Earnings Management In Accounting Quiz!

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Earnings Management In Accounting Quiz! - Quiz


What is earnings management in accounting? Enhance your understanding of earnings management with this quiz. Earnings management is a way of manipulating financial records to improve the appearance of the company’s financial position. Businesses use earnings management to present consistent profits and balance out the earnings fluctuations. It aims to attain some personal gain. If you are curious to discover more about earnings management in accounting, look no further than this quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What other names are given to earning management?

    • A.

      Borrowing from the future

    • B.

      Aggressive accounting

    • C.

      Income Smoothing

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    All of the given names - income smoothing, borrowing from the future, and aggressive accounting - refer to earning management. Earning management is a practice where companies manipulate their financial statements to present a more favorable picture of their financial performance. Income smoothing involves artificially reducing fluctuations in reported earnings, while borrowing from the future refers to methods like delaying expenses or accelerating revenue recognition to boost current earnings. Aggressive accounting involves using aggressive and potentially misleading accounting practices to enhance reported earnings. Hence, all three names are synonymous with earning management.

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  • 2. 

    Managers are motivated to manipulate income with earnings management.  Which of the following is a (rare) reason(s) for them engaging in this kind of behavior?

    • A.

      Reduce the company's visibility

    • B.

      Raise the price of an initial public offering

    • C.

      Reduce the probability of covenant violation

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Managers may engage in earnings management to manipulate income for various reasons. One reason is to reduce the company's visibility, which can be beneficial in certain situations where the company wants to avoid attracting attention or scrutiny. Another reason is to raise the price of an initial public offering, as higher reported earnings can make the company more attractive to potential investors. Lastly, managers may manipulate income to reduce the probability of covenant violation, which helps the company maintain compliance with contractual agreements. Therefore, all of the given options can be valid reasons for managers to engage in earnings management.

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  • 3. 

    An “ iron law” that surrounds accrual-based earnings management

    • A.

      Accruals management

    • B.

      Income smoothing

    • C.

      Accruals reverse

    • D.

      Income smoothing

    Correct Answer
    C. Accruals reverse
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Accruals reverse". This refers to the practice of reversing or reducing accruals in order to manipulate financial statements and artificially boost earnings. This can be done by reversing previously recorded accruals, such as reversing fictitious revenue or reducing estimated liabilities. By doing so, a company can create the appearance of higher earnings and financial stability.

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  • 4. 

    Which one of these is a pattern of earnings management?

    • A.

      Income Management

    • B.

      Taking a bath

    • C.

      A and B are true

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Taking a bath
    Explanation
    "Taking a bath" is a term used to describe a pattern of earnings management where a company intentionally reduces its earnings in order to manipulate financial statements and portray a lower profit. This is done to meet certain financial goals or to avoid scrutiny from investors or regulators. By deliberately reducing earnings, the company can create a reserve that can be used to boost future earnings or to offset any potential losses. This practice is considered unethical and can be misleading to stakeholders.

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  • 5. 

    Earnings management is good when the environment is volatile, and there's a lot of insider information.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Earnings management refers to the practice of manipulating financial statements to achieve certain objectives. In a volatile environment with a lot of insider information, it can be argued that earnings management is beneficial. This is because companies may need to smooth out their earnings to avoid negative market reactions or take advantage of market opportunities. Additionally, having insider information can help companies strategically time their earnings management activities. Therefore, in such circumstances, earnings management can be seen as a useful tool for companies to navigate the uncertain and competitive business landscape.

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  • 6. 

    Is Pro-forma efficient, and why?

    • A.

      Yes, portrays the firms' performance in comparison.

    • B.

      No, it discloses too much information, and the firm loses its' competitive advantage over the rival company.

    • C.

      No, it does not provide adequate information to an investor for them to make a decision regarding the future performance of the firm.

    • D.

      I don’t know. Ask the Professor.

    Correct Answer
    C. No, it does not provide adequate information to an investor for them to make a decision regarding the future performance of the firm.
    Explanation
    Pro-forma statements are not efficient because they do not provide sufficient information to investors to make informed decisions about the future performance of a firm. Pro-forma statements are based on assumptions and projections rather than actual historical data, making them less reliable and accurate. Investors need comprehensive and reliable information to assess the financial health and potential risks of a company, and pro-forma statements often lack the necessary level of detail and transparency. Therefore, they cannot be considered as a reliable tool for investors to evaluate the future performance of a firm.

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  • 7. 

    Income Management is the most recognized pattern of earnings management.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The given statement is false. Income management is not the most recognized pattern of earnings management. There are several other patterns of earnings management such as cookie jar accounting, big bath accounting, and aggressive revenue recognition. Income management refers to the manipulation of financial statements to achieve a desired level of reported income. While it is a common form of earnings management, it is not the most recognized pattern.

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  • 8. 

    What benefits managers when excessive provisions for low-persistence special items are frequently recorded?

    • A.

      It increases future operating earnings.

    • B.

      It does not affect the manager's performance compensation.

    • C.

      It increases the manager's bonus.

    • D.

      A and B

    Correct Answer
    D. A and B
    Explanation
    When excessive provisions for low-persistence special items are frequently recorded, it benefits managers because it does not affect their performance compensation and increases their bonus. This means that even if the provisions are not accurate or necessary, the managers will not face any negative consequences in terms of their compensation. Additionally, the increased bonus provides them with additional financial incentives. However, the question does not mention any benefits related to future operating earnings.

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  • 9. 

    Earnings Management is “ the choice by a manager of accounting policies, or real actions, affecting earnings so as to achieve some reported earnings objective.”

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Earnings management refers to the deliberate actions taken by managers to manipulate accounting policies or engage in real actions in order to achieve a specific earnings target. This can involve practices such as adjusting revenue recognition, manipulating expenses, or using aggressive accounting methods. The given statement accurately defines earnings management as the choice made by managers to impact earnings for reporting purposes. Therefore, the correct answer is true.

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  • 10. 

    Clear reporting of revenue recognition policies and detailed descriptions of low-persistence items and major discretionary accruals (such as writedowns and provisions for reorganization) will bring earnings management into the open.Which of the following statements are true?

    • A.

      This type of reporting shall increase managers' ability to manipulate and bias the financial statements for their own advantage.

    • B.

      This type of reporting shall decrease the manager's ability to manipulate and bias the financial statements for their own advantage.

    • C.

      This type of reporting is bad for investors. The intricate information would just confuse them.

    • D.

      All of the adobe

    Correct Answer
    B. This type of reporting shall decrease the manager's ability to manipulate and bias the financial statements for their own advantage.
    Explanation
    Clear reporting of revenue recognition policies and detailed descriptions of low-persistence items and major discretionary accruals will increase transparency and accountability in financial statements. This will make it more difficult for managers to manipulate and bias the statements for their own advantage. By providing detailed information, investors will have a clearer understanding of the financial performance and potential risks of the company. Therefore, the correct answer is that this type of reporting shall decrease the manager's ability to manipulate and bias the financial statements for their own advantage.

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  • Current Version
  • May 01, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 25, 2015
    Quiz Created by
    PALOMA1994
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