CST 100 Principles Of Public Speaking Test #3

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Hello Class,

This is your Test #3 for CST 100 Principles of Public Speaking.

Using textbook Chapters 7, 8, 10, 15, 16, 19, 23, 25 and Keys to Listenability.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The speaker controls the meaning of a message.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement that the speaker controls the meaning of a message is false. The meaning of a message is not solely determined by the speaker, but also by the interpretation of the receiver. Communication is a two-way process where both the speaker and the listener contribute to the understanding of the message. The receiver's background, knowledge, and personal experiences influence how they interpret and assign meaning to the message. Therefore, the speaker does not have complete control over the meaning of a message.

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  • 2. 

    To minimize your audience’s information-processing demands, you should arrange information in an organized manner.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Arranging information in an organized manner helps to minimize the audience's information-processing demands. When information is presented in a structured and logical way, it becomes easier for the audience to understand and process. This organization can be achieved through clear headings, bullet points, and a logical flow of ideas. By reducing cognitive load, the audience can focus more on comprehending the information rather than trying to make sense of a disorganized presentation. Therefore, the statement "To minimize your audience’s information-processing demands, you should arrange information in an organized manner" is true.

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  • 3. 

    Controversial topics can create a fear of listening for some audience members.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Controversial topics often evoke strong emotions and differing opinions, which can make some audience members fearful of listening. This fear may stem from concerns about being judged, facing confrontation, or feeling uncomfortable. Therefore, it is true that controversial topics can create a fear of listening for certain individuals.

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  • 4. 

    A challenge of presenting to public listeners is that listeners have

    • A.

      Lack of disposition to learn.

    • B.

      No desire to interact with the topic.

    • C.

      Bias toward the topic.

    • D.

      Strong interest in the topic.

    Correct Answer
    C. Bias toward the topic.
    Explanation
    When presenting to public listeners, one challenge is that they have a bias toward the topic. This means that they may already have preconceived notions or opinions about the subject matter, which can influence their reception of the presentation. It is important for the presenter to be aware of this bias and address it by providing well-researched and balanced information, engaging the audience in a meaningful dialogue, and presenting different perspectives to encourage critical thinking. By acknowledging and addressing the audience's bias, the presenter can create a more effective and engaging presentation.

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  • 5. 

    Both literary and conversational styles are concerned with which of the following?

    • A.

      Communicating major and supporting ideas

    • B.

      The use of personal pronouns

    • C.

      Strict adherence to grammar conventions

    • D.

      The speaker’s individual style

    Correct Answer
    A. Communicating major and supporting ideas
    Explanation
    Both literary and conversational styles are concerned with communicating major and supporting ideas. In literary writing, authors use various techniques such as plot development, character analysis, and symbolism to convey their main ideas and themes. Similarly, in conversational style, individuals express their thoughts and opinions by focusing on the main points and providing supporting evidence or examples. Both styles prioritize effective communication of the main ideas and supporting details to engage and inform the audience.

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  • 6. 

    A conversational style is characterized by what?

    • A.

      An elevated vocabulary

    • B.

      Simple sentence structure

    • C.

      Minimal use of first-person pronouns

    • D.

      Correct spelling and punctuation

    Correct Answer
    B. Simple sentence structure
    Explanation
    A conversational style is characterized by simple sentence structure because it aims to mimic natural spoken language. Conversations typically involve short and straightforward sentences that are easy to understand and follow. Using complex sentence structures would make the writing more formal and less conversational. Therefore, a conversational style favors simplicity and brevity in sentence construction to create a casual and relaxed tone.

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  • 7. 

    Public speaking is

    • A.

      A completely different skill set than a conversation.

    • B.

      Just like writing for an audience.

    • C.

      Similar to conversations but with a few differences.

    • D.

      Ineffective.

