CST 100 Principles Of Public Speaking Test #1

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CST 100 Principles Of Public Speaking Test #1 - Quiz

Hello Class,

Using your textbook Chapters 1 - 6, answer the following multiple choice questions.

Thank you for your participation.

S. Goodwin
CST 100
JTCC


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    According to the text, public speakers are similar to job applicants because each

    • A.

      Tailors his/her responses to the specific needs and culture of the interviewing organization

    • B.

      Deals with nervousness in a professional manner

    • C.

      Dresses in a way that engages listeners and keeps their attention

    • D.

      Conducts research in order to speak in a trustworthy and credible way

    Correct Answer
    A. Tailors his/her responses to the specific needs and culture of the interviewing organization
    Explanation
    Public speakers are similar to job applicants because they tailor their responses to the specific needs and culture of the interviewing organization. This means that both public speakers and job applicants understand the importance of adapting their communication style and content to fit the expectations and values of the organization they are addressing. By doing so, they can effectively engage their audience and increase their chances of success in their respective endeavors.

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  • 2. 

    One of the personal benefits of public speaking is

    • A.

      Learning to be brave and outgoing

    • B.

      Impressing others with your organizational skills

    • C.

      Learning better vocalization skills

    • D.

      Increased levels of engagement in your community

    Correct Answer
    D. Increased levels of engagement in your community
    Explanation
    Public speaking can lead to increased levels of engagement in your community. When you speak publicly, you have the opportunity to share your ideas and opinions with a larger audience. This can attract like-minded individuals who are interested in similar topics or causes, leading to connections and collaborations within the community. Additionally, public speaking can also help you become more aware of the issues and concerns within your community, as you may need to research and gather information for your speeches. This increased knowledge can further motivate you to get involved and make a positive impact in your community.

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  • 3. 

    Public speaking courses are different from other college courses because they require that you

    • A.

      Interact closely with your classmates

    • B.

      Exercise your voice and body in the learning process

    • C.

      Learn to use complex arguments for persuasion

    • D.

      Design and present effective visual aids

    Correct Answer
    B. Exercise your voice and body in the learning process
    Explanation
    Public speaking courses are different from other college courses because they require students to exercise their voice and body in the learning process. Unlike other courses where the focus is mainly on acquiring knowledge and understanding concepts, public speaking courses emphasize the development of effective communication skills. Students are taught techniques to improve their vocal projection, body language, and overall presence while speaking in front of an audience. This active engagement with one's voice and body sets public speaking courses apart from other college courses and helps students become confident and persuasive speakers.

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  • 4. 

    Interpersonal communication can be defined as

    • A.

      The exchange of positive and negative messages in married couples

    • B.

      The exchange of messages between co-workers in organizations

    • C.

      The exchange of messages between two people who have a relationship with each other

    • D.

      The exchange of messages between three or more people who exist in a co-cultural group

    Correct Answer
    C. The exchange of messages between two people who have a relationship with each other
    Explanation
    Interpersonal communication refers to the exchange of messages between two individuals who share a relationship with each other. This type of communication involves the transmission of both positive and negative messages, allowing individuals to express their thoughts, feelings, and ideas to one another. It is characterized by the presence of a personal connection or bond between the communicators, which can vary in intensity and nature depending on the relationship.

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  • 5. 

    In the role of encoder, the public speaker intitally

    • A.

      Translates codes into ideas

    • B.

      Becomes the sender

    • C.

      Translates ideas into codes

    • D.

      Both b and c

    Correct Answer
    D. Both b and c
    Explanation
    In the role of encoder, the public speaker initially translates ideas into codes. This means that they take their thoughts and convert them into a form that can be communicated effectively to the audience. However, the public speaker also becomes the sender in this role. This means that they are responsible for transmitting the coded message to the audience. Therefore, the correct answer is both b and c.

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  • 6. 

    Audience member feedback is

    • A.

      Always immediate and simultaneous

    • B.

      Never immediate and simultaneous

    • C.

      Sometimes immediate and simultaneous

    • D.

