Cognition Basic Questions! Trivia Quiz

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Quizzes Created: 2 | Total Attempts: 1,083
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Cognition Basic Questions! Trivia Quiz - Quiz

Test your Cognitio skills!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    When choosing who should retrieve food for them, humans prefer someone who has witnessed it being hidden. Chimps do not. This best illustrates that chimps have a more limited: 

    • A.

      Syntax.

    • B.

      Prototype.

    • C.

      theory of mind

    • D.

      Category hierarchy.

    Correct Answer
    C. theory of mind
    Explanation
    This question is asking about the difference between humans and chimps when it comes to choosing someone to retrieve hidden food. Humans prefer someone who has witnessed the food being hidden, while chimps do not. This suggests that chimps have a more limited theory of mind. Theory of mind refers to the ability to understand and attribute mental states to oneself and others, such as beliefs, desires, and intentions. By not considering the knowledge or perspective of others when choosing who should retrieve the food, chimps demonstrate a lack of understanding of others' mental states.

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  • 2. 

     Using different words for two very similar objects enables people to recognize conceptual distinctions between the objects. This illustrates: 

    • A.

      Telegraphic speech

    • B.

      Linguistic determinism.

    • C.

      Functional fixedness.

    • D.

      The representativeness heuristic.

    Correct Answer
    B. Linguistic determinism.
    Explanation
    The explanation for the correct answer, linguistic determinism, is that using different words for two similar objects allows people to recognize and understand the conceptual distinctions between the objects. Linguistic determinism is the idea that language shapes and influences our thoughts and perceptions, and in this case, it helps us differentiate between the two objects. This concept suggests that the language we use can affect how we perceive and categorize the world around us.

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  • 3. 

     Learning a spoken language during childhood ________ the learning of sign language during adolescence. Learning sign language during childhood _______ the learning of a spoken language during adolescence. 

    • A.

      Inhibits; facilitates

    • B.

      Facilitates; inhibits

    • C.

      Inhibits; inhibits

    • D.

      Facilitates; facilitates

    Correct Answer
    D. Facilitates; facilitates
    Explanation
    Learning a spoken language during childhood facilitates the learning of sign language during adolescence. This is because learning a spoken language at a young age helps develop language skills and cognitive abilities, which can make it easier to learn a different language later on. Similarly, learning sign language during childhood also facilitates the learning of a spoken language during adolescence. This is because learning sign language enhances communication skills and understanding of language, which can transfer to learning a spoken language. Therefore, both scenarios facilitate the learning of a different language in adolescence.

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  • 4. 

    The fact that children speak with an accent that is similar to that of their peers is best explained by ________ theory of language acquisition. 

    • A.

      Skinner’s

    • B.

      Whorf’s

    • C.

      Chomsky’s

    • D.

      Tversky’s

    Correct Answer
    A. Skinner’s
    Explanation
    Skinner's theory of language acquisition suggests that children learn language through operant conditioning, where they imitate and are reinforced for correct speech by their peers. This theory explains why children often speak with an accent similar to that of their peers, as they learn and imitate the speech patterns and accents of those around them.

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  • 5. 

    The two-word stage of language development typically begins at the age of ________ months. 

    • A.

      6

    • B.

      10

    • C.

      24

    • D.

      36

    Correct Answer
    C. 24
    Explanation
    The two-word stage of language development typically begins at the age of 24 months. This is when children start combining two words to form simple phrases or sentences. At this stage, they have acquired enough vocabulary and grammar skills to express their thoughts and ideas using two-word combinations. This is an important milestone in language development as it shows that children are progressing from using single words to constructing more complex linguistic structures.

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  • 6. 

     When you add s to the word apple you are referring to more than one apple. This illustrates an English language rule of: 

    • A.

      Semantics.

    • B.

      Algorithms.

    • C.

      Syntax.

    • D.

      Telegraphic speech

    Correct Answer
    A. Semantics.
    Explanation
    When you add "s" to the word "apple," it indicates that you are referring to more than one apple. This demonstrates the concept of semantics in the English language, which is the study of meaning in language. Semantics focuses on how words and phrases convey meaning and how they relate to each other. In this case, the addition of "s" changes the meaning of the word "apple" from singular to plural, indicating multiple apples.

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  • 7. 

    Native German speakers who pronounce the English world “this” as “dis” are demonstrating their difficulty with an English: 

    • A.

      Morpheme.

    • B.

      Prototype.

    • C.

      Phoneme.

    • D.

      Heuristic.

    Correct Answer
    C. Phoneme.
    Explanation
    Native German speakers who pronounce the English word "this" as "dis" are demonstrating their difficulty with an English phoneme. A phoneme is the smallest unit of sound in a language that can distinguish meaning. In English, the "th" sound is a phoneme that does not exist in German, so German speakers may substitute it with a similar sound like "d." This substitution demonstrates their difficulty with producing the correct phoneme in English.

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  • 8. 

    Professor Chadwick evaluated a graduate student’s research proposal negatively simply because he had heard a rumor about the student’s incompetence. When later informed that the rumor had been patently false, the professor’s assessment of the student’s research proposal remained almost as negative as it was originally. This best illustrates: 

    • A.

