Colonial America : Exam

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Colonial America : Exam

Note the that the colony type is HIGHLIGHTED and CAPITALIZED DISTINGUISH between SETTLEMENT & COLONIES.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    In the Great Migration, 1500 puritans settled in this COLONY. England was dominated by the King’s Church called the Church of England or Anglican.   Religious freedom did not exist.  A group calling themselves the Separatist wanted to leave The Puritans wanted to remain Anglican in England by reforming the Church.  The King rejected these reform attempts and persecuted the Puritans.  Led by John Winthrop the Puritans formed the New England Company.  With a Royal Charter they set sail for the Americas in their quest for religious freedom. Ironically, the puritans did not tolerate other views other than their own. The colony was known as “the city upon a hill”..for all to see.
    • A. 

      NEW HAMPSHIRE

    • B. 

      CONNECTICUT

    • C. 

      RHODE ISLAND

    • D. 

      MASSACHUSETTS BAY

  • 2. 
    A COLONY of dissatisfied settlers in the Puritan settlement left for Religious freedom .  Led into the wilderness by a minister, this congregation settled a rich farming area near the coast. They formed  the Fundamental Order led  by Thomas Hooker.  They wrote the first constitution in American.
    • A. 

      NEW HAMPSHIRE

    • B. 

      MASSACHUSETTS BAY

    • C. 

      RHODE ISLAND

    • D. 

      CONNECTICUT

  • 3. 
    • This COLONY were kicked out of the Puritan colony because of their demand for religious freedom. Roger Williams believed in the separation of church and state and believed in respecting the land rights of Indian tribes.  Before the Puritans could send him back to England, Roger Williams fled the Colony to the south for safety with the Narragansett Indians.  He purchased land from them at Narragansett Bay. Later another prominent rebel, Ann Hutchinson, was put on trial and fled to the Colony.
    • A. 

      NEW HAMPSHIRE

    • B. 

      MASSACHUSETTS BAY

    • C. 

      RHODE ISLAND

    • D. 

      CONNECTICUT

  • 4. 
    John Wheelwright led a group North away from the Puritans and established a COLONY where Religious freedom could be practiced.
    • A. 

      MASSACHUSETTS BAY

    • B. 

      NEW HAMPSHIRE

    • C. 

      CONNECTICUT

    • D. 

      RHODE ISLAND

  • 5. 
    The Swedes colonized and build Fort Christina. The Dutch feeling threatened went to war and ruled the area. Later this area was part of the William Penn’s land but eventually became a COLONY in its own right.
    • A. 

      DELAWARE

    • B. 

      NEW YORK

    • C. 

      NEW JERSEY

    • D. 

      MARYLAND

  • 6. 
    At first called New Netherlands having been settled by the Dutch. Wealthy Dutch Patroons ruled like Kings from large estates and charged settlers rent.  Peter Stuyvesant ruled with an iron hand. These unhappy settlers looked for help.  The English wanting the natural Harbor at New Amsterdam, sent a fleet to attack in 1664.  Unprepared the Dutch quickly surrendered.  King Charles II gave the COLONY to his brother and it received his name.
    • A. 

      NEW YORK

    • B. 

      MARYLAND

    • C. 

      PENNSYLVANIA

    • D. 

      DELAWARE

  • 7. 
    In 1680 a wealthy English gentleman proposed a plan to King Charles to establish a Colony in the Americas.  The family of William Penn had borrowed money to the King. Penn wanted land in repayment. The King was pleased to get rid of debt so easily.  The new claim was as large as England itself.  Penn belonged to a group of dissenters who sought religious freedom called the Society of Friends or Quakers.  They were pacifists believing in respecting the rights of Indians and strongly believed in individual expression of one’s beliefs. The “Holy Experiment” led to a well planned democratic COLONY.
    • A. 

      MARYLAND

    • B. 

      NEW YORK

    • C. 

      NEW JERSEY

    • D. 

      PENNSYLVANIA

  • 8. 
    COLONY of Lord Berkeley and Sir Carteret.  This Colony was a gift from the Duke of York which included the Southern half of his land.  Named after an area in England, the new owners wanted to make money by charging their settlers rent.  They offered religious and political freedoms.  The colony thus attracted a diverse population.  Later this colony reverted back as a royal colony of the King  because it had failed to make the money they had hoped.
    • A. 

      NEW YORK

    • B. 

      NEW JERSEY

    • C. 

      DELAWARE

    • D. 

