Lab Bio 1 - Ecology Quiz

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Allisonwitman
A
Allisonwitman
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 690
Questions: 30 | Attempts: 690

SettingsSettingsSettings
Lab Bio 1 - Ecology Quiz - Quiz

.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    In what order do a hawk, grass, and rabbit form a food chain in a meadow?

    • A.

      Hawk --> grass --> rabbit

    • B.

      Grass --> hawk --> rabbit

    • C.

      Rabbit --> grass --> hawk

    • D.

      Grass --> rabbit --> hawk

    Correct Answer
    D. Grass --> rabbit --> hawk
    Explanation
    The correct order for a food chain in a meadow is grass --> rabbit --> hawk. This is because grass is the primary producer and is consumed by rabbits, which are herbivores. The hawk is a carnivore and preys on the rabbits, making it the top predator in the food chain.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    Which of the following lists only consumers?

    • A.

      Hawks, lizards, insects

    • B.

      Shrub, squirrels, rabbits

    • C.

      Grass, gophers, eagles

    • D.

      Mice, squirrels, grass

    Correct Answer
    A. Hawks, lizards, insects
    Explanation
    The correct answer is hawks, lizards, insects. This is because hawks, lizards, and insects are all examples of consumers in an ecosystem. Consumers are organisms that obtain their energy by consuming other organisms. In this case, hawks, lizards, and insects all feed on other organisms, making them consumers in the given list.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    _____ are organisms that break down dead plants and animals and return the nutrients to the soil. 

    • A.

      Consumers

    • B.

      Carnivores

    • C.

      Decomposers

    • D.

      Producers

    Correct Answer
    C. Decomposers
    Explanation
    Decomposers are organisms that break down dead plants and animals and return the nutrients to the soil. They play a crucial role in the ecosystem by breaking down organic matter and recycling nutrients, making them available for other organisms to use. This process of decomposition helps in maintaining the balance of nutrients in the soil and supports the growth of new plants. Decomposers include bacteria, fungi, and certain types of insects and worms.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    An organisms who's diet consists of both meat and plant material is referred to as a(n)?

    • A.

      Producer

    • B.

      Consumer

    • C.

      Herbivore

    • D.

      Carnivore

    • E.

      Omnivore

    Correct Answer
    E. Omnivore
    Explanation
    An organism who's diet consists of both meat and plant material is referred to as an omnivore. This means that it has the ability to consume and digest both animal and plant matter. Unlike herbivores, which only eat plants, and carnivores, which only eat meat, omnivores have a more varied diet. They have adaptations that allow them to consume and utilize nutrients from both sources, giving them a wider range of food options.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    Examine the Following Energy Pyramid.Which organism is found in the third tropic level?

    • A.

      Frog

    • B.

      Hawk

    • C.

      Snake

    • D.

      Cricket

    • E.

      Grass

    Correct Answer
    A. Frog
    Explanation
    The energy pyramid represents the flow of energy in an ecosystem, with each level representing a different trophic level. The first level consists of producers, such as grass, which convert sunlight into energy through photosynthesis. The second level consists of primary consumers, such as crickets, that eat the producers. The third level consists of secondary consumers, which eat the primary consumers. Therefore, the correct answer is Frog, as it is a secondary consumer that feeds on primary consumers like crickets.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    Examine the food web.Which organisms at any point can be considered as autotrophs?CHECK ALL THAT APPLY

    • A.

      Algae

    • B.

      Watercress

    • C.

      Minnow

    • D.

      Snapping turtle

    • E.

      Gammarus

    • F.

      Caddisfly

    • G.

      Sunfish

    • H.

      Largemouth bass

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Algae
    B. Watercress
    Explanation
    Algae and watercress can be considered as autotrophs because they are capable of producing their own food through photosynthesis. Autotrophs are organisms that can convert sunlight or inorganic compounds into energy-rich organic molecules. Algae and watercress are both plants that have chlorophyll and can use sunlight to produce glucose, which is their source of energy.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    Examine the food web.Which organisms can act at any point as a secondary consumers?CHECK ALL THAT APPLY

    • A.

      Algae

    • B.

