Quiz: Basic Principles Of Ecology!

66 Questions | Total Attempts: 1337

Settings
Please wait...
Quiz: Basic Principles Of Ecology!

.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    It is the study of how organisms live and how they interact with their environment.
    • A. 

      Biology

    • B. 

      Botany

    • C. 

      Zoology

    • D. 

      Ecology

  • 2. 
    It is the study of the ecology of a single species.
    • A. 

      Autecology

    • B. 

      Oncology

    • C. 

      Symbiology

    • D. 

      Synecology

  • 3. 
    It is the study of the ecology of whole communities of organisms.
    • A. 

      Autecology

    • B. 

      Oncology

    • C. 

      Symbiology

    • D. 

      Synecology

  • 4. 
    The group interacting and interbreeding organism of the same species
    • A. 

      Community

    • B. 

      Organism

    • C. 

      Population

    • D. 

      Ecosystem

  • 5. 
    This is composed of different populations living together interacting as competitors, predatorand prey, or symbiotically.
    • A. 

      Community

    • B. 

      Organism

    • C. 

      Biome

    • D. 

      Ecosystem

  • 6. 
    The thin film on the surface of the earth in which all life exists is called
    • A. 

      Geosphere

    • B. 

      Biosphere

    • C. 

      Hydrosphere

    • D. 

      Atmosphere

  • 7. 
    This area, composed of a community and the physical environment it occupies is called
    • A. 

      Ecosystem

    • B. 

      Biome

    • C. 

      Biosphere

    • D. 

      Town

  • 8. 
    Which of these sources of water is sediment rich
    • A. 

      Drainage water

    • B. 

      River water

    • C. 

      Saltwater

    • D. 

      Rainfall

  • 9. 
    These autotrophs are bacteria that obtain energy by oxidizing inorganic compounds such asammonia, nitrites, and sulfides, and they use this energy to synthesize carbohydrates.
    • A. 

      Enzymes

    • B. 

      Photoautotrophs

    • C. 

      Coliform

    • D. 

      Chemautotrophs

  • 10. 
    These autotrophs are photosynthesizers such as algae and green plants that produce most ofthe organic nutrients for the biosphere.
    • A. 

      Enzymes

    • B. 

      Photoautotrophs

    • C. 

      Coliform

    • D. 

      Chemautotrophs

  • 11. 
    They produce their own organic nutrients for themselves and other members of the community.
    • A. 

      Autotrophs

    • B. 

      Detritivores

    • C. 

      Decomposers

    • D. 

      Heterotrophs

  • 12. 
    Which is not an abiotic component of the environment?
    • A. 

      Gases

    • B. 

      Bacteria

    • C. 

      Light

    • D. 

      Soil

  • 13. 
    These are organisms that rely on detritus, the decomposing particles of organic matter, for food.
    • A. 

      Autotrophs

    • B. 

      Detritivores

    • C. 

      Decomposers

    • D. 

      Heterotrophs

  • 14. 
    They are unable to produce food, are constantly looking for source of organic nutrients fromelsewhere.
    • A. 

      Autotrophs

    • B. 

      Detritivores

    • C. 

      Decomposers

    • D. 

      Heterotrophs

  • 15. 
    The living organisms are the____________components of an ecosystem.  
    • A. 

      Biotic

    • B. 

      Abiotic

    • C. 

      Chemical

    • D. 

      Social

  • 16. 
    These are animals that feed both on plants and animals.
    • A. 

      Herbivores

    • B. 

      Omnivores

    • C. 

      Detritivores

    • D. 

      Detritivores

  • 17. 
    They feed on other animals.
    • A. 

      Herbivores

    • B. 

      Omnivores

    • C. 

      Omnivores

    • D. 

      Carnivores

  • 18. 
    They are animals that graze directly on plants or algae.
    • A. 

      Herbivores

    • B. 

      Omnivores

    • C. 

      Detritivores

    • D. 

      Carnivores

  • 19. 
    They perform a very valuable service by releasing inorganic substances that are taken up byplants once more.
    • A. 

      Herbivores

    • B. 

      Omnivores

    • C. 

      Decomposers

    • D. 

      Carnivores

  • 20. 
    Earthworms and some beetles, termites, and maggots are all terrestrial .
    • A. 

      Herbivores

    • B. 

      Omnivores

    • C. 

      Detritivores

    • D. 

      Carnivores

  • 21. 
    These ecosystems obtain their water from rivers and are often extremely seasonal
    • A. 

      Floodland

    • B. 

      Bog

    • C. 

      Marine wetland

    • D. 

      Swamp and marsh

  • 22. 
    These are coastlines in the tropical and subtropical regions fringed with a strip of swamplandwhich is inundated every high tide with marine and brackish waters
    • A. 

      Floodland

    • B. 

      Bog

    • C. 

      Marine wetland

    • D. 

      Swamp and marsh

  • 23. 
    These ecosystems are found in areas of impeded drainage, where water runs off thesurrounding land and collects, or where groundwater lies close to the surface
    • A. 

      Floodland

    • B. 

      Bog

    • C. 

      Marine wetland

    • D. 

