Learn About The Study Of Ethics - Philosophy Quiz

30 Questions | Total Attempts: 856

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Learn About The Study Of Ethics - Philosophy Quiz

Ethics, also known as moral philosophy is a branch of philosophy that "involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong behavior". Learn more about ethics in the philosophy quiz!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Ethical egoism is the view that
    • A. 

      What is right for a culture, is right for that culture

    • B. 

      You must act according to duty

    • C. 

      An individual should act in such a way that is best for their own welfare

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 2. 
    The following are all strengths of ethical egoism EXCEPT
    • A. 

      We have a natural inclination to be self-interested

    • B. 

      It shows a respect for the individual

    • C. 

      It is not a consequentialist theory

    • D. 

      It is efficient

  • 3. 
    What is the naturalistic fallacy?
    • A. 

      Stating that moral propositions are no different from empirical propositions

    • B. 

      Introduced by G.E. Moore

    • C. 

      Confusing "ought" with "is"

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      Both B and C

  • 4. 
    _____________ is the ethical theory that states that everyone ought to act in YOUR self interest
    • A. 

      Personal egoism

    • B. 

      Individual egoism

    • C. 

      Universal egoism

    • D. 

      Relativsim

  • 5. 
    "you can't accurately enough predict the consequences of every individual's actions" is an objection to
    • A. 

      Act utilitarism

    • B. 

      Rule utilitarism

    • C. 

      Egoism

    • D. 

      Relativism

  • 6. 
    Choosing to kill one person to save ten lives is an example of what kind of thiking
    • A. 

      Utilitarian

    • B. 

      Egoist

    • C. 

      Relativist

    • D. 

      Superogatory

  • 7. 
    The definition of "states of affairs" is
    • A. 

      An occurrence, even or a happening

    • B. 

      Either true or false

    • C. 

      Cannot be in the past

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 8. 
    Which moral theory demands that we sacrifice our own pleasure, happiness, or preference for the greater good
    • A. 

      Personal Egosim

    • B. 

      Universal egoism

    • C. 

      Utilitarian theroies

    • D. 

      Rights theories

  • 9. 
    All if the following are attractions of egoism EXCEPT
    • A. 

      It comes up with moral guidelines

    • B. 

      You can only really know your own desires and how to best meet your needs

    • C. 

      It does not involve massive calculations about how other people will react to your actions

    • D. 

      It demands you treat other people with respect and not as a means to your ends

  • 10. 
    The definition of cultural relativism is
    • A. 

      There are anthropological facts about cultures

    • B. 

      Underlying moral principles do not vary from place to place, but cultures may express these rules in different ways

    • C. 

      There are no moral absolutes, morality is up to a specific culture to decide

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 11. 
    The following example is what kinds of ethical reasoning? I should not lie to my friend about her looking bad in her new outfit because it is always wrong to lie
    • A. 

      Ethical egoism

    • B. 

      Act utilitarism

    • C. 

      Rule utilitarism

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 12. 
    The two extremes in ethical reasoning are
    • A. 

      Moral and legal

    • B. 

      Absolutism and relativism

    • C. 

      Empirical and analytical

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 13. 
    The theory that states that moral statements are not propositions at all but merely a voicing of either approval or disapproval
    • A. 

      The Emotive Theory

    • B. 

      Naturalistic Theory

    • C. 

      Normative Theory

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 14. 
    The definition of absolute is:
    • A. 

      Perfect in quality, complete, not limited by restrictions or exceptions

    • B. 

      Values vary from place to place

    • C. 

      It asserts something about reality

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 15. 
    The definition of relative is 
    • A. 

      Perfect in quality, complete, not limited by restrictions or exceptions

    • B. 

      Values vary from place to place

    • C. 

      It asserts something about reality

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 16. 
    The definition of a proposition is
    • A. 

      Meaningful statements describing states of affairs

    • B. 

      Either true or false

    • C. 

      Can describe a past state of affairs

    • D. 

      None of the above

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 17. 
    This is an example of a prescriptive moral statement
    • A. 

      What she did was right

    • B. 

      Tom is a good man

    • C. 

      Women ought not to have abortions

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 18. 
    The definition of an analytic propositions is 
    • A. 

      To deny the truth of it would be to contradict one self

    • B. 

      Assertion about your own inner feelings

    • C. 

      Describes a state of affairs that occurs int he world which we have sensory evidence

    • D. 

      Contains a value judgement

    • E. 

      Not a type of propostions

  • 19. 
    The following is an example of what type of moral reasoning? I should lie to my friend about her looking bad in her new outfit because I am better off not having to deal with her disppointment
    • A. 

      Utilitarism

    • B. 

      Egoism

    • C. 

      Relativism

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 20. 
    "Act in such a way that you follow general rules that overall promote the most benefit for the most people" is
    • A. 

      The categorical imperative

    • B. 

      Utility

    • C. 

      Self-interest

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 21. 
    The definition of absolute propositions is
    • A. 

      To deny the truth of it would be to contradict one self

    • B. 

      Assertion about your own inner feelings

    • C. 

      Describes a state of affairs that occurs in the world which we have sensory evidence

    • D. 

      Not a type of proposition

  • 22. 
    Which of the following is a consequentialist moral theory
    • A. 

      Utilitarianism

    • B. 

      Relativism

    • C. 

      Egoism

    • D. 

      Both A and C

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 23. 
    Rule Utilitarians do not examine the consequences of particular actions
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 24. 
    The argument to give money to the poor because it relieves suffering and provides the greatest good for the greatest number is an example of an egoist argument
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 25. 
    An agent's motives matter for the utilitarian
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

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