Biology Open Midterms Practice Test

28 Questions
Biology Quizzes & Trivia

Note: This is a really, really, REALLY long test. But it's mostly multiple choice. All short answer questions should be in lowercase letters. If there's more than one answer for the short answer, answer in ____,_____ format. Again, all lowercase.

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    • A. 

      Mitochondria

    • B. 

      Cell membrane

    • C. 

      Ribosomes

    • D. 

      Endoplasmic reticulum

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 2. 
    • A. 

      Nucleolus

    • B. 

      Chloroplast

    • C. 

      Cell wall

    • D. 

      Vacuole

  • 3. 
    Which of the following helps provide structure for plants and plant cells?
    • A. 

      Cell wall

    • B. 

      Vaculole

    • C. 

      Golgi apparatus

    • D. 

      None of the above

    • E. 

      Both A and B

  • 4. 
    Where are ribosomes synthesized?
    • A. 

      Golgi apparatus

    • B. 

      Endoplasmic reticulum

    • C. 

      Nucleolus

    • D. 

      Mitochondria

  • 5. 
    What is most like the function of RNA?
    • A. 

      Instruction booklet

    • B. 

      Delivery man or courier

    • C. 

      Hot dog factory

    • D. 

      Man eating a hot dog

  • 6. 
    Small sacs inside the chloroplast that look like junior mints are known as ______.
  • 7. 
    Which of the following best describes the function of a plastid?
    • A. 

      School teacher

    • B. 

      Big belly

    • C. 

      A factory

    • D. 

      A powerhouse

  • 8. 
    The DNA in a cell that is actively working is in the form of 
    • A. 

      Chromosomes

    • B. 

      Nucleoplasm

    • C. 

      Nucleolus

    • D. 

      Chromatin

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 9. 
    Create an analogy for the function of a Lysosome. 
  • 10. 
    Where are the proteins that formed the cytoskeleton formed?
    • A. 

      Microtubules

    • B. 

      Microfilaments

    • C. 

      Rough endoplasmic reticulum

    • D. 

      Free floating ribosomes

  • 11. 
    • A. 

      Window screen

    • B. 

      A strainer

    • C. 

      A cell membrane

    • D. 

      An oil filter

  • 12. 
    Movement of particles from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration is known as:
  • 13. 
    The thing being dissolved in a solution is known as a:
  • 14. 
    When the concentration of a substance is the same throughout a solution, then the substance has achieved:
  • 15. 
    What can increase the rate at which diffusion occurs?
  • 16. 
    What is the major component of cell membranes?
  • 17. 
    Develop an analogy for integral proteins.
  • 18. 
    Develop an analogy for cristae.
  • 19. 
    Develop an analogy for Chloroplasts.
  • 20. 
    Develop an analogy for cell walls.
  • 21. 
    Develop an analogy for ribosomes.
  • 22. 
    Proteins created for release outside the cell through the process of exocytosis originated from which organelle?
  • 23. 
    Why would a cell use phagocytosis as opposed to facilitated diffusion?
  • 24. 
    The sodium potassium pump carries sodium:
    • A. 

      Into the cell

    • B. 

      Out of the cell

  • 25. 
    Which of the following use a sodium potassium pump? Circle all that apply. 
    • A. 

      Nerve Cell

    • B. 

      Liver cell

    • C. 

      Muscle cell

    • D. 

      Brain cell

  • 26. 
    Cells that use phagocytosis are known as:
  • 27. 
    Why do cells maintain high gradients of sodium and potassium?
  • 28. 
    Define turgor pressure.