CST 100 Principles Of Public Speaking Test #2 Chapters 26, 28, 29

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CST 100 Principles Of Public Speaking Test #2 Chapters 26, 28, 29 - Quiz

Hello Class, Answer the following multiple choice and true/false questions that pertain to speaker credibility, persuasive speaking, and developing arguments. There are 75 questions worth 1.33 each. You have 120 minutes to complete the test. Thank you for your participation. Please let me know if you have any questions. S. Goodwin


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Credibility is also known as

    • A.

      Ethos.

    • B.

      Credos.

    • C.

      Pathos.

    • D.

      Logos.

    Correct Answer
    A. Ethos.
    Explanation
    Ethos refers to the credibility or ethical appeal of a speaker or writer. It is the use of credibility and trustworthiness to persuade an audience. This can be achieved by establishing the speaker's expertise, knowledge, and authority on the topic. Ethos is important in building a connection with the audience and gaining their trust. Therefore, the correct answer for this question is ethos.

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  • 2. 

    If the audience believes that you are knowledgeable, have carefully thought about the topic, and are prepared, it will find you to be which of the following?

    • A.

      Conversational

    • B.

      Competent

    • C.

      Ethical

    • D.

      Courteous

    Correct Answer
    B. Competent
    Explanation
    If the audience believes that you are knowledgeable, have carefully thought about the topic, and are prepared, it will find you to be competent. This means that the audience perceives you as having the necessary skills, expertise, and understanding of the subject matter. They trust that you are capable of providing accurate and reliable information. Being seen as competent helps to establish credibility and can enhance your ability to effectively communicate and engage with the audience.

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  • 3. 

    Personal pronouns, such as I, me, and ours, comprise what type of language?

    • A.

      You-language

    • B.

      Audience-centered language

    • C.

      I-language

    • D.

      Ethical language

    Correct Answer
    C. I-language
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "I-language". This refers to the use of personal pronouns such as "I" and "me" to express oneself. It is a type of language that focuses on the speaker's perspective and experiences.

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  • 4. 

    Speakers who are naturally dynamic and have personal charm are thought to have what characteristic?

    • A.

      Charisma

    • B.

      Ethics

    • C.

      Culture

    • D.

      Experience

    Correct Answer
    A. Charisma
    Explanation
    Speakers who are naturally dynamic and have personal charm are thought to have charisma. Charisma refers to the compelling attractiveness or charm that certain individuals possess, allowing them to easily influence and inspire others. It is a quality that enables speakers to captivate their audience, hold their attention, and effectively convey their message. Charismatic speakers often possess a magnetic personality, exude confidence, and have the ability to connect with people on an emotional level. Their natural charm and charisma make them persuasive and influential communicators.

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  • 5. 

    How can a speaker’s credibility be increased?

    • A.

      Avoiding I-language

    • B.

      Presenting the speech in a sarcastic tone

    • C.

      Maintaining eye contact

    • D.

      Speaking in formal language patterns

    Correct Answer
    C. Maintaining eye contact
    Explanation
    Maintaining eye contact can increase a speaker's credibility because it shows confidence, engagement, and sincerity. When a speaker maintains eye contact with the audience, it creates a sense of connection and trust. It conveys that the speaker is confident in their message and believes in what they are saying. Additionally, eye contact allows the speaker to gauge the audience's reaction and adjust their delivery accordingly, making the speech more effective and persuasive. Overall, maintaining eye contact enhances the speaker's credibility by establishing a strong rapport with the audience.

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  • 6. 

    What should you do when mentioning your credentials?

    • A.

      Give excessive details

    • B.

      Use an objective vocal tone

    • C.

      Avoid showing confidence

    • D.

      Spend a lot of time listing your education and training.

    Correct Answer
    B. Use an objective vocal tone
    Explanation
    When mentioning your credentials, it is important to use an objective vocal tone. This means that you should present your credentials in a neutral and factual manner, without sounding boastful or overly confident. By using an objective vocal tone, you convey professionalism and credibility, allowing others to focus on the substance of your credentials rather than being distracted by your delivery. It also helps to build trust and establish yourself as a reliable source of information.

