Dermatology

41 Questions

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Dermatology Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Nonprescription topical antibiotics can be used to prevent bacterial infections, but not to treat them. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 2. 
    Which of the following would be the most reasonable situation in which to recommend counterirritants? 
    • A. 

      Muscle stiffness

    • B. 

      Dry skin

    • C. 

      Contact dermatitis

    • D. 

      Eczema

    • E. 

      Atopy

  • 3. 
    Urea is a(n)... 
    • A. 

      Astringent

    • B. 

      Counterirritant

    • C. 

      Skin protectant

    • D. 

      Keratolytic

    • E. 

      Corticosteroid

  • 4. 
    Terbinafine is a(n)... 
    • A. 

      Corticosteroid

    • B. 

      Antiseptic

    • C. 

      Antifungal

    • D. 

      Anesthetic

    • E. 

      Keratolytic

  • 5. 
    • A. 

      The patient did not clean the rash properly

    • B. 

      Hydrocortisone is too occlusive

    • C. 

      The patient did not use wet compresses

    • D. 

      It will take weeks to heal completely

    • E. 

      Ointment should have been used initially instead of cream

  • 6. 
    The medical term for athlete's foot is... 
    • A. 

      Tinea pedis

    • B. 

      Tinea cruris

    • C. 

      Tinea corporis

    • D. 

      Tinea capitis

    • E. 

      Tinea unguium

  • 7. 
    Which layer of the epidermis contains actively dividing skin cells? 
    • A. 

      Stratum lucidum

    • B. 

      Stratum germinativum

    • C. 

      Stratum spinosum

    • D. 

      Stratum corneum

    • E. 

      Stratum granulosum

  • 8. 
    Children's skin absorbs drug more easily than adults' skin. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 9. 
    Atopy is a hypersensitivity syndrome. Atopic individuals are likely to have atopic dermatitis and... 
    • A. 

      Asthma, tinea

    • B. 

      Allergic rhinitis, tinea

    • C. 

      Dry skin, allergic rhinitis

    • D. 

      Dry skin, tinea

    • E. 

      Asthma, allergic rhinitis

  • 10. 
    Chris has dermatitis where his bike helmet chin strap has been rubbing his skin. His mother has been treating the rash. It seemed to be getting better, but over the last two days, it has become redder and slightly swollen, and Chris says it hurts. What condition has probably just developed? 
    • A. 

      Bacterial infection

    • B. 

      Chronic dermatitis

    • C. 

      Xerosis

    • D. 

      Tinea corporis

    • E. 

      Fungal infection

  • 11. 
    • A. 

      They reduce the inflammatory response

    • B. 

      They create mild irritation that makes stronger pain or irritation less noticeable

    • C. 

      They reduce the mast cell release of histamine

    • D. 

      They protect the skin from irritants

    • E. 

      They bind irritants to prevent them from being absorbed

  • 12. 
    What is the etiology of atopic dermatitis? 
    • A. 

      Contact with an allergen in the environment causes T-cells in the skin to stimulate an immune response.

    • B. 

      The skin develops cracks from excessive dryness, allowing bacteria to enter.

    • C. 

      Contact with a chemical in the environment stimulates the immune system via direct damage to leukocytes.

    • D. 

      Damage to the stratum corneum from a chemical in the environment allows bacteria to enter.

    • E. 

      Mast cells in the skin have a hypersensitivity response and release histamine.

  • 13. 
    Of the following antiseptics, which is most preferred for home use? 
    • A. 

      Hydrogen peroxide

    • B. 

      Rubbing alcohol

    • C. 

      Iodine

    • D. 

      Povidone-iodine

    • E. 

      Gentian violet

  • 14. 
    Micatin is used to treat... 
    • A. 

      Fungal infections

    • B. 

      Muscle stiffness

    • C. 

      Eczema

    • D. 

      Contact dermatitis

    • E. 

      Bacterial infections

  • 15. 
    Benzyl alcohol is used as a(n)... 
    • A. 

      Astringent

    • B. 

      Anesthetic

    • C. 

      Antiseptic

    • D. 

      Counterirritant

    • E. 

      Keratolytic

  • 16. 
    Which of the following is BEST to apply on acute dermatitis? 
    • A. 

      White petrolatum

    • B. 

      Diphenhydramine

    • C. 

      Salicylic acid

    • D. 

      Double antibiotic ointment

    • E. 

      Calamine lotion

  • 17. 
    Which of the following often appears as a red circle, sometimes containing scale or small blisters, that has clear skin in the middle? 
    • A. 

      Tinea unguium

    • B. 

      Tinea capitis

    • C. 

      Tinea corporis

    • D. 

      Tinea cruris

    • E. 

      Tinea pedis

  • 18. 
    Which antifungal can be effectively used daily instead of BID? 
    • A. 

      Undecylenic acid

    • B. 

      Clotrimazole

    • C. 

      Miconazole

    • D. 

      Tolnaftate

    • E. 

      Terbinafine

  • 19. 
    How often should wet compresses be used? 
    • A. 

      Several times a week

    • B. 

      Daily

    • C. 

      Twice a day

    • D. 

      Five times a day

    • E. 

      Continuously

  • 20. 
    Patients should not self-treat with topical anesthetics for longer than... 
    • A. 

      48 hours

    • B. 

      3 days

    • C. 

      5 days

    • D. 

      7 days

    • E. 

      14 days

  • 21. 
    A patient complains of a stinging itch between her toes. Upon inspection, you see white, spiderweb-like material between the toes. The skin in the area is moist and rubs off easily. This sounds like... 
    • A. 

      Chronic papulosquamous tinea pedis

    • B. 