      Encouraged to be immediate and simultaneous

    Correct Answer
    C. Sometimes immediate and simultaneous
    Explanation
    Audience member feedback can be immediate and simultaneous in certain situations. This means that feedback can be provided by audience members instantly and at the same time during a presentation or event. However, this is not always the case as there may be instances where feedback is not immediate or simultaneous. The answer suggests that audience member feedback can vary depending on the circumstances, indicating that it is not always immediate and simultaneous.

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  • 7. 

    Daydreaming is an example of

    • A.

      Physiological noise

    • B.

      Social noise

    • C.

      Organizational noise

    • D.

      Psychological noise

    Correct Answer
    D. Psychological noise
    Explanation
    Daydreaming is considered an example of psychological noise because it is an internal distraction that affects an individual's ability to concentrate and focus on the present moment. It involves the mind wandering and getting lost in thoughts, fantasies, or imagination, which can interfere with the processing and interpretation of incoming information. This type of noise is subjective and experienced internally, making it a psychological phenomenon rather than a result of external factors or environmental disturbances.

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  • 8. 

    According to the text, the historical roots of contemporary public speaking lie in

    • A.

      Elizabethan drama and British aristocracy

    • B.

      The cultural shift from aristocracy to democracy that took place in ancient Greek society

    • C.

      The forefathers of American democracy and their belief in public debate

    • D.

      Oral cultures that did not rely on written texts

    Correct Answer
    B. The cultural shift from aristocracy to democracy that took place in ancient Greek society
    Explanation
    The text suggests that the historical roots of contemporary public speaking lie in the cultural shift from aristocracy to democracy that took place in ancient Greek society. This implies that the development of public speaking as a skill and practice can be traced back to the emergence of democratic systems in ancient Greece, where public debate and oratory became important tools for political participation and decision-making.

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  • 9. 

    A survey of undergraduate students showed that

    • A.

      85% of first-year students give formal presentations in their classes

    • B.

      75% of first-year students give formal presentations in their classes

    • C.

      65% of first-year students give formal presentations in their classes

    • D.

      55% of first-year students give formal presentations in their classes

    Correct Answer
    A. 85% of first-year students give formal presentations in their classes
    Explanation
    According to the survey of undergraduate students, the highest percentage (85%) of first-year students give formal presentations in their classes.

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  • 10. 

    The means by which messages and feedback are transmitted between speaker and audience is called

    • A.

      Context

    • B.

      Channel

    • C.

      Decoder

    • D.

      Encoder

    Correct Answer
    B. Channel
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "channel." In communication, a channel refers to the medium through which messages and feedback are transmitted between a speaker and an audience. It can be a physical channel like airwaves or a virtual channel like the internet. The channel plays a crucial role in ensuring effective communication by facilitating the transfer of information from the sender to the receiver.

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  • 11. 

    Transactional communication includes

    • A.

      Messages that have multiple meanings

    • B.

      An ability to listen and take notes during a speech

    • C.

      Messages that flow in two directions simultaneously

    • D.

      Transactions of information that take place in verbal forms

    Correct Answer
    C. Messages that flow in two directions simultaneously
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "messages that flow in two directions simultaneously." Transactional communication refers to a communication process where both parties involved in the interaction are simultaneously sending and receiving messages. This means that communication is not just one-way, but it involves an exchange of information between the sender and receiver.

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  • 12. 

    The audience members would most appropriately be named as

    • A.

      The ones responsible for managing the noise during a speech

    • B.

      The ones who do not bring a frame of reference to a public speaking situation

    • C.

      The ones who are responsible for encoding messages

    • D.

      The ones who are responsible for decoding messages

    Correct Answer
    D. The ones who are responsible for decoding messages
    Explanation
    The audience members are responsible for decoding messages during a speech. They receive the information being communicated by the speaker and interpret its meaning. They play a crucial role in the communication process by actively listening, understanding, and making sense of the messages being conveyed.

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  • 13. 

    Speakers can avoid social noise by

    • A.

      Acknowledging their bias toward the topic

    • B.

      Openly addressing the controversial nature of their topics

    • C.

      Choosing a topic that does not offend their audiences

    • D.