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  • 7. 

    How can you manage your credibility before a presentation?

    • A.

      By having your speaking notes and visuals prepared

    • B.

      By putting on large, shiny jewelry

    • C.

      By using negative self-talk

    • D.

      By declining to proofread printed speaker biographies

    Correct Answer
    A. By having your speaking notes and visuals prepared
    Explanation
    Having your speaking notes and visuals prepared is a way to manage your credibility before a presentation because it shows that you have put in the effort to be organized and well-prepared. This demonstrates to the audience that you are knowledgeable and have taken the time to gather and organize your thoughts and materials. It also helps ensure that you are able to deliver a clear and coherent presentation, which enhances your credibility as a speaker.

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  • 8. 

    How can you create a negative image?

    • A.

      Using I-language

    • B.

      Wearing revealing clothing

    • C.

      Speaking conversationally

    • D.

      Being enthusiastic

    Correct Answer
    B. Wearing revealing clothing
  • 9. 

    When you are being introduced as a speaker, you should do which of the following?

    • A.

      Assume that the person interviewing you has your credentials

    • B.

      Avoid looking at the person as he introduces you

    • C.

      Thank the introducer

    • D.

      Give the presenter a vague idea about your topic

    Correct Answer
    C. Thank the introducer
    Explanation
    When you are being introduced as a speaker, it is important to thank the introducer. This shows gratitude and appreciation for their effort in introducing you to the audience. It also helps to establish a positive rapport with the introducer and sets a friendly tone for your presentation. Additionally, thanking the introducer can help to create a positive atmosphere and make the audience more receptive to your message.

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  • 10. 

    Credibility needs to be built at which time in the speech?

    • A.

      At the beginning of the speech

    • B.

      In the middle of the speech

    • C.

      At the end of the speech

    • D.

      Throughout the speech

    Correct Answer
    D. Throughout the speech
    Explanation
    Credibility needs to be built throughout the speech because it is an ongoing process. Building credibility involves establishing trust and expertise with the audience, and this can be achieved by consistently providing reliable information, using credible sources, and demonstrating knowledge and confidence in the topic. By maintaining credibility throughout the speech, the speaker can effectively engage the audience and enhance the overall impact of their message.

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  • 11. 

    Cite personal connections to gain credibility  

    • A.

      When they are truthful and relevant.

    • B.

      To drop names and brag.

    • C.

      Only during special-occasion speeches.

    • D.

      Never.

    Correct Answer
    A. When they are truthful and relevant.
    Explanation
    Personal connections can add credibility to a statement when they are truthful and relevant. This means that if someone is mentioning personal connections, it should be because those connections actually exist and are relevant to the topic being discussed. This can help to establish trust and authenticity in the speaker's words. However, it is important to note that personal connections should not be used to drop names and brag, as this can come across as insincere and self-promotional. Personal connections should also not be used indiscriminately, but rather reserved for special-occasion speeches or when they genuinely contribute to the conversation.

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  • 12. 

    Maintaining eye contact

    • A.

      Is unexpected in the United States.

    • B.

      Conveys dishonesty.

    • C.

      Communicates confidence.

    • D.

      Is unnecessary to maintaining credibility.

    Correct Answer
    C. Communicates confidence.
    Explanation
    Maintaining eye contact is commonly seen as a sign of confidence in the United States. When someone maintains eye contact during a conversation, it shows that they are engaged and attentive. It also conveys a sense of trustworthiness and sincerity. Therefore, the correct answer is that maintaining eye contact communicates confidence.

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  • 13. 

    Expertise on a topic develops from what?

    • A.

      Personal connections

    • B.

      Age

    • C.

      Dynamism

    • D.

      Knowledge, training, and experience

    Correct Answer
    D. Knowledge, training, and experience
    Explanation
    Expertise on a topic develops from knowledge, training, and experience. This means that in order to become an expert in a particular field, one needs to acquire knowledge about the subject, undergo training to further enhance their skills, and gain practical experience through hands-on practice. These three factors work together to develop a deep understanding and proficiency in a specific area, ultimately leading to expertise. Personal connections and age may contribute to an individual's overall knowledge and experience, but they are not the primary factors in developing expertise.