      Watercress

    • C.

      Minnow

    • D.

      Snapping turtle

    • E.

      Gammarus

    • F.

      Caddisfly

    • G.

      Sunfish

    • H.

      Largemouth bass

    Correct Answer(s)
    C. Minnow
    D. Snapping turtle
    G. Sunfish
    H. Largemouth bass
    Explanation
    Minnow, snapping turtle, sunfish, and largemouth bass can all act as secondary consumers in the food web. Secondary consumers are organisms that eat primary consumers, which are organisms that eat producers. In this food web, algae and watercress are producers, while gammarus and caddisfly are primary consumers. The minnow, snapping turtle, sunfish, and largemouth bass can all consume the primary consumers, making them secondary consumers.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    Examine the food web. Which organisms at any point can be considered a tertiary consumer?CHECK ALL THAT APPLY

    • A.

      Algae

    • B.

      Watercress

    • C.

      Minnow

    • D.

      Snapping turtle

    • E.

      Gammarus

    • F.

      Caddisfly

    • G.

      Sunfish

    • H.

      Largemouth bass

    Correct Answer(s)
    D. Snapping turtle
    H. Largemouth bass
    Explanation
    The snapping turtle and largemouth bass can be considered tertiary consumers because they are both predators that feed on other organisms. They are higher up in the food chain and consume organisms that are lower in the chain, making them tertiary consumers.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    What is the chemical equation for photosynthesis?

    Correct Answer
    A.
    Explanation
    The chemical equation for photosynthesis is 6CO2 + 6H2O → C6H12O6 + 6O2. This equation represents the process by which plants, algae, and some bacteria convert carbon dioxide and water into glucose and oxygen using sunlight as the energy source. The reactants (carbon dioxide and water) are converted into the products (glucose and oxygen) through a series of complex biochemical reactions that occur in the chloroplasts of the cells. This equation summarizes the overall process of photosynthesis and showcases the importance of this process in sustaining life on Earth.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    As energy is transferred from one trophic level to the next, approximately how much energy is lost?

    • A.

      10%

    • B.

      90%

    • C.

      1%

    • D.

      50%

    • E.

      0%

    Correct Answer
    B. 90%
    Explanation
    As energy moves up the food chain, it is not efficiently transferred from one trophic level to the next. This is due to various reasons such as energy being used for metabolic processes, heat loss, and incomplete digestion. As a result, approximately 90% of the energy is lost as it moves from one trophic level to the next. This means that only 10% of the energy is available for the next level, making energy transfer inefficient and highlighting the importance of a large base of producers to sustain higher trophic levels.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    Which of the following are ABIOTIC factors in an ecosystem?CHECK ALL THAT APPLY

    • A.

      Water

    • B.

      Sunlight

    • C.

      Algae

    • D.

      Bacteria

    • E.

      Carbon dioxide

    • F.

      Grass

    • G.

      Insects

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Water
    B. Sunlight
    E. Carbon dioxide
    Explanation
    Abiotic factors are non-living components of an ecosystem. Water, sunlight, and carbon dioxide are all abiotic factors because they are not living organisms. Water is essential for various life processes and is a key component of many ecosystems. Sunlight is necessary for photosynthesis, a process that produces energy for plants and algae. Carbon dioxide is a gas that is used by plants and algae during photosynthesis. Algae, bacteria, grass, and insects are all living organisms and therefore not considered abiotic factors.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    Which of the following are BIOTIC factors in an ecosystem?CHECK ALL THAT APPLY

    • A.

      Water

    • B.

      Sunlight

    • C.

      Algae

    • D.

      Bacteria

    • E.

      Carbon Dioxide

    • F.

      Grass

    • G.

      Insects

    Correct Answer(s)
    C. Algae
    D. Bacteria
    F. Grass
    G. Insects
    Explanation
    Biotic factors refer to living organisms that directly or indirectly affect an ecosystem. Algae, bacteria, grass, and insects are all living organisms and therefore considered biotic factors in an ecosystem. Water, sunlight, and carbon dioxide are abiotic factors as they are non-living components of the environment.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    If a mongoose, a known predator of snakes, was introduced into the above ecosystem, what role would it have in the food web?