      Chronic intertriginous tinea pedis

    • C. 

      Chronic contact dermatitis

    • D. 

      Acute contact dermatitis

    • E. 

      Acute papulosquamous tinea pedis

  • 22. 
    Reduce skin sensation 
    • A. 

      Counterirritants

    • B. 

      Anesthetics

    • C. 

      Emollients

    • D. 

      Keratolytics

    • E. 

      Astringents

  • 23. 
    All of the following are risk factors for atopic dermatitis EXCEPT... 
    • A. 

      Female

    • B. 

      Urban residence

    • C. 

      Family history

    • D. 

      Caucasian

    • E. 

      Child

  • 24. 
    About how long does it take to turn over an entire skin layer? 
    • A. 

      One day

    • B. 

      One week

    • C. 

      Two weeks

    • D. 

      Three weeks

    • E. 

      Four weeks

  • 25. 
    Methyl salicylate is a(n)... 
    • A. 

      Corticosteroid

    • B. 

      Counterirritant

    • C. 

      Keratolytic

    • D. 

      Anesthetic

    • E. 

      Astringent

  • 26. 
    Which answer lists body parts from THINNEST to THICKEST skin? 
    • A. 

      Eyelids, armpits, face, scalp, fronts of knees

    • B. 

      Scrotum, eyelids, scalp, palms, outsides of elbows (extensor surface)

    • C. 

      Face, scalp, armpits, backs of knees, outsides of elbows (extensor surface)

    • D. 

      Eyelids, forearms, face, scalp, soles

    • E. 

      Face, backs of knees, outsides of elbows (extensor surface), armpits, scalp

  • 27. 
    Burow's solution is... 
    • A. 

      Zinc oxide

    • B. 

      Benzyl alcohol

    • C. 

      Benzethonium chloride

    • D. 

      Aluminum acetate

    • E. 

      Zinc acetate

  • 28. 
    Hydrocortisone is good to treat... 
    • A. 

      Tinea pedis

    • B. 

      Ringworm

    • C. 

      Allergic dermatitis

    • D. 

      Xerosis

    • E. 

      Bacterial infection

  • 29. 
    A topical product that softens skin by coating it and preventing water from evaporating out 
    • A. 

      Counterirritant

    • B. 

      Humectant

    • C. 

      Astringent

    • D. 

      Emollient

    • E. 

      Keratolytic

  • 30. 
    Which of the following will REDUCE how much drug penetrates the skin? 
    • A. 

      Thinner skin

    • B. 

      Less blood flow

    • C. 

      Inflammation

    • D. 

      More surface area

    • E. 

      Ointment instead of cream

  • 31. 
    Which of the following answers lists vehicles from the MOST WETTING (increase skin hydration) to the MOST DRYING? 
    • A. 

      Ointment, cream, gel, solution

    • B. 

      Solution, cream, lotion, gel

    • C. 

      Solution, ointment, cream, gel

    • D. 

      Solution, cream, ointment, gel

    • E. 

      Gel, cream, lotion, ointment

  • 32. 
    Which of the following ingredients is a humectant? 
    • A. 

      Mineral oil

    • B. 

      Glycerin

    • C. 

      Urea

    • D. 

      Benzethonium chloride

    • E. 

      Phenol

  • 33. 
    Which of the following ingredients is an emollient? 
    • A. 

      Capsaicin

    • B. 

      White petrolatum

    • C. 

      Benzethonium chloride

    • D. 

      Allantoin

    • E. 

      Pramoxine

  • 34. 
    Which topical product has no compelling advantages and should not be recommended? 
    • A. 

      Capsaicin

    • B. 

      Hydrocortisone

    • C. 

      Pramoxine

    • D. 

      Zinc oxide

    • E. 

      Diphenhydramine

  • 35. 
    Chris has dermatitis where his bike helmet chin strap has been rubbing his skin. His mother has been treating the rash. It seemed to be getting better, but over the last two days, it has become redder and slightly swollen, and Chris says it hurts. What condition has probably just developed? 
    • A. 

      Xerosis

    • B. 

      Bacterial infection

    • C. 

      Chronic dermatitis

    • D. 

      Tinea corporis

    • E. 

      Fungal infection

  • 36. 
    Lanacane is a brand of... 
    • A. 

      Antiseptic

    • B. 

      Anesthetic

    • C. 

      Counterirritant

    • D. 

      Antihistamine

    • E. 

      Moisturizer

  • 37. 
    The vehicle of a topical drug product (for example, ointment vs. cream vs. lotion) affects its therapeutic effectiveness. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 38. 
    Which of the following is a skin protectant with astringent properties? 
    • A. 

      Aluminum acetate

    • B. 

      Dimethicone

    • C. 

      Calamine

    • D. 

      Mineral oil

    • E. 

      Pramoxine

  • 39. 
    A patient applies triple antibiotic ointment to a cut. Soon thereafter, she develops an itchy, bumpy rash. The ingredient that is probably responsible is... 
    • A. 

      Neomycin

    • B. 

      Ointment base

    • C. 

      Polymixin B

    • D. 

      Bacitracin

    • E. 

      Fragrance

  • 40. 
    Triclosan is a(n)... 
    • A. 

      Antibiotic

    • B. 

      Antiseptic

    • C. 

      Antihistamine

    • D. 

      Astringent

    • E. 

      Antifungal

  • 41. 
    Over-the-counter antifungals are NOT EFFECTIVE to cure... 
    • A. 

      Tinea pedis

    • B. 

      Tinea manuum

    • C. 

      Tinea corporis

    • D. 

      Tinea cruris

    • E. 

      Tinea unguium