      Asking audience members to turn off their cell phones

    Correct Answer
    B. Openly addressing the controversial nature of their topics
    Explanation
    By openly addressing the controversial nature of their topics, speakers can avoid social noise. This means that they acknowledge and discuss the potentially sensitive or divisive aspects of their subject matter. By doing so, they can set expectations and create an environment where differing opinions can be heard and respected. This approach allows the speaker to navigate potential conflicts and maintain a more focused and productive discussion, reducing the likelihood of social noise disrupting the conversation.

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  • 14. 

    Public speaking is

    • A.

      The exchange of messages between people who have a realtionship

    • B.

      The exchange of messages between a speaker and an identified audience

    • C.

      The exchange of messages between a small number of people gathered for a specific purpose

    • D.

      The delivery of a message from one source to a large audience through mass media

    Correct Answer
    B. The exchange of messages between a speaker and an identified audience
    Explanation
    Public speaking refers to the act of delivering a message or information to a group of people. It involves the exchange of messages between a speaker, who is the person delivering the speech, and an identified audience, who are the individuals receiving the message. This definition highlights the key elements of public speaking, which include the presence of a speaker and a specific audience that the speaker is addressing.

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  • 15. 

    A receiver's frame of reference is based on

    • A.

      A review of the sender's ideas

    • B.

      The receiver's field of study

    • C.

      A variety of factors in the receiver's background

    • D.

      The placement of a sender on the stage

    Correct Answer
    C. A variety of factors in the receiver's background
    Explanation
    The receiver's frame of reference is based on a variety of factors in their background. These factors include their personal experiences, beliefs, values, and cultural background. These factors shape how the receiver interprets and understands the message being sent by the sender. Therefore, the receiver's background plays a crucial role in determining how they perceive and make sense of the information being communicated to them.

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  • 16. 

    An example of psychological "noise" as described in the text would be

    • A.

      Prejudices

    • B.

      Visual distractions

    • C.

      Differences of opinion

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Prejudices
    Explanation
    Psychological "noise" refers to any internal factors that can interfere with effective communication. Prejudices can be considered as psychological noise because they can create biases and preconceived notions that hinder the understanding and interpretation of information. These biases can cloud judgment and lead to miscommunication or misunderstandings. Therefore, prejudices can be seen as a form of psychological noise that can disrupt the communication process.

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  • 17. 

    Small group communication is

    • A.

      The exchange of information between two groups of people

    • B.

      The delivery of a message from one source to a small group of people

    • C.

      The exchange of messages between a small number of people gathered for a specific purpose

    • D.

      The exchange of messages between one speaker and an identified small group

    Correct Answer
    C. The exchange of messages between a small number of people gathered for a specific purpose
    Explanation
    Small group communication refers to the exchange of messages between a small number of people who have come together for a specific purpose. This type of communication involves a limited number of individuals who interact and share information, ideas, and opinions in order to achieve a common goal or objective. It typically occurs in settings such as team meetings, committee discussions, or group projects, where the participants collaborate and communicate with each other to accomplish a specific task or make decisions collectively.

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  • 18. 

    Rhetoric is a method of

    • A.

      Persuasion

    • B.

      Discussion

    • C.

      Entertaining

    • D.

      Confusing

    Correct Answer
    A. Persuasion
    Explanation
    Rhetoric is a method of persuasion because it involves using language effectively and persuasively to influence or convince an audience. Rhetorical techniques such as ethos, pathos, and logos are employed to appeal to the audience's emotions, credibility, and logic respectively. Rhetoric is commonly used in public speaking, debates, and persuasive writing to sway opinions, change attitudes, or inspire action. By employing persuasive language, rhetorical devices, and effective communication strategies, the speaker or writer aims to convince the audience of their viewpoint or argument.

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  • 19. 

    An example of decoding is

    • A.

      Noticing the speaker's posture

    • B.

      Answering the speaker's question

    • C.

      Explaining information to others

    • D.

      Wondering about the speaker's opinion

    Correct Answer
    A. Noticing the speaker's posture
    Explanation
    Decoding refers to the process of interpreting or understanding a message. In this example, noticing the speaker's posture can be considered as a form of decoding because it involves observing the nonverbal cues and body language of the speaker. By paying attention to the speaker's posture, one can gain insights into their emotions, confidence level, and engagement in the conversation. This information can aid in better understanding the speaker's message and intentions.

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  • 20. 

    An example of physiological noise is when the listener is

    • A.

