Quiz: Basic Principles Of Ecology!

66 Questions | Total Attempts: 2234

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Quiz: Basic Principles Of Ecology!

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    It is the study of how organisms live and how they interact with their environment.
    • A. 

      Biology

    • B. 

      Botany

    • C. 

      Zoology

    • D. 

      Ecology

  • 2. 
    It is the study of the ecology of a single species.
    • A. 

      Autecology

    • B. 

      Oncology

    • C. 

      Symbiology

    • D. 

      Synecology

  • 3. 
    It is the study of the ecology of whole communities of organisms.
    • A. 

      Autecology

    • B. 

      Oncology

    • C. 

      Symbiology

    • D. 

      Synecology

  • 4. 
    The group interacting and interbreeding organism of the same species
    • A. 

      Community

    • B. 

      Organism

    • C. 

      Population

    • D. 

      Ecosystem

  • 5. 
    This is composed of different populations living together interacting as competitors, predatorand prey, or symbiotically.
    • A. 

      Community

    • B. 

      Organism

    • C. 

      Biome

    • D. 

      Ecosystem

  • 6. 
    The thin film on the surface of the earth in which all life exists is called
    • A. 

      Geosphere

    • B. 

      Biosphere

    • C. 

      Hydrosphere

    • D. 

      Atmosphere

  • 7. 
    This area, composed of a community and the physical environment it occupies is called
    • A. 

      Ecosystem

    • B. 

      Biome

    • C. 

      Biosphere

    • D. 

      Town

  • 8. 
    Which of these sources of water is sediment rich
    • A. 

      Drainage water

    • B. 

      River water

    • C. 

      Saltwater

    • D. 

      Rainfall

  • 9. 
    These autotrophs are bacteria that obtain energy by oxidizing inorganic compounds such asammonia, nitrites, and sulfides, and they use this energy to synthesize carbohydrates.
    • A. 

      Enzymes

    • B. 

      Photoautotrophs

    • C. 

      Coliform

    • D. 

      Chemautotrophs

  • 10. 
    These autotrophs are photosynthesizers such as algae and green plants that produce most ofthe organic nutrients for the biosphere.
    • A. 

      Enzymes

    • B. 

      Photoautotrophs

    • C. 

      Coliform

    • D. 

      Chemautotrophs

  • 11. 
    They produce their own organic nutrients for themselves and other members of the community.
    • A. 

      Autotrophs

    • B. 

      Detritivores

    • C. 

      Decomposers

    • D. 

      Heterotrophs

  • 12. 
    Which is not an abiotic component of the environment?
    • A. 

      Gases

    • B. 

      Bacteria

    • C. 

      Light

    • D. 

      Soil

  • 13. 
    These are organisms that rely on detritus, the decomposing particles of organic matter, for food.
    • A. 

      Autotrophs

    • B. 

      Detritivores

    • C. 

      Decomposers

    • D. 

      Heterotrophs

  • 14. 
    They are unable to produce food, are constantly looking for source of organic nutrients fromelsewhere.
    • A. 

      Autotrophs

    • B. 

      Detritivores

    • C. 

      Decomposers

    • D. 

      Heterotrophs

  • 15. 
    The living organisms are the____________components of an ecosystem.  
    • A. 

      Biotic

    • B. 

      Abiotic

    • C. 

      Chemical

    • D. 

      Social

  • 16. 
    These are animals that feed both on plants and animals.
    • A. 

      Herbivores

    • B. 

      Omnivores

    • C. 

      Detritivores

    • D. 

      Detritivores

  • 17. 
    They feed on other animals.
    • A. 

      Herbivores

    • B. 

      Omnivores

    • C. 

      Omnivores

    • D. 

      Carnivores

  • 18. 
    They are animals that graze directly on plants or algae.
    • A. 

      Herbivores

    • B. 

      Omnivores

    • C. 

      Detritivores

    • D. 

      Carnivores

  • 19. 
    They perform a very valuable service by releasing inorganic substances that are taken up byplants once more.
    • A. 

      Herbivores

    • B. 

      Omnivores

    • C. 

      Decomposers

    • D. 

      Carnivores

  • 20. 
    Earthworms and some beetles, termites, and maggots are all terrestrial .
    • A. 

      Herbivores

    • B. 

      Omnivores

    • C. 

      Detritivores

    • D. 

      Carnivores

  • 21. 
    These ecosystems obtain their water from rivers and are often extremely seasonal
    • A. 

      Floodland

    • B. 

      Bog

    • C. 

      Marine wetland

    • D. 

      Swamp and marsh

  • 22. 
    These are coastlines in the tropical and subtropical regions fringed with a strip of swamplandwhich is inundated every high tide with marine and brackish waters
    • A. 

      Floodland

    • B. 

      Bog

    • C. 

      Marine wetland

    • D. 

      Swamp and marsh

  • 23. 
    These ecosystems are found in areas of impeded drainage, where water runs off thesurrounding land and collects, or where groundwater lies close to the surface
    • A. 

      Floodland

    • B. 

      Bog

    • C. 

      Marine wetland

    • D. 

      Swamp and marsh

  • 24. 
    These ecosystems receive water only from rainfall, not from streams, rivers or groundwater.
    • A. 

      Floodland

    • B. 

      Bog

    • C. 

      Marine wetland

    • D. 

      Swamp and marsh

  • 25. 
    Lakes that are nutrient poor are describes as
    • A. 

      Heterotrophic

    • B. 

      Eutrophic

    • C. 

      Oligotrophic

    • D. 

      Autotrophic