Quiz: Folds, Faults And Rock Deformation! Trivia

47 Questions | Total Attempts: 199

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Quiz: Folds, Faults And Rock Deformation! Trivia - Quiz

What do you know about folds, faults, and rock deformation? This quiz can be of assistance. For this quiz, you will be required to understand what forces shape the earth’s surface, where new ocean crusts are formed, what it is called when plates slide past each other without any damage, and what shield volcanoes are. This quiz is all about folds, faults, and rock deformation. You can do it.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Forces that shape Earth's surface can be divided into
    • A. 

      Constructive and physical

    • B. 

      Constructive and destructive

    • C. 

      Chemical and destructive

    • D. 

      Chemical and physical

  • 2. 
    The two layers that make up the lithosphere are the
    • A. 

      Upper mantle and lower mantle

    • B. 

      Oceanic crust and continental crust

    • C. 

      Inner core and outer core

    • D. 

      Crust and upper mantle

  • 3. 
    A naturally occurring, inorganic solid with a crystal structure and a characteristic chemical composition is a
    • A. 

      Piece of granite

    • B. 

      Mineral

    • C. 

      Fossil

    • D. 

      Rock

  • 4. 
    What is a mineral's cleavage?
    • A. 

      The resistance of a mineral to scratching

    • B. 

      A type of fracture in which a mineral breaks along regular, well defined planes

    • C. 

      The color of a minerals powder

    • D. 

      A type of fracture in which a mineral breaks along a curved surface

  • 5. 
    New ocean crust is formed along
    • A. 

      Trenches

    • B. 

      Mountain belts

    • C. 

      Subduction

    • D. 

      Mid ocean ridge

  • 6. 
    Plates slide past each other and crust is neither created nor destroyed at a
    • A. 

      Convergent boundary

    • B. 

      Divergent boundary

    • C. 

      Mid ocean ridge

    • D. 

      Transform boundary

  • 7. 
    What is a break in a rock mass along which movement occurs?
    • A. 

      Fold

    • B. 

      Earthquake

    • C. 

      Fault

    • D. 

      Epicenter

  • 8. 
    P waves
    • A. 

      Cause Earth to vibrate in the direction of the wave

    • B. 

      Cause Earth to vibrate at right angles to the direction the wave moves

    • C. 

      Travel along Earth's surface

    • D. 

      Move in a rolling motion similar to ocean waves

  • 9. 
    Geologists have inferred that Earth's outer core is liquid because
    • A. 

      P waves cannot pass through the core

    • B. 

      S waves speed up in the outer core

    • C. 

      S waves are bent downward as they travel through the outer core

    • D. 

      S waves cannot pass through the outer core

  • 10. 
    What causes the magma inside a volcano to rise towards the surface?
    • A. 

      It is cooler than the surrounding rock

    • B. 

      It is less dense than the surrounding rock

    • C. 

      It does not contain dissolved gases

    • D. 

      It is a thick liquid, denser than the surrounding rock

  • 11. 
    Shield volcanoes are produced by
    • A. 

      Explosive eruptions of lava and ash

    • B. 

      Quiet eruptions of lava

    • C. 

      Explosive eruptions of ash and cinders

    • D. 

      Quiet eruptions that alternate with explosive eruptions

  • 12. 
    What processes are involved in erosion?
    • A. 

      Precipitation, evaporation and condensation

    • B. 

      Weathering, runoff and transpiration

    • C. 

      Weathering, evaporation and runoff

    • D. 

      Weathering, the force of gravity and wind

  • 13. 
    A layer of permeable  rock that is saturated with water is called a
    • A. 

      Water table

    • B. 

      Lake

    • C. 

      Watershed

    • D. 

      Aquifer

  • 14. 
    Tilted telephone poles and fences curving in a downward direction on a hillside are evidence of
    • A. 

      A landslide

    • B. 

      Creep

    • C. 

      A mudflow

    • D. 

      A slump

  • 15. 
    Meanders, V-shaped valleys, and oxbow lakes are all features formed by
    • A. 

      Water erosion

    • B. 

      Glaciers

    • C. 

      Water deposition

    • D. 

      Groundwater erosion

  • 16. 
    Wind erodes the land by
    • A. 

      Deflation and oxidation

    • B. 

      Abrasion and chemical weathering

    • C. 

      Deflation and plucking

    • D. 

      Deflation and abrasion

  • 17. 
    Surface currents in the ocean are caused by
    • A. 

      Wind blowing across the ocean surface

    • B. 

      Density differences of ocean water

    • C. 

      Salinity changes with depth

    • D. 

      Deep upwelling

  • 18. 
    As altitude increases
    • A. 

      Air pressure decreases and density increases

    • B. 

      Air pressure increases and density decreases

    • C. 

      Air pressure and density increase

    • D. 

      Air pressure decreases and density decreases

  • 19. 
    What is the process that moves sand along a shore?
    • A. 

      Abrasion

    • B. 

      Hydraulic action

    • C. 

      A spit

    • D. 

      Longshore drift

  • 20. 
    Which of the following is an example of a feature caused by wave erosion?
    • A. 

      Delta

    • B. 

      Alluvial fan

    • C. 

      Sea stack

    • D. 

      Spit

  • 21. 
    As Earth completes one orbit around the sun, it has completed one
    • A. 

      Rotation

    • B. 

      Year

    • C. 

      Revolution

    • D. 

      Both b and c

  • 22. 
    Which letter represents heat and pressure forming metamorphic rock?
    • A. 

      E

    • B. 

      F

    • C. 

      A

    • D. 

      C

  • 23. 
    What must happen in order for metamorphic rock to turn into igneous rock?
    • A. 

      Heat and pressure applied

    • B. 

      Magma cools

    • C. 

      Rock breaks down

    • D. 

      Melting

  • 24. 
    What is being formed at point A?
    • A. 

      Earthquake

    • B. 

      Alluvial fan

    • C. 

      Delta

    • D. 

      Volcano

  • 25. 
    What is occuring at point B?
    • A. 

      Sea floor spreading

    • B. 

      Volcano formation

    • C. 

      Trench formation

    • D. 

      Earthquake

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