Cognitive Perspective - Historical And Cultural Conditions

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Mahurkarr
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Cognitive Perspective - Historical And Cultural Conditions - Quiz

A quiz on the first section of the syllabus for cognitive psychology. How much do you know about the conditions that gave rise to the cognitive perspective?


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What famous war was one of the main causes for more in-depth research into the cognitive perspective?

    • A. 

      The Vietnam War

    • B. 

      World War II

    • C. 

      The Korea War

    • D. 

      World War I

    • E. 

      The Cold War

    Correct Answer
    B. World War II
    Explanation
    World War II was one of the main causes for more in-depth research into the cognitive perspective because it brought about significant advancements in technology and communication, leading to a greater understanding of human cognition. The war necessitated the development of new military strategies and technologies, which required a deeper understanding of how individuals process information, make decisions, and solve problems. This led psychologists to conduct extensive research on cognitive processes such as perception, memory, attention, and problem-solving, ultimately contributing to the emergence of the cognitive perspective in psychology.

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  • 2. 

    Who was/were the famous behaviorist/s whose experiments led to the rise of the cognitive perspective?

    • A. 

      John B. Watson

    • B. 

      B. F. Skinner

    • C. 

      Elizabeth Loftus

    • D. 

      Edward Tolman

    • E. 

      Richard Atkinson and Richard Shiffrin

    Correct Answer
    D. Edward Tolman
    Explanation
    Edward Tolman was a famous behaviorist whose experiments played a significant role in the development of the cognitive perspective. He conducted studies on rats that demonstrated the existence of cognitive maps, which are mental representations of physical spaces. Tolman's research challenged the behaviorist notion that all behavior is a result of stimulus-response associations and emphasized the importance of internal mental processes in understanding behavior. His work paved the way for the cognitive revolution in psychology, leading to a shift in focus from purely observable behavior to the study of mental processes and information processing.

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  • 3. 

    The advent of which new technology led to an analogy for how the mind functions?

    • A. 

      The cell phone

    • B. 

      The audio cassette

    • C. 

      The silicone breast implant

    • D. 

      The VCR

    • E. 

      The computer

    Correct Answer
    E. The computer
    Explanation
    The computer is the correct answer because it revolutionized the way we process information and perform tasks, just like the mind does. The computer's ability to store, retrieve, and manipulate data is similar to how the mind processes and organizes information. Additionally, the computer's ability to learn and adapt through artificial intelligence has further strengthened the analogy between the mind and this technology.

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  • 4. 

    What assumption from another perspective was rejected by the cognitive perspective?

    • A. 

      The mind is a black box

    • B. 

      The mind is a blank slate

    • C. 

      The mind is influenced by genetic factors

    • D. 

      The mind is influenced by environmental factors

    • E. 

      The mind is influenced by social factors

    Correct Answer
    A. The mind is a black box
    Explanation
    The cognitive perspective rejected the assumption that the mind is a black box. This means that the cognitive perspective does not believe that the mind's processes and workings are completely unknowable or inaccessible. Instead, it focuses on understanding and studying the internal mental processes such as perception, memory, and problem-solving. The cognitive perspective believes that the mind can be studied and understood through scientific methods and that it is possible to gain insights into how individuals think, reason, and process information.

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  • 5. 

    Research in what other field of study challenged behavorism and supported the cognitive perspective?

    • A. 

      History

    • B. 

      Theology

    • C. 

      Philosophy

    • D. 

      Mathematics

    • E. 

      Linguistics

    Correct Answer
    E. Linguistics
    Explanation
    Linguistics challenged behaviorism and supported the cognitive perspective. Linguistics is the scientific study of language and its structure, which includes analyzing how language is processed and understood in the mind. This field of study highlighted the importance of mental processes and internal representations in language acquisition and use, which aligned with the principles of the cognitive perspective. By studying language, linguists provided evidence that behaviorism's focus on observable behavior was insufficient to fully understand human cognition and mental processes.

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