      Tired

    • B.

      Distracted

    • C.

      Worried

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Tired
    Explanation
    Physiological noise refers to any internal bodily factors that can interfere with communication. Being tired can be considered a form of physiological noise because it affects the listener's ability to concentrate and process information effectively. When a person is tired, their cognitive functioning may be impaired, leading to reduced attention and comprehension. This can result in difficulties in understanding and retaining the intended message, thus causing communication barriers.

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  • 21. 

    The four keys to listenability are

    • A.

      Strategy, structure, support, and style

    • B.

      Strategy, symbols, systems, and style

    • C.

      Strategy, sampling, socialability, and style

    • D.

      Strategy, simplicity, sustainability, and style

    Correct Answer
    A. Strategy, structure, support, and style
    Explanation
    The correct answer is strategy, structure, support, and style. These four elements are crucial for creating listenable content. Strategy refers to having a clear plan and purpose for communication. Structure involves organizing the information in a logical and coherent manner. Support means providing evidence, examples, and explanations to back up the message. Style refers to the tone, language, and overall presentation of the content. By incorporating these four keys, one can ensure that their communication is effective and engaging for the audience.

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  • 22. 

    To get in "the right frame of mind" to prepare a speech, public speakers should

    • A.

      Engage in psychological and mental preparation

    • B.

      Evaluate the ethical position that is reflected in the speech topic

    • C.

      Survey the audience to determine the interest level

    • D.

      Engage in physical and vocal preparation

    Correct Answer
    A. Engage in psychological and mental preparation
    Explanation
    To prepare a speech effectively, public speakers need to engage in psychological and mental preparation. This involves getting into the right frame of mind by focusing on their mindset, attitude, and emotions. By mentally preparing themselves, speakers can enhance their confidence, concentration, and overall performance. This may include techniques such as visualization, positive self-talk, and relaxation exercises. Engaging in psychological and mental preparation allows speakers to be mentally prepared and in control, enabling them to deliver a more impactful and successful speech.

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  • 23. 

    A speaker who analyzes her audience clearly understands that she is

    • A.

      Often addressing abstract gatherings of people

    • B.

      Not obligated to understand an audience's values or attitudes

    • C.

      Mostly obligated to figure out how the audience feels about a topic

    • D.

      Always presenting, not for herself, but for others

    Correct Answer
    D. Always presenting, not for herself, but for others
    Explanation
    The speaker who analyzes her audience understands that she is always presenting, not for herself, but for others. This means that she recognizes that her primary goal is to communicate effectively with her audience and meet their needs, rather than focusing on her own personal agenda or preferences. By understanding this, the speaker can tailor her message and delivery to resonate with the audience, ensuring that they are engaged and receptive to the information being presented.

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  • 24. 

    According to the textbook, speech topics should be

    • A.

      Engaging and provocative to your listeners

    • B.

      Mentally challenging for your listeners

    • C.

      Appropriate and meaningful to your listeners

    • D.

      Currently relevant to your listeners

    Correct Answer
    C. Appropriate and meaningful to your listeners
    Explanation
    Speech topics should be appropriate and meaningful to your listeners because this ensures that the audience can connect and relate to the content being presented. When a topic is appropriate, it aligns with the interests, values, and needs of the listeners, making it more likely that they will be engaged and attentive. Additionally, a meaningful topic resonates with the audience on a deeper level, evoking emotions, sparking thoughts, and potentially inspiring action. By choosing topics that are both appropriate and meaningful, speakers can create a stronger connection with their audience and deliver a speech that leaves a lasting impact.

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  • 25. 

    Tamara plans to prepare a speech about basketball.  She will explain the rules and regulations that professional players must follow during the game.  Tamara's general purpose is

    • A.

      To persuade her audience

    • B.

      To mark a special occasion

    • C.

      To inform her audience

    • D.

      To entertain her audience

    Correct Answer
    C. To inform her audience
    Explanation
    Tamara's general purpose is to inform her audience. This can be inferred from the fact that she plans to explain the rules and regulations that professional players must follow during the game. By providing this information, Tamara aims to educate her audience about basketball and increase their knowledge and understanding of the sport.

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  • 26. 

