    Explanation
    The given answer "cycle" is the best fit because it is the only option that is synonymous with "like a circle." A cycle refers to a series of events or actions that repeat in a continuous loop, similar to how a circle has no beginning or end. The other options do not convey the same idea of repetition or circularity.

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  • 9. 

    A specific community of living creatures and their environment

    • A.

      Population explosion

    • B.

      Ecology

    • C.

      Web

    • D.

      Ecosystem

    Correct Answer
    D. Ecosystem
    Explanation
    An ecosystem refers to a specific community of living creatures and their environment. It includes all the living organisms (plants, animals, and microorganisms) in a particular area, as well as the physical and chemical factors that influence them. This term is often used to describe the interactions and relationships between different species and their surroundings. Ecosystems can vary in size and can be found in various habitats, such as forests, oceans, and grasslands.

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  • 10. 

    A scientist who studies the connections between plants and animals in an ecosystem

    • A.

      Nutritionist

    • B.

      Cyclist

    • C.

      Ecologist

    • D.

      Economist

    Correct Answer
    C. Ecologist
    Explanation
    An ecologist is a scientist who studies the connections between plants and animals in an ecosystem. They examine how different species interact with each other and their environment, including studying their feeding habits, behavior, and population dynamics. Ecologists also investigate the impact of human activities on ecosystems and work towards finding ways to conserve and protect them. Therefore, an ecologist is the correct answer for this question.

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  • 11. 

    The study of the environment and ecosystems

    • A.

      Oncology

    • B.

      Ecology

    • C.

      Ecosystem

    • D.

      Biology

    Correct Answer
    B. Ecology
    Explanation
    Ecology is the study of the environment and ecosystems, which involves understanding the relationships between organisms and their environment. It focuses on how living organisms interact with each other and their surroundings. This field of study helps us understand the balance and interdependence of different species within an ecosystem, as well as the impact of human activities on the environment.

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  • 12. 

    When one group in a food chain increases very quickly.

    • A.

      Extinction

    • B.

      Pollution

    • C.

      Population explosion

    • D.

      Recycle

    Correct Answer
    C. Population explosion
    Explanation
    Population explosion refers to a rapid increase in the number of individuals in a particular group or population. In the context of a food chain, when one group in the chain increases very quickly, it can lead to a population explosion. This can have consequences such as competition for resources, imbalance in the ecosystem, and potential disruptions to the other organisms in the food chain. Therefore, population explosion is the most appropriate answer in this context.

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  • 13. 

    An activity used to draw the connections between the different groups in an ecosystem

    • A.

      Web

    • B.

      Cycle

    • C.

      Smog

    • D.

      Recycle

    Correct Answer
    A. Web
    Explanation
    The term "web" refers to a food web, which is a visual representation of the feeding relationships between different organisms in an ecosystem. It shows how energy and nutrients flow through the different trophic levels in a community. By drawing the connections between the different groups in an ecosystem, a food web helps us understand the complex interactions and dependencies between organisms.

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  • 14. 

    When all of one kind of living thing have died and there will never be anymore.

    • A.

      Population explosion

    • B.

      Extinct

    • C.

      Endangered

    • D.

      Conserve

    Correct Answer
    B. Extinct
    Explanation
    The term "extinct" refers to a situation where all of one kind of living thing have died and there will never be any more of them. This means that the entire population of that particular species has completely disappeared from the Earth. It is often used to describe species that have become extinct due to natural causes or human activities. Extinction is a serious concern as it leads to a loss of biodiversity and disrupts the delicate balance of ecosystems. Efforts are made to conserve endangered species and prevent them from becoming extinct.

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  • 15. 

    Close to being extinct

    • A.

      Pollute

    • B.

      Population explosion

    • C.

      Extinct

    • D.

      Endangered

    Correct Answer
    D. Endangered
    Explanation
    The term "endangered" refers to a species that is at risk of becoming extinct. It suggests that the population of the species is declining to a critical level, and if appropriate conservation measures are not taken, it may disappear from the Earth. The options "pollute" and "population explosion" do not directly relate to the concept of being close to extinction. Therefore, the correct answer is "endangered."

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  • 16. 

    To make dirty

    • A.

      Smog

    • B.

      Conserve

    • C.

      Pollute

    • D.

      Cycle

    Correct Answer
    C. Pollute
    Explanation
    The word "pollute" means to make something dirty or contaminated. In the context of the given options, "pollute" is the only word that accurately describes the action of making something dirty. "Smog" refers to a type of air pollution, "conserve" means to protect or preserve, and "cycle" refers to a repetitive process. Therefore, "pollute" is the correct answer.

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  • 17. 

    Dirty, cloudy air

    • A.

      Pollute

    • B.

      Smog

    • C.

      Acid

    • D.

      Nutrients

    Correct Answer
    B. Smog
    Explanation
    Smog refers to a type of air pollution that is characterized by a mixture of smoke and fog. It is formed when pollutants such as nitrogen oxides and volatile organic compounds react with sunlight, creating a hazy and dirty appearance in the air. Smog can have detrimental effects on human health, causing respiratory problems and eye irritation. It can also harm the environment by damaging plants and contributing to the formation of acid rain. Therefore, smog is a correct answer to the given question about dirty, cloudy air.

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  • 18. 

    A chemical that eats away at something

    • A.

      Web

    • B.

      Acid

    • C.

      Nutrients

    • D.

      Smog

    Correct Answer
    B. Acid
    Explanation
    An acid is a chemical substance that has the ability to react with and corrode or dissolve other materials. It is known for its corrosive properties and can eat away at certain substances. Acids are commonly used in various industries for cleaning, etching, and other purposes. They can be found in household products such as vinegar and lemon juice, as well as in industrial chemicals like sulfuric acid and hydrochloric acid.

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  • 19. 

    To use resources carefully

    • A.

      Preserve

    • B.

      Conserve

    • C.

      Ecology

    • D.

      Pollute

    Correct Answer
    B. Conserve
    Explanation
    The word "conserve" means to use resources carefully and avoid wasting them. This aligns with the idea of preserving and protecting the environment, which is often referred to as "conserving" the ecology. The other options, "preserve" and "ecology," also relate to the idea of protecting the environment, but "conserving" specifically emphasizes the careful use of resources. "Pollute," on the other hand, goes against the concept of conservation as it refers to the act of causing harm or damage to the environment.

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  • 20. 

    Use resources again

    • A.

      Cycle

    • B.

      Recycle

    • C.

      Conserve

    • D.

      Ecology

    Correct Answer
    B. Recycle
    Explanation
    Recycling refers to the process of reusing materials or converting waste into usable resources. By recycling, we can reduce the amount of waste that goes into landfills and conserve natural resources. Recycling helps to preserve the environment by reducing pollution, conserving energy, and decreasing the need for raw materials. It is an effective way to promote sustainability and protect the planet for future generations.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Sep 12, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Pankaj00
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