    Correct Answer
    C. Similar to conversations but with a few differences.
    Explanation
    Public speaking is similar to conversations but with a few differences. While both involve communication, public speaking requires more preparation and structure. In conversations, there is typically back-and-forth interaction, whereas in public speaking, the speaker delivers a message to an audience. Public speaking also often involves speaking to a larger group, requiring the use of visual aids and projecting one's voice. Additionally, public speaking may involve more formal language and a heightened level of confidence and presence. Despite these differences, both public speaking and conversations involve conveying information and connecting with others through spoken words.

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  • 8. 

    People have a fear of listening when

    • A.

      The topic is too simple.

    • B.

      They are seated in a large room.

    • C.

      Circumstances are laid-back.

    • D.

      You present a complex or obscure topic.

    Correct Answer
    D. You present a complex or obscure topic.
    Explanation
    When you present a complex or obscure topic, people may experience fear of listening because they may feel overwhelmed or intimidated by the subject matter. Complex or obscure topics often require a higher level of concentration and comprehension, which can make individuals feel anxious or unsure of their ability to understand and engage with the discussion. This fear may lead to a lack of attentiveness or a desire to avoid the topic altogether.

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  • 9. 

    Listeners have a built-in disposition to listen. This means that listeners do what?

    • A.

      They thrive on interaction with others.

    • B.

      They are ready to take in what you say and do.

    • C.

      They help create new meaning.

    • D.

      They enjoy being part of something bigger than them.

    Correct Answer
    B. They are ready to take in what you say and do.
    Explanation
    Listeners have a built-in disposition to listen, indicating that they are prepared and willing to absorb and comprehend what you say and do. This implies that they are open and receptive to receiving information and actively engaged in the listening process.

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  • 10. 

    If your speech has a consistent style and you elaborate on ideas, your speech does which of the following?

    • A.

      Meets standards of considerateness.

    • B.

      Is literate in style.

    • C.

      Is difficult to listen to.

    • D.

      Reflects a formal style.

    Correct Answer
    A. Meets standards of considerateness.
    Explanation
    If your speech has a consistent style and you elaborate on ideas, it meets standards of considerateness. This means that your speech is respectful and thoughtful towards the audience. By maintaining a consistent style, you are ensuring that your speech is coherent and easy to follow. Elaborating on ideas shows that you have put effort into explaining your thoughts and providing sufficient information. Overall, this type of speech considers the needs and understanding of the audience, making it considerate.

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  • 11. 

    As a conversationalist, you would do which of the following?

    • A.

      Practice ahead of time.

    • B.

      Be formal.

    • C.

      Have time to plan.

    • D.

      Often speak in abstractions.

    Correct Answer
    D. Often speak in abstractions.
    Explanation
    As a conversationalist, often speaking in abstractions means using vague or general language rather than specific details. This can be a way to engage in more abstract or philosophical discussions, rather than focusing on concrete facts or practical matters. It may involve discussing ideas, concepts, or theories rather than specific events or experiences. This style of communication can be seen as more creative or thought-provoking, but it may also make it harder for others to understand or relate to the conversation.

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  • 12. 

    As a speaker, you would do which of the following?

    • A.

      Rarely have time to practice.

    • B.

      Speak in abstractions.

    • C.

      Choose a meaningful and relevant topic.

    • D.

      Use verbal junk without significant consequence.

    Correct Answer
    C. Choose a meaningful and relevant topic.
    Explanation
    As a speaker, it is important to choose a meaningful and relevant topic. This ensures that the audience remains engaged and interested in what you have to say. By selecting a topic that is meaningful, you can connect with your audience on a deeper level and make your speech more impactful. Additionally, choosing a relevant topic allows you to provide valuable information or insights that are applicable to the audience's lives or interests. Overall, selecting a meaningful and relevant topic is crucial for delivering an effective and successful speech.

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  • 13. 

