CLEP Introductory Psychology (Quiz 1)

100 Questions | Total Attempts: 1260

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CLEP Introductory Psychology (Quiz 1)

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following is the philosophical approach to studying human behavior that emphasizes the purpose or usefulness of behavior?
    • A. 

      Structuralism

    • B. 

      Behaviorism

    • C. 

      Functionalism

    • D. 

      Psychoanalysis

    • E. 

      Humanism

  • 2. 
    Which of the following approaches is used by a psychologist who studies depression by examining levels of a certain neurotransmitter in the brains of depressed and non-depressed people?
    • A. 

      Psychoanalytic

    • B. 

      Behavioral

    • C. 

      Humanistic

    • D. 

      Cognitive

    • E. 

      Biological

  • 3. 
    Which of the following approaches is used by a psychologist who emphasizes the power of rewards and punishments to influence behavior?
    • A. 

      Behavioral

    • B. 

      Cognitive

    • C. 

      Humanistic

    • D. 

      Psychoanalytic

    • E. 

      Biological

  • 4. 
    A researcher wants to know whether failure at a task causes aggression. As part of her study, some subjects are told they have failed at a task, whereas others are told they have succeeded. Failing or not at the task would be
    • A. 

      A placebo.

    • B. 

      The independent variable.

    • C. 

      A within-subjects manipulation.

    • D. 

      The dependent variable.

    • E. 

      A counterbalancing procedure.

  • 5. 
    A researcher sits at a table in a restaurant all day and records what customers in adjoining booths are saying and doing. What type of research strategy is this?
    • A. 

      Experiment

    • B. 

      Correlational study

    • C. 

      Case study

    • D. 

      Survey

    • E. 

      Naturalistic observation

  • 6. 
    Which of the following correlation coefficients represents the strongest relationship between two variables?
    • A. 

      +.31

    • B. 

      -.06

    • C. 

      +.73

    • D. 

      -.81

    • E. 

      +.50

  • 7. 
    Random assignment of subjects to experimental and control groups ensures that
    • A. 

      The number of subjects in each group will be the same.

    • B. 

      Subjects in each condition will not know each other.

    • C. 

      Prior to the experimental manipulation, the two groups of subjects would be equivalent with respect to the dependent variable.

    • D. 

      Prior to the experimental manipulation, the two groups of subjects would be equivalent with respect to the independent variable.

    • E. 

      After the experimental manipulation, the two groups of subjects would differ with respect to the dependent variable.

  • 8. 
    "Nature" is to "nurture" as ________ is to _______.
    • A. 

      Genetics; environment

    • B. 

      Biology; physiology

    • C. 

      Physiology; genetics

    • D. 

      Upbringing; social status

    • E. 

      Social status; biology

  • 9. 
    Which of the following areas of the brain, located at the top of the spinal cord, regulates breathing, waking, and heartbeat?
    • A. 

      Thalamus

    • B. 

      Reticular formation

    • C. 

      Parietal lobe

    • D. 

      Medulla

    • E. 

      Cerbellum

  • 10. 
    The simplest cell of the nervous system is a
    • A. 

      Neuron

    • B. 

      Dendrite

    • C. 

      Axon

    • D. 

      Soma

    • E. 

      Terminal buttons

  • 11. 
    Which of the following greatly speeds up the transmission of signals through a neuron?
    • A. 

      Dendrites

    • B. 

      A myelin sheath

    • C. 

      Depolarization

    • D. 

      An action potential

    • E. 

      Vesicles

  • 12. 
    The period during which the neuron cannot fire is described as which of the following?
    • A. 

      Lock-up

    • B. 

      Absolute refractory period

    • C. 

      Resting period

    • D. 

      Reset period

    • E. 

      Hyper-polarization period

  • 13. 
    The Somatic Nervous System is part of the
    • A. 

      Central nervous system

    • B. 

      Peripheral nervous system

    • C. 

      Autonomic nervous system

    • D. 

      Sympathetic division

    • E. 

      Parasympathetic division

  • 14. 
    The site in the auditory cortex located where acoustical codes are decoded and interpreted is known as
    • A. 

      Wernicke's area

    • B. 

      Motor area

    • C. 

      Visual association areas

    • D. 

      Broca's area

    • E. 

      Pons

  • 15. 
    Which chemicals are responsible for the "runner's high" and important for controlling pleasure/pain properties?
    • A. 

      Adrenalines

    • B. 

      Steroids

    • C. 

      Acetylcholine

    • D. 

      Endorphins

    • E. 

      GABA

  • 16. 
    Neurons stimulate nearby glands, muscles, or other neurons through chemicals released from their
    • A. 

      Axons

    • B. 

      Somas

    • C. 

      Dendrites

    • D. 

      Terminal buttons

    • E. 

      Nucleus

  • 17. 
    The reticular formation
    • A. 

      Regulates heartbeat and breating

    • B. 

      Controls hunger

    • C. 

      Helps control arousal

    • D. 

      Regulates fear and aggression

    • E. 

      Coordinates voluntary movement

  • 18. 
    The nervous system's ability to detect and encode energy from stimuli is called
    • A. 

      Perception

    • B. 

      Parallel processing

    • C. 

      Top-down processing

    • D. 

      Sensation

    • E. 

      Subliminal perception

  • 19. 
    The minimum stimulation needed to detect a stimulus half of the time it's presented is called
    • A. 

      Perception

    • B. 

      The absolute threshold

    • C. 

      The just-noticeable difference

    • D. 

      The difference threshold

    • E. 

      Feature detection

  • 20. 
    Tina has a box of CDs that's twice as heavy as Gary's. Tina's box would have to have eight more CDs in it before it would feel heavier, whereas Gary's would have to have only foud more CDs in it in order for it to feel heavier. This illustrates
    • A. 

      Sensory adaptation

    • B. 

      Weber's Law

    • C. 

      The Young-Helmholtz theory

    • D. 

      Opponent-process theory

    • E. 

      Feature detection theory

  • 21. 
    By which process is stimulus energy converted into neural messages?
    • A. 

      Transduction

    • B. 

      Feature detection

    • C. 

      Perceptual set

    • D. 

      Parallel processing

    • E. 

      Accomodation

  • 22. 
    Which type of cell allows us to distinguish different wavelengths of light?
    • A. 

      Ganglion cells

    • B. 

      Cones

    • C. 

      Bipolar cells

    • D. 

      Rods

    • E. 

      Auditory

  • 23. 
    Which of the following is a binocular cue for perceiving distance?
    • A. 

      Interposition

    • B. 

      Motion parallax

    • C. 

      Linear perspective

    • D. 

      Relative clarity

    • E. 

      Convergence

  • 24. 
    The fact that parallel lines appear to converge as they get farther away is referred to as
    • A. 

      Retinal disparity

    • B. 

      Relative motion

    • C. 

      A texture gradient

    • D. 

      Interposition

    • E. 

      Linear perspective

  • 25. 
    When a series of lights on a movie marquee are turned on and off, one after the other, in succession, it appears that a single light is moving around the marquee. This illustrates
    • A. 

      Shape constancy

    • B. 

      Linear perspective

    • C. 

      Perceptual adaptation

    • D. 

      Perceptual set

    • E. 

      The phi phenomenon