    • A.

      The mongoose would be a producer.

    • B.

      The mongoose would be a primary consumer.

    • C.

      The mongoose would be a secondary consumer.

    • D.

      The mongoose would be a tertiary consumer.

    • E.

      The mongoose would be a quaternary consumer.

    Correct Answer
    D. The mongoose would be a tertiary consumer.
    Explanation
    The mongoose would be a tertiary consumer because it is a predator that feeds on snakes, which are secondary consumers. As a tertiary consumer, the mongoose occupies a high trophic level in the food web, feeding on animals that are themselves consumers. This indicates that it is further up the food chain and plays a role in regulating the population of snakes in the ecosystem.

    Rate this question:

  • 14. 

    If a mongoose, a known predator of snakes, was introduced into the above ecosystem, which organism would benefit the most?

    • A.

      The owl.

    • B.

      The plant.

    • C.

      The mouse.

    • D.

      The lizard.

    • E.

      The frog.

    • F.

      The grasshopper.

    Correct Answer
    C. The mouse.
    Explanation
    If a mongoose, a known predator of snakes, was introduced into the ecosystem, the organism that would benefit the most would be the mouse. Since the mongoose preys on snakes, it would help control the snake population, reducing the threat to the mouse. This would create a safer environment for the mouse, allowing it to thrive and benefit from the decreased predation pressure.

    Rate this question:

  • 15. 

    Which statement describes an "autotroph"?CHECK ALL THAT APPLY

    • A.

      An organism that can undergo photosynthesis.

    • B.

      An organism that is also called a producer.

    • C.

      An organism that can be found at the bottom of the food chain.

    • D.

      An organism that must consume other organisms to obtain energy.

    • E.

      An organism that helps decompose dead organisms.

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. An organism that can undergo photosynthesis.
    B. An organism that is also called a producer.
    C. An organism that can be found at the bottom of the food chain.
    Explanation
    An autotroph is an organism that can undergo photosynthesis, meaning it can produce its own food using sunlight as an energy source. It is also called a producer because it can produce its own food. Autotrophs are usually found at the bottom of the food chain because they are the primary source of energy for other organisms. They do not need to consume other organisms to obtain energy. They do not help decompose dead organisms.

    Rate this question:

  • 16. 

    A food chain always starts with which type of organism?

    • A.

      Producer

    • B.

      Decomposer

    • C.

      Primary consumer

    • D.

      Quaternary consumer

    Correct Answer
    A. Producer
    Explanation
    A food chain always starts with a producer. Producers are organisms that can make their own food through photosynthesis or chemosynthesis. They convert sunlight or inorganic compounds into energy-rich organic compounds, such as glucose. These producers, such as plants or algae, form the base of the food chain by providing energy and nutrients to other organisms. Without producers, there would be no source of energy for the rest of the organisms in the food chain.

    Rate this question:

  • 17. 

    What is the function of the bacteria in the above food web?

    • A.

      Decomposer

    • B.

      Producer

    • C.

      Primary consumer

    • D.

      Secondary consumer

    • E.

      Tertiary consumer

    Correct Answer
    A. Decomposer
    Explanation
    The bacteria in the food web function as decomposers. Decomposers break down dead organisms and organic waste, releasing nutrients back into the ecosystem. In this food web, the bacteria play a crucial role in recycling nutrients and breaking down organic matter, ensuring the continuous flow of energy and materials through the ecosystem. They help in the decomposition process, which is essential for maintaining the balance and sustainability of the ecosystem.

    Rate this question:

  • 18. 

    A community in which barn owls and snakes consume only mice is being observed. If the number of snakes increases, which of the following is most likely to happen first?  

    • A.

      The mouse population will decrease.

    • B.

      The barn owl population with increase.

    • C.

      The barn owl population will decrease.

    • D.

      The mouse population will remain the same.

    Correct Answer
    A. The mouse population will decrease.
    Explanation
    If the number of snakes increases in a community where barn owls and snakes consume only mice, it is most likely that the mouse population will decrease. This is because with more snakes, there will be an increased predation pressure on the mouse population. The snakes will consume more mice, leading to a decrease in their numbers.