    Ethnocentrism is the act of gaining an understanding of your audience members.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Ethnocentrism is not about gaining an understanding of your audience members. It is the belief that one's own cultural or ethnic group is superior to others, leading to the tendency to judge other cultures based on one's own cultural norms and values.

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  • 14. 

    Listener-centered public speaking requires a speaker to be consistent.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Listener-centered public speaking does not necessarily require a speaker to be consistent. While consistency can be important in maintaining credibility and building trust with the audience, listener-centered public speaking is primarily focused on adapting to the needs, interests, and preferences of the listeners. This involves tailoring the content, delivery style, and language to effectively engage and connect with the audience, rather than strictly adhering to a consistent approach. Therefore, the statement that listener-centered public speaking requires a speaker to be consistent is false.

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  • 15. 

    Audience analysis can be conducted only before selecting a topic.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Audience analysis is not limited to being conducted only before selecting a topic. It is an ongoing process that should be done throughout the entire communication process. Understanding the audience's needs, interests, and preferences is crucial for effective communication, whether it is before selecting a topic, during the preparation stage, or even during the delivery of the message. Therefore, the statement that audience analysis can be conducted only before selecting a topic is false.

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  • 16. 

    Audiences vary in demographic characteristics and attitudes.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because audiences can vary in terms of their demographic characteristics, such as age, gender, income, and education level. Additionally, audiences can also have different attitudes and beliefs, which can influence their preferences and behaviors. These variations in demographics and attitudes are important for businesses and organizations to understand in order to effectively target and engage their target audience.

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  • 17. 

    An audience that gathers to hear topics relevant to its shared interests is most likely

    • A.

      Homogenous.

    • B.

      Heterogeneous.

    • C.

      A general audience.

    • D.

      A poll.

    Correct Answer
    A. Homogenous.
    Explanation
    An audience that gathers to hear topics relevant to its shared interests is most likely homogenous because the term "homogenous" refers to a group of people who have similar characteristics or interests. In this context, the audience is coming together because they share common interests, suggesting that they are likely to have similar backgrounds or preferences. This makes them a homogenous group rather than a heterogeneous one, which would consist of individuals with diverse characteristics or interests. The options of "a general audience" and "a poll" do not accurately describe the situation, as they do not capture the specific nature of the audience gathering for topics relevant to their shared interests.

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  • 18. 

    The speaking environment or situation is known as what?

    • A.

      Demographic data

    • B.

      Context

    • C.

      Attitudinal data

    • D.

      Place

    Correct Answer
    B. Context
    Explanation
    The speaking environment or situation is referred to as context. Context includes various factors such as the setting, time, location, and social or cultural background that influence the way communication takes place. It helps to understand the meaning and interpretation of the spoken words and allows individuals to adapt their language and behavior accordingly. Demographic data refers to statistical information about a population, attitudinal data pertains to the attitudes or opinions of individuals, and place simply refers to a physical location.

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  • 19. 

    Audiences differ in terms of age, socioeconomics, and education levels. What kind of data are these?

    • A.

      Polled data

    • B.

      Temporal data

    • C.

      Demographic data

    • D.

      Attitudinal data

    Correct Answer
    C. Demographic data
    Explanation
    Demographic data refers to information about the characteristics of a population, such as age, socioeconomics, and education levels. In this case, the question is asking about the type of data that represents the differences in audiences based on these characteristics. Therefore, the correct answer is demographic data.

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  • 20. 

    If speaking about a controversial topic, you should do which of the following?

    • A.

      Choose a different topic.

    • B.

      Spring the information on your audience at the end.

    • C.

      Offend the audience.

    • D.

      Acknowledge the controversial nature of the ideas.

    Correct Answer
    D. Acknowledge the controversial nature of the ideas.
    Explanation
    When speaking about a controversial topic, it is important to acknowledge the controversial nature of the ideas. This shows respect for different perspectives and allows the audience to understand that there may be differing opinions. By acknowledging the controversy, the speaker can create a more open and inclusive environment for discussion, promoting healthy dialogue and understanding among the audience. It also helps to establish credibility and trust with the audience, as it demonstrates that the speaker is aware of the potential sensitivity of the topic and is willing to address it responsibly.