      Swamp and marsh

  • 24. 
    These ecosystems receive water only from rainfall, not from streams, rivers or groundwater.
    • A. 

      Floodland

    • B. 

      Bog

    • C. 

      Marine wetland

    • D. 

      Swamp and marsh

  • 25. 
    Lakes that are nutrient poor are describes as
    • A. 

      Heterotrophic

    • B. 

      Eutrophic

    • C. 

      Oligotrophic

    • D. 

      Autotrophic

  • 26. 
    It is the ultimate source of energy for every ecosystem.
    • A. 

      Coal

    • B. 

      Wind

    • C. 

      Water

    • D. 

      Sun

  • 27. 
    It is the term used to describe the amount of organic matter an ecosystem produces from solar energy within a given area during a given period of time.
    • A. 

      Primary consumers

    • B. 

      Biomass

    • C. 

      Primary productivity

    • D. 

      Secondary productivity

  • 28. 
    It is the total amount of organic matter produced by all autotrophs in an ecosystem, includingthat used by themselves.
    • A. 

      Biomass

    • B. 

      Net primary productivity

    • C. 

      Gross primary productivity

    • D. 

      Primary productivity

  • 29. 
    It is defined as the total amount of energy fixed per unit of time minus the amount of energyexpended by the metabolic activities of the photosynthetic organisms in the community.
    • A. 

      Biomass

    • B. 

      Net primary productivity

    • C. 

      Gross primary productivity

    • D. 

      Primary productivity

  • 30. 
    It is the net weight of all organisms living in an ecosystem, which, increases as a result of its net production.
    • A. 

      Biomass

    • B. 

      Net primary productivity

    • C. 

      Gross primary productivity

    • D. 

      Primary productivity

  • 31. 
    It is defined as the rate of biomass accumulation by heterotrophs.
    • A. 

      Biomass

    • B. 

      Secondary productivity

    • C. 

      Tertiary productivity

    • D. 

      Primary productivity

  • 32. 
    These refer to the complicated feeding relationships that exist among organisms in naturalecosystem.
    • A. 

      Food chains

    • B. 

      Food webs

    • C. 

      Niche

    • D. 

      Trophic level

  • 33. 
    These are selected single-lane food relationships in a series among organisms
    • A. 

      Food chains

    • B. 

      Food webs

    • C. 

      Trophic level

    • D. 

      Niche

  • 34. 
    • A. 

      Producers

    • B. 

      Predators

    • C. 

      Decomposers

    • D. 

      Consumers

  • 35. 
    They are those able to synthesize food for themselves.
    • A. 

      Producers

    • B. 

      Predators

    • C. 

      Decomposers

    • D. 

      Consumers

  • 36. 
    A consists of all the organisms that feed at a particular level in a food chain.
    • A. 

      Niche

    • B. 

      Trophic level

    • C. 

      Food pyramid

    • D. 

      Habitat

  • 37. 
    Secondary consumers belong to
    • A. 

      Fourth trophic level

    • B. 

      Third trophic level

    • C. 

      Second trophic level

    • D. 

      First trophic level

  • 38. 
    • A. 

      Fourth trophic level

    • B. 

      Third trophic level

    • C. 

      Second trophic level

    • D. 

      First trophic level

  • 39. 
    Primary producers belong to
    • A. 

      Fourth trophic level

    • B. 

      Third trophic level

    • C. 

      Second trophic level

    • D. 

      First trophic level

  • 40. 
    It is a process by which radiative energy leaving a planetary surface is absorbed by someatmospheric gases.
    • A. 

      Nutrient Cycle

    • B. 

      Phosphorous Cycle

    • C. 

      Carbon Cycle

    • D. 

      Greenhouse Effect

  • 41. 
    Which of these does not belong to the Greenhouse gases
    • A. 

      Water vapor

    • B. 

      Carbon dioxide

    • C. 

      Methane

    • D. 

      Oxygen

  • 42. 
    All ecological space that shares the same species, climate, animals, and plants is called
    • A. 

      Environment

    • B. 

      Biome

    • C. 

      Habitat

    • D. 

      Niche

  • 43. 
    In this biome the aggravating factor is the water: the precipitations do not arrive at 15 inchesper year, whereas the annual average temperature is of 86 F.
    • A. 

      Desert

    • B. 

      Savanna

    • C. 

      Steppe

    • D. 

      Tropical rainforest

  • 44. 
    With their multiple variety of vegetal species and animals, these are the most productive biomes of the Earth and those of greatest biodiversity.
    • A. 

      Deserts

    • B. 

      Temperate grasslands

    • C. 

      Steppes

    • D. 

      Tropical rainforests

  • 45. 
    It is a description of where an organism is found
    • A. 

      Environment

    • B. 

      Biome

    • C. 

      Habitat

    • D. 

      Niche

  • 46. 
    It is a complete description of how organism relates to its physical and biological environment
    • A. 

      Environment

    • B. 

      Biome

    • C. 

      Habitat

    • D. 

      Niche

  • 47. 
    It was considered as a subset of the general evolutionary relationships between species incommunities
    • A. 

