Ethical Theories Quiz Questions And Answers

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Ethical Theories Quiz Questions And Answers - Quiz

This is an amazing ethical theories quiz with questions and answers. There are three theories that try to explain the moral principles that are expected from someone in a given situation and how human language can be judged to be right or wrong. The three ethical theories are either based on a consequence, duty, or community. How well do you understand the three theories? Take up the test below and get a good understanding of what is expected of you in some situations.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following are the strengths of teleological ethical theories? 
    • A. 

      They fit with much of our ordinary moral reasoning.

    • B. 

      They focus on the nature of actions and the rules from which they follow

    • C. 

      They ignore the consequences of actions.

    • D. 

      All of these.

    • E. 

      None of these.

  • 2. 
    Which of the following are the strengths of deontological ethical theories? 
    • A. 

      They fit with very little of our ordinary moral reasoning.

    • B. 

      They focus on the nature of their actions and the rules from which they follow

    • C. 

      They pay close attention to the consequences of actions.

    • D. 

      All of these.

    • E. 

      None of these.

  • 3. 
    Utilitarianism is an example of which of the following ethical theories? 
    • A. 

      Virtue

    • B. 

      Intuitionism

    • C. 

      Deontological

    • D. 

      Teleological

    • E. 

      Egoism

  • 4. 
    Rights that are recognized and enforced as part of a legal system are, strictly speaking: 
    • A. 

      Moral rights.

    • B. 

      Legal rights.

    • C. 

      Both moral and legal rights.

    • D. 

      Neither moral nor legal rights.

  • 5. 
    The classical form of utilitarianism is expressed by which of the following? 
    • A. 

      An action is right if, and only if, it is done from the right intentions.

    • B. 

      An action is right if, and only if, it produces the greatest balance of pleasure over pain for everyone.

    • C. 

      An action is right if it brings about great benefit to some individual or another.

    • D. 

      An action is right if, and only if, it is beneficial to society.

    • E. 

      None of these.

  • 6. 
    Act-utilitarianism is characterized by: 
    • A. 

      . Evaluation of the rightness of an act by the consequences of that act.

    • B. 

      Determination of the rightness of an act by appeal to a relevant rule of morality.

    • C. 

      Both A and B

    • D. 

      Neither A nor B.

  • 7. 
    John Stuart Mill holds which of the following views about justice? 
    • A. 

      Equal treatment is a presumptive right and no inequality of treatment is ever justified.

    • B. 

      Equal treatment is not a presumptive right, and inequality of treatment is justified by the circumstances.

    • C. 

      Equal treatment is not a presumptive right, but inequality of treatment is difficult to justify.

    • D. 

      Equal treatment is a presumptive right that requires any inequality of treatment to be justified.

  • 8. 
    According to Bentham and Mill, happiness is: 
    • A. 

      Pleasure.

    • B. 

      The absence of pain.

    • C. 

      Pleasure and the absence of pain.

    • D. 

      Well-being.

    • E. 

      None of these.

  • 9. 
    Bentham’s idea of a precise quantitative method for decision making is most fully realized in which of the following? 
    • A. 

      The cost-benefit analysis

    • B. 

      The cost-effectiveness analysis

    • C. 

      The maximization of pleasure

    • D. 

      The maximization of profit

    • E. 

      The minimization of cost

  • 10. 
    Which of the following are problems with calculating utility? 
    • A. 

      A vast amount of information is needed.

    • B. 

      Interpersonal comparisons of utility raise the question of whether the utility