CSCS Quiz Chapter 19

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CSCS Quiz Chapter 19 - Quiz

Periodization of ahtletes


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which term about periodization cycles is correct?A. Macrocycle: Typically constitutes an entire training yearB. Mesocycle: Several weeks to several monthsC. Microcycle: Typically one week long but could last up to four

    • A.

      A & B

    • B.

      B & C

    • C.

      A & C

    • D.

      All of the above

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above". This means that all three terms - macrocycle, mesocycle, and microcycle - are correct when referring to periodization cycles. A macrocycle typically constitutes an entire training year, a mesocycle lasts for several weeks to several months, and a microcycle typically lasts for one week but could last up to four. Therefore, all three options A, B, and C are correct.

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  • 2. 

    _________ involves shifting training priorities from non-sport-specific activities of high volume and low intensity to sport-specific activities of low volume and high intensity over a period of many weeks to prevent overtraining and optimize performance.

    Correct Answer
    Periodization
    Explanation
    Periodization involves systematically organizing training into specific phases or periods, with each phase focusing on different aspects of training such as volume and intensity. This approach allows athletes to progress and optimize their performance by gradually increasing the intensity while decreasing the volume of their training over a period of several weeks or months. By doing so, athletes can prevent overtraining, minimize the risk of injury, and peak their performance at the right time.

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  • 3. 

    In terms of periodization a ______________ refers to an entire training year.

    Correct Answer
    macrocycle
    Explanation
    In terms of periodization, a macrocycle refers to an entire training year. This term is commonly used in sports and fitness training to divide the training process into different phases or cycles. A macrocycle typically includes multiple mesocycles (which represent shorter periods of training, such as a few weeks or months) and microcycles (which represent even shorter periods, such as a week). By organizing training into macrocycles, athletes and coaches can plan and structure their training program to optimize performance and progress over the course of a year.

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  • 4. 

    During this phase of the preparatory period athletes perform low to moderate intensity and high to very high volume

    • A.

      Basic strength

    • B.

      Power/strength

    • C.

      Hypertrophy/endurance

    • D.

      Endurance/strength

    Correct Answer
    C. Hypertrophy/endurance
    Explanation
    During the preparatory period, athletes focus on building a solid foundation of strength and endurance. This involves performing exercises at low to moderate intensity levels and completing a high volume of work. The goal is to increase muscle size (hypertrophy) while also improving endurance capabilities. This combination of hypertrophy and endurance training allows athletes to develop the necessary strength and stamina required for their sport.

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  • 5. 

    During this period athletes want to maintain their previous gains in order to try perform better in their sport.

    Correct Answer
    competition period
    competition
    Explanation
    During the competition period, athletes aim to maintain their previous gains in order to improve their performance in their sport. This period is crucial as it allows athletes to fine-tune their skills, maintain their physical fitness, and focus on their strategy and tactics. By staying consistent with their training and conditioning, athletes can ensure that they are at their peak performance level during competitions. This helps them to perform better and increase their chances of success in their sport.

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  • 6. 

    Periodization has been shown to increase all of the following EXCEPT

    • A.

      Power

    • B.

      Vertical jump

    • C.

      Strength

    • D.

      Body fat percentage

    Correct Answer
    D. Body fat percentage
    Explanation
    Periodization is a training method that involves dividing a training program into different phases, each with specific goals and focuses. It has been proven to enhance various physical attributes such as power, vertical jump, and strength. However, periodization does not directly target body fat percentage. While it can indirectly contribute to fat loss through increased muscle mass and improved overall fitness, its primary aim is to improve performance rather than specifically reduce body fat.

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  • 7. 

    The __________ periodization model involves gradual microcycle increases in intensity over time.

    Correct Answer
    linear
    Explanation
    The linear periodization model involves gradually increasing the intensity of microcycles over time. This means that each microcycle will have a slightly higher intensity than the previous one, allowing for a progressive overload and adaptation to occur. This type of periodization is often used in strength and conditioning programs to help athletes improve their performance over a specific period of time. By gradually increasing the intensity, it allows the body to adapt and prevent plateauing in performance.

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  • 8. 

    A ____________ period is important for athletes in order to recover from the physical demands of the season.

    • A.

      Second transition

    • B.

      Preparatory

    • C.

      Power

    • D.

