Cognitive Skills Ultimate Trivia Questions! Quiz

50 Questions | Total Attempts: 44

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Cognition Quizzes & Trivia

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Why do Cognitive Psychologists study language?
    • A. 

      When people talk they can tell us what they are thinking

    • B. 

      Slang helps us to understand people's cultural orientations

    • C. 

      It is a behavior which reflects thought processes

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 2. 
    The productivity aspect of language is
    • A. 

      The language can be produced in many ways

    • B. 

      That language can produce many linguistic variations

    • C. 

      That language can be broken down into essential parts

    • D. 

      That language has an infinite number of possible utterances

  • 3. 
    Phonology
    • A. 

      Meaning

    • B. 

      Basic units of sound

    • C. 

      Appropriateness of speech for situation

    • D. 

      Grammar

  • 4. 
    Semantics
    • A. 

      Meaning

    • B. 

      Basic units of sound

    • C. 

      Appropriateness of speech for situation

    • D. 

      Grammar

  • 5. 
    Syntax
    • A. 

      Meaning

    • B. 

      Basic units of sound

    • C. 

      Appropriateness of speech for situation

    • D. 

      Grammar

  • 6. 
    Pragmatics
    • A. 

      Meaning

    • B. 

      Basic units of sound

    • C. 

      Appropriateness of speech for situation

    • D. 

      Grammar

  • 7. 
    Arbitrariness of units
    • A. 

      Constantly evolving

    • B. 

      No meaningful connection between the sound of the word and its meaning

    • C. 

      Can produce an infinite number of sentences

    • D. 

      Can be generated in the absence of direct stimuli

  • 8. 
    Displacement
    • A. 

      Constantly evolving

    • B. 

      No meaningful connection between the sound of the word and its meaning

    • C. 

      Can produce an infinite number of sentences

    • D. 

      Can be generated in the absence of direct stimuli

  • 9. 
    Dynamics
    • A. 

      Constantly evolving

    • B. 

      No meaningful connection between the sound of the word and its meaning

    • C. 

      Can produce an infinite number of sentences

    • D. 

      Can be generated in the absence of direct stimuli

  • 10. 
    Every day, new words are developed as new technology and cultural trends develop. For example, recent words that have been added to the dictionary include "tramp stamp" and "staycation." This constant growth and evolution of language refers to its
    • A. 

      Regularity of structure

    • B. 

      Multiplicity of structure

    • C. 

      Dynamic quality

    • D. 

      Communicative property

  • 11. 
    Chomsky's sentence, "they are cooking apples." is an example of the difference between
    • A. 

      Surface and deep structure

    • B. 

      Native English speaker and English as Second Language speaker

    • C. 

      Arbitrariness of units and displacement

    • D. 

      Regularity and multiplicity

  • 12. 
    Which of the following statements would be something that the behaviorist, John Watson, would say?
    • A. 

      Thought reflects language

    • B. 

      Language is necessary for thought to take place

    • C. 

      Language determines the way a person perceives the world

    • D. 

      Language and thought are not related

  • 13. 
    In the study by Smith, Brown, Toman, and Goodman, what did Smith, the first author do?
    • A. 

      He wrote up most of the paper

    • B. 

      He remembered long, meaningless lists of nonsense syllables

    • C. 

      He allowed himself to be injected with curare and paralyzed

    • D. 

      He allowed his brain to be stimulated to activate long lost memories

  • 14. 
    Eleanor Rosch did a study to try to tease apart the relationship between thought and language. She chose the Dani people of New Guinea to study because... 
    • A. 

      Their language is surprisingly close to English

    • B. 

      Their language contains many words for "rice"

    • C. 

      Their language contains only 2 basic color words

    • D. 

      Their language contains a series of clicks

  • 15. 
    Rosch's results from her study with the Dani indicate that...
    • A. 

      The Dani cannot remember focal colors as well as English speakers

    • B. 

      The Dani remember more about "rice" than do English speakers

    • C. 

      The Dani remember focal colors in much the same way as English speakers do

    • D. 

      The Dani remember only basic information and not the details that English speakers do

  • 16. 
    In the movie on language, Newmeyer said that language allows us to do an important cognitive process which is...
    • A. 

      Organize concrete hierarchies

    • B. 

      Think abstractly

    • C. 

      Pass on information

    • D. 

      Organize autobiographical information

  • 17. 
    Which of the following statements is true about language?
    • A. 

      Similar words across languages always share the same meaning

    • B. 

      Languages around the world are more different than they are similar

    • C. 

      The ability to use more than one language appears to be universal among humans

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 18. 
    Many languages of the world share a basic structure that appears to reflect the universal cognitive understanding of cause and effect. What is the basic structure?
    • A. 

      Vocabulary which describes cause and effect

    • B. 

      Syntax or grammar which has the subject coming before the object in a sentence

    • C. 

      Syntax of grammar which has the object coming before the subject in a sentence

    • D. 

      Conversational organization which reflects cause and effect

  • 19. 
    Reading consists of a number of cognitive processes. The reader's reliance on context reflects which perceptual process?
    • A. 

      Attention process

    • B. 

      Bottom up process

    • C. 

      Top down processes

    • D. 

      Auditory processes

  • 20. 
    In reading, the process of using orthography to identify meaning reflects which perceptual process?
    • A. 

      Attentional processes

    • B. 

      Bottom up processes

    • C. 

      Top down processes

    • D. 

      Semantic processes

  • 21. 
    There is a third process which also seems to be an important part of the decoding we do when reading. This process was evident in the demonstration in class in which I asked you to cross out the "f"s in a short text. This task demonstrated which process that we use in reading?
    • A. 

      Selective attention

    • B. 

      Bottom up process

    • C. 

      Top down process

    • D. 

      Phonological process

  • 22. 
    Poor readers
    • A. 

      Slow down when they encounter unfamiliar material

    • B. 

      Are fast readers

    • C. 

      Make good teachers

    • D. 

      Maintain the same reading speed regardless of whether the reading material is familiar or unfamiliar

  • 23. 
    Cognitive psychologists think there are various components of creative thinking. These include...
    • A. 

      Synergy

    • B. 

      Sensitivity

    • C. 

      Serendipity

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 24. 
    The DONALD + GERALD = ROBERT problem could be considered a...
    • A. 

      Well-defined problem

    • B. 

      Problem which works well with a forward search

    • C. 

      Problem which works well with a backward search

    • D. 

      A and b

  • 25. 
    The "Jewel in the Box" problem could be considered a...
    • A. 

      We;;-defined problem

    • B. 

      Ill-defined problem

    • C. 

      Problem which works well with a forward search

    • D. 

      B and c