    Jason is presenting an informative speech about recycling programs in his city.  He has organized his main points to describe three types of services that the city offers to its residents.  Jason is using what type of organization pattern?

    • A.

      Cause and effect

    • B.

      Use of space

    • C.

      Problem solving

    • D.

      Topical

    Correct Answer
    D. Topical
    Explanation
    Jason is using a topical organization pattern for his speech. This means that he has organized his main points based on different topics or categories, in this case, the three types of services offered by the city.

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  • 27. 

    The preview of a speaker's main points belongs

    • A.

      At the beginning of the introduction of the speech

    • B.

      At the end of the introduction of the speech

    • C.

      At the beginning of the body of the speech

    • D.

      At the end of the body of the speech

    Correct Answer
    B. At the end of the introduction of the speech
    Explanation
    The preview of a speaker's main points belongs at the end of the introduction of the speech. This is because the introduction is meant to provide background information and capture the audience's attention. By placing the preview of main points at the end of the introduction, the speaker can create anticipation and set the stage for the body of the speech. This allows the audience to understand what will be discussed and helps them follow the speaker's arguments more effectively. Placing the preview at the beginning of the body of the speech or at the end of the body would disrupt the flow and coherence of the speech.

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  • 28. 

    The textbook suggests that a speaker should practice a run-through of his speech a minimum of

    • A.

      Three times

    • B.

      Five times

    • C.

      Seven times

    • D.

      Nine times

    Correct Answer
    A. Three times
    Explanation
    Practicing a speech multiple times helps the speaker become more familiar with the content, improve their delivery, and build confidence. Three times is suggested as a minimum because it allows for enough repetition to internalize the material and identify areas that need improvement, without becoming overly rehearsed and losing authenticity. It strikes a balance between adequate preparation and allowing for spontaneity during the actual presentation.

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  • 29. 

    Speeches to persuade are based on questions of

    • A.

      Fact, value, and policy

    • B.

      Ethics, attitudes, and values

    • C.

      Politics, policies, and laws

    • D.

      Truth, lies, and manipulation

    Correct Answer
    A. Fact, value, and policy
    Explanation
    Speeches to persuade are based on questions of fact, value, and policy. Fact refers to presenting evidence and data to support the speaker's argument. Value involves appealing to the audience's beliefs, morals, and principles. Policy focuses on proposing specific actions or solutions to address a particular issue. By incorporating these three elements, persuasive speeches can effectively convince the audience and bring about desired changes in their attitudes, beliefs, or actions.

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  • 30. 

    Lisa has been asked to speak to her co-workers about strategies she has used to increase her sales productivity.  She decides to send out a short survey that asks her co-workers questions about the methods they use while speaking to customers on the phone.  Lisa is using which key to Listenability?

    • A.

      Structure

    • B.

      Style

    • C.

      Support

    • D.

      Strategy

    Correct Answer
    D. Strategy
    Explanation
    In this scenario, Lisa is using a strategy to increase her sales productivity. She is sending out a survey to gather information from her co-workers about the methods they use while speaking to customers on the phone. By using this strategy, Lisa is demonstrating her ability to listen to her co-workers and gather valuable insights to improve her own sales productivity.

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  • 31. 

    The organizing and outlining of a speech are valuable

    • A.

      Structure keys

    • B.

      Strategy keys

    • C.

      Support keys

    • D.

      Style keys

    Correct Answer
    A. Structure keys
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "structure keys". In speech, organizing and outlining are important aspects that help in presenting information in a clear and coherent manner. A well-structured speech ensures that ideas flow logically and are easy to understand. It helps the speaker in delivering the message effectively and keeps the audience engaged. Without proper structure, a speech may appear disorganized and confusing, making it difficult for the audience to grasp the main points. Therefore, organizing and outlining are considered valuable keys to delivering a successful speech.

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  • 32. 

    In Julie's speech about the use of organic pesticides, she has included a short narrative to demonstrate the success she has had in her own garden.  Which Key of Listenability is at use in this example?

    • A.

      Structure

    • B.

      Style

    • C.

      Support

    • D.

      Strategy

    Correct Answer
    C. Support
    Explanation
    In this example, the key of listenability that is at use is "Support". Julie includes a short narrative to demonstrate the success she has had in her own garden, which provides supporting evidence for her argument about the use of organic pesticides. This helps to engage the audience and make her speech more relatable and convincing.