      MARYLAND

  • 9. 
    Named after the Queen Henrietta Maria.  This COLONY was ruled by Lord Baltimore and the Calvert family.  The colony was established as a place where Catholics could worship freely.  Later arriving protestants caused turmoil over religious freedoms.  The Act of Toleration was passed to allow minority groups to practice freely.
    • A. 

      NEW JERSEY

    • B. 

      DELAWARE

    • C. 

      MARYLAND

    • D. 

      PENNSYLVANIA

  • 10. 
    Indentured servants came to this COLONY for opportunity and land. Survival was harsh.  Colonists survived off the land.  Slaves were later imported to provide the needed labor to work the land.  Plantations prospered when tobacco was farmed. Sir William Berkeley as governor sent explorers  to the Blue Ridge Mountains to open up the back country for settlement.  The Governor purchased Indian lands to avoid conflict and then forbad settlement on Indian lands.  Western settlers under the lead of Nathaniel Bacon resented these restrictions. Bacon & his militia attacked Indian settlements and then drove the Governor from his capital, burning Jamestown.  Only with the help of British troops & Bacon’s sudden illness was Buckley’s government  reestablished.  The rebels were hanged. 
    • A. 

      GEORGIA

    • B. 

      NORTH CAROLINA

    • C. 

      VIRGINIA

    • D. 

      SOUTH CAROLINA

  • 11. 
    Prosperous Tidewater COLONY named after the King.  The King gave 8 aristocrats of his court this huge land tract. Part of the Colony separated based on differences in culture & economics. Fertile land, a good harbor, trade, rice,  tobacco & “ blue gold” were the basis of this prosperity.  Plantations and a wealthy aristocratic class arose with the beginnings of imported slave labor. Planters discovered that rice grew well in the wet coastal lowlands. The Colonies capital was named after the King as well.
    • A. 

      VIRGINIA

    • B. 

      NORTH CAROLINA

    • C. 

      SOUTH CAROLINA

    • D. 

      GEORGIA

  • 12. 
    COLONY named after the King.  The King gave 8 aristocrats of his court this huge land tract.  A split in the Colony took place based on differences in cultures & economics.  This portion was settled by back country small farmers who grew tobacco & corn, produced moonshine and cut timber. Many settled in the Appalachian Mountains (hillbillies). The life way was rural and slow to develop.
    • A. 

      NORTH CAROLINA

    • B. 

      SOUTH CAROLINA

    • C. 

      GEORGIA

    • D. 

      VIRGINIA

  • 13. 
    Originally the COLONY was set up for the poor, for debtors and for criminals as a buffer to Spanish encroachment from Florida.  General James Oglethorpe promoted the settlement with small land tracts but banned Catholics, rum and slavery.  The British poor, religious refugees from Germany and Jewish groups flocked to this colony.  The settlers were annoyed with all the restrictions calling Oglethorpe a dictator and made demands for more rights & economic freedom.  In frustration, he finally turned the charter back to the King. Some lived in the backcountry in the Bayou becoming know as swamps rats.
    • A. 

      NORTH CAROLINA

    • B. 

      SOUTH CAROLINA

    • C. 

      VIRGINIA

    • D. 

      GEORGIA

  • 14. 
    This Northern PLACE was not one of the original 13 Colonies but later would become its own colony & state. At this time it was claimed by the Massachusetts Colony.   It was a wilderness, trapping, fishing area full of Native Peoples. (You maps if done correctly should help)
    • A. 

      BURRVILLE

    • B. 

      VERMONT

    • C. 

      MAINE

    • D. 

      KENTUCKY

  • 15. 
    This Northern PLACE was not one of the original 13 Colonies but later would become its own colony & state. At this time it was claimed by New Hampshire & New York Colonies.   It was a wilderness, trapping, area full of Native Peoples. (You maps if done correctly should help)
    • A. 

      KENTUCKY

    • B. 

      MAINE

    • C. 

      VERMONT

    • D. 

      BURRVILLE

  • 16. 
    SETTLEMENT of Sir Walter Raleigh. The first attempt of 100 men to settle failed.  In a later attempt led by John White with men, women & children, a fort was built but supplies ran low.  White returned to England for supplies.  On his return the word CROATOAN was carved at the gatepost.  The colonies were gone.  An Island named Croatoan was 100 miles to the south was later checked but the colonist had mysteriously disappeared.  The settlers were never found. Came to known as the LOST COLONY.
    • A. 

      JAMESTOWN

    • B. 

      BOONESBOROUGH

    • C. 

      PLYMOUTH

    • D. 

