Lack of disposition to learn.
No desire to interact with the topic.
Bias toward the topic.
Strong interest in the topic.
Communicating major and supporting ideas
The use of personal pronouns
Strict adherence to grammar conventions
The speaker’s individual style
An elevated vocabulary
Simple sentence structure
Minimal use of first-person pronouns
Correct spelling and punctuation
A completely different skill set than a conversation.
Just like writing for an audience.
Similar to conversations but with a few differences.
The topic is too simple.
They are seated in a large room.
Circumstances are laid-back.
You present a complex or obscure topic.
They thrive on interaction with others.
They are ready to take in what you say and do.
They help create new meaning.
They enjoy being part of something bigger than them.
Meets standards of considerateness.
Is literate in style.
Is difficult to listen to.
Reflects a formal style.
Practice ahead of time.
Have time to plan.
Often speak in abstractions.
Rarely have time to practice.
Speak in abstractions.
Choose a meaningful and relevant topic.
Use verbal junk without significant consequence.
A general audience.
Choose a different topic.
Spring the information on your audience at the end.
Offend the audience.
Acknowledge the controversial nature of the ideas.
Before selecting a topic.
After being assigned your topic.
At the last minute.
During the presentation.