Earth Science Exam Review Quiz

47 Questions

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Earth Science Quizzes & Trivia

The earth science exam can be hard for someone who has not taken adequate time to prepare for them. Have you been spending some more time in the library preparing for it? If so then the quiz below is exactly what you need to pass the upcoming exams. Answer these below questions to which will help you to prepare for the final exam. Good Luck!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Forces that shape Earth's surface can be divided into
    • A. 

      Constructive and physical

    • B. 

      Constructive and destructive

    • C. 

      Chemical and destructive

    • D. 

      Chemical and physical

  • 2. 
    The two layers that make up the lithosphere are the
    • A. 

      Upper mantle and lower mantle

    • B. 

      Oceanic crust and continental crust

    • C. 

      Inner core and outer core

    • D. 

      Crust and upper mantle

  • 3. 
    A naturally occurring, inorganic solid with a crystal structure and a characteristic chemical composition is a
    • A. 

      Piece of granite

    • B. 

      Mineral

    • C. 

      Fossil

    • D. 

      Rock

  • 4. 
    What is a mineral's cleavage?
    • A. 

      The resistance of a mineral to scratching

    • B. 

      A type of fracture in which a mineral breaks along regular, well defined planes

    • C. 

      The color of a minerals powder

    • D. 

      A type of fracture in which a mineral breaks along a curved surface

  • 5. 
    New ocean crust is formed along
    • A. 

      Trenches

    • B. 

      Mountain belts

    • C. 

      Subduction

    • D. 

      Mid ocean ridge

  • 6. 
    Plates slide past each other and crust is neither created nor destroyed at a
    • A. 

      Convergent boundary

    • B. 

      Divergent boundary

    • C. 

      Mid ocean ridge

    • D. 

      Transform boundary

  • 7. 
    What is a break in a rock mass along which movement occurs?
    • A. 

      Fold

    • B. 

      Earthquake

    • C. 

      Fault

    • D. 

      Epicenter

  • 8. 
    P waves
    • A. 

      Cause Earth to vibrate in the direction of the wave

    • B. 

      Cause Earth to vibrate at right angles to the direction the wave moves

    • C. 

      Travel along Earth's surface

    • D. 

      Move in a rolling motion similar to ocean waves

  • 9. 
    Geologists have inferred that Earth's outer core is liquid because
    • A. 

      P waves cannot pass through the core

    • B. 

      S waves speed up in the outer core

    • C. 

      S waves are bent downward as they travel through the outer core

    • D. 

      S waves cannot pass through the outer core

  • 10. 
    What causes the magma inside a volcano to rise towards the surface?
    • A. 

      It is cooler than the surrounding rock

    • B. 

      It is less dense than the surrounding rock

    • C. 

      It does not contain dissolved gases

    • D. 

      It is a thick liquid, denser than the surrounding rock

  • 11. 
    Shield volcanoes are produced by
    • A. 

      Explosive eruptions of lava and ash

    • B. 

      Quiet eruptions of lava

    • C. 

      Explosive eruptions of ash and cinders

    • D. 

      Quiet eruptions that alternate with explosive eruptions

  • 12. 
    What processes are involved in erosion?
    • A. 

      Precipitation, evaporation and condensation

    • B. 

      Weathering, runoff and transpiration

    • C. 

      Weathering, evaporation and runoff

    • D. 

      Weathering, the force of gravity and wind

  • 13. 
    A layer of permeable  rock that is saturated with water is called a
    • A. 

      Water table

    • B. 

      Lake

    • C. 

      Watershed

    • D. 

      Aquifer

  • 14. 
    Tilted telephone poles and fences curving in a downward direction on a hillside are evidence of
    • A. 

      A landslide

    • B. 

      Creep

    • C. 

      A mudflow

    • D. 

      A slump

  • 15. 
    Meanders, V-shaped valleys, and oxbow lakes are all features formed by
    • A. 

      Water erosion

    • B. 

      Glaciers

    • C. 

      Water deposition

    • D. 

      Groundwater erosion

  • 16. 
    Wind erodes the land by
    • A. 

      Deflation and oxidation

    • B. 

      Abrasion and chemical weathering

    • C. 

      Deflation and plucking

    • D. 

      Deflation and abrasion

  • 17. 
    Surface currents in the ocean are caused by
    • A. 

      Wind blowing across the ocean surface

    • B. 

      Density differences of ocean water

    • C. 

      Salinity changes with depth

    • D. 

      Deep upwelling

  • 18. 
    As altitude increases
    • A. 

      Air pressure decreases and density increases

    • B. 

      Air pressure increases and density decreases

    • C. 

      Air pressure and density increase

    • D. 

      Air pressure decreases and density decreases

  • 19. 
    What is the process that moves sand along a shore?
    • A. 

      Abrasion

    • B. 

      Hydraulic action

    • C. 

      A spit

    • D. 

      Longshore drift

  • 20. 
    Which of the following is an example of a feature caused by wave erosion?
    • A. 

      Delta

    • B. 

      Alluvial fan

    • C. 

      Sea stack

    • D. 

