CST 100 Principles Of Public Speaking: Quiz!

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Public Speaking Quizzes & Trivia

What is the principle of public speaking? Public speaking is an articulated presentation in which the speaker talks to an audience about a pertinent topic. There is a specific art to public speaking, which most people do not even realize. The way you speak in a public situation says a lot about you. This quiz will have the whole room clapping for you when you pass. All the best.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Visuals decrease your credibility. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Visuals do not decrease your credibility. In fact, they can enhance your credibility by providing supporting evidence, making information more engaging and memorable, and helping to clarify complex concepts. Well-designed visuals can make a presentation or argument more persuasive and credible to the audience. Therefore, the statement that visuals decrease your credibility is false.

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  • 2. 

    Red is a powerful color that should be used as much as possible. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that red is a powerful color and should be used as much as possible. However, this is a subjective opinion and may not be true for everyone. The use of color should be based on the context, purpose, and personal preferences. Therefore, the correct answer is false as it is not necessary to use red as much as possible.

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  • 3. 

    A photo illustration is not a photograph; it is a created image. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    A photo illustration refers to an image that is created or manipulated using various techniques, such as digital editing software, to create a visual representation. Unlike a photograph, which captures a real-life scene or subject, a photo illustration is a constructed image that may incorporate elements from multiple sources or include digital effects. Therefore, the statement that a photo illustration is not a photograph is true.

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  • 4. 

    If you have a speech topic but cannot think of a visual to use, choose a different speech topic.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    This statement is false because it suggests that if you have a speech topic but cannot think of a visual to use, you should choose a different speech topic. However, this is not necessarily true. While visuals can enhance a speech and make it more engaging, they are not always necessary. There are many other ways to deliver a compelling speech, such as using storytelling, incorporating personal anecdotes, or utilizing props or demonstrations. Therefore, it is not necessary to choose a different speech topic solely based on the inability to think of a visual.

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  • 5. 

    PowerPoint should be used to display your speaking outline. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    PowerPoint should not be used to display a speaking outline. A speaking outline is a brief summary of the main points and subpoints of a speech, and it is meant to guide the speaker during the presentation. Using PowerPoint to display a speaking outline can be distracting for both the speaker and the audience, as it may shift the focus away from the speaker's delivery and onto the slides. Instead, a speaker should use note cards or a printed outline to refer to during the presentation.

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  • 6. 

    Differing cultures use and interpret nonverbal behaviors in similar manners.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    This statement is false. Differing cultures do not use and interpret nonverbal behaviors in similar manners. Nonverbal behaviors such as body language, facial expressions, and gestures can vary greatly across different cultures. What may be considered acceptable or appropriate in one culture may be completely different or even offensive in another culture. Therefore, it is important to be aware of and understand the cultural differences in nonverbal communication when interacting with individuals from different cultures.

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  • 7. 

    The room in which you speak can affect proxemics. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because proxemics refers to the study of how individuals use and perceive space during communication. The room or environment in which communication takes place can influence the distance between individuals, their level of comfort, and their overall communication dynamics. Factors such as room size, layout, and acoustics can all impact proxemics and how people interact with each other in a given space.

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  • 8. 

    If the speaker is blind, audience members should still give eye contact with him.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    If the speaker is blind, audience members should still give eye contact with him. This is because eye contact is not only about seeing, but also about showing attention and engagement. By maintaining eye contact, audience members can demonstrate their respect and active listening, even if the speaker cannot visually perceive it. Additionally, eye contact can help create a sense of connection and rapport between the speaker and the audience, which can enhance communication and understanding.

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  • 9. 

    Using a lectern or table reduces the emotional distance from your audience. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Using a lectern or table does not reduce the emotional distance from the audience. In fact, it can create a physical barrier between the speaker and the audience, making it harder to establish a connection. Standing freely without any barriers can help create a more intimate and engaging atmosphere, allowing for better emotional connection with the audience. Therefore, the statement is false.

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  • 10. 

    Listeners are more inclined to listen to you if you look at them and have good eye contact.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Maintaining eye contact while speaking is an effective way to engage listeners and convey confidence and sincerity. When you look at someone while speaking, it shows that you are actively involved in the conversation and interested in their response. This can make the listeners feel valued and more inclined to pay attention to what you are saying. Additionally, eye contact helps to establish a connection and build trust, making the listeners more receptive to your message. Therefore, it is true that listeners are more inclined to listen to you if you look at them and have good eye contact.

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  • 11. 