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  • 33. 

    Using natural eye contact and inclusive language are important

    • A.

      Structure Keys

    • B.

      Strategy Keys

    • C.

      Style Keys

    • D.

      Support Keys

    Correct Answer
    C. Style Keys
    Explanation
    The given statement suggests that using natural eye contact and inclusive language are important. These aspects of communication fall under the category of style keys. Style keys refer to the way in which a message is delivered, including nonverbal cues and the use of language. In this case, the use of natural eye contact and inclusive language contributes to effective communication by establishing a connection with the audience and making them feel included. Therefore, the correct answer is Style Keys.

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  • 34. 

    Julie is required to do a persuasive presentation in her law and ethics class.  She has decided to speak about the university's recent decision to raise tuition.  She feels that this topic will be meaningful and appropriate for her classmates.  Which Key of Listenability is at use in this example?

    • A.

      Strategy

    • B.

      Structure

    • C.

      Style

    • D.

      Support

    Correct Answer
    A. Strategy
    Explanation
    The key of listenability that is at use in this example is "Strategy". This is because Julie has carefully chosen a topic that she believes will be meaningful and appropriate for her classmates. By selecting a topic that is relevant to her audience, Julie is using a strategic approach to ensure that her presentation will be engaging and persuasive.

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  • 35. 

    When a speaker takes actions that enhance, rather than damage, his or her relationship with the audience, he or she is engaging in

    • A.

      Listenability

    • B.

      Ethics

    • C.

      Civility

    • D.

      Audience analysis

    Correct Answer
    C. Civility
    Explanation
    Civility refers to the speaker's behavior and actions that promote a positive and respectful relationship with the audience. By being civil, the speaker shows courtesy, politeness, and consideration towards the audience, which helps in building trust and rapport. It involves using appropriate language, being mindful of the audience's needs and perspectives, and treating them with respect. Engaging in civility ensures that the speaker maintains a positive relationship with the audience and creates a conducive environment for effective communication.

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  • 36. 

    Main points and subpoints belong in the

    • A.

      Introduction of your speech

    • B.

      Conclusion of your speech

    • C.

      Thesis of your speech

    • D.

      Body of your speech

    Correct Answer
    D. Body of your speech
    Explanation
    The main points and subpoints belong in the body of your speech because this is where you provide the supporting evidence and details for your thesis statement. The body of the speech is where you develop your ideas, present arguments, and provide examples to support your main points. It is the section where you delve into the topic and provide the necessary information to persuade or inform your audience. The introduction sets the stage and grabs the audience's attention, the thesis statement states the main argument or purpose of the speech, and the conclusion wraps up the main points and leaves a lasting impression.

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  • 37. 

    A speaker should establish credibility

    • A.

      Before introducing the topic

    • B.

      Before engaging the audience's attention

    • C.

      After stating the thesis

    • D.

      Before stating the thesis

    Correct Answer
    D. Before stating the thesis
    Explanation
    Establishing credibility before stating the thesis is important because it helps the speaker gain the trust and confidence of the audience. By providing evidence of their expertise or experience on the topic, the speaker can establish themselves as a credible source of information. This allows the audience to be more receptive to the speaker's message and increases the likelihood of them being engaged and interested in the topic.

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  • 38. 

    The main points of your speech must

    • A.

      Make the same statement

    • B.

      Relate to one another

    • C.

      Come from the same source

    • D.

      Explain each other

    Correct Answer
    B. Relate to one another
    Explanation
    The main points of a speech should relate to one another in order to create a cohesive and logical flow of ideas. When the points are interconnected, it helps the audience understand the overall message and follow the speaker's train of thought. By relating to one another, the points can build upon each other, provide supporting evidence, or offer different perspectives on the same topic. This coherence enhances the effectiveness of the speech and ensures that the audience can easily grasp the main ideas being presented.

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  • 39. 

    Adrenaline is a hormone that

    • A.

      Increases the strength and rate of the heart in public speakers

    • B.

      Inhibits the brain's capacity to think clearly during a speech

    • C.

      Decreases the ability to breathe deeply during a speech

    • D.

