Ecology Quiz: Test Your Ecology Knowledge

Reviewed by Daniel P
Daniel P, MSEd, Science |
Science Education
Review Board Member
With 11 years of urban teaching, Daniel excels as a STEM club teacher, demonstrating expertise in curriculum design, differentiated instruction for IEPs, and adept use of Google Classroom. His commitment to education shines through in his impactful contributions to STEM learning. Daniel holds a MSEd in Science Education from The City College of New York and a BA in History from Binghamton University. With certifications in Special Education and Biology, he is dedicated to curriculum development and enhancing educational experiences for students.
, MSEd, Science
Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Mbromell
M
Mbromell
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 5 | Total Attempts: 77,633
Questions: 19 | Attempts: 68,779

SettingsSettingsSettings
Ecology Quiz: Test Your Ecology Knowledge - Quiz


This is an informative ecology quiz. Let's see how well you understand this branch of science and its basics. Ecology is a major subject within the practice of biology. Learning about ecology is important when studying the relationship between various organisms and their physical surroundings. This ecology practice test will help you evaluate that.

Embrace the beauty of nature and challenge your ecological intellect with our Ecology Quiz! Explore the intricate web of relationships between living organisms and their environment as you navigate through questions that span ecosystems, biodiversity, and conservation.

Whether you're an environmental enthusiast or a greenhorn in Read morethe world of ecology, this quiz offers an engaging test of your knowledge. From the delicate balance of ecosystems to the urgency of environmental conservation, embark on a journey that will not only test your understanding but also deepen your appreciation for the interconnected tapestry of life. Are you ready to uncover the secrets of the natural world?


Ecology Questions and Answers

  • 1. 

    In the following food chain, which organism is the secondary consumer? grass ------> rabbit -------> snake ------> hawk

    • A.

      Grass

    • B.

      Rabbit

    • C.

      Snake

    • D.

      Hawk

    Correct Answer
    C. Snake
    Explanation
    In the given food chain, the organism that is the secondary consumer is the snake

    Here's the breakdown:

    - Grass is at the bottom of the food chain and is a primary producer.
    - The rabbit feeds on the grass, making it the primary consumer (herbivore).
    - The snake, in turn, feeds on the rabbit, making it the secondary consumer (carnivore).
    - The hawk, if present in this food chain, would be a tertiary consumer, feeding on the snake.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    Which of the following cannot be recycled?

    • A.

      Nitrogen

    • B.

      Carbon

    • C.

      Water

    • D.

      Energy

    Correct Answer
    D. Energy
    Explanation
    Energy cannot be recycled because it is not a physical substance that can be broken down and reprocessed. Energy is a property or a force that can be transferred or converted from one form to another, but it cannot be created or destroyed. While we can harness and utilize different forms of energy, such as solar or wind, we cannot recycle energy itself. Recycling typically refers to the reprocessing of physical materials like nitrogen, carbon, and water, which can be broken down and reused in various ways.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    The term "nitrogen fixation" refers to:

    • A.

      The process that turns nitrates and nitrites into nitrogen.

    • B.

      The process where bacteria turns nitrogen into a form that plants can use (ammonia).

    • C.

      The process where nitrogen gas in the atmosphere is converted to nitrates.

    • D.

      None of the above.

    Correct Answer
    B. The process where bacteria turns nitrogen into a form that plants can use (ammonia).
    Explanation
    Nitrogen fixation is the process where bacteria convert nitrogen gas in the atmosphere into a form that plants can use, specifically ammonia. This process is essential for plants to obtain the nitrogen they need for growth and development. The conversion of nitrogen gas into ammonia by bacteria allows it to be incorporated into organic compounds and utilized by plants as a nutrient source.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    The release of water vapor from the leaves of trees is called?

    • A.

      Evaporation

    • B.

      Precipitation

    • C.

      Condensation

    • D.

      Transpiration

    Correct Answer
    D. Transpiration
    Explanation
    Transpiration refers to the process by which water vapor is released from the leaves of trees. It is a natural process through which plants lose water primarily through small openings called stomata on the surface of leaves. Transpiration helps in the regulation of temperature in plants and also aids in the absorption of nutrients from the soil. Condensation is not correct; it is a phase change of a substance from gas to liquid. Evaporation is not correct; it is a phase change from a substance from liquid to gas. Precipitation is the process where water falls to Earth in a liquid or solid form.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    Sea anemones contain a venom that is used to sting and paralyze their prey. The clownfish contains an enzyme in their scales that makes them immune to the venom. This allows them to freely live in the sea anemone without being harmed. This is an example of what type of relationship?

    • A.

      Predator-prey

    • B.

      Mutualism

    • C.

      Commensalism

    • D.