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  • 21. 

    If you ask for a show of hands as the response to a question in your introduction, you are analyzing your audience

    • A.

      Before selecting a topic.

    • B.

      After being assigned your topic.

    • C.

      At the last minute.

    • D.

      During the presentation.

    Correct Answer
    D. During the presentation.
    Explanation
    Asking for a show of hands during the presentation allows you to analyze your audience. By seeing how many people raise their hands, you can gauge their level of agreement or understanding with the question. This helps you tailor your presentation to better meet their needs and interests, ensuring that you are effectively communicating your message to the audience.

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  • 22. 

    Feelings about the topic and beliefs about the speaker are examples of what?

    • A.

      Pooled data

    • B.

      Existing research

    • C.

      Demographic data

    • D.

      Attitudinal data

    Correct Answer
    D. Attitudinal data
    Explanation
    Attitudinal data refers to information that reflects individuals' feelings, opinions, beliefs, and attitudes towards a particular topic. In this context, feelings about the topic and beliefs about the speaker are examples of attitudinal data. Pooled data refers to the combination of data from multiple sources, existing research refers to previously conducted studies, and demographic data pertains to information about individuals' characteristics such as age, gender, and ethnicity.

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  • 23. 

    When preparing to give a speech, you should think about the time of day that you’ll speak. This means that you are considering which of the following?

    • A.

      Physical context

    • B.

      Psychological context

    • C.

      Personal context

    • D.

      Temporal context

    Correct Answer
    D. Temporal context
    Explanation
    Temporal context refers to the specific time or period in which an event or communication takes place. In the context of giving a speech, considering the temporal context means thinking about the time of day that the speech will be delivered. This is important because the time of day can impact factors such as the audience's energy levels, attention span, and receptiveness to the message. Therefore, considering the temporal context helps the speaker in planning and adapting their speech to effectively engage and connect with the audience.

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  • 24. 

    If you were to say that people who eat with their hands are weird, you are demonstrating which of the following?

    • A.

      Polling

    • B.

      Audience analysis

    • C.

      Ethnocentrism

    • D.

      Temporality

    Correct Answer
    C. Ethnocentrism
    Explanation
    Ethnocentrism refers to the belief that one's own culture or ethnic group is superior to others. By saying that people who eat with their hands are weird, the person is demonstrating ethnocentrism as they are judging and deeming another culture's eating habits as strange or abnormal based on their own cultural norms and beliefs.

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  • 25. 

    What context encompasses the moods of audience members and how they react to a message?

    • A.

      Temporal

    • B.

      Personal

    • C.

      Psychological

    • D.

      Physical

    Correct Answer
    C. Psychological
    Explanation
    Psychological context refers to the mental and emotional states of audience members and how they respond to a message. It includes factors such as their beliefs, attitudes, values, and past experiences that shape their interpretation and reaction to the message. This context is important for communicators to consider as it can greatly influence the effectiveness of their message and the overall communication process.

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  • 26. 

    Documenting researched ideas is an optional act.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that documenting researched ideas is not optional, implying that it is mandatory or necessary. Therefore, the correct answer is False, as it contradicts the idea that documenting researched ideas is optional.

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  • 27. 

    Wikipedia should be used with caution.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Wikipedia should be used with caution because it is an open-source platform where anyone can edit and contribute information. While it can provide a good starting point for research, the information may not always be accurate or reliable. It is important to cross-reference the information with other credible sources and verify the facts before using it for academic or professional purposes.

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  • 28. 

    Secondary research collects data from experiments, case studies, and observation.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Secondary research is the process of collecting data from existing sources such as books, articles, and databases, rather than conducting new experiments or observations. It involves analyzing and synthesizing information that has already been gathered by others. Therefore, the given statement is incorrect as secondary research does not involve collecting data from experiments, case studies, and observation.