      Causes aggression and anger for public speakers

    Correct Answer
    A. Increases the strength and rate of the heart in public speakers
    Explanation
    Adrenaline is a hormone that increases the strength and rate of the heart in public speakers. This is because adrenaline is released in response to stress or excitement, and it triggers the body's "fight or flight" response. This response includes an increase in heart rate and blood pressure, which helps to supply more oxygen and nutrients to the muscles, including the heart. This increased strength and rate of the heart can help public speakers feel more energized and focused, allowing them to deliver their speech with more confidence and clarity.

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  • 40. 

    According to the textbook, people's perceptions about public speaking act as a

    • A.

      Positive way to frame a frightening experience

    • B.

      Negative filter on the experience

    • C.

      Social rule that limits the public-speaking experience

    • D.

      Psychological limitation that is easy to change

    Correct Answer
    B. Negative filter on the experience
    Explanation
    People's perceptions about public speaking act as a negative filter on the experience. This means that individuals tend to view public speaking in a negative light, which can create fear, anxiety, and self-doubt. These perceptions can hinder their ability to effectively communicate and engage with an audience. It suggests that people may focus more on the potential negative outcomes or judgments rather than the positive aspects of public speaking. By recognizing and challenging these negative perceptions, individuals can reframe their mindset and approach public speaking in a more positive and confident manner.

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  • 41. 

    A speaker who has a performance orientation toward public speaking often

    • A.

      Expects to fail

    • B.

      Expects to succeed

    • C.

      Expects perfection

    • D.

      Expects to feel nervous

    Correct Answer
    C. Expects perfection
    Explanation
    A speaker who has a performance orientation toward public speaking often expects perfection because they have a strong desire to excel and be flawless in their presentations. They set high standards for themselves and believe that anything less than perfection is not acceptable. This mindset can lead to a lot of pressure and anxiety, as they constantly strive for flawlessness in their speaking engagements.

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  • 42. 

    Research suggests that most public speaking anxiety stems from the perceptions that the speaker experiences

    • A.

      Directly after the speech

    • B.

      One hour after the speech is completed

    • C.

      During the speech

    • D.

      Prior to the speech

    Correct Answer
    D. Prior to the speech
    Explanation
    Research suggests that most public speaking anxiety stems from the perceptions that the speaker experiences prior to the speech. This means that the anxiety and nervousness that individuals feel when speaking in public usually arise before they even step on stage. It could be due to various factors such as fear of judgment, lack of confidence, or the pressure to perform well. These pre-speech perceptions play a significant role in shaping the speaker's anxiety levels and overall experience during the speech.

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  • 43. 

    If a speaker takes the time to visualize giving a successful speech, he or she will more than likely experience

    • A.

      A positive self-fulling prophecy

    • B.

      A better audience rapport

    • C.

      Failure due to arrogance

    • D.

      An increase in adrenaline

    Correct Answer
    A. A positive self-fulling prophecy
    Explanation
    When a speaker visualizes giving a successful speech, they are essentially creating a positive self-fulfilling prophecy. By envisioning themselves delivering a great speech, they are boosting their confidence and setting themselves up for success. This positive mindset can lead to improved performance and a better overall experience for both the speaker and the audience. It is likely that the speaker will feel more confident, have better audience rapport, and ultimately achieve their goal of giving a successful speech. Additionally, visualizing success can also help to reduce anxiety and increase focus, leading to an increase in adrenaline.

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  • 44. 

    To use more positive language when addressing speaker anxiety, the textbook suggests that it be referred to as

    • A.

      Adrenaline rush

    • B.

      Unwarranted fear

    • C.

      Speaker's energy

    • D.

      Speech energy

    Correct Answer
    C. Speaker's energy
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "speaker's energy." The textbook suggests using more positive language when addressing speaker anxiety by referring to it as "speaker's energy." This term reframes the anxiety as a positive attribute, emphasizing the energy and enthusiasm that can be channeled into a speech. By using this terminology, individuals may feel more empowered and confident in their ability to deliver a successful presentation.

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  • 45. 

    Regarding speaker anxiety, walking up to the front of the room and getting started is often

    • A.

      The easiest part of giving a speech

    • B.

