Quiz: Basic Principles Of Ecology!

66 Questions | Total Attempts: 4139

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Quiz: Basic Principles Of Ecology!

Are you familiar with the basic principles of ecology? Ecology is the study of relationships between organisms and their environment. Some of the world's most common problems that involve ecology include growing populations, food shortages, environmental pollution including global warming, extinctions of plant and animal species, and all the sociological and ethical problems. You must take this environmentally friendly quiz and see how much you know about ecology.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    It is the study of how organisms live and how they interact with their environment.
    • A. 

      Biology

    • B. 

      Botany

    • C. 

      Zoology

    • D. 

      Ecology

  • 2. 
    It is the study of the ecology of a single species.
    • A. 

      Autecology

    • B. 

      Oncology

    • C. 

      Symbiology

    • D. 

      Synecology

  • 3. 
    It is the study of the ecology of whole communities of organisms.
    • A. 

      Autecology

    • B. 

      Oncology

    • C. 

      Symbiology

    • D. 

      Synecology

  • 4. 
    The group interacting and interbreeding organism of the same species
    • A. 

      Community

    • B. 

      Organism

    • C. 

      Population

    • D. 

      Ecosystem

  • 5. 
    This is composed of different populations living together interacting as competitors, predatorand prey, or symbiotically.
    • A. 

      Community

    • B. 

      Organism

    • C. 

      Biome

    • D. 

      Ecosystem

  • 6. 
    The thin film on the surface of the earth in which all life exists is called
    • A. 

      Geosphere

    • B. 

      Biosphere

    • C. 

      Hydrosphere

    • D. 

      Atmosphere

  • 7. 
    This area, composed of a community and the physical environment it occupies is called
    • A. 

      Ecosystem

    • B. 

      Biome

    • C. 

      Biosphere

    • D. 

      Town

  • 8. 
    Which of these sources of water is sediment rich
    • A. 

      Drainage water

    • B. 

      River water

    • C. 

      Saltwater

    • D. 

      Rainfall

  • 9. 
    These autotrophs are bacteria that obtain energy by oxidizing inorganic compounds such asammonia, nitrites, and sulfides, and they use this energy to synthesize carbohydrates.
    • A. 

      Enzymes

    • B. 

      Photoautotrophs

    • C. 

      Coliform

    • D. 

      Chemautotrophs

  • 10. 
    These autotrophs are photosynthesizers such as algae and green plants that produce most ofthe organic nutrients for the biosphere.
    • A. 

      Enzymes

    • B. 

      Photoautotrophs

    • C. 

      Coliform

    • D. 

      Chemautotrophs

  • 11. 
    They produce their own organic nutrients for themselves and other members of the community.
    • A. 

      Autotrophs

    • B. 

      Detritivores

    • C. 

      Decomposers

    • D. 

      Heterotrophs

  • 12. 
    Which is not an abiotic component of the environment?
    • A. 

      Gases

    • B. 

      Bacteria

    • C. 

      Light

    • D. 

      Soil

  • 13. 
    These are organisms that rely on detritus, the decomposing particles of organic matter, for food.
    • A. 

      Autotrophs

    • B. 

      Detritivores

    • C. 

      Decomposers

    • D. 

      Heterotrophs

  • 14. 
    They are unable to produce food, are constantly looking for source of organic nutrients fromelsewhere.
    • A. 

      Autotrophs

    • B. 

      Detritivores

    • C. 

      Decomposers

    • D. 

      Heterotrophs

  • 15. 
    The living organisms are the____________components of an ecosystem.  
    • A. 

      Biotic

    • B. 

      Abiotic

    • C. 

      Chemical

    • D. 

      Social

  • 16. 
    These are animals that feed both on plants and animals.
    • A. 

      Herbivores

    • B. 

      Omnivores

    • C. 

      Detritivores

    • D. 

      Detritivores

  • 17. 
    They feed on other animals.
    • A. 

      Herbivores

    • B. 

      Omnivores

    • C. 

      Omnivores

    • D. 

      Carnivores

  • 18. 
    They are animals that graze directly on plants or algae.
    • A. 

      Herbivores

    • B. 

      Omnivores

    • C. 

      Detritivores

    • D. 

      Carnivores

  • 19. 
    They perform a very valuable service by releasing inorganic substances that are taken up byplants once more.
    • A. 

      Herbivores

    • B. 

      Omnivores

    • C. 

      Decomposers

    • D. 

      Carnivores

  • 20. 
    Earthworms and some beetles, termites, and maggots are all terrestrial .
    • A. 

      Herbivores

    • B. 

      Omnivores

    • C. 

      Detritivores

    • D. 

      Carnivores

  • 21. 
    These ecosystems obtain their water from rivers and are often extremely seasonal
    • A. 

      Floodland

    • B. 

      Bog

    • C. 

      Marine wetland

    • D. 

      Swamp and marsh

  • 22. 
    These are coastlines in the tropical and subtropical regions fringed with a strip of swamplandwhich is inundated every high tide with marine and brackish waters
    • A. 

      Floodland

    • B. 

      Bog

    • C. 

      Marine wetland

    • D. 

      Swamp and marsh

  • 23. 
    These ecosystems are found in areas of impeded drainage, where water runs off thesurrounding land and collects, or where groundwater lies close to the surface
    • A. 

      Floodland

    • B. 

      Bog

    • C. 

      Marine wetland

    • D. 

      Swamp and marsh

  • 24. 
    These ecosystems receive water only from rainfall, not from streams, rivers or groundwater.
    • A. 

      Floodland

    • B. 

      Bog

    • C. 

      Marine wetland

    • D. 

      Swamp and marsh

  • 25. 
    Lakes that are nutrient poor are describes as
    • A. 

      Heterotrophic

    • B. 

      Eutrophic

    • C. 

      Oligotrophic

    • D. 

      Autotrophic

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