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  • 14. 

    You can establish credibility during a presentation by doing what?

    • A.

      Mention if you forgot to cite something

    • B.

      Double-check your speaking notes while being introduced

    • C.

      List your credentials

    • D.

      Apologize if you have a cold

    Correct Answer
    C. List your credentials
    Explanation
    Listing your credentials during a presentation can establish credibility because it provides evidence of your qualifications and expertise on the topic. By highlighting your educational background, work experience, and any relevant achievements or awards, you are demonstrating to the audience that you have the necessary knowledge and skills to speak on the subject matter. This can help gain the trust and confidence of the audience, making them more likely to listen and accept the information you are presenting.

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  • 15. 

    Speaker credibility is defined as which of the following?

    • A.

      The art of focusing on speaking with competence, style, and grace.

    • B.

      Using words that catch the audience by surprise.

    • C.

      Minimizing the information-processing demands on the listeners.

    • D.

      The way your character influences the listeners’ willingness to accept your ideas.

    Correct Answer
    D. The way your character influences the listeners’ willingness to accept your ideas.
    Explanation
    Speaker credibility refers to the extent to which the audience perceives the speaker as trustworthy, knowledgeable, and reliable. It is about how the speaker's character and reputation influence the listeners' willingness to accept and believe the ideas presented by the speaker.

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  • 16. 

    The audience determines a speaker’s credibility.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The credibility of a speaker is determined by the audience. This means that the audience's perception and judgment of the speaker's trustworthiness, expertise, and reliability play a crucial role in determining whether the speaker is considered credible or not. The audience's evaluation is based on factors such as the speaker's knowledge, experience, qualifications, and ability to effectively communicate and persuade. Ultimately, it is the audience's perception that determines the speaker's credibility.

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  • 17. 

    People make snap judgments about others within three to six seconds.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Research has shown that people tend to form initial impressions of others within a very short period of time, typically within three to six seconds. This quick judgment is based on various factors such as appearance, body language, and first impressions. These snap judgments can have a significant impact on how we perceive and interact with others.

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  • 18. 

    Across all cultures, speakers gain credibility in the same manner.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because credibility can vary across different cultures. What may be seen as credible in one culture may not be seen as credible in another. Different cultures have different values, beliefs, and norms, which can influence how credibility is perceived. Therefore, it is not accurate to say that speakers gain credibility in the same manner across all cultures.

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  • 19. 

    Speakers need to think about credibility only during the presentation.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Speakers need to think about credibility not only during the presentation but also before and after it. Credibility is important in establishing trust and gaining the audience's confidence. It involves factors such as the speaker's expertise, reputation, and the quality of information presented. Therefore, credibility should be considered throughout the entire speaking process, including preparation, delivery, and follow-up.

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  • 20. 

    To establish credibility, the speaker should speak conversationally.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    To establish credibility, speaking conversationally is important because it helps the speaker connect with the audience on a personal level. When the speaker speaks in a conversational tone, it creates a sense of trust and authenticity. This approach makes the audience feel more comfortable and engaged, increasing their willingness to listen and believe in the speaker's message. Additionally, speaking conversationally helps the speaker appear more relatable and knowledgeable, enhancing their credibility in the eyes of the audience.

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  • 21. 

    Persuasive speeches often achieve radical shifts in the audience’s perception.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Persuasive speeches may have an impact on the audience's perception, but they do not necessarily achieve radical shifts. While persuasive speeches can be influential and persuasive, it is not guaranteed that they will completely change the audience's perception. The answer is false because radical shifts in perception are not always achieved through persuasive speeches.

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  • 22. 

    You must support your assertions or claims with evidence.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is "True". However, without any context or specific question, it is difficult to provide an explanation for this answer. Additional information is needed in order to support or refute the assertion.

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  • 23. 

    Ethos refers to appeals to the audience’s emotions.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Ethos actually refers to appeals to the audience's ethics or credibility, not their emotions. It is a rhetorical strategy that aims to establish the speaker's or writer's credibility and trustworthiness by appealing to their character, expertise, or reputation. This helps to persuade the audience by demonstrating the speaker's authority and integrity on the subject matter. Appeals to emotions, on the other hand, are known as pathos.