    People gather a lot of meaning from the way you talk, not just the message you share. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because communication is not just about the words we use, but also about the tone, body language, and overall delivery. People interpret meaning from these non-verbal cues and can often make judgments or assumptions based on them. Therefore, the way we talk can greatly impact how our message is received and understood by others.

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  • 12. 

    Inflection refers to how clearly you produce individual speech sounds. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Inflection refers to the modulation or change in pitch, tone, or volume of speech. It does not refer to the clarity of producing individual speech sounds. Therefore, the statement "Inflection refers to how clearly you produce individual speech sounds" is false.

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  • 13. 

    The most effective presentations use vocal qualities to complement the words.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Effective presentations not only rely on the words being spoken but also on the way they are delivered. Vocal qualities such as tone, pitch, volume, and pace can greatly enhance the message being conveyed. By using appropriate vocal qualities, the presenter can engage the audience, emphasize important points, and create a more impactful and memorable presentation. Therefore, it can be concluded that the statement "The most effective presentations use vocal qualities to complement the words" is true.

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  • 14. 

    Vocal qualities cannot be shaped or altered.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    This statement is false because vocal qualities can indeed be shaped or altered. Through vocal training and practice, individuals can improve their vocal range, pitch, tone, and articulation. Techniques such as breathing exercises, vocal warm-ups, and proper posture can also help in developing better vocal qualities. Additionally, individuals can also undergo vocal therapy or work with vocal coaches to further refine and enhance their vocal abilities.

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  • 15. 

    Your emotional tone can contradict your message. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Emotional tone refers to the way in which a message is delivered, including the tone of voice, facial expressions, and body language. When the emotional tone contradicts the message, it can create confusion or misunderstanding. For example, if someone says they are happy but their tone of voice and body language suggest sadness, it can be difficult for the listener to understand the true meaning of the message. Therefore, it is true that your emotional tone can contradict your message.

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  • 16. 

    If you catch an error in speaking during your presentation, go back and correct the mistake. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    If you catch an error in speaking during your presentation, it is important to go back and correct the mistake. This is because correcting the mistake shows that you are aware of the error and are taking responsibility for it. It also helps to maintain the credibility and professionalism of your presentation. By addressing the error promptly, you can ensure that your audience receives accurate information and understands your message clearly.

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  • 17. 

    Inaccuracy with your language does not affect your credibility. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The given statement states that inaccuracy with one's language does not affect their credibility. This statement is not true because inaccuracies in language can lead to misunderstandings, misinterpretations, and a lack of clarity in communication. Inaccurate language can also erode trust and credibility as it can be seen as a sign of carelessness or a lack of attention to detail. Therefore, inaccuracy with one's language does indeed affect their credibility.

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  • 18. 

    Only standard dialects can be used successfully. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that only standard dialects can be used successfully. However, this is not true. Non-standard dialects can also be used successfully in various contexts and situations. Language is diverse, and different dialects serve different purposes and have their own value and effectiveness. Therefore, the correct answer is false.

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  • 19. 

    Obscenities are words that are immediately understood within a specific group. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Obscenities are not words that are immediately understood within a specific group. Obscenities are offensive or vulgar words or expressions that are generally understood to be inappropriate or taboo in most cultures or societies. They are not limited to a specific group but are considered offensive by a wide range of people. Therefore, the correct answer is False.

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  • 20. 

    If someone makes up words or uses “good” as an adverb, she is not being grammatically correct. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    If someone makes up words or uses "good" as an adverb, it indicates a lack of grammatical correctness. Making up words is not a part of standard vocabulary, and using "good" as an adverb is incorrect as it should be "well." Therefore, the statement is true as it suggests that such usage is not grammatically correct.

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  • 21. 

    Rhonda is speaking about a particular type of ballroom dance. Which type of visual support would be the most effective?

    • A.

      Demonstrating the dance herself

    • B.

      Using PowerPoint

    • C.

      Displaying photos

    • D.

      Creating a chart

    Correct Answer
    A. Demonstrating the dance herself
    Explanation
    Demonstrating the dance herself would be the most effective type of visual support because it allows the audience to see the dance in action and fully understand the movements, posture, and rhythm. This type of visual support provides a direct and interactive experience, allowing the audience to observe and learn from Rhonda's demonstration in real-time. It also enables Rhonda to showcase her expertise and skills in the dance, making the presentation more engaging and impactful.

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  • 22. 

    Images that show information that you are already explicitly discussing are called what?

    • A.

      Substituting visuals

    • B.