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  • 29. 

    If you want to interview someone, you should feel free to walk into that person’s office unexpectedly.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Walking into someone's office unexpectedly is not considered appropriate or professional behavior when wanting to interview someone. It is important to schedule a meeting or appointment in advance to ensure that the person is available and prepared for the interview. Unexpectedly entering someone's office can be disruptive and may not allow the person to give their full attention or be properly prepared for the interview.

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  • 30. 

    What is a speaker using when she mentions a source during a presentation?

    • A.

      Blog

    • B.

      Internal citation

    • C.

      Thesis

    • D.

      Open-source website

    Correct Answer
    B. Internal citation
    Explanation
    During a presentation, a speaker is using an internal citation when she mentions a source. An internal citation is a way to acknowledge and give credit to the original source of information or ideas that are being presented. It helps to support the speaker's claims and adds credibility to the presentation. By including internal citations, the speaker is showing that she has done thorough research and is using reliable sources to back up her statements.

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  • 31. 

    Alcohol affects your long-term memory, so you should avoid drinking after you practice your speech.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Alcohol is known to have a negative impact on long-term memory. It impairs the ability to form new memories and can also cause memory loss. Therefore, it is advisable to avoid drinking after practicing a speech to ensure that the information is retained effectively in the long run.

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  • 32. 

    You can’t practice your speech too much.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that there is a limit to how much one can practice their speech. However, this is not true. Practicing a speech multiple times helps in improving delivery, confidence, and overall performance. The more one practices, the better they become at delivering their speech effectively. Therefore, the correct answer is False.

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  • 33. 

    Although practice has many benefits, it does not lower speaking anxiety.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The given statement states that practice does not lower speaking anxiety. However, this is incorrect. Practice is known to be beneficial in reducing speaking anxiety. Through practice, individuals gain confidence, become more familiar with the material, and improve their speaking skills. As a result, their anxiety levels decrease over time. Therefore, the correct answer is False.

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  • 34. 

    If the audience believes you genuinely know and believe the ideas that you are expressing, you are demonstrating what?

    • A.

      Muscle memory

    • B.

      Time limit

    • C.

      Reasoning

    • D.

      Ownership

    Correct Answer
    D. Ownership
    Explanation
    When the audience believes that you genuinely know and believe the ideas you are expressing, it shows that you have a sense of ownership. This means that you take responsibility for your ideas and are confident in them. It indicates that you have a strong belief in what you are saying and are committed to it. This can greatly influence the audience's perception and trust in you as a speaker or presenter.

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  • 35. 

    If you are told that you have 20 minutes in which to speak, you should speak for what length of time?

    • A.

      55 minutes

    • B.

      17 minutes

    • C.

      22 minutes

    • D.

      27 minutes

    Correct Answer
    B. 17 minutes
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 17 minutes. If you are told that you have 20 minutes to speak, it means that you should speak for the given time limit, which is 20 minutes. Therefore, the correct answer is 17 minutes.

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  • 36. 

    Practicing has many benefits, including which of the following?

    • A.

      Raising speaking anxiety

    • B.

      Lowering ownership of material

    • C.

      Preparing you for your time limit

    • D.

      Lessening your control over excess adrenaline

    Correct Answer
    C. Preparing you for your time limit
    Explanation
    Practicing helps in preparing you for your time limit because it allows you to become familiar with the content and structure of your presentation or performance. By practicing, you can gauge the amount of time it takes to deliver your material effectively, ensuring that you stay within the allocated time limit. This helps you to be more confident and organized during the actual presentation, reducing the chances of running out of time or rushing through the material.

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  • 37. 

    When practicing, you need to remember to

    • A.

      Only practice silently.

    • B.

      Practice just parts of the speech.

    • C.

      Wait until the last minute so it sounds spontaneous.