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  • 24. 

    A persuasive speech based on an assertion of fact argues how things should or should not happen.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    A persuasive speech based on an assertion of fact argues about what is true or false, rather than how things should or should not happen. It presents evidence and logical reasoning to support a claim about the truth or falsity of a statement. Therefore, the correct answer is False.

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  • 25. 

    Electronic eloquence says that people evaluate the potential costs and benefits of taking a particular action.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    According to the statement, electronic eloquence suggests that people evaluate the potential costs and benefits of taking a particular action. However, this statement is false. Electronic eloquence refers to the ability to communicate effectively through electronic means, such as email or online messaging. It does not specifically relate to evaluating costs and benefits of actions. Therefore, the correct answer is false.

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  • 26. 

    Before listeners can be persuaded to accept your claims, they must

    • A.

      Hear testimonial evidence.

    • B.

      First understand your position.

    • C.

      Ignore terms that are defined.

    • D.

      Hear a speech that is at least 15 minutes long.

    Correct Answer
    B. First understand your position.
    Explanation
    Before listeners can be persuaded to accept your claims, it is important for them to first understand your position. Without a clear understanding of your perspective, it is unlikely that they will be convinced by your arguments or evidence. Therefore, ensuring that your audience comprehends your position is a crucial step in the persuasion process.

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  • 27. 

    What should a speaker do when trying to display credibility?

    • A.

      Over emote

    • B.

      Displace ownership

    • C.

      Be coercive

    • D.

      Demonstrate genuine concern

    Correct Answer
    D. Demonstrate genuine concern
    Explanation
    A speaker should demonstrate genuine concern when trying to display credibility. This means showing that they genuinely care about the topic they are speaking about and the audience they are speaking to. By demonstrating genuine concern, the speaker is able to establish trust and credibility with the audience, as they are seen as being sincere and authentic in their intentions. This can be done through various means, such as showing empathy, actively listening to the audience, and addressing their concerns and needs.

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  • 28. 

    What is a speaker doing when he reveals startling statistics to gain the audience’s attention?

    • A.

      Violating expectations

    • B.

      Framing

    • C.

      Utilizing public memory

    • D.

      Asserting a policy

    Correct Answer
    A. Violating expectations
    Explanation
    When a speaker reveals startling statistics to gain the audience's attention, they are violating expectations. By presenting unexpected or surprising information, the speaker grabs the audience's interest and captures their attention. This technique is often used to create a sense of curiosity and intrigue, making the audience more receptive to the speaker's message.

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  • 29. 

    Using particular language to capitalize on particular images that listeners possess is an example of what?

    • A.

      Violating expectations

    • B.

      Coercion

    • C.

      Framing

    • D.

      Listenability

    Correct Answer
    C. Framing
    Explanation
    Framing refers to the act of using specific language or communication techniques to shape the way a message is perceived by others. By capitalizing on particular images that listeners already have, the speaker is able to frame their message in a way that aligns with those preexisting beliefs or ideas. This can be a powerful persuasive tool as it helps to reinforce or manipulate the listener's understanding and interpretation of the information being presented.

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  • 30. 

    What do speakers demonstrate when they appeal to an audience through storytelling and integration of images?

    • A.

      Electronic eloquence

    • B.

      Expectancy violations

    • C.

      Ethos

    • D.

      Frames

    Correct Answer
    A. Electronic eloquence
    Explanation
    Speakers demonstrate electronic eloquence when they appeal to an audience through storytelling and integration of images. Electronic eloquence refers to the ability to effectively communicate and engage with an audience using technology and multimedia tools. By incorporating storytelling and visual elements, speakers can captivate their audience, enhance their message, and create a more memorable and impactful presentation.

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  • 31. 

    What does Maslow’s hierarchy of needs say?

    • A.

      Speakers can attract attention by catching the audience off guard.

    • B.

      Appealing to a range of needs can persuade others.

    • C.

      We need to be persuaded.

    • D.

      Images and atmospheric visuals are necessary to persuade others.