      Atmospheric visuals

    • C.

      Enhancing visuals

    • D.

      Credibility visuals

    Correct Answer
    C. Enhancing visuals
    Explanation
    Enhancing visuals refer to images that are used to improve or augment the information that is already being discussed. These visuals are intended to provide additional clarity, understanding, or emphasis to the topic being presented. They can include charts, graphs, diagrams, or illustrations that help to enhance the overall message and make it more visually appealing and engaging for the audience.

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  • 23. 

    If you want to show that 70% of campus students own a car, 25% do not own a car, and 5% rent a car, you should use what?

    • A.

      A timeline

    • B.

      A bar graph

    • C.

      A pie graph

    • D.

      A photo illustration

    Correct Answer
    C. A pie graph
    Explanation
    A pie graph would be the most appropriate choice to represent the given data. A pie graph is a circular chart divided into sectors, where each sector represents a proportion of the whole. In this case, the sectors would represent the percentage of campus students who own a car, do not own a car, and rent a car. The size of each sector would be proportional to the percentage it represents, making it easy to visualize the distribution of car ownership among campus students.

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  • 24. 

    Atmospheric visuals

    • A.

      Are less effective during persuasive speeches.

    • B.

      Do not engage listeners emotionally.

    • C.

      Should be the primary visual when enhancing visuals are also present.

    • D.

      Create a mood or a feeling.

    Correct Answer
    D. Create a mood or a feeling.
    Explanation
    Atmospheric visuals are used to create a mood or a feeling in persuasive speeches. These visuals help to set the tone and atmosphere of the speech, allowing the audience to connect with the message on an emotional level. By creating a specific mood or feeling, these visuals can enhance the persuasive power of the speech by making it more impactful and memorable for the listeners.

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  • 25. 

    If you are discussing a company and want to show the audience what the lines of authority look like within the company, you should use what?

    • A.

      An organizational chart

    • B.

      A flow chart

    • C.

      A pie chart

    • D.

      A line graph

    Correct Answer
    A. An organizational chart
    Explanation
    An organizational chart is the most appropriate tool to use when you want to visually represent the lines of authority within a company. This chart provides a clear and hierarchical structure that shows the relationships between different positions and departments in the organization. It helps the audience understand the chain of command, reporting relationships, and the overall structure of the company. A flow chart, pie chart, and line graph are not suitable for representing the lines of authority within a company as they are used for different purposes such as illustrating processes, data comparison, and trends respectively.

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  • 26. 

    Generally, when should you provide your handouts?

    • A.

      Before the presentation

    • B.

      During the presentation

    • C.

      After the presentation

    • D.

      Online only

    Correct Answer
    C. After the presentation
    Explanation
    Handouts should be provided after the presentation because giving them beforehand may distract the audience and prevent them from fully engaging with the presentation. By waiting until after the presentation, attendees can focus on listening, asking questions, and participating actively. Handouts can then be distributed to reinforce key points, provide additional information, and serve as a reference for further study or reflection. This approach allows the audience to fully absorb the content without being overwhelmed or distracted by the handouts during the presentation.

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  • 27. 

    Each visual should do which of the following?

    • A.

      Have a red background.

    • B.

      Communicate only one idea.

    • C.

      Not have a title at the top or bottom.

    • D.

      Have as much information on it as possible.

    Correct Answer
    B. Communicate only one idea.
    Explanation
    Each visual should communicate only one idea because having multiple ideas in one visual can confuse the audience and make it difficult for them to understand the main message. By focusing on a single idea, the visual can effectively convey its intended message and engage the audience more effectively. Having a red background, not having a title at the top or bottom, and having as much information as possible are not necessary or recommended requirements for each visual.

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  • 28. 

    When should you introduce a visual?

    • A.

      While it is displayed

    • B.

      Prior to showing and discussing it

    • C.

      After you put it away

    • D.

      When an audience member asks about it

    Correct Answer
    B. Prior to showing and discussing it
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Prior to showing and discussing it." This means that you should introduce a visual before actually displaying it and discussing its content. By doing so, you prepare the audience for what they are about to see and provide context for the upcoming discussion. This allows them to focus on the visual and better understand its relevance and importance.

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  • 29. 

    An example of three-dimensional visual support is

    • A.

      A model.

    • B.

      A video.

    • C.

      A timeline.

    • D.

      A graph.