      Endurance

    Correct Answer
    A. Second transition
    Explanation
    A second transition period is important for athletes in order to recover from the physical demands of the season. This period allows athletes to transition from the intense training and competition of the season to a period of rest and recovery. It gives their bodies time to heal and recharge, reducing the risk of injury and burnout. During this period, athletes may engage in low-intensity activities, flexibility exercises, and active recovery techniques to maintain fitness levels while allowing their bodies to recover. This second transition period is crucial for athletes to ensure they are in optimal condition for the next season.

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  • 9. 

    A ____________ model of periodization involves weekly changes in loads and reps and volume.

    Correct Answer
    undulating
    nonlinear
    Explanation
    The term "undulating" refers to a model of periodization that involves weekly changes in loads, reps, and volume. This means that the training program follows a pattern of fluctuating intensity and volume throughout the week, rather than following a linear progression. The term "nonlinear" also refers to a similar concept, indicating that the program does not follow a straight line or linear progression in terms of load, reps, and volume. Both terms describe a periodization model that incorporates variability and fluctuations in training variables on a weekly basis.

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  • 10. 

    True or false:  Resistance training workouts should be performed in season even during times of increased demands due to sport related activities.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Resistance training workouts should be performed in season, but during times of increased demands due to sport-related activities, it may be necessary to reduce the frequency, duration, or intensity of the workouts. This is to prevent overtraining and allow for proper recovery and performance in the sport. Therefore, the statement that resistance training should be performed in season even during times of increased demands is false.

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  • 11. 

    ______________ testing should be performed in the first week of the off season mesocycle.

    Correct Answer
    1RM
    1-RM
    Explanation
    The given question is asking about the type of testing that should be performed in the first week of the off-season mesocycle. The correct answer is "1RM" or "1-RM," which refers to testing an individual's maximum strength by determining the maximum amount of weight they can lift for one repetition. This type of testing is commonly done at the beginning of the off-season to establish a baseline and track progress throughout the training program.

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  • 12. 

    A goal of the off season cycle should be to establish a base level of _____________ to increase the athlete's tolerance for more intense training.

    Correct Answer
    conditioning
    Explanation
    During the off-season cycle, the goal is to build a foundation of conditioning. This means focusing on improving the athlete's overall fitness and endurance levels. By establishing a base level of conditioning, the athlete will be better prepared to handle more intense training sessions in the future. This can include activities such as cardiovascular exercises, strength training, and agility drills. Ultimately, the aim is to enhance the athlete's ability to perform at a higher intensity and maintain their performance throughout the season.

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  • 13. 

    During the ______________ phase the main goal is to increase the strength of the muscles essential to the primary sports movements.

    • A.

      Speed phase

    • B.

      Endurance phase

    • C.

      Hypertrophy phase

    • D.

      Basic strength phase

    Correct Answer
    D. Basic strength phase
    Explanation
    During the basic strength phase, the main goal is to increase the strength of the muscles essential to the primary sports movements. This phase focuses on building a solid foundation of strength by using compound exercises that target multiple muscle groups. It typically involves lifting heavy weights with lower repetitions and longer rest periods. The basic strength phase is important for athletes as it helps improve overall power, stability, and performance in their sport-specific movements.

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  • 14. 

    The ___________ period is the transition from high volume and high intensity training.

    • A.

      Second transition

    • B.

      Competition

    • C.

      First transition

    • D.

      Third transition

    Correct Answer
    C. First transition
    Explanation
    The first transition period refers to the phase after a period of high volume and high intensity training. During this time, athletes reduce their training load and intensity in order to recover and allow their bodies to adapt to the previous training stimulus. It is a crucial period for rest, recovery, and preparation for the next training phase or competition.

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  • 15. 

    In Selye's general adaptation syndrome model (GAS) in which stage does the body adapts to stimuli and returns to normal function

    Correct Answer
    resistance phase
    Explanation
    In Selye's general adaptation syndrome model, the body goes through three stages: alarm, resistance, and exhaustion. The resistance phase is the stage where the body adapts to the stressor and tries to restore normal function. During this phase, the body activates its defense mechanisms and releases stress hormones to cope with the ongoing stress. The body's physiological functions stabilize, and it tries to maintain a state of equilibrium. Once the stressor is removed or the body successfully adapts, it can return to its normal functioning state.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 09, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Wrapped120
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