Chapter 7 Honor Biology Test

42 Questions | Total Attempts: 1210

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Biology Quizzes & Trivia

Your ongoing studies in biology look at some of the most important scientific discoveries about the world we live in and the organisms that inhabit it, from the smallest creature to ourselves and the structure and functions of each part of our bodies. There are so many wonderful things you can learn, so why not give it a shot in this quiz! Let’s see what you know so far!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which sequence correctly traces the path of a protein in the cell
    • A. 

      Smooth endoplasmic reticulum, lysosome,Golgi apparatus

    • B. 

      Mitochondria, rough endoplasmic reticulum, cell membrane

    • C. 

      Ribosome, smooth endoplasmic reticulum, chloroplast

    • D. 

      Rough endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus , released from the cell

  • 2. 
    The cells of multicellular organisms are
    • A. 

      Not dependent on one another

    • B. 

      Specialized to perform different tasks

    • C. 

      Smaller than those of unicellular organisms

    • D. 

      Simpler than those of unicellular organisms

  • 3. 
    All of the following are examples of cell specialization EXCEPT
    • A. 

      A pancreatic cell that produces protein -digesting enzymes

    • B. 

      A red blood cell that carries oxygen

    • C. 

      A prokaryotic cell that carries out photosynthesis

    • D. 

      Muscle cells that control movement of materials in the body

  • 4. 
    A group of similar cells that perform a particular function is called a (an)
    • A. 

      Organ

    • B. 

      Organ system

    • C. 

      Division of labor

    • D. 

      Tissue

  • 5. 
    Which organelle converts the chemical energy stored in food into compounds that are more convenient for the cell to use
    • A. 

      Endoplacmic reticulum

    • B. 

      Mitochondrion

    • C. 

      Golgi apparatus

    • D. 

      Chloroplast

  • 6. 
    Electron microscopes can reveal details
    • A. 

      100 times smaller than those visible in light microscopes

    • B. 

      The same size as those visible in light microscopes

    • C. 

      1000 times smaller that those visible in light microscopes

    • D. 

      100 times larger than those visible in light microscopes

  • 7. 
    Which of the following in NOT found in the nucleus
    • A. 

      Nucleolus

    • B. 

      DNA

    • C. 

      Chromatin

    • D. 

      Cytoplasm

  • 8. 
    Which of the following is an organ of the digestive system
    • A. 

      Muscle cell

    • B. 

      Stomach

    • C. 

      Nerve tissue

    • D. 

      Epithelial tissue

  • 9. 
    The cell membrane contains channels and pumps that help move materials from one side to the other . what are these channels and pumps made of
    • A. 

      Proteins

    • B. 

      Bilipids

    • C. 

      Carbohydrates

    • D. 

      Lipids

  • 10. 
    Diffusion occurs because
    • A. 

      The concentration of a solution is never the same throughout a solution

    • B. 

      Molecules never move of collide with each other

    • C. 

      Molecules constantly move and collide with each other

    • D. 

      The concentration of a solution is always the same throughout a solution

  • 11. 
    Which of the following is an example of an organ
    • A. 

      Digestive system

    • B. 

      Epithelial tissue

    • C. 

      Nerve cell

    • D. 

      Heart

  • 12. 
    Who was one of the first people to identify and see cork cells
    • A. 

      Anton van Leeuwenhoek

    • B. 

      Robert Hooke

    • C. 

      Rudolf Virchow

    • D. 

      Matthias Schleiden

  • 13. 
    Which type of microscopes can produce three-dimensional images of cells
    • A. 

      Transmission electron microscope

    • B. 

      Scanning electron microscope

    • C. 

      Both A and B

    • D. 

      Neither A nor B

  • 14. 
    Which of the following organisms are prokaryote
    • A. 

      Animals

    • B. 

      Bacteria

    • C. 

      Plants

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 15. 
    Which of the following is a function of the cell membrane
    • A. 

      Stores water, salt, proteins , and carbohydrates

    • B. 

      Keeps the cell wall in place

    • C. 

      Regulates which materials enter and leave the cell

    • D. 

      Breaks down lipids , carbohydrates , and proteins from foods

  • 16. 
    Researchers use fluorescent labels and light microscopy to
    • A. 

      Scan cells with laser beams

    • B. 

      Build three-dimensional images of cells

    • C. 

      Follow molecules moving through the cell

    • D. 

      Produce movies of cells as they grow, divide, and develop

  • 17. 
    The diffusion of water across a selectively permeable membrane is called
    • A. 

      Active transport

    • B. 

      Osmosis

    • C. 

      Osmotic pressure

    • D. 

      Facilitated diffusion

  • 18. 
    The cell theory applies to 
    • A. 

      Plants and animals

    • B. 

      Bacteria

    • C. 

      Multicellular organisms

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 19. 
    • A. 

      Osmosis

    • B. 

      Facilitated diffusion

    • C. 

      Active transport

    • D. 

      Diffusion

  • 20. 
    Which structures carry out cell movement
    • A. 

