Chapter 20 Philosphy Test

22 Questions | Total Attempts: 43

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Chapter 20 Philosophy Test


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Autonomy:
    • A. 

      Kant's formula for determining whether an action can apply universally or to all rational beings.

    • B. 

      Self-directed actions taken as a result of an individual exercising both rationality and freedom of choice.

    • C. 

      The series of events or effects that follow as a result of some act or event.

  • 2. 
    Categorical imperative:
    • A. 

      Kant's formula for determining whether an action can apply universally or to all rational beings.

    • B. 

      Statements or beliefs which do not contradict one another

    • C. 

      The philosophical study of morality

  • 3. 
    Consequences:
    • A. 

      The philosophical study of morality

    • B. 

      Statements or beliefs which do not contradict one another

    • C. 

      The series of events or effects that follow as a result of some act or event.

  • 4. 
    Consistency:
    • A. 

      Self-directed actions taken as a result of an individual exercising both rationality and freedom of choice.

    • B. 

      Statements or beliefs which do not contradict one another

    • C. 

      A moral principle typically associated with Christianity and attributed to Jesus in which a person is directed to do unto others.

  • 5. 
    Ethics:
    • A. 

      A rule of directive for action. An ought or should statement

    • B. 

      The Philosophical study of morality.

    • C. 

      A reason or rule according to which someone acts on a particular occasion.

  • 6. 
    Golden Rule Ethics:
    • A. 

      A moral principle typically associated with Christianity and attributed to Jesus in which a person is directed to do unto others.

    • B. 

      The Philosophical study of morality.

    • C. 

      Statements or beliefs which do not contradict one another

  • 7. 
    Imperative:
    • A. 

      A reason or rule according to which someone acts on a particular occasion.

    • B. 

      The series of events or effects that follow as a result of some act or event.

    • C. 

      A rule of directive for action. An ought or should statement

  • 8. 
    Maxim:
    • A. 

      The philosophical study of morality

    • B. 

      A reason or rule according to which someone acts on a particular occasion.

    • C. 

      The series of events or effects that follow as a result of some act or event.

  • 9. 
    According to Immanuel Kant, the source of morality is:
    • A. 

      Divine commands

    • B. 

      Pleasure

    • C. 

      Reason

  • 10. 
    The only thing that is good without qualification is, for Kant,
    • A. 

      A good will

    • B. 

      Gifts of nature such as courage and resolution

    • C. 

      Gifts of fortune, such as health and power

  • 11. 
    Withing the Kantian moral system, a maxim is?
    • A. 

      The highest good

    • B. 

      Laws enacted unjustly

    • C. 

      The rule or reason by which a person acts

  • 12. 
    The categorical imperative asks:
    • A. 

      "Is a maxim of my action the most beneficial?"

    • B. 

      "Can the maxim of my action give the greatest pleasure?"

    • C. 

      "Can I will the maxim of my action to be a universal law?"

  • 13. 
    For Kant, if an action can be made a universal law then:
    • A. 

      All autonomous beings will act according to it

    • B. 

      All autonomous beings could act according to it

    • C. 

      All autonomous beings have already acted according to it

  • 14. 
    Kant uses the following example to illustrate an application of the categorical imperative:
    • A. 

      Making a false promise

    • B. 

      Peeping in someone's window

    • C. 

      Joining the military

  • 15. 
    According to a second formulation of the categorical imperative persons:
    • A. 

      Are only to be treated as ends, and never as means

    • B. 

      Are to be treated as ends, and only as means if that is beneficial overall

    • C. 

      Can be treated as a means as long as no cruelty is involved.

  • 16. 
    Kantian ethics is an attempt to describe a morality that:
    • A. 

      Guarantees eternal salvation

    • B. 

      Allows one to live a happy life

    • C. 

      Reflect the dignity of persons

  • 17. 
    A traditional problem with the Kantian system of morality is:
    • A. 

      How to get people to do what is moral

    • B. 

      Resolving apparent conflicts between competing duties

    • C. 

      Teaching children how to action such abstract thinking

  • 18. 
    Scriptural divine command theories hold that we should obey God's commands as these are embodied in a set of sacred scriptures.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 19. 
    The natural law ethics of Thomas Aquinas claims that we have a moral obligation to pursue those goods toward which we are naturally inclined.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    In his Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals, Kant claims that ethics relies on a consideration of consequences.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    Kant argues that every human being has a price and the trick is to calculate the exact value of each person.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 22. 
    For Kant, to respect a person as an end is to respect her capacity to freely and knowingly choose for herself what she will dot
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

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