General world knowledge
A person's mental encyclopedia and dictionary
Critically depends on pituitary functioning
An "isa" statement
Characteristic feature storage
Evidence supports the notion that multiple types of categorization are used.
Typical members resemble the prototype of the category.
Diffusion reduces the priming effects for central categorical membership.
Real-world concepts and categories involve fuzzy boundaries.
Deficit in memory due to brain injury
Deficit in comprehension due to brain injury
Deficit in reading due to brain injury
Deficit in word finding due to brain injury
The yes/no of neural firing mirrors the on/off binary aspect of connectionist units.
Individual units within connectionist models are "similar" to neurons.
Massive parallel functions allow us to extrapolate beyond what computers can model.
Structural similarity to neural connections
A stored framework or body of knowledge about some topic
An active organization of past reactions or past experiences
A knowledge structure in memory prospective memory
All of the above
Semantic roles as pathway labels
Recollection or recognition of exactly what was experienced
A "hit" despite a high proportion of "false alarms"
Overconfidence in memory
Atypical information is remembered better than typical information
"Effects" produce fewer memory impairments than do "causes"
After correcting for guessing, typical content is remembered better than atypical content
People have good technical accuracy, even across a five day retention interval
Laying a foundation
Identity: Michelle bought a computer. It was on sale.
Causes: They answered a question in class. The professor had called upon her.
Optional roles: I taught a class yesterday. The chalk tray was empty.
Probable parts: Erick bought a used snowboard. The bindings are broken.
The "assist" function
Manner and tone
The statement would be processed at the same rate if it had been made by a coworker.
The statement would be processed more slowly than if made by a coworker.
The statement would be processed more quickly than if made by a coworker.
The statement would violate the quantity and clarity metric.
Affirm the antecedent
All of the above
"If a conclusion matches the first mental model derived from the problem, it is particularly easy (and thus likely) to accept the (potentially false) conclusion, leading to fallacies or errors in If a conclusion matches the first mental model derived from the problem, it is particularly easy (and thus likely) to accept the (potentially false) conclusion, leading to fallacies or errors in reasoning."
In statistics, we test against the null hypothesis in hopes that our evidence will be inconsistent with the predicted "no effect" outcome.
When hypothesis testing with increasingly complex if-then relations, the typical mistake is to search for positive, confirming evidence.
The strongest logical test of a scientific theory is to see if the hypothesized effects are produced in accordance with the theoretical predictions.
The semantic congruity effect
The imagery effect
The number magnitude effect
The symbolic distance effect
The act of someone who reasons; to think logically; to analyze with reason
The mental representation of meaning in a reasoning problem
"A specific rule or solution procedure that is certain to yield the correct answer if followed A specific rule or solution procedure that is certain to yield the correct answer if followed correctly"
An informal "rule of thumb" method for solving problems, not necessarily guaranteed to solve the problem correctly but usually much faster or more tractable than other alternatives
The "law of large numbers"
The central limit theorem
The fallacy "law of small numbers"
This particular bias in the availability heuristic is called "sensitivity to sample size."
The representativeness heuristic
General world Knowledge
Paradoxically called the "recognition heuristic"
Self-conceptualization of beliefs
Clarification of the goal state
Sequence of operations
The problem space
Conducting a constructive search
Establishing subgoal states that allow recycling
The careful documentation of a well-specified goal or end-state
Tracing the solution pathway in reverse order
Establishing a representation of the full problem space
Any of the above could be classified as "changing the representation."