A+ - Disk Management

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| By Anhvtran
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Anhvtran
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Quizzes Created: 2 | Total Attempts: 646
Questions: 15 | Attempts: 414

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which is the most complete list of file systems Windows 2000/XP and Vista/7 can use?

    • A.

      FAT16, FAT32, NTFS

    • B.

      FAT16, FAT32, FAT64, NTFS

    • C.

      FAT16, FAT32

    • D.

      FAT16, NTFS

    Correct Answer
    A. FAT16, FAT32, NTFS
    Explanation
    Windows 2000/XP and Vista/7 can use FAT16, FAT32, and NTFS file systems. FAT16 is an older file system that supports smaller storage capacities, while FAT32 is an updated version that supports larger capacities. NTFS is a more advanced file system that provides improved security, reliability, and performance features. Therefore, the most complete list of file systems that Windows 2000/XP and Vista/7 can use is FAT16, FAT32, and NTFS.

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  • 2. 

    The Disk Cleanup utility removes which types of unneeded files?

    • A.

      Temporary Internet files

    • B.

      Temporary files that remain when an application is closed

    • C.

      Programs no longer in use

    • D.

      Both A and B

    Correct Answer
    D. Both A and B
    Explanation
    The Disk Cleanup utility removes temporary internet files and temporary files that remain when an application is closed. These files are considered unneeded as they take up storage space and can potentially slow down the computer's performance. Removing these files helps to free up space and improve the overall efficiency of the system. Additionally, removing programs no longer in use can also be done through the Disk Cleanup utility, making it an effective tool for decluttering the computer.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following correctly identifies the four possible entries in a file allocation table?

    • A.

      Filename, date, time, size

    • B.

      Number of the starting cluster, number of the ending cluster, number of used clusters, number of available clusters

    • C.

      An end-of-file marker, a bad-sector marker, code indicating the cluster is available, the number of the cluster where the next part of the file is stored

    • D.

      Filename, folder location, starting cluster number, ending cluster number

    Correct Answer
    C. An end-of-file marker, a bad-sector marker, code indicating the cluster is available, the number of the cluster where the next part of the file is stored
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "An end-of-file marker, a bad-sector marker, code indicating the cluster is available, the number of the cluster where the next part of the file is stored." This answer correctly identifies the four possible entries in a file allocation table. The end-of-file marker indicates the end of a file, the bad-sector marker indicates a faulty cluster, the code indicating the cluster's availability determines if it is free or in use, and the number of the cluster where the next part of the file is stored helps in locating the file's data.

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  • 4. 

    You receive an “Invalid media” error when trying to access a hard drive. What is the most likely cause of the error?

    • A.

      The drive has not been partitioned.

    • B.

      The drive has not been set to active.

    • C.

      The drive has not been formatted.

    • D.

      The drive has died.

    Correct Answer
    C. The drive has not been formatted.
    Explanation
    The most likely cause of the "Invalid media" error when trying to access a hard drive is that the drive has not been formatted. Formatting is the process of preparing a storage device for use by creating a file system on it. Without formatting, the operating system may not be able to recognize the drive or access its data. Therefore, if the drive has not been formatted, it can result in an "Invalid media" error when attempting to access it.

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  • 5. 

    Which of the following is an advantage of partitioning a hard drive into more than one partition?

    • A.

      It enables a single hard drive to store more than one operating system.

    • B.

      It protects against boot sector viruses.

    • C.

      It uses less power.

    • D.

      It allows for dynamic disk RAID 5.

    Correct Answer
    A. It enables a single hard drive to store more than one operating system.
    Explanation
    Partitioning a hard drive into more than one partition allows for the installation of multiple operating systems on a single drive. This is beneficial because it saves physical space and allows for easier management and organization of different operating systems. It also enables the user to switch between different operating systems without the need for multiple hard drives. This can be particularly useful for software developers, system administrators, or individuals who need to run different operating systems for various purposes.

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  • 6. 

    What graphical program does Microsoft include with Windows 2000/XP and Windows Vista/7 to partition and format a drive?

    • A.

      Format

    • B.

      Disk Management console

    • C.

      Disk Administrator console

    • D.

      System Commander

    Correct Answer
    B. Disk Management console
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Disk Management console". Microsoft includes the Disk Management console with Windows 2000/XP and Windows Vista/7 to partition and format a drive. This graphical program allows users to manage their disk drives, create new partitions, format existing partitions, and perform various disk-related tasks. It provides a user-friendly interface for managing storage devices and is a built-in tool within the operating system.

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  • 7. 

    What does NTFS use to provide security for individual files and folders?

    • A.

      Dynamic disks

    • B.

      ECC

    • C.

      Access control list

    • D.

      MFT

    Correct Answer
    C. Access control list
    Explanation
    NTFS uses access control lists (ACLs) to provide security for individual files and folders. An ACL is a list of permissions associated with an object that specifies which users or groups are granted access to the object and the type of access they have. This allows administrators to control who can read, write, modify, or delete files and folders on an NTFS file system. ACLs provide a granular level of security, allowing for fine-tuned control over access rights for different users or groups.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following statements is true about extended partitions?