      Parasitism

    Correct Answer
    B. Mutualism
    Explanation
    This is an example of mutualism. Mutualism is a type of symbiotic relationship between two species in which both benefit from the association. In the case described, the clownfish benefits by gaining protection from predators, and the sea anemone benefits by having potential threats or parasites removed by the clownfish.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    Which of the following is an abiotic factor in an ecosystem?

    • A.

      Bird

    • B.

      Tree

    • C.

      Rock

    • D.

      Deer

    Correct Answer
    C. Rock
    Explanation
    An abiotic factor refers to a non-living component of an ecosystem. In this case, a rock is the only option that fits this criterion. Birds, trees, and deer are all living organisms and therefore considered biotic factors. Rocks, on the other hand, are non-living and do not possess any biological characteristics. They play a role in shaping the physical environment and can affect the availability of resources for living organisms in the ecosystem.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    Mushrooms and other fungi are responsible for breaking down dead organic matter. In an ecosystem, they are called

    • A.

      Producers

    • B.

      Consumers

    • C.

      Decomposers

    • D.

      Scavengers

    Correct Answer
    C. Decomposers
    Explanation
    Mushrooms and other fungi play a crucial role in the ecosystem by breaking down dead organic matter. They secrete enzymes that break down complex organic compounds into simpler forms, which can then be absorbed by other organisms. This process of decomposition helps to recycle nutrients back into the soil, making them available for other plants and organisms to use. 

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    The amount of energy that is passed from one organism to the next in a food chain is

    • A.

      5%

    • B.

      10%

    • C.

      15%

    • D.

      20%

    Correct Answer
    B. 10%
    Explanation
     In a food chain, energy is transferred from one organism to the next through the process of feeding. However, not all of the energy is passed on. Energy is lost as heat during metabolic processes and used by the organism for its own growth and maintenance. The 10% rule states that only about 10% of the energy available at one trophic level is transferred to the next trophic level. This is because energy is inefficiently converted and lost at each level

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    On what trophic level would you find organisms that use the sun's energy directly to make their own food?

    • A.

      1

    • B.

      2

    • C.

      3

    • D.

      4

    Correct Answer
    A. 1
    Explanation
    Organisms that use the sun's energy directly to make their own food are known as autotrophs or producers. They are capable of photosynthesis, a process in which they convert sunlight into energy-rich organic compounds. These autotrophs form the base of the food chain and are found on the first trophic level. This level is also called the primary producer level, as it provides energy and nutrients to the rest of the trophic levels.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    A lichen is a symbiotic decomposer that attaches itself to trees and slowly breaks them down. They obtain nutrients from the tree, allowing them to survive and reproduce. What type of relationship is this?

    • A.

      Predator-prey

    • B.

      Mutualism

    • C.

      Parasitism

    • D.

      Competition

    Correct Answer
    C. Parasitism
    Explanation
    In parasitism, one organism, known as the parasite, benefits at the expense of the other organism, known as the host. The parasite relies on the host for resources such as nutrients or shelter, often causing harm or detriment to the host in the process. In the scenario described, the lichen is acting as a parasite by attaching itself to the trees and deriving nutrients from them. While the lichen benefits from this relationship by obtaining nutrients and a habitat for growth and reproduction, the trees are harmed as the lichen slowly breaks them down.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    Which of the following statements is true about matter and energy?

    • A.

      Matter is not recycled; energy is recycled.

    • B.

      Matter is recycled; energy is not recycled.

    • C.

      Both matter and energy are recycled.

    • D.

      Neither matter nor energy are recycled.

    Correct Answer
    B. Matter is recycled; energy is not recycled.
    Explanation
    This statement suggests that matter can be recycled, meaning it can be reused or transformed into different forms, while energy cannot be recycled. Energy can be converted from one form to another, but it cannot be created or destroyed. Therefore, the statement implies that matter can go through a recycling process, while energy cannot.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    The ultimate source of energy for all organisms in life is

    • A.

      Water

    • B.

      Oxygen

    • C.

      Nitrogen

    • D.

      The Sun

    Correct Answer
    D. The Sun
    Explanation
    The Sun is the ultimate source of energy for all organisms in life. Through the process of photosynthesis, plants convert sunlight into chemical energy in the form of glucose. This energy is then transferred through the food chain as organisms consume plants or other organisms. Ultimately, all energy in an ecosystem can be traced back to the Sun. Water, oxygen, and nitrogen are important for life, but they are not the ultimate source of energy.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    In the nitrogen cycle, the term "denitrification" refers to

    • A.

      The conversion of ammonia into nitrogen.

    • B.

      The conversion of nitrogen into ammonia.

    • C.

      The conversion of nitrates into nitrogen gas.

    • D.

      The conversion of nitrogen gas into nitrates.