      Spit

  • 21. 
    As Earth completes one orbit around the sun, it has completed one
    • A. 

      Rotation

    • B. 

      Year

    • C. 

      Revolution

    • D. 

      Both b and c

  • 22. 
    Which letter represents heat and pressure forming metamorphic rock?
    • A. 

      E

    • B. 

      F

    • C. 

      A

    • D. 

      C

  • 23. 
    What must happen in order for metamorphic rock to turn into igneous rock?
    • A. 

      Heat and pressure applied

    • B. 

      Magma cools

    • C. 

      Rock breaks down

    • D. 

      Melting

  • 24. 
    What is being formed at point A?
    • A. 

      Earthquake

    • B. 

      Alluvial fan

    • C. 

      Delta

    • D. 

      Volcano

  • 25. 
    What is occuring at point B?
    • A. 

      Sea floor spreading

    • B. 

      Volcano formation

    • C. 

      Trench formation

    • D. 

      Earthquake

  • 26. 
    What type of plate boundary is represented by letter C?
    • A. 

      Divergent

    • B. 

      Convergent

    • C. 

      Transform

    • D. 

      Fault

  • 27. 
    Is the stream flow moving faster at point C or point D?
    • A. 

      C

    • B. 

      D

    • C. 

      Both the same

    • D. 

      Can't tell from the picture

  • 28. 
    What is the feature labeled A?
    • A. 

      Stream

    • B. 

      Alluvial fan

    • C. 

      Oxbow lake

    • D. 

      Floodplain

  • 29. 
    Describe the area that forms the floodplain for stream F.
    • A. 

      Delta

    • B. 

      Plateau

    • C. 

      Basin

    • D. 

      Valley

  • 30. 
    What are the smaller streams, labeled E, called?
    • A. 

      Rivers

    • B. 

      Oxbows

    • C. 

      Straits

    • D. 

      Tributaries

  • 31. 
    What process is occurring at D?
    • A. 

      Erosion

    • B. 

      Deposition

    • C. 

      Sedimentation

    • D. 

      Alluvial fan

  • 32. 
    Round, soliPieces of ice more than 5 millimeters in diameter fall as
    • A. 

      Hail

    • B. 

      Sleet

    • C. 

      Snow

    • D. 

      Freezing rain

  • 33. 
    What type of front forms when two unlike air masses form a boundary but neither is moving?
    • A. 

      Warm

    • B. 

      Cold

    • C. 

      Stationary

    • D. 

      Occluded

  • 34. 
                Which of the following is a weather system with a center of low pressure?
    • A. 

      Cyclone

    • B. 

      Anticyclone

    • C. 

      Cold front

    • D. 

      Warm front

  • 35. 
    Which of the symbols represents a warm front?
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      D

    • D. 

      D

  • 36. 
    Which represents a stationary front that is not moving?
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

  • 37. 
    A description of the pattern of weather over many years in a region is ...
    • A. 

      Weather forecast

    • B. 

      Air mass

    • C. 

      Climate

    • D. 

      Weather system

  • 38. 
    Which of the following factors affect a region's temperature?
    • A. 

      Longitude and altitude

    • B. 

      Distance from large bodies of water

    • C. 

      Ocean current

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 39. 
    An example of a long term climate change that occurs naturally is
    • A. 

      Ice age

    • B. 

      El Nino

    • C. 

      Global warming

    • D. 

      Greenhouse effect

  • 40. 
    Which rock layer is the youngest?
    • A. 

      F

    • B. 

      E

    • C. 

      H

    • D. 

      J

  • 41. 
    Compare the age of a fossil found in layer D to one found in layer B.
    • A. 

      The fossil in B would be younger

    • B. 

      You cannot tell from this graphic

    • C. 

      The fossil in D would be younger

    • D. 

      They are about the same age

  • 42. 
    Is the fault older or younger than the dike?
    • A. 

      They are approximately the same age

    • B. 

      You cannot tell from this graphic

    • C. 

      The fault is older than the dike

    • D. 

      The fault is younger than the dike

  • 43. 
    What causes clouds to form in the three fronts?
    • A. 

      Cold, dry air rises causing clouds

    • B. 

      Weather fronts always causes clouds

    • C. 

      As warm air rises, it cools and water vapor in the air condenses and forms clouds

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 44. 
    Explain what is happening to the two air masses in the cold front.
    • A. 

      The warm air is lifted up by the cold air

    • B. 

      The warm air mass is pushing the cold air down and away

    • C. 

      The air is mixing and the cloud is going away

    • D. 

      Cold, dry air causing clouds

  • 45. 
    What has happened to the warm air mass in the occluded front?
    • A. 

      It is creating a warm front

    • B. 

      The warm air mass is trapped between two cold air masses, which have forced it to rise

    • C. 

      The warm air mass is dividing a cold air mass in two

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 46. 
    What factors are used to classify the air masses?
    • A. 

      The state or county they form over

    • B. 

      What ocean they form over

    • C. 

      Whether they form over land or water

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 47. 
    Which letter represents a continental polar air mass?
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D