    • D.

      Practice in front of one or two people.

    Correct Answer
    D. Practice in front of one or two people.
    Explanation
    When practicing, it is important to practice in front of one or two people. This allows you to gain confidence and experience speaking in front of an audience, even if it is a small one. It also allows you to receive feedback and constructive criticism from others, which can help improve your speech and delivery. Practicing in front of a small group of people helps simulate the feeling of speaking in front of a larger audience, making it easier to transition to speaking in front of a larger crowd in the future.

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  • 38. 

    When should speakers evaluate their speaking progress?

    • A.

      Before practice

    • B.

      After practice

    • C.

      Before and after practice

    • D.

      Never

    Correct Answer
    C. Before and after practice
    Explanation
    Speakers should evaluate their speaking progress both before and after practice to track their improvement. Evaluating before practice helps identify areas that need improvement and set goals for the practice session. It allows speakers to assess their strengths and weaknesses, enabling them to focus on specific areas during practice. Evaluating after practice helps determine if the practice was effective and if the desired progress has been made. It allows speakers to reflect on their performance, identify any remaining challenges, and make necessary adjustments for future practice sessions. Regular evaluation before and after practice ensures continuous growth and development in speaking skills.

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  • 39. 

    What does this chapter say is critical to your speaking success?

    • A.

      Rehearsal

    • B.

      Practice

    • C.

      Memorizing

    • D.

      Organization

    Correct Answer
    B. Practice
    Explanation
    The chapter emphasizes that practice is critical to your speaking success. This implies that simply memorizing the content or having good organization skills is not enough. Rehearsing your speech multiple times allows you to become familiar with the material, improve your delivery, and gain confidence. By practicing, you can refine your speaking skills and ensure that you are able to effectively communicate your message to the audience.

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  • 40. 

    The details of a speaking event are referred to as what?

    • A.

      Time limit

    • B.

      Time management

    • C.

      Speaking logistics

    • D.

      Ownership

    Correct Answer
    C. Speaking logistics
    Explanation
    Speaking logistics refers to the details and arrangements related to a speaking event. It includes aspects such as scheduling, venue selection, equipment setup, and coordinating with speakers and attendees. This term encompasses all the practical considerations and planning required to ensure a successful speaking engagement. Time limit and time management are related to the duration and allocation of time during the event, but they do not encompass the broader scope of logistical arrangements. Ownership is not relevant to the details of a speaking event.

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  • 41. 

    Question-and-answer sessions benefit only the audience.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement "Question-and-answer sessions benefit only the audience" is incorrect. Question-and-answer sessions have benefits for both the audience and the speaker. For the audience, it provides an opportunity to clarify doubts, gain deeper insights, and engage in interactive learning. On the other hand, for the speaker, it allows them to gauge the audience's understanding, receive feedback, and enhance their communication skills. Thus, question-and-answer sessions are mutually beneficial for both the audience and the speaker.

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  • 42. 

    Develop the conclusion after you have prepared the body of the speech.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Developing the conclusion after preparing the body of the speech is a recommended practice in public speaking. By first organizing and presenting the main points and supporting evidence in the body of the speech, the speaker can then summarize and reiterate those points in the conclusion. This allows the audience to have a clear understanding of the main ideas and arguments before the speech comes to an end. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 43. 

    A take-away suggests how your audience can do which of the following?

    • A.

      Participate in a question-and-answer session.

    • B.

      Take action based on your presentation.

    • C.

      Become hecklers.

    • D.

      Determine the clincher.

    Correct Answer
    B. Take action based on your presentation.
    Explanation
    A take-away suggests how your audience can take action based on your presentation. This means that the take-away provides actionable steps or recommendations that the audience can implement or follow after listening to your presentation. It helps them understand how to apply the information or ideas you have presented in a practical way.

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  • 44. 

    What you say in the conclusion and how you say it are determined by which of the following?

    • A.

