Diabetes - CEN Review

20 Questions | Total Attempts: 1317

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Diabetes Quizzes & Trivia

Diabetes for CEN exam review.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Insulin inhibits the release of _______. 
    • A. 

      Glucagon

    • B. 

      ADH

    • C. 

      Beta cells

    • D. 

      Somatostatin

  • 2. 
    Which of the following is caused by insulin release?
    • A. 

      Increased breakdown of fats

    • B. 

      Increase breakdown of proteins

    • C. 

      Decreased blood sugar

    • D. 

      Causes glucose to be phosphorylated in kidney

  • 3. 
    Glucagon causes increased blood sugar and causes slow breakdown of glycogen in the liver.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    As blood glucose decreases glucagon is inhibited.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 5. 
    Glucagon increases blood levels of glucose by causing liver to breakdown glycogen.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 6. 
    Which of the following is not true about Type I DM?
    • A. 

      May be linked to autoimmunity

    • B. 

      Onset usually prior to age 20

    • C. 

      Beta islet cells destroyed

    • D. 

      Does not require insulin injections

  • 7. 
    Which of the following is not true about Type II DM?
    • A. 

      Considered adult onset diabetes

    • B. 

      Cause unknown may be due to genetics

    • C. 

      Require insulin 80% of cases

    • D. 

      May take a drug that sensitize cells or increase insulin release

  • 8. 
    Which of the following is not an effect of diabetes?
    • A. 

      Small vessel occlusion

    • B. 

      Necrosis of extremities

    • C. 

      Ketone Body production

    • D. 

      Decreased fat metabolism

  • 9. 
    Which of the following is not an indicator of a hypoglycemic condition?
    • A. 

      Fatigue

    • B. 

      Poor appetite

    • C. 

      Tachycardia

    • D. 

      Confusion

  • 10. 
    Which of the following is not an adverse effect of oral hypoglycemics?
    • A. 

      Hypoglycemia

    • B. 

      Headache

    • C. 

      Rashes

    • D. 

      Projectile vomiting

  • 11. 
    Which of the following is not an adverse effect of glucagon?
    • A. 

      Allergic reaction

    • B. 

      Vomiting

    • C. 

      Nausea

    • D. 

      Fever

  • 12. 
    Which of the following drugs may be given as an immunosuppressant soon after onset of Type I Diabetes?
    • A. 

      Torsemide

    • B. 

      Cyclosporine

    • C. 

      Clofibrate

    • D. 

      Ceftriaxone

  • 13. 
    Which of the following is not considered an endocrine hormone?
    • A. 

      Renin

    • B. 

      Insulin

    • C. 

      Glucagon

    • D. 

      Somatostatin

  • 14. 
    What type of cells secrete glucagon?
    • A. 

      Beta cells

    • B. 

      Alpha cells

    • C. 

      Plasma cells

    • D. 

      Acinar cells

  • 15. 
    What type of cells secrete insulin?
    • A. 

      Beta cells

    • B. 

      Alpha cells

    • C. 

      Plasma cells

    • D. 

      Acinar cells

  • 16. 
    Which of the following would not be considered an acute effect of diabetes mellitus?
    • A. 

      Polyuria

    • B. 

      Weight gain

    • C. 

      Polydipsia

    • D. 

      Polyphagia

  • 17. 
    Which of the following is not an accurate test for diabetes?
    • A. 

      Glucose tolerance test

    • B. 

      HbA

    • C. 

      Fasting serum glucose

    • D. 

      Fasting glucagon test

  • 18. 
    Which of the following is not an indicator of diabetic ketoacidosis?
    • A. 

      Hyperthermia

    • B. 

      Nausea/Vomiting

    • C. 

      Slow and shallow breathing

    • D. 

      Psychosis leading to dementia

  • 19. 
    Which of the following is not related to a chronic diabetes mellitus condition?
    • A. 

      Atherosclerosis

    • B. 

      Neuropathy

    • C. 

      Glaucoma

    • D. 

      Hypotension

  • 20. 
    Which of the following conditions is not linked to diabetic ketoacidosis?
    • A. 

      Cerebral edema

    • B. 

      Arrhythmias

    • C. 

      Peptic ulcers

    • D. 

      Mucormycosis

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