    Correct Answer
    B. Appealing to a range of needs can persuade others.
    Explanation
    Maslow's hierarchy of needs suggests that appealing to a range of needs can persuade others. This theory states that individuals have different levels of needs, starting from basic physiological needs like food and shelter, to higher-level needs such as self-esteem and self-actualization. By understanding and addressing these various needs, speakers can effectively persuade others by appealing to their specific motivations and desires. This approach acknowledges that individuals have different priorities and can be influenced by different factors, making it important to consider a range of needs when trying to persuade others.

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  • 32. 

    Which of the following statements about persuasive speaking is incorrect?

    • A.

      Persuasive speaking can reinforce thinking.

    • B.

      Persuasive speeches happen every day.

    • C.

      It is easy to persuade others.

    • D.

      Groups of people can be persuaded.

    Correct Answer
    C. It is easy to persuade others.
    Explanation
    Persuasive speaking is not easy because it requires the speaker to effectively communicate their ideas, address counterarguments, and appeal to the emotions and logic of the audience. Persuasion involves understanding the audience's beliefs, values, and attitudes, and tailoring the message accordingly. It requires skill, preparation, and the ability to build credibility and trust with the audience. Therefore, the statement "It is easy to persuade others" is incorrect.

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  • 33. 

    A speech that argues whether something is true or not true is an assertion of what?

    • A.

      Policy

    • B.

      Persuasion

    • C.

      Value

    • D.

      Fact

    Correct Answer
    D. Fact
    Explanation
    A speech that argues whether something is true or not true is an assertion of a fact. This is because the speaker is presenting evidence and arguments to support their claim and prove that it is based on reality and can be verified objectively. The speech aims to convince the audience that the statement being discussed is indeed a fact and not a matter of opinion or personal belief.

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  • 34. 

    As a speaker, you have a better chance of altering or reinforcing action when your focus is

    • A.

      Larger in scope.

    • B.

      Smaller in scope.

    • C.

      Vague.

    • D.

      Radical.

    Correct Answer
    B. Smaller in scope.
    Explanation
    When your focus is smaller in scope, you can provide more specific and detailed information, which is easier for the audience to understand and remember. This allows you to effectively communicate your message and make a stronger impact on the listeners. By focusing on specific actions or behaviors, you can provide clear instructions or suggestions, making it more likely for the audience to alter or reinforce their actions accordingly.

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  • 35. 

    “Always buckle your seatbelt when in a car” is an example of a(n)

    • A.

      Informative speech.

    • B.

      Persuasive speech to reinforce action.

    • C.

      Persuasive speech to reinforce thinking.

    • D.

      Special-occasion speech.

    Correct Answer
    B. Persuasive speech to reinforce action.
    Explanation
    This statement is an example of a persuasive speech to reinforce action because it is urging the listener to take a specific action, which is to always buckle their seatbelt when in a car. The speaker is trying to persuade the audience to adopt this behavior for their own safety.

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  • 36. 

    If you argue about how things should or should not happen, you are giving a persuasive speech based on an assertion of

    • A.

      Fact.

    • B.

      Value.

    • C.

      Policy.

    • D.

      Options.

    Correct Answer
    C. Policy.
    Explanation
    When you argue about how things should or should not happen, you are discussing policies. Policies are plans or courses of action that are proposed or followed to achieve certain goals or outcomes. In this context, you are presenting a persuasive speech based on your stance or opinion on a particular policy. You are advocating for a specific approach or set of actions that you believe should be implemented.

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  • 37. 

    What should you do when presenting to an audience that is indifferent toward your idea?

    • A.

      You should briefly explain only your claim.

    • B.

      You should not discuss your persuasive goal in the conclusion.

    • C.

      You should stress audience members’ differences.

    • D.

      You should highlight your credibility.

    Correct Answer
    D. You should highlight your credibility.
    Explanation
    When presenting to an audience that is indifferent toward your idea, it is important to focus on establishing your credibility. By highlighting your expertise, qualifications, and experience, you can gain the audience's trust and make them more receptive to your idea. This can be done through sharing relevant credentials, providing examples of past successes, or demonstrating a deep understanding of the topic. By emphasizing your credibility, you can increase the chances of the audience taking your idea seriously and being more open to considering it.