      Microtubles and microfilaments

    • B. 

      Chromosomes

    • C. 

      Cytoplasm and ribosomes

    • D. 

      Nucleolus and nucleus

  • 21. 
    • A. 

      Contains DNA

    • B. 

      Helps a cell keep its shape

    • C. 

      Surrounds the cell

    • D. 

      Helps make proteins

  • 22. 
    An organ system is a group of organs that
    • A. 

      Work together to perform all the functions in a multicellular organism

    • B. 

      Work together to perform a specific function

    • C. 

      Are made up of similar cells

    • D. 

      Are made up of similar tissues

  • 23. 
    Prokaryotes lack
    • A. 

      Cytoplasm

    • B. 

      A nucleus

    • C. 

      Genetic material

    • D. 

      A cell membrane

  • 24. 
    Which organelle would you expect to find in plant cells but not animal cells
    • A. 

      Smooth endoplacmic reticulum

    • B. 

      Chloroplast

    • C. 

      Ribosome

    • D. 

      Mitochondrion

  • 25. 
    You will NOT find a cell wall in which of these kinds of organisms
    • A. 

      Fungi

    • B. 

      Plants

    • C. 

      Animals

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 26. 
    All of the following are types of tissues EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Nerve

    • B. 

      Digestive

    • C. 

      Connective

    • D. 

      Muscle

  • 27. 
    Eukaryotes usually contain
    • A. 

      Specialized organelles

    • B. 

      Genetic material

    • C. 

      A nucleus

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 28. 
    Diffusion is the movement of molecules from
    • A. 

      An area of equilibrium to an area of high concentration

    • B. 

      An area of high concentration to and area of low concentration

    • C. 

      An area of low concentration to an area of high concentration

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 29. 
    When the concentration of molecules on both sides of a membrane is the same, the molecules will
    • A. 

      Stop moving across the membrane

    • B. 

      Move across the membrane in both directions

    • C. 

      Move across the membrane to the outside of the cell

    • D. 

      Move across the membrane to the inside of the cell

  • 30. 
    Which list represents the levels of organization in a multicellular organism form the simplest level to the most complex level
    • A. 

      Organ system, organ, tissue , cell

    • B. 

      Cell, tissue, organ system

    • C. 

      Cell ,tissue , organ , organ system

    • D. 

      Tissue, organ, organ system

  • 31. 
    Which of the following is a function of the nucleus
    • A. 

      Stores DNA

    • B. 

      Controls most of the cell`s processes

    • C. 

      Contains the information needed to make proteins

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 32. 
    Which term refers to cells having different jobs in an organism
    • A. 

      Unicellular

    • B. 

      Multicellular

    • C. 

      Cell specialization

    • D. 

      Levels of organization

  • 33. 
    Which of the following structures serves as the cell`s boundary from its environment
    • A. 

      Cell membrane

    • B. 

      Chloroplast

    • C. 

      Mitochondrion

    • D. 

      Channel proteins

  • 34. 
    Which of the following structures is found in the cytoplasm
    • A. 

      Chromatin

    • B. 

      Ribosome

    • C. 

      Cell wall

    • D. 

      Nucleolus

  • 35. 
    The work of Scheleiden and Schawann can be summarized by saying that
    • A. 

      All animals are made of cells

    • B. 

      All plant and animals are made of cells

    • C. 

      All plants are made of cells

    • D. 

      Plants and animals have specialized cells

  • 36. 
    • A. 

      Very few cells reproduce

    • B. 

      All cells are produced by existing cells

    • C. 

      All living things are made of cells

    • D. 

      Cells are the basic unit of life

  • 37. 
    Which organelle breaks down food into molecules the cell can use
    • A. 

      Mitochondrion

    • B. 

      Lysosome

    • C. 

      Endoplasmic reticulum

    • D. 

      Golgi Apparatus

  • 38. 
    An animal cell that is surrounded by fresh water will burst because the osmotic pressure causes
    • A. 

      Water to move out of the cell

    • B. 

      Solutes to move into the cell

    • C. 

      Water to move into the cell

    • D. 

      Solutes to move out of the cell

  • 39. 
    • A. 

      Prokaryotes

    • B. 

      Bacteria

    • C. 

      Eukaryotes

    • D. 

      Organelles

  • 40. 
    • A. 

      Helps the cell move

    • B. 

      Helps the cell maintain its shape

    • C. 

      Helps organelles within the cell move

    • D. 

      Prevents chromosomes from separating

  • 41. 
    The main function of the cell wall is to
    • A. 

      Store DNA

    • B. 

      Support and protect the cell

    • C. 

      Direct the activities of the cell

    • D. 

      Help the cell move

  • 42. 
    Which of the following statement explains why the nucleus is important to cells
    • A. 

      Only prokaryotes have nuclei

    • B. 

      The nucleus is surrounded by a nuclear envelope

    • C. 

      The nucleus contains coded instructions for making proteins

    • D. 

      Only eukaryotes have nuclei