      The representativeness heuristic

    • B.

      The availability heuristic

    • C.

      Belief perseverance

    • D.

      Framing.

    Correct Answer
    C. Belief perseverance
    Explanation
    Belief perseverance refers to the tendency to cling to one's initial beliefs even when presented with contradictory evidence. In this scenario, the professor's negative assessment of the student's research proposal remained almost unchanged even after learning that the rumor about the student's incompetence was false. This suggests that the professor's initial negative belief about the student persisted despite the new information. This example demonstrates the concept of belief perseverance, where preexisting beliefs can influence how new information is interpreted and evaluated.

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  • 9. 

     College students are more likely to choose a condom that is said to be effective when informed that it has a 95 percent success rate than when told it has a 5 percent failure rate. This best illustrates the impact of: 

    • A.

      Framing.

    • B.

      Confirmation bias.

    • C.

      Functional fixedness.

    • D.

      The representativeness heuristic

    Correct Answer
    A. Framing.
    Explanation
    The given scenario demonstrates the impact of framing. Framing refers to how information is presented or framed, which can influence people's perceptions and decisions. In this case, college students are more likely to choose a condom when it is presented as having a 95 percent success rate compared to being told it has a 5 percent failure rate. This shows that the way the information is framed, emphasizing the positive aspect of effectiveness, influences their decision-making.

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  • 10. 

    The easier it is for people to remember an instance in which they were betrayed by a friend, the more they expect such an event to recur. This best illustrates the impact of: 

    • A.

      Framing.

    • B.

      Representativeness heuristic

    • C.

      Functional fixedness.

    • D.

      The availability heuristic.

    Correct Answer
    D. The availability heuristic.
    Explanation
    The availability heuristic refers to the tendency to judge the likelihood of an event based on how easily examples of that event come to mind. In this case, if people can easily recall instances in which they were betrayed by a friend, they are more likely to expect it to happen again. This is because the availability of these memories influences their perception of the likelihood of future events.

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  • 11. 

    Pablo vainly searches for a screwdriver while failing to recognize that a readily available coin in his pocket would turn the screw. His oversight best illustrates: 

    • A.

      Functional fixedness.

    • B.

      The availability heuristic.

    • C.

      Belief perseverance

    • D.

      The framing effect.

    Correct Answer
    A. Functional fixedness.
    Explanation
    Functional fixedness refers to the tendency to perceive an object only in terms of its typical function and overlook alternative uses for it. In this scenario, Pablo is unable to recognize that a coin in his pocket could be used as a substitute for a screwdriver because he is fixed on the idea that a screwdriver is the only tool that can turn a screw. This demonstrates functional fixedness, as he fails to see the alternative use for the coin.

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  • 12. 

    Max is so used to thinking that a tough competitive style of behavior is the best way to impress others that he fails to recognize that the most effective way to impress his girlfriend is with cooperative tenderness. Max’s oversight best illustrates: 

    • A.

      A fixation.

    • B.

      The framing effect.

    • C.

      The representativeness heuristic.

    • D.

      Functional fixedness.

    Correct Answer
    A. A fixation.
    Explanation
    Max's failure to recognize that cooperative tenderness is the most effective way to impress his girlfriend suggests that he is fixated on the belief that a tough competitive style of behavior is the best way to impress others. This fixation prevents him from considering alternative approaches and limits his ability to adapt his behavior to different situations.

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  • 13. 

    To find Tabasco sauce in a large grocery store, you could systematically search every shelf in every store aisle. This best illustrates problem solving by means of: 

    • A.

      The availability heuristic

    • B.

      Functional fixedness

    • C.

      An algorithm.

    • D.

      The representativeness heuristic.

    Correct Answer
    C. An algorithm.
    Explanation
    An algorithm refers to a step-by-step procedure or a set of rules that guarantees a solution to a problem. In this scenario, systematically searching every shelf in every store aisle is a methodical approach that follows a specific set of steps to find the Tabasco sauce. This approach ensures that no shelf is missed and increases the likelihood of finding the desired item. Therefore, the given scenario best exemplifies problem-solving by means of an algorithm.

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  • 14. 

    Prototype is to category as ________ is to ________. 

    • A.

      Wheel; car

    • B.

      Milk; beverage

    • C.

      Waiter; restaurant

    • D.

      Comedian; laughter

    Correct Answer
    B. Milk; beverage
    Explanation
    The relationship between prototype and category is that a prototype is an example or model that represents a category. Similarly, milk is an example or model that represents the category of beverages.

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  • 15. 

    We more quickly recognize that a blue jay is a bird than that a penguin is a bird because a blue jay more closely resembles our________ of a bird. 

    • A.

      Heuristic

    • B.

      Prototype

    • C.

      Algorithm

    • D.

      Phoneme

    Correct Answer
    B. Prototype
    Explanation
    When we see a blue jay, it closely resembles our mental image or prototype of a bird. A prototype is a typical or idealized representation of a concept. Penguins, on the other hand, may not fit our prototype of a bird as closely, with their unique characteristics such as their inability to fly and their habitat in the water. Therefore, we are able to recognize a blue jay as a bird more quickly than we recognize a penguin as a bird.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 10, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jan 17, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Brookej
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