Earth Science G/T Midterm Practice

24 Questions | Total Attempts: 222

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Earth Science Quizzes & Trivia

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What is mass?
    • A. 

      Weight under the influence if gravity

    • B. 

      Pounds using a scale

    • C. 

      The amount of matter an object contains

    • D. 

      Amount of space an object occupies

  • 2. 
    If an atom's atomic mass is 18 and there are 10 neutrons, how many protons are there?
    • A. 

      8

    • B. 

      10

    • C. 

      5

    • D. 

      18

  • 3. 
    Can an element be broken down into a simpler form?
    • A. 

      Yes, if you use a big laser.

    • B. 

      Not by ordinary chemical means.

    • C. 

      Yes, as long as the element contains LESS than 10 protons.

    • D. 

      No, because elements are made from many things.

  • 4. 
    What is an isotope?
    • A. 

      2 elements combined together

    • B. 

      An atom with more/less electrons than protons

    • C. 

      Something made of iron

    • D. 

      A simple silicon mixure used to make paint

  • 5. 
    Which of these is NOT a characteristic of a mineral?
    • A. 

      Must never be alive

    • B. 

      Must be solid

    • C. 

      Must be natural

    • D. 

      Must be found underground

    • E. 

      Must have a definite chemical compisition

    • F. 

      Must have a crystal structure

  • 6. 
    If a mineral formed by rapid magma cooling is found, what is a characteristic of its crystals?
    • A. 

      The crystals are smaller

    • B. 

      The crystals are bigger

    • C. 

      The crystals are brown or black

    • D. 

      The crystals are translucent

  • 7. 
    The most commonly found element on earth is
    • A. 

      Oxygen

    • B. 

      Silicon

    • C. 

      Iron

    • D. 

      Calcium

  • 8. 
    What is an ore?
    • A. 

      A metal added to another metal to make a new metal

    • B. 

      A characteristic that makes the metal bend

    • C. 

      A metal that can break into thin sheets

    • D. 

      A mineral that contains an important metal

  • 9. 
    I am a rock that was formed underground by cooling magma. Because of this, I have visible mineral crystals. This classifies me to be "plutonic". What family/subfamily am I in?
    • A. 

      Igneous-extrusive

    • B. 

      Metamorphic-foliated

    • C. 

      Igneous-instrusive

    • D. 

      Metamorphic-non foliated

  • 10. 
    I am a rock that was formed at the surface of the earth by cooling lava. I have no visible crystals and am dark in color. My friend, who is in the same family/subfamily as me, has pores. What family/subfamily am I in?
    • A. 

      Igneous-intrusive

    • B. 

      Igneous-extrusive

    • C. 

      Sedimentary-chemical

    • D. 

      Metamorphic-nonfoliated

  • 11. 
    I am a rock that was formed from cemented sediments. What family/subfamily am I in?
    • A. 

      Sedimentary-Clastic

    • B. 

      Sedimentary-organics

    • C. 

      Sedimentary-chemical

    • D. 

      Igneous-extrusive

  • 12. 
    I am a rock that was formed by the evaporation of solutions. An example of me is rock salt or halite. What family/subfamily am I in?
    • A. 

      Sedimentary-chemical

    • B. 

      Sedimentary-organics

    • C. 

      Metamorphic-clastic

    • D. 

      Metamorphic-nonclastic

  • 13. 
    I am a rock that has visible stripes/bands, thin layers, and mica at my surface. What family/subfamily am I in?
    • A. 

      Metamorphic-nonclastic

    • B. 

      Metamorphic- nonfoliated

    • C. 

      Metamorphic-foliated

    • D. 

      Sedimentary-clastic

  • 14. 
    What family of rocks contains fossils?
    • A. 

      Metamorphic

    • B. 

      Igneous

    • C. 

      Sedimentary

    • D. 

      No rocks can contain fossils

  • 15. 
    What is contact metamorphism?
    • A. 

      When magma or lava contacts existing rock and morphs it

    • B. 

      When a rock becomes dangerously high in radioactive substances

    • C. 

      When magma is slow moving

    • D. 

      When rocks weather away

  • 16. 
    Crack developing in a rock, water fills crack, freezes, breaks rock. and when abrasion occurs, (rock hitting another rock or water) are examples of...
    • A. 

      Mechanical weathering

    • B. 

      Chemical weathering

    • C. 

      Natural weathering

    • D. 

      Biological weathering

  • 17. 
    Can bird poop destroy rock?
    • A. 

      No because there is not enough acid.

    • B. 

      Yes because it's a type of biological weathering and contains acid.

    • C. 

      No because the acid it contains is not the right type if acid

    • D. 

      Yes because bird poop is made from worms, a highly acidic species.

  • 18. 
    What is karst topography?
    • A. 

      A method of building typically used in south america

    • B. 

      The theory that all living things should have limestone beneath them in order to support their legs.

    • C. 

      A type of plate tectonics

    • D. 

      Landscaping in limestone areas

  • 19. 
    Who proposed the theory of plate tectonics and in what year?
    • A. 

      Benjamin Fraklin-1783

    • B. 

      Robert Weakner-1922

    • C. 

      Alfred Wagner-1912

    • D. 

      Teddy Roosevelt-1918

  • 20. 
    Which of the following is NOT evidence of plate tectonics?
    • A. 

      Ice evidence from various continents that were once connected

    • B. 

      Rocks in south america are the same type age and thickness as in africa

    • C. 

      Africa fits in south america

    • D. 

      Ancient documents

  • 21. 
    What is the driving force of plate tectonics?
    • A. 

      Convection in the mantle

    • B. 

      Diverging plates

    • C. 

      Seismic waves

    • D. 

      Geologic time

  • 22. 
    What is it called when two plates searate?
    • A. 

      Converging plates

    • B. 

      Subduction zone

    • C. 

      Diverging plates

    • D. 

      Sliding plates

  • 23. 
    What is it called when an ocean plate meets an ocean plate or a continental plate meets a continental plate?
    • A. 

      Sliding plates

    • B. 

      Transform boundary

    • C. 

      Diverging plates

    • D. 

      Converging plates

  • 24. 
    When plates slide past eachother (sliding plates/transform boundary) what does it form?
    • A. 

      Trench

    • B. 

      Fault

    • C. 

      Mountains

    • D. 

      Mass destruction

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