      The formality of your presentation

    • B.

      Hecklers

    • C.

      Your take-away message

    • D.

      The size of the speaking room

    Correct Answer
    A. The formality of your presentation
    Explanation
    The conclusion and how it is presented in a presentation are determined by the formality of the presentation. The level of formality dictates the tone and style of the conclusion. A formal presentation would require a more professional and structured conclusion, while a less formal presentation may allow for a more casual and relaxed conclusion. The formality of the presentation also influences the choice of language and gestures used in the conclusion.

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  • 45. 

    In the conclusion, your energy should do what?

    • A.

      Lessen

    • B.

      Rise upward

    • C.

      Begin to slow

    • D.

      Remain the same

    Correct Answer
    B. Rise upward
    Explanation
    In the conclusion, your energy should rise upward. This means that as you reach the end of your argument or presentation, your energy levels should increase. This is important because it helps to leave a lasting impression on the audience and ensures that your message is delivered with enthusiasm and conviction. Rising upward energy also helps to maintain the audience's attention and engagement, making it more likely that they will remember and be persuaded by your message.

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  • 46. 

    Think of lead feet to avoid what?

    • A.

      Falling down

    • B.

      Pacing during the speech

    • C.

      Walking back to your seat before finishing the last sentence in your speech

    • D.

      Fainting

    Correct Answer
    C. Walking back to your seat before finishing the last sentence in your speech
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Walking back to your seat before finishing the last sentence in your speech." This answer suggests that thinking of lead feet can help avoid the action of walking back to your seat before completing your speech. By imagining your feet being heavy like lead, it can prevent you from prematurely ending your speech and ensure that you deliver the final sentence before returning to your seat.

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  • 47. 

    Which of the following phrases is a marker?

    • A.

      We have looked at the importance of recycling today.

    • B.

      In summary.

    • C.

      Go out there and vote.

    • D.

      Thank you.

    Correct Answer
    B. In summary.
    Explanation
    The phrase "In summary" is a marker because it indicates that the speaker is about to provide a summary or a brief overview of the main points discussed. It is commonly used to signal the end of a presentation or to transition into a concluding statement.

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  • 48. 

    “Adopt your pets from an animal shelter. Save the life an animal today” is an example of what?

    • A.

      A clincher

    • B.

      Reinforcing the main points

    • C.

      A marker

    • D.

      Answering a question

    Correct Answer
    A. A clincher
    Explanation
    This statement "Adopt your pets from an animal shelter. Save the life an animal today" is an example of a clincher. A clincher is a statement or phrase that is used to make a strong, memorable impression and persuade the audience to take action or believe in a certain idea. In this case, the statement is urging people to adopt pets from animal shelters, emphasizing the importance of saving animals' lives. It serves as a persuasive closing statement to encourage people to take action and adopt pets.

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  • 49. 

    Rewording something in simpler terms is called what?

    • A.

      Paraphrasing

    • B.

      Repeating

    • C.

      Arranging

    • D.

      Reflecting

    Correct Answer
    A. Paraphrasing
    Explanation
    Paraphrasing refers to the act of rewording something in simpler terms. It involves expressing the same idea or information using different words or sentence structures while maintaining the original meaning. This skill is often used in writing, research, and communication to convey information in a more understandable and concise manner.

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  • 50. 

    Which of the following statements about hecklers is false?

    • A.

      Hecklers typically resent another person for being in control.

    • B.

      Hecklers are common audience members.

    • C.

      Hecklers like to draw attention to themselves.

    • D.

      Hecklers often disguise a personal attack in the form of a question.

    Correct Answer
    B. Hecklers are common audience members.
    Explanation
    Hecklers are not common audience members. Hecklers are individuals who disrupt performances or public events by shouting out comments or criticisms. They typically resent another person for being in control and often disguise a personal attack in the form of a question. They like to draw attention to themselves and disrupt the flow of the event.

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