      Symbiosis

    • B. 

      Mutualism

    • C. 

      Co-evolution

    • D. 

      Antagonistic Co-evolution

  • 48. 
    It is used to describe any close relationship between two species
    • A. 

      Symbiosis

    • B. 

      Mutualism

    • C. 

      Co-evolution

    • D. 

      Antagonistic Co-evolution

  • 49. 
    It is used to describe the relationship if both species benefit from each other.
    • A. 

      Symbiosis

    • B. 

      Mutualism

    • C. 

      Co-evolution

    • D. 

      Antagonistic Co-evolution

  • 50. 
    It refers to the relationship usually produce an arms race of chemical and mechanical attack and defense mechanism
    • A. 

      Symbiosis

    • B. 

      Mutualism

    • C. 

      Co-evolution

    • D. 

      Antagonistic Co-evolution

  • 51. 
    It occurs when substances are released into the environment in harmful amounts as a directresult of human activity.
    • A. 

      Eutrophication

    • B. 

      Biomagnification

    • C. 

      Bioaccumulation

    • D. 

      Pollution

  • 52. 
    It refers to the release large amounts of phosphate and nitrate or organic matter into the waterresulting in a lowering of oxygen levels and change in the fauna of the water
    • A. 

      Eutrophication

    • B. 

      Biomagnification

    • C. 

      Bioaccumulation

    • D. 

      Pollution

  • 53. 
    It refers to the process whereby certain substances such as pesticides or heavy metals move up the food chain
    • A. 

      Eutrophication

    • B. 

      Biomagn ification

    • C. 

      Bioaccumulation

    • D. 

      Pollution

  • 54. 
    These are substances that increase in concentration in living organisms as they take incontaminated air, water, or food because the substances are very slowly metabolized orexcreted
    • A. 

      Bioaccumulants

    • B. 

      Pollutants

    • C. 

      Poison

    • D. 

      Nutrients

  • 55. 
    It occurs within a trophic level, and is the increase in concentration of a substance in certaintissues of organisms' bodies due to absorption from food and the environment.
    • A. 

      Bioremediation

    • B. 

      Bioconcentration

    • C. 

      Bioindicator

    • D. 

      Bioaccumulation

  • 56. 
    It is defined as occurring when uptake from the water is greater than excretion
    • A. 

      Bioremediation

    • B. 

      Bioconcentration

    • C. 

      Bioindicator

    • D. 

      Bioaccumulation

  • 57. 
    It can be defined as any process that uses microorganisms, fungi, green plants or their enzymes to return the natural environment altered by contaminants to its original condition
    • A. 

      Bioremediation

    • B. 

      Bioconcentration

    • C. 

      Bioindicator

    • D. 

      Bioaccumulation

  • 58. 
    It refers to an organism or biological response that reveals the presence of the pollutants by the occurrence of typical symptoms or measurable responses, and is therefore more qualitative.
    • A. 

      Bioremediation

    • B. 

      Bioconcentration

    • C. 

      Bioindicator

    • D. 

      Bioaccumulation

  • 59. 
    It measures how much land and water area a human population requires to produce theresource it consumes and to absorb its wastes, using prevailing technology and also called"appropriated carrying capacity".
    • A. 

      Biodiversity

    • B. 

      Ecological Footprint

    • C. 

      Conservation

    • D. 

      Sustainable Development

  • 60. 
    Fter the 1992 Rio Summit, it became a buzzword for measuring the health of the planet. Andfor referring to number of species found there
    • A. 

      Biodiversity

    • B. 

      Ecological Footprint

    • C. 

      Conservation

    • D. 

      Sustainable Development

  • 61. 
    It refers to the management of the earth's resources in a way which aims to restore and maintain the balance between human requirements and the other species of the world.
    • A. 

      Biodiversity

    • B. 

      Ecological Footprint

    • C. 

      Conservation

    • D. 

      Sustainable Development

  • 62. 
    It refers to meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of futuregenerations to meet their own needs
    • A. 

      Biodiversity

    • B. 

      Ecological Footprint

    • C. 

      Conservation

    • D. 

      Sustainable Development

  • 63. 
    It is the national agenda for sustainable development. It outlines the integrating strategies forthe country's overall sustainable development and identifies the intervention areas from thenational to the regional level.
    • A. 

      PA 20

    • B. 

      PA 21

    • C. 

      SD 21

    • D. 

      SD 20

  • 64. 
    The country where industrial district at Kalundborg, often labeled as an "industrial ecosystem"or "industrial symbiosis" is situated
    • A. 

      US

    • B. 

      Denmark

    • C. 

      Germany

    • D. 

      Philippines

  • 65. 
    The Philippine Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) System was formally established in 1978 by virtue of _________
    • A. 

      PD No. 1586

    • B. 

      RA No. 1586

    • C. 

      RA No. 6465

    • D. 

      PD No. 857

  • 66. 
    It is a "process that involves predicting and evaluating the likely impacts of a project on theenvironment during construction, commissioning, operation and abandonment.
    • A. 

      ECP

    • B. 

      ECC

    • C. 

      EIA

    • D. 

      ECA