    Rate this question:

  • 19. 

     Which of the following explains why producers are always found at the beginning of a food chain? 

    • A.

      Consumers are eaten by a variety of producers.

    • B.

      Producers convert light energy into chemical energy.

    • C.

      Producers are larger than consumers.

    • D.

      Producers are found in fewer numbers than consumers.

    Correct Answer
    B. Producers convert light energy into chemical energy.
    Explanation
    Producers are always found at the beginning of a food chain because they have the ability to convert light energy into chemical energy through the process of photosynthesis. This means that they can produce their own food using sunlight as an energy source, without relying on consuming other organisms. This ability to create their own energy is what allows producers to be the foundation of the food chain, as they are the primary source of energy for all other organisms in the ecosystem.

    Rate this question:

  • 20. 

    Examine the following food web:Which organism(s) can best be classified as an "herbivore"?

    • A.

      Deer

    • B.

      Deer Mouse

    • C.

      Red Oak

    • D.

      Gypsy Moth Caterpillar

    • E.

      Carpenter Ant

    • F.

      Blue Jay

    • G.

      Deer Tick

    • H.

      Fiery Searcher Beetle

    • I.

      Red Squirrel

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Deer
    D. Gypsy Moth Caterpillar
    I. Red Squirrel
    Explanation
    Deer, Gypsy Moth Caterpillar, and Red Squirrel can be classified as herbivores because they primarily feed on plants. Deer are known to graze on grass and leaves, while Gypsy Moth Caterpillars consume the leaves of trees. Red Squirrels also feed on nuts, seeds, and the bark of trees, making them herbivores as well.

    Rate this question:

  • 21. 

    During the process of photosynthesis, plants make sugar plus which gas?

    • A.

      Oxygen

    • B.

      Carbon Dioxide

    • C.

      Nitrogen

    • D.

      Air

    Correct Answer
    A. Oxygen
    Explanation
    During the process of photosynthesis, plants use sunlight to convert carbon dioxide and water into glucose (sugar) and oxygen. Oxygen is released as a byproduct of this process and is essential for the survival of many organisms, including humans. Therefore, the correct answer is oxygen.

    Rate this question:

  • 22. 

    Name the tiertiary consumer 

    • A.

      Frog

    • B.

      Hawk

    • C.

      Snake

    • D.

      Cricket

    • E.

      Grass

    Correct Answer
    C. Snake
    Explanation
    A tertiary consumer is an organism that feeds on secondary consumers. In this given list, the only organism that fits this description is the snake. Snakes are carnivorous and often prey on small mammals, birds, and other reptiles, which would make them tertiary consumers in many food chains. The other options in the list, such as frog, hawk, cricket, and grass, do not typically occupy this position in the food chain.

    Rate this question:

  • 23. 

    Examine the following food web:It is determined that there is 29453 Joules of energy available in the Autotroph trophic level. What is the minimum amount of this energy that could be captured by the mountain lion? (Please only type a number... no letters or units) 

    Correct Answer
    29.453, 29.45, 29.4, 29, 29.0, 29.5
  • 24. 

    Which of the following is the best description of the term "heterotroph"? 

    • A.

      An organism that can undergo photosynthesis.

    • B.

      An organism that can be called a “Producer”.

    • C.

      An organism that can be found at the bottom of a food chain.

    • D.

      An organism that must consume other organisms to obtain their food source.

    • E.

      An organism that helps decompose other dead organisms.

    Correct Answer
    D. An organism that must consume other organisms to obtain their food source.
    Explanation
    The term "heterotroph" refers to an organism that must consume other organisms to obtain their food source. Unlike autotrophs, which can produce their own food through processes like photosynthesis, heterotrophs rely on consuming other living organisms for their energy and nutrients. This definition distinguishes heterotrophs from other options such as organisms that can undergo photosynthesis, be called a "Producer," be found at the bottom of a food chain, or help decompose other dead organisms.

    Rate this question:

  • 25. 