    Correct Answer
    C. The conversion of nitrates into nitrogen gas.
    Explanation
    Denitrification is a process in the nitrogen cycle where nitrates, which are compounds containing nitrogen and oxygen, are converted into nitrogen gas. This process is carried out by certain bacteria in the soil, water, or other environments lacking oxygen. These bacteria use the nitrates as an alternative source of oxygen, and as a result, nitrogen gas is released into the atmosphere. This conversion is important as it helps to balance the levels of nitrogen in ecosystems and prevents an excess buildup of nitrates, which can be harmful to plants and aquatic life.

    Rate this question:

  • 14. 

    All of the following are ways that we can protect the biosphere except:

    • A.

      Recycling

    • B.

      Protecting waterways from the dumping of illegal chemicals.

    • C.

      Burning fossil fuels.

    • D.

      Decreasing the process of deforestation.

    Correct Answer
    C. Burning fossil fuels.
    Explanation
    Burning fossil fuels is not a way to protect the biosphere because it releases harmful greenhouse gasses into the atmosphere, contributing to climate change and air pollution. On the other hand, recycling helps reduce waste and conserve resources, protecting the environment. Protecting waterways from illegal chemical dumping prevents contamination and maintains the health of aquatic ecosystems. Decreasing deforestation helps preserve biodiversity and maintain the balance of ecosystems. 

    Rate this question:

  • 15. 

    When the ground has absorbed the maximum amount of precipitation that it can hold, what process occurs?

    • A.

      Seepage

    • B.

      Evaporation

    • C.

      Condensation

    • D.

      Runoff

    Correct Answer
    D. Runoff
    Explanation
    When the ground has absorbed the maximum amount of precipitation that it can hold, the excess water flows over the surface of the ground, forming streams, rivers, or other bodies of water. This process is known as runoff.

    Rate this question:

  • 16. 

    The above image represents what type of relationship?

    • A.

      Competition

    • B.

      Mutualism

    • C.

      Parasitism

    • D.

      Predator-prey

    Correct Answer
    C. Parasitism
    Explanation
    The above image represents a parasitic relationship because one organism (the insect, a parasite in this instance), benefits at the expense of the other organism (the human, a host in this instance). In parasitism, the parasite relies on the host for resources, such as nutrients or shelter, while causing harm or damage to the host. This relationship is often characterized by the parasite living on or inside the host, and it can have negative effects on the host's health or survival.

    Rate this question:

  • 17. 

    In which cycle would you find denitrification?

    • A.

      Water

    • B.

      Carbon

    • C.

      Nitrogen

    • D.

      Energy

    Correct Answer
    C. Nitrogen
    Explanation
    Denitrification is a process in the nitrogen cycle where nitrates are converted back into nitrogen gas and released into the atmosphere. This process occurs in the nitrogen cycle specifically because it involves the conversion of nitrogen compounds. 

    Rate this question:

  • 18. 

    Which of the following organisms is an autotroph?

    • A.

      Algae

    • B.

      A bear

    • C.

      A cheetah

    • D.

      A fish

    Correct Answer
    A. Algae
    Explanation
    Algae is an autotroph because it is capable of producing its own food through photosynthesis. Autotrophs are organisms that can convert sunlight, water, and carbon dioxide into energy-rich organic compounds, such as glucose. Algae, being a plant-like organism, contains chlorophyll in its cells, which enables it to capture sunlight and carry out photosynthesis. In contrast, a bear, cheetah, and fish are heterotrophs, which means they rely on consuming other organisms for their energy and nutrients.

    Rate this question:

  • 19. 

    An area was recently destroyed by a raging wildfire. Which of the following events would allow secondary succession to take place?

    • A.

      Animals that survive migrate to surrounding areas.

    • B.

      Plant life that survives begins to die out as a result of the lack of available nutrients.

    • C.

      The dead bodies of animals that did not survive the fire return nutrients to the soil.

    • D.

      Omnivores that survive create a decline of both the herbivore and carnivore populations.

    Correct Answer
    C. The dead bodies of animals that did not survive the fire return nutrients to the soil.
    Explanation
    In a recently destroyed area by a wildfire, secondary succession can take place when the dead bodies of animals that did not survive the fire return nutrients to the soil. This process is known as nutrient cycling, where the decomposition of organic matter contributes to the replenishment of nutrients in the soil. As the dead animals decompose, their organic matter releases essential nutrients back into the soil, providing a fertile environment for new plant growth. This allows for the establishment of new plant communities, which is a key component of secondary succession.

    Rate this question:

Daniel P |MSEd, Science |
Science Education
With 11 years of urban teaching, Daniel excels as a STEM club teacher, demonstrating expertise in curriculum design, differentiated instruction for IEPs, and adept use of Google Classroom. His commitment to education shines through in his impactful contributions to STEM learning. Daniel holds a MSEd in Science Education from The City College of New York and a BA in History from Binghamton University. With certifications in Special Education and Biology, he is dedicated to curriculum development and enhancing educational experiences for students.

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Jun 02, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team

    Expert Reviewed by
    Daniel P
  • Jan 08, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Mbromell
Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.