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  • 38. 

    The more mainstream your audience, the

    • A.

      Less conservative your goal should be.

    • B.

      Less radical your goal should be.

    • C.

      More you should challenge the audience’s thinking.

    • D.

      More you should discuss extreme goals.

    Correct Answer
    B. Less radical your goal should be.
    Explanation
    When targeting a mainstream audience, it is important to consider their preferences and values. Mainstream audiences tend to be more conservative and less receptive to radical or extreme ideas. Therefore, to effectively engage with this audience, it is advisable to have less radical goals that align with their existing beliefs and expectations. By doing so, it increases the likelihood of gaining their support and acceptance.

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  • 39. 

    The topic, “All states should make it illegal to drive while talking on a cell phone,” is an example of a persuasive speech based on an assertion of what?

    • A.

      Value

    • B.

      Policy

    • C.

      Idea

    • D.

      Fact

    Correct Answer
    B. Policy
    Explanation
    The topic, "All states should make it illegal to drive while talking on a cell phone," is an example of a persuasive speech based on a policy. This is because it presents a specific course of action or a proposed rule that should be implemented. The speaker is advocating for a change in the law, suggesting that all states should adopt a policy to make it illegal to drive while talking on a cell phone.

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  • 40. 

    What should you do when setting a persuasive goal?

    • A.

      Pander to the audience.

    • B.

      Avoid challenging the audience’s thinking.

    • C.

      Make it radical so that the audience’s thinking is drastically changed.

    • D.

      Keep it realistic.

    Correct Answer
    D. Keep it realistic.
    Explanation
    When setting a persuasive goal, it is important to keep it realistic. This means that the goal should be attainable and within the realm of possibility. Setting a goal that is too radical or unrealistic may lead to the audience dismissing it as unachievable. Pandering to the audience or avoiding challenging their thinking may not necessarily lead to a persuasive outcome. Therefore, keeping the goal realistic increases the chances of successfully persuading the audience.

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  • 41. 

    What should you appeal to if someone needs a sense of security in his job?

    • A.

      Safety needs

    • B.

      Physiological needs

    • C.

      Esteem needs

    • D.

      Love and belongingness needs

    Correct Answer
    A. Safety needs
    Explanation
    If someone needs a sense of security in their job, they should appeal to safety needs. Safety needs refer to the basic need for physical and psychological safety and security. This includes job security, a safe working environment, and protection from harm or threat. Meeting these needs can help individuals feel secure in their job and reduce anxiety or fear about their employment.

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  • 42. 

    Why is framing important?

    • A.

      It evokes specific ways of seeing the world.

    • B.

      It provides a way to catch listeners by surprise.

    • C.

      It appeals to the esteem needed.

    • D.

      It fulfills public memory.

    Correct Answer
    A. It evokes specific ways of seeing the world.
    Explanation
    Framing is important because it evokes specific ways of seeing the world. By framing a message or situation in a particular way, it can shape how people perceive and interpret it. Different frames can highlight different aspects, emphasize certain viewpoints, or influence the overall understanding of an issue. This can be used strategically to shape public opinion, influence decision-making, and guide people's attitudes and behaviors.

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  • 43. 

    What do you demonstrate when you weight the costs and benefits of an action?

    • A.

      Framing

    • B.

      Expectancy violations

    • C.

      Expectancy-outcome values theory

    • D.

      Pathos

    Correct Answer
    C. Expectancy-outcome values theory
    Explanation
    When you weigh the costs and benefits of an action, you are demonstrating the expectancy-outcome values theory. This theory suggests that individuals evaluate the potential outcomes and their associated values or benefits before deciding whether to engage in a particular action. By considering the expected outcomes and their perceived values, individuals can make informed decisions about whether the benefits outweigh the costs and vice versa. This process of weighing the costs and benefits aligns with the expectancy-outcome values theory.

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  • 44. 

    Classical appeals include which of the following?

    • A.

      Knowing your audience and being realistic about goals

    • B.

      Ethos and pathos

    • C.