    Examine the following food web:Note: Wolves do not possess the proper insulation and fur to keep them safe in the frigid cold arctic waters, therefore they tend to avoid entering the water.If 74,500 J of energy are available in the cod, what is the maximum amount of energy that could possibly transfer to the Polar Bear? 

    • A.

      74500

    • B.

      745000

    • C.

      74.5

    • D.

      745

    • E.

      7.45

    • F.

      0.745

    • G.

      7450

    Correct Answer
    G. 7450
    Explanation
    The maximum amount of energy that could transfer to the Polar Bear is 7450 J. This is because energy transfer between organisms in a food web is not 100% efficient. As energy moves up the food chain, it is lost through various processes such as respiration, heat loss, and waste production. The 7450 J represents the maximum amount of energy that could be transferred to the Polar Bear after accounting for these losses.

    Rate this question:

  • 26. 

    Examine the following food chain:Which of the following term(s) applies to the mouse?(Check all that apply)

    • A.

      Autotroph

    • B.

      Heterotroph

    • C.

      Primary Consumer

    • D.

      Secondary Consumer

    • E.

      Herbivore

    • F.

      Carnivore

    • G.

      Producer

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Heterotroph
    C. Primary Consumer
    E. Herbivore
    Explanation
    The mouse is a heterotroph because it obtains its energy by consuming other organisms. It is also a primary consumer because it directly feeds on plants, making it the first consumer in the food chain. Additionally, the mouse is a herbivore because it only eats plants and does not consume other animals.

    Rate this question:

  • 27. 

    A solution is determined to possess a pH of 8.3.This solution can be best described as:

    • A.

      A weak base

    • B.

      A weak acid

    • C.

      A strong base

    • D.

      A strong acid

    • E.

      Neutral

    Correct Answer
    A. A weak base
    Explanation
    A solution with a pH of 8.3 indicates that it is slightly basic. Since it is not strongly basic, it can be described as a weak base.

    Rate this question:

  • 28. 

    Solution A has a pH of 3.Solution B has a pH of 6.How many times stronger of an acid is Solution A as compared to Solution B?

    • A.

      1000

    • B.

      100

    • C.

      10

    • D.

      30

    • E.

      3

    • F.

      Unable to tell based on the information given

    Correct Answer
    A. 1000
    Explanation
    Solution A has a pH of 3, while Solution B has a pH of 6. The pH scale is logarithmic, meaning that each unit represents a tenfold difference in acidity or alkalinity. Therefore, Solution A is 1000 times stronger as an acid compared to Solution B.

    Rate this question:

  • 29. 

    What is the name given to the natural process whereby over thousands of year lakes naturally accumulate an overabundance of nutrients. This causes them to become overgrown, green, and typically unhealthy looking.

    • A.

      Eutrohphication

    • B.

      Dissipation

    • C.

      Hetertrophication

    • D.

      Dissolved Oxygenation

    • E.

      Algae Bloom

    Correct Answer
    A. Eutrohphication
    Explanation
    Eutrophication is the correct answer because it refers to the natural process in which lakes gradually accumulate excessive nutrients over a long period of time. These nutrients, such as nitrogen and phosphorus, come from sources like fertilizers and sewage runoff. As a result, the lakes become overgrown with algae and other aquatic plants, leading to a green and unhealthy appearance. This process can negatively impact the water quality, oxygen levels, and overall ecosystem health of the lake.

    Rate this question:

  • 30. 

    In addition to the word producer, what is the name given to organisms that can create their own food?

    • A.

      Autotroph

    • B.

      Heterotroph

    • C.

      Consumer

    • D.

      Omnivore

    • E.

      Herbivore

    Correct Answer
    A. Autotroph
    Explanation
    Autotrophs are organisms that have the ability to produce their own food through processes like photosynthesis or chemosynthesis. They are self-sustaining and do not rely on consuming other organisms for energy. This is different from heterotrophs, which cannot produce their own food and must consume other organisms. Consumers, omnivores, and herbivores are all types of heterotrophs that obtain their energy by consuming other organisms. Therefore, the correct name given to organisms that can create their own food is autotroph.

    Rate this question:

Related Topics

Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.