    • A.

      They are optional.

    • B.

      They are assigned drive letters when they are created.

    • C.

      They may be set to active.

    • D.

      Each drive must have at least one extended partition.

    Correct Answer
    A. They are optional.
    Explanation
    Extended partitions are not required for a drive to function properly. They are used to create additional logical partitions within a primary partition. These logical partitions can then be assigned drive letters. However, extended partitions themselves do not receive drive letters. They can also be set as active, but this is not a requirement. Therefore, the statement "They are optional" is correct.

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  • 9. 

    Adam wants to create a new simple volume in some unallocated space on his hard drive, but when he right-clicks the space in Disk Management he sees only an option to create a new partition. What is the problem?

    • A.

      The drive has developed bad sectors.

    • B.

      The drive is a basic disk and not a dynamic disk.

    • C.

      The drive has less than 32 GB of unallocated space.

    • D.

      The drive is jumpered as a slave.

    Correct Answer
    B. The drive is a basic disk and not a dynamic disk.
    Explanation
    The problem is that the drive is a basic disk and not a dynamic disk. In Disk Management, the option to create a new simple volume is only available for dynamic disks. Basic disks only allow the creation of partitions, not simple volumes.

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  • 10. 

    Jaime wishes to check her hard drive for errors. What tool should she use?

    • A.

      FDISK

    • B.

      Format

    • C.

      Disk Management

    • D.

      Error-checking

    Correct Answer
    D. Error-checking
    Explanation
    Jaime should use the error-checking tool to check her hard drive for errors. This tool is specifically designed to scan for and fix any errors or issues on the hard drive, ensuring its optimal performance. FDISK is a tool used for partitioning a hard drive, Format is used to erase all data on a drive, and Disk Management is used for managing disk partitions and volumes. Therefore, error-checking is the most appropriate tool for Jaime's purpose.

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  • 11. 

    To make your files unreadable by others, what should you use?

    • A.

      Clustering

    • B.

      Compression

    • C.

      Disk quotas

    • D.

      Encryption

    Correct Answer
    D. Encryption
    Explanation
    Encryption is the process of converting data into a form that is unreadable by unauthorized individuals. It uses algorithms to scramble the data, making it only accessible to those who have the encryption key. By using encryption, you can ensure that your files are secure and cannot be understood or accessed by others. This is an effective way to protect sensitive information and maintain confidentiality.

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  • 12. 

    Which of the following utilities should you run once a month to maintain the speed of your PC?

    • A.

      Disk Defragmenter

    • B.

      FDISK

    • C.

      Disk ManagementLine out

    • D.

      System Commander

    Correct Answer
    A. Disk Defragmenter
    Explanation
    Disk Defragmenter is a utility that rearranges fragmented data on a computer's hard drive, making it run more efficiently. Over time, as files are created, deleted, and modified, they can become fragmented, meaning that parts of a file are stored in different locations on the hard drive. This can slow down the computer's performance as it takes longer to access the fragmented files. Running Disk Defragmenter once a month helps to reorganize the data and improve the overall speed and performance of the PC.

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  • 13. 

    Which two terms identify a bootable partition?

    • A.

      Master, FAT

    • B.

      Slave, FAT

    • C.

      Primary, Active

    • D.

      Primary, N Primary, NTSF

    Correct Answer
    C. Primary, Active
    Explanation
    The terms "Primary" and "Active" both identify a bootable partition. A primary partition is a partition on a hard drive that can be used to boot an operating system, while an active partition is the partition that contains the boot loader. Therefore, both of these terms are used to describe a partition that can be used to boot the system.

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  • 14. 

    For what purpose can you use disk quotas?

    • A.

      Limit users to a specific drive.

    • B.

      Extend the capacity of a volume.

    • C.

      Manage dual-boot environments.

    • D.

      Limit users’ space on a drive

    Correct Answer
    D. Limit users’ space on a drive
    Explanation
    Disk quotas can be used to limit the amount of space that users can use on a drive. This can be helpful in situations where multiple users share a drive and there is a need to allocate a specific amount of space to each user. By implementing disk quotas, administrators can ensure that users do not exceed their allocated space, which can help in managing storage resources effectively and preventing one user from monopolizing the entire drive's space.

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  • 15. 

    What is the capacity of a single sector?

    • A.

      256 bytes

    • B.

      512 bits

    • C.

      512 bytes

    • D.

      4 kilobytes

    Correct Answer
    C. 512 bytes
    Explanation
    A single sector typically has a capacity of 512 bytes. Sectors are the smallest addressable units on a storage device such as a hard disk or solid-state drive. They are used to organize and store data on the device. By dividing the storage into sectors, it becomes easier to read and write data in small, manageable chunks. The capacity of a sector is fixed and remains the same across different storage devices. Therefore, the correct answer is 512 bytes.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 11, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    Anhvtran
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