      Electronic eloquence and public memory

    • D.

      Expectancy violations and expectancy-outcome values

    Correct Answer
    B. Ethos and pathos
    Explanation
    Classical appeals refer to persuasive techniques used in communication to influence an audience. Ethos refers to the credibility and trustworthiness of the speaker, while pathos appeals to the emotions and feelings of the audience. These appeals are considered classical because they have been used for centuries in rhetoric and persuasion. Knowing your audience and being realistic about goals, electronic eloquence and public memory, and expectancy violations and expectancy-outcome values are not classical appeals and are not directly related to the concept of ethos and pathos.

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  • 45. 

    The first level of needs in Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is

    • A.

      Safety

    • B.

      Physiological

    • C.

      Psychological

    • D.

      Self-actualization

    Correct Answer
    B. Physiological
    Explanation
    Maslow's hierarchy of needs is a theory that suggests that individuals have different levels of needs, and these needs must be met in a specific order. The first level of needs in this hierarchy is physiological needs. These needs include basic necessities like food, water, shelter, and sleep. Without fulfilling these needs, individuals cannot move on to higher levels of needs such as safety, love and belonging, esteem, and self-actualization. Therefore, physiological needs are the most fundamental and essential needs that must be satisfied for survival and well-being.

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  • 46. 

     ______________________________ says that television and film persuade us about the past and how we remember it.

    • A.

      Public Memory

    • B.

      Electronic eloquence

    • C.

      Expectancy violations

    • D.

      Expectancy-outcome values

    Correct Answer
    A. Public Memory
    Explanation
    Public Memory refers to the collective memory of a society or a community. It encompasses the shared knowledge, beliefs, and narratives about the past that are constructed and maintained through various mediums, including television and film. These mediums have the power to shape and influence our understanding of history and how we remember it. They can present certain perspectives, events, and interpretations that may influence public opinion and memory. Therefore, Public Memory is the most fitting explanation for how television and film persuade us about the past and our memories of it.

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  • 47. 

    Click on the video link below. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jHxx72LGKz0&feature=related  Which reasoning fallacy is displayed in the advertisement?

    • A.

      Red herring

    • B.

      Slippery slope

    • C.

      Appeal to fear

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Appeal to fear
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Appeal to fear". In the advertisement, the reasoning fallacy of appeal to fear is displayed when the video tries to persuade viewers by using fear or anxiety. This fallacy relies on manipulating emotions rather than presenting logical arguments to convince people.

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  • 48. 

    Click on the video link below. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=40DykbPa4Lc  Which implied reasoning fallacy is displayed in the advertisement? 

    • A.

      Red herring

    • B.

      Slippery slope

    • C.

      Bandwagon

    • D.

      Ad hominem

    Correct Answer
    C. Bandwagon
    Explanation
    The implied reasoning fallacy displayed in the advertisement is the Bandwagon fallacy. This fallacy occurs when someone argues that because everyone else is doing something or believes something, it must be true or right. In the context of the advertisement, it suggests that because many people are using or endorsing the product, it must be effective or worth using. This fallacy ignores the need for evidence or logical reasoning to support a claim.

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  • 49. 

     If listeners detect the speaker using one fallacy, they are likely to be skeptical about the rest of the whole presentation.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    If listeners detect the speaker using one fallacy, it is likely to make them skeptical about the rest of the whole presentation. This is because a fallacy is a flawed reasoning or argument that lacks logical validity. When someone uses a fallacy, it indicates a weakness in their thinking or argumentation skills. Therefore, if listeners identify one fallacy, they may question the credibility and reliability of the speaker's entire presentation, as they would have doubts about the accuracy and validity of the information being presented.

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  • 50. 

    When using inductive reasoning, it does not matter if your claim comes before or after the evidence.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Inductive reasoning is a type of reasoning where conclusions are drawn based on patterns and observations. In this case, the statement suggests that the order of the claim and evidence does not affect the validity of the reasoning. This is true because inductive reasoning focuses on generalizing from specific instances, rather than following a specific order. The evidence supports the claim, regardless of whether it is presented before or after. Therefore, the statement is correct.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 11, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Sgoodwin
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