Common Exam - Earth Science Review

50 Questions | Total Attempts: 1182

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Common Exam - Earth Science Review

This quiz should give you a good idea of how you will do tomorrow on the Common Exam. I am going to give you a grade to mix in with your MAJOR GRADES which is 60% of your grade in this class. As long as you are doing this quiz on your own you can take it again in class TODAY to get a higher grade.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Why does Earth experience precession?
    • A. 

      Because the Earth revolves around the sun every 365 days

    • B. 

      Because of the movement of the circumpolar stars and Polaris

    • C. 

      Because the Earth is the third planet from the sun

    • D. 

      Because the plane of the moon’s orbit is tilted from the Earth’s elliptical plane

  • 2. 
  • 3. 
    Which is true about Earth’s motion through space?
    • A. 

      The Earth’s revolution changes the Sun—Earth gravitational pull.

    • B. 

      The Earth’s rotation causes annual changes in its surface temperatures.

    • C. 

      The tilt of the Earth’s axis and its revolution around the sun produces seasons.

    • D. 

      The Earth’s precession affects the amount of heat reflected from its surface.

  • 4. 
    Which of the following chemical reactions produce the sun’s energy?
    • A. 

      Helium nuclei are combined by nuclear fusion.

    • B. 

      Oxygen is present to cause combustion of solar fuel molecules.

    • C. 

      Hydrogen nuclei combine through nuclear fusion into helium.

    • D. 

      Helium and oxygen break down through nuclear fission.

  • 5. 
    How is solar energy essential to plants?
    • A. 

      The ultraviolet radiation of the sun generates ozone for plants to support all life.

    • B. 

      The wavelengths of visible light stimulate plant cells to produce energy compounds by photosynthesis.

    • C. 

      The microwaves emitted by the sun stimulate animal reproduction in the rainforest.

    • D. 

      The infrared radiation reflected from the Earth’s surface drives the carbon, oxygen, and nitrogen cycles.

  • 6. 
    How does the sun’s energy affect food webs on Earth?
    • A. 

      The ultraviolet radiation of the sun generates ozone for plants to support all life.

    • B. 

      The wavelengths of visible light stimulate plant cells to produce energy compounds by photosynthesis.

    • C. 

      The microwaves emitted by the sun stimulate animal reproduction in the rainforest.

    • D. 

      The infrared radiation reflected from the Earth’s surface drives the carbon, oxygen, and nitrogen cycles.

  • 7. 
    What is Sea Floor Spreading?
  • 8. 
    How does the subduction of crustal plates influence the rock cycle?
    • A. 

      The processes of heating and melting of rock layers form the parent material for igneous rock.

    • B. 

      The processes of cementing and compaction form sedimentary rock.

    • C. 

      The parent material is provided for weathering and erosion.

    • D. 

      The intense heat and pressure forms metamorphic rock.

  • 9. 
    Where do most Earthquakes/Volcanoes occur?
    • A. 

      In Japan

    • B. 

      On the mid-ocean ridge

    • C. 

      Around the Ring of Fire

    • D. 

      In Hawaii

  • 10. 
    Why are seismic waves of an earthquake more strongly felt at the epicenter of an earthquake?
    • A. 

      Because millions of small movements of the crust occur here

    • B. 

      Because most faults converge at the epicenter

    • C. 

      Because the epicenter is directly the focus, the place inside the earth where the earthquake starts

    • D. 

      Because crustal plates rise and fall with the ocean tides

  • 11. 
    Approximately when did the fault occur?
    • A. 

      After layer B was deposited

    • B. 

      After layer C was deposited

    • C. 

      After layer D was deposited

    • D. 

      prior to all the deposition of all sedimentary strata

  • 12. 
    In which of he following climates will chemical weathering be most rapid?
    • A. 

      Hot and dry

    • B. 

      Hot and humid

    • C. 

      Cool and dry

    • D. 

      Cool and humid

  • 13. 
    Why are wind, water, and gravity major agents of erosion rather than weathering?
    • A. 

      Because weathering is often limited to physical changes in earth materials

    • B. 

      Because weathering is often limited to chemical changes in earth materials

    • C. 

      Because erosion involves the stationary processes that break down rock

    • D. 

      Because erosion involves movement of earth materials from one location to another

  • 14. 
    From a scientific perspective, which of the following sequences of action is the best way to solve the problem of wetland erosion?
    • A. 

      Add sediments, plantings, monitor plantings

    • B. 

      Dredging, sand bags, plantings

    • C. 

      Dredging, hard stabilization, plantings

    • D. 

      Hard stabilization, sediment transport, pesticide treatment

  • 15. 
    Name one geohazard.  Explain what it is and how we can best prepare for it?
  • 16. 
    Which is more likely to prevent mass-movement events?
    • A. 

      Constructing buildings in stream drainage paths

    • B. 

      Clear-cutting trees from the side of a mountain

    • C. 

      Paving roads next to sloping hills

    • D. 

      Contour plowing of crop areas

  • 17. 
    What are some ways to reduce soil erosion?
    • A. 

      No till farming

    • B. 

      Contour plowing

    • C. 

      Crop rotations

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 18. 
    Which of the following cause soil erosion?
    • A. 

      Plowing

    • B. 

      Overharvesting

    • C. 

      Ranching

    • D. 

      Clearing Forest (Deforestation)

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 19. 
    How does the replacement of large land areas with concrete and asphalt affect the land?
    • A. 

      It changes the bedrock of underlying layers of soil.

    • B. 

      It prevents the dynamics of the rock cycle.

    • C. 

      It increases the amount of groundwater in porous rock.

    • D. 

      It increases erosion of sediments by increasing runoff.

  • 20. 
    List 3 Pros and 3 Cons of using fossil fuels.  
  • 21. 
    • A. 

      Mining pollutes the air near streams.

    • B. 

      Mining produces acid precipitation near streams.

    • C. 

      Mining creates waste material which can flow into streams.

    • D. 

      Mining strips the surface of the land near streams

  • 22. 
    Of the following, which energy source produces the least amount of solid waste?
    • A. 

      Coal

    • B. 

      Natural gas

    • C. 

      Oil

    • D. 

      Peat

  • 23. 
    Which of the following is NOT a fossil fuel?
    • A. 

      Coal

    • B. 

      Oil

    • C. 

      Biomass

    • D. 

      Gas

  • 24. 
    Which of the following is NOT a renewable energy resource?
    • A. 

      Nuclear Energy

    • B. 

      Hydroelectricity

    • C. 

      Wind Power

    • D. 

      Solar Energy

  • 25. 
    The gravitation pull of the Sun and Moon creates what on Earth?
    • A. 

      Waves

    • B. 

      Tides

    • C. 

      Mass Movements

    • D. 

      Wind