    Correct Answer
    A. A model.
    Explanation
    A three-dimensional visual support refers to a physical representation that can be viewed from different angles, providing a more realistic and tangible understanding of an object or concept. Models are commonly used as three-dimensional visual supports as they allow individuals to visualize and interact with a physical representation of something, aiding in comprehension and learning. Videos, timelines, and graphs, on the other hand, are two-dimensional visual supports that provide information or data in a visual format but lack the depth and physicality of a model.

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  • 30. 

    Tim gave a presentation on the events that led up to the U.S. involvement in World War II. He used many photos during the presentation, but the audience did not feel as though it fully understood Tim’s information. What should Tim have used instead of photos?

    • A.

      Bar graphs

    • B.

      Animation

    • C.

      Timelines

    • D.

      Organizational charts

    Correct Answer
    C. Timelines
    Explanation
    Tim should have used timelines instead of photos. Timelines provide a chronological sequence of events, allowing the audience to understand the order and progression of the events that led up to the U.S. involvement in World War II. This visual representation would have helped the audience grasp the historical context more effectively than photos alone.

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  • 31. 

    Which of the following statements about visuals is false?

    • A.

      Visuals increase your credibility.

    • B.

      Visuals should be prepared after the speech is prepared.

    • C.

      Visuals should always be included in your presentation, regardless of the topic.

    • D.

      Visuals stimulate listener interaction

    Correct Answer
    C. Visuals should always be included in your presentation, regardless of the topic.
    Explanation
    This statement is false because visuals should not always be included in a presentation, regardless of the topic. The use of visuals depends on the nature of the topic and the purpose of the presentation. In some cases, visuals may not be necessary or appropriate. It is important to consider the content and context of the presentation when deciding whether or not to include visuals.

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  • 32. 

    When creating a PowerPoint presentation, you should do which of the following?

    • A.

      Use many special effects.

    • B.

      Create a slide for everything in your speech.

    • C.

      Use PowerPoint to drive your presentation.

    • D.

      Use slide only when they are necessary.

    Correct Answer
    D. Use slide only when they are necessary.
    Explanation
    When creating a PowerPoint presentation, it is important to use slides only when they are necessary. This means that you should avoid using too many special effects or creating a slide for every single point in your speech. Instead, focus on using slides to enhance and support your presentation, using them selectively for key points or to visually represent information that cannot be easily conveyed through speech alone. This approach helps to keep the audience engaged and prevents the presentation from becoming overwhelming or distracting.

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  • 33. 

    If Jenny gives eye contact to Travis, that likely indicates that Jenny

    • A.

      Is not confident.

    • B.

      Wants to communicate with Travis.

    • C.

      Is being dishonest.

    • D.

      Is shy.

    Correct Answer
    B. Wants to communicate with Travis.
    Explanation
    If Jenny gives eye contact to Travis, it likely indicates that Jenny wants to communicate with him. Eye contact is often seen as a sign of interest and engagement in a conversation. By making eye contact with Travis, Jenny is showing that she is open to communication and wants to establish a connection with him.

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  • 34. 

    If you speak to an audience with members from a different culture, you should do which of the following?

    • A.

      Adjust your nonverbal behaviors.

    • B.

      Talk slower.

    • C.

      Increase eye contact.

    • D.

      Do nothing differently.

    Correct Answer
    A. Adjust your nonverbal behaviors.
    Explanation
    When speaking to an audience from a different culture, it is important to adjust your nonverbal behaviors. Nonverbal behaviors such as body language, gestures, and facial expressions can vary across cultures and may have different meanings or interpretations. Adapting your nonverbal behaviors can help you communicate effectively and avoid misunderstandings with the audience. This shows respect for their cultural norms and enhances cross-cultural communication.

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  • 35. 

    When standing at a lectern, you should do which of the following?

    • A.

      Lean on it.

    • B.

      Stand close to it.

    • C.

      Stand behind it or next to it.

    • D.

      Grip it tightly.

    Correct Answer
    C. Stand behind it or next to it.
    Explanation
    When standing at a lectern, it is recommended to stand behind it or next to it. This allows the speaker to maintain a professional and confident posture while addressing the audience. Standing close to the lectern ensures that the speaker remains within reach of any materials or notes they may need during their presentation. Gripping it tightly or leaning on it is not advised as it can convey a lack of confidence or appear unprofessional.

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  • 36. 

    Eye contact conveys what?

    • A.

      Avoidance of communication

    • B.

      Being unprepared

    • C.

      Disinterest

    • D.