      ROANOKE

  • 17. 
    Captain John Smith led this attempt to settle.  Indians, poor farmland, drought, swampy area, mosquitoes & lazy colonist looking for gold plagued this Endeavour. The SETTLEMENT nearly starved on several occasions.  John Smith managed to get corn from the Powhatan Nation which saved the Colony with the help of Pocahontas. The colonist eventually wore out their welcome taking advantage of the Natives. During an extreme Winter called “the Starving time”. 300 colonist barricaded themselves in their fort from hostile Natives.  Only 60 survived.  The farming of tobacco saved the colony as they learned from the Indians how to produce this cash crop.
    • A. 

      JAMESTOWN

    • B. 

      ROANOKE

    • C. 

      NEW AMSTERDAM

    • D. 

      PLYMOUTH

  • 18. 
    Calling themselves Pilgrims, they sailed on the Mayflower and established a SETTLEMENT. Led by William Bradford, the colonist signed the Mayflower Compact which pledged their loyalty. The first Winter half died of disease and starvation.  Squanto & Samoset befriended the group in the Spring & taught them how to plant American crops, fish & hunt.  That next fall in thanksgiving, the colonists invited the Indians to a feast of their harvest.
    • A. 

      PHILADELPHIA

    • B. 

      BOONESBOROUGH

    • C. 

      ROANOKE

    • D. 

      PLYMOUTH

  • 19. 
    The city of “Brotherly Love” was as a showcase for “The “Holy Experiment” led to the well planned SETTLEMENT.  This city became a place of  ideas and ideals  that would later be the catalyst for a Revolution of Liberty.
    • A. 

      JAMESTOWN

    • B. 

      NEW AMSTERDAM

    • C. 

      PHILADELPHIA

    • D. 

      BOONESBOROUGH

  • 20. 
    Henry Hudson’s voyage for the Dutch led to their claim in the New World.  In 1624, the Dutch India West Company sent 30 families to settle.  Peter Minuit bought Manhattan Island for a few beads.  This  SETTLEMENT in New Netherland with a natural harbor became a prosperous port of trade and shipping as well as an immigrant center. Peter Stuyvesant, an experienced soldier with a wooden leg ruled the colony as a dictator until the English took over. An English Duke, brother to the king gave the settlement his name.
    • A. 

      NEW AMSTERDAM

    • B. 

      PHILADELPHIA

    • C. 

      ROANOKE

    • D. 

      JAMESTOWN

  • 21. 
    A frontier SETTLEMENT named after Daniel Boone who blazed a wilderness trail through the Cumberland Gap in the Appalachian Mountains.  The Frontier fort was in defiance of the King’s Proclamation of 1763 which prohibited settlement West of the Appalachian Mountains.  Daniel Boone the founder survived the Indian Siege of the Fort in 1778.
    • A. 

      ROANOKE

    • B. 

      BOONESBOROUGH

    • C. 

      JAMESTOWN

    • D. 

      NEW AMSTERDAM

  • 22. 
    What event is presented in the picture that follows:
    • A. 

      BACON'S REBELLION

    • B. 

      SALEM WITCH TRIALS

    • C. 

      MIDDLE PASSAGE

    • D. 

      THE BATTLE OF BURRVILLE

  • 23. 
    What event is presented in the picture that follows:
    • A. 

      FORT BURRVILLE

    • B. 

      KING PHILLIP'S WAR

    • C. 

      MIDDLE PASSAGE

    • D. 

      SALEM WITCH TRIALS

  • 24. 
    What event is presented in the picture that follows:
    • A. 

      ATTACK ON BURRVILLE

    • B. 

      KING PHILLIP'S WAR

    • C. 

      BACON'S REBELLION

    • D. 

      SALEM WITCH TRIALS

  • 25. 
    CHECK ALL that  are part of COLONIAL AMERICA
    • A. 

      KING PHILLIP'S WAR

    • B. 

      SQUANTO

    • C. 

      VASCO De GAMA

    • D. 

      THE FIRST THANKSGIVING

    • E. 

      THE CAPE OF GOOD HOPE

    • F. 

      SEPARATISTS

    • G. 

      GEORGE PENN

    • H. 

      SACAJAWEA

    • I. 

      LEWIS & CLARK

    • J. 

      THE BATTLE OF BURRVILLE

    • K. 

      THE GREAT AWAKENING

    • L. 

      JOHN WHITE

    • M. 

      SIR WALTER RALEIGH

    • N. 

      JOHN WHEELWRIGHT

    • O. 

      THE GREAT MIGRATION

    • P. 

      POWHATAN

    • Q. 

      TIDEWATER

    • R. 

      BLUE GOLD

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