      The hardest part of giving a speech

    • C.

      The time when a speaker starts to sweat

    • D.

      The time when a speaker needs to be the most relaxed

    Correct Answer
    B. The hardest part of giving a speech
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "the hardest part of giving a speech." This is because many speakers experience anxiety and nervousness before they start speaking in front of an audience. The moment of walking up to the front of the room and getting started can be intimidating and challenging for many individuals. It is during this time that the pressure and fear of public speaking may peak, making it the most difficult part of giving a speech.

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  • 46. 

    If you are faced with a verbally hostile audience member during a speech, you should plan to

    • A.

      Tell him/her to shut up

    • B.

      Ignore him/her and change the topic

    • C.

      Politely ask him/her to leave

    • D.

      Hold your grouond and continue your speech

    Correct Answer
    D. Hold your grouond and continue your speech
    Explanation
    When faced with a verbally hostile audience member during a speech, it is important to maintain composure and professionalism. By holding your ground and continuing your speech, you demonstrate confidence and control over the situation. Engaging in a confrontation or changing the topic may further escalate the hostility and distract from the main message. Politely asking the individual to leave can also be disruptive and may cause a scene. Therefore, the best approach is to stay focused, maintain a calm demeanor, and continue delivering the speech to the rest of the audience.

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  • 47. 

    Kimberlee is preparing an informative speech about digital cameras.  She wants to organize her speech around the physical features of the camera.  She knows that she gets a bit anxious giving speeches and she worries that her hands will shake when she is presenting her information.  Kimberlee would be wise to

    • A.

      Change her topic to windmills

    • B.

      Accept the fact that her hands will shake when she shows the audience the camera

    • C.

      Avoid holding the camera and instead use a projected image of a camera

    • D.

      Plan to make a joke about her shaking hands during the speech

    Correct Answer
    C. Avoid holding the camera and instead use a projected image of a camera
    Explanation
    Kimberlee should avoid holding the camera and instead use a projected image of a camera. This is because she knows she gets anxious giving speeches and worries about her hands shaking. By using a projected image, she can eliminate the possibility of her hands shaking while presenting the information about the camera. This will help her deliver a more confident and composed speech.

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  • 48. 

    One way to prepare for a nervous dry mouth during a speech is to

    • A.

      Drink extra water the night before

    • B.

      Use shallow breathing

    • C.

      Suck on a piece of candy prior to the speech

    • D.

      Use visualization techniques prior to the speech

    Correct Answer
    C. Suck on a piece of candy prior to the speech
    Explanation
    Sucking on a piece of candy prior to the speech can help alleviate a nervous dry mouth. The act of sucking on the candy stimulates saliva production, which can help moisten the mouth and reduce the discomfort caused by dryness. This can be an effective technique to combat the physical symptoms of nervousness and ensure better oral comfort during the speech.

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  • 49. 

    To feel calm and centered prior to giving a speech, Ariel gently massages the pressure point in the web between her thumb and first finger.  This is a Japanese massage technique known as

    • A.

      Jujotsu

    • B.

      Shiatsu

    • C.

      Tatami

    • D.

      Shoji

    Correct Answer
    B. Shiatsu
    Explanation
    Shiatsu is a Japanese massage technique that involves applying pressure to specific points on the body to promote relaxation and relieve tension. By gently massaging the pressure point in the web between her thumb and first finger, Ariel is using this technique to help herself feel calm and centered before giving a speech. Shiatsu is known for its ability to reduce stress and anxiety, making it a popular choice for relaxation and self-care.

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  • 50. 

    Sitting up straight prior to giving a speech is a good idea because it

    • A.

      Builds your credibility

    • B.

      Can reduce an anxiety headache

    • C.

      Provides extra energy for your extremities

    • D.

      Improves your breathing and gives you confidence

    Correct Answer
    D. Improves your breathing and gives you confidence
    Explanation
    Sitting up straight prior to giving a speech improves your breathing and gives you confidence. When you sit up straight, your posture allows for better airflow, which improves your breathing and helps you project your voice effectively. Additionally, sitting up straight gives the impression of confidence and professionalism, which can boost your own confidence and credibility in the eyes of the audience.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Sep 20, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Sgoodwin
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