      Sincerity and confidence

    Correct Answer
    D. Sincerity and confidence
    Explanation
    Eye contact conveys sincerity and confidence because when someone maintains eye contact while speaking, it shows that they are engaged and focused on the conversation. It indicates that they are sincere in their communication and confident in their message. Eye contact also helps to establish trust and connection between individuals, as it shows that they are actively listening and interested in what the other person is saying. Overall, eye contact is a powerful non-verbal cue that can convey sincerity and confidence in interpersonal communication.

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  • 37. 

    Movements that clarify, complement, or reinforce a verbal message are known as what?

    • A.

      Proxemics

    • B.

      Illustrators

    • C.

      Emblems

    • D.

      Immediacy

    Correct Answer
    B. Illustrators
    Explanation
    Illustrators are movements that clarify, complement, or reinforce a verbal message. These movements involve the use of hand gestures, facial expressions, and body language to enhance communication and convey meaning. They can help to emphasize key points, provide visual aids, or add emotional emphasis to the spoken words. Illustrators are commonly used in everyday conversations and public speaking to make the message more engaging and understandable to the audience.

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  • 38. 

    A thumbs up is an example of a(n)

    • A.

      Emblem

    • B.

      Illustrator

    • C.

      Proxemics

    • D.

      Posture

    Correct Answer
    B. Illustrator
  • 39. 

    The size of the speaking room as well as the chair arrangement affects what?

    • A.

      Illustrator

    • B.

      Proxemics

    • C.

      Gesture

    • D.

      Posture

    Correct Answer
    B. Proxemics
    Explanation
    The size of the speaking room as well as the chair arrangement affects proxemics. Proxemics refers to the study of how individuals use and perceive space in social interactions. The size of the room and the arrangement of chairs can influence the distance between individuals and affect their level of comfort and intimacy during communication.

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  • 40. 

    If you need to establish your status during a presentation, you should do which of the following?

    • A.

      Remain on the same level as the audience.

    • B.

      Stand behind a speaking table or lecture

    • C.

      Stand in front of the lectern.

    • D.

      Pace around the room.

    Correct Answer
    B. Stand behind a speaking table or lecture
    Explanation
    Standing behind a speaking table or lectern allows the presenter to establish their status during a presentation. This position gives the presenter a sense of authority and control over the room. It also provides a focal point for the audience to direct their attention towards. By standing behind a speaking table or lectern, the presenter can maintain a professional and confident demeanor, which helps to establish their credibility and expertise in the eyes of the audience.

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  • 41. 

    When speaking, the most effective body orientation is

    • A.

      Keeping the arms crossed.

    • B.

      Placing hands on the hips.

    • C.

      An open body position with shoulders square with the augience

    • D.

      With the back to the audience.

    Correct Answer
    C. An open body position with shoulders square with the augience
    Explanation
    An open body position with shoulders square with the audience is the most effective body orientation when speaking. This posture demonstrates confidence and openness, allowing the speaker to engage with the audience and establish a connection. It also helps to convey a sense of credibility and trustworthiness. By facing the audience directly and keeping the body relaxed and open, the speaker can effectively communicate their message and maintain the audience's attention.

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  • 42. 

    Preparedness, sincerity, honesty, and confidence are conveyed by what?

    • A.

      Eye contact

    • B.

      Posture

    • C.

      Emblems

    • D.

      Proxemics

    Correct Answer
    A. Eye contact
    Explanation
    Eye contact conveys preparedness, sincerity, honesty, and confidence. When someone maintains eye contact during a conversation, it shows that they are engaged and focused on the interaction. It demonstrates their preparedness because they are actively paying attention to the conversation. Eye contact also conveys sincerity and honesty as it creates a sense of trust and openness. Additionally, maintaining eye contact shows confidence and self-assurance, as it signifies that the person is comfortable and confident in themselves and the conversation.

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  • 43. 

    If you nod while saying “yes,” you are using a(n)

    • A.

      Emblem

    • B.

      Illustrator

    • C.

      Proxemic cue

    • D.

      Artifact

    Correct Answer
    B. Illustrator
    Explanation
    An illustrator is a person who creates visual representations or drawings. In the context of the question, nodding while saying "yes" can be seen as a non-verbal gesture that can be visually represented or illustrated by the person. Therefore, the correct answer is "Illustrator."

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  • 44. 

    Beth just gave her first speech. She found that it was difficult to monitor the audience and its feedback.  What do you recommend that she do in her second speech?

    • A.

      Increase eye contact.

    • B.

      Decrease use of emblems.

    • C.

      Favor a particular section of the classroom.

    • D.

      Nothing—she will eventually get used to it.

    Correct Answer
    A. Increase eye contact.
    Explanation
    In her second speech, it is recommended that Beth increase eye contact. This will help her to better monitor the audience and its feedback. By maintaining eye contact with individuals in the audience, Beth can gauge their reactions and adjust her delivery accordingly. This will also create a connection between her and the audience, making her speech more engaging and effective. Increasing eye contact is a practical solution to overcome the difficulty of monitoring the audience and its feedback.

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  • 45. 

    Facing others versus standing side-by-side with someone is described as your:

    • A.

      Posture.

    • B.

      Emblems.

    • C.

      Proxemics.

    • D.

      Body orientation.

    Correct Answer
    D. Body orientation.
    Explanation
    Body orientation refers to the direction in which a person's body is positioned in relation to others. It can be either facing others or standing side-by-side with someone. This term is used to describe the physical positioning of individuals during social interactions. Posture refers to the alignment and positioning of the body, emblems are nonverbal gestures with specific meanings, and proxemics refers to the study of personal space and distance between individuals. Therefore, the most appropriate term to describe the given scenario is body orientation.

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  • 46. 

    An animated tone and upbeat pace convey what?

    • A.

      Enthusiasm, passion, interest

    • B.

      Credibility and security

    • C.

      Anger

    • D.

      Apprehension

    Correct Answer
    A. Enthusiasm, passion, interest
    Explanation
    The animated tone and upbeat pace of a communication convey enthusiasm, passion, and interest. When someone speaks with animation and a fast pace, it indicates that they are excited and passionate about the topic they are discussing. This tone also captures the attention of the audience and shows that the speaker is genuinely interested in what they are saying. Overall, the combination of an animated tone and upbeat pace creates a positive and engaging atmosphere, conveying enthusiasm, passion, and interest.

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  • 47. 

    Saying words such as like, um, or uh means that the presentation contains many:

    • A.

      Inflections.

    • B.

      Paralanguage.

    • C.

      Uptalk.

    • D.

      Disfluencies.

    Correct Answer
    D. Disfluencies.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "disfluencies." Saying words such as like, um, or uh indicates that the speaker is experiencing disfluencies in their speech. Disfluencies are interruptions or disruptions in the flow of speech, often caused by hesitation, uncertainty, or a lack of fluency. These words are commonly used as fillers or placeholders when someone is searching for the right word or trying to gather their thoughts. Therefore, the presence of these words suggests that the presentation contains many disfluencies.

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  • 48. 

    When thinking about the volume of your speaking voice, you should do which of the following?

    • A.

      Use uptalk

    • B.

      Consider the speaking space

    • C.

      Lower your volume at the ends of sentences.

    • D.

      Be so loud that the audience members shrink back in their seats.

    Correct Answer
    B. Consider the speaking space
    Explanation
    Considering the speaking space refers to being aware of the physical environment in which you are speaking. This includes factors such as the size of the room, the presence of any amplification equipment, and the distance between you and the audience. By considering the speaking space, you can adjust your volume accordingly to ensure that your voice carries effectively without being too loud or too soft for the audience to hear.

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  • 49. 

    If your words sound choppy, you most likely have a problem with:

    • A.

      Fluency

    • B.

      Volume

    • C.

      Articulation

    • D.

      Pitch

    Correct Answer
    A. Fluency
    Explanation
    Fluency refers to the smoothness and flow of speech. If your words sound choppy, it means that you are having difficulty speaking smoothly and there may be pauses or breaks in your speech. This can be a result of hesitations, lack of practice, or nervousness. Volume, articulation, and pitch are related to the clarity and projection of speech, but they do not directly affect the smoothness or flow of speech.

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  • 50. 

    If your tone is upbeat while you discuss a serious topic, your audience might not respond positively because:

    • A.

      The emotional tone reinforces the message.

    • B.

      The audience generally does not like upbeat tones.

    • C.

      You were lacking an emotional tone.

    • D.

      The emotional tone contradicts the message.

    Correct Answer
    D. The emotional tone contradicts the message.
    Explanation
    When discussing a serious topic, it is important to maintain a serious and appropriate emotional tone that aligns with the message being conveyed. If the tone is upbeat, it can create a contradiction between the tone and the seriousness of the topic, causing the audience to not respond positively. This is because the emotional tone should reinforce the message, and in this case, an upbeat tone would be contradictory and may lead to a disconnect or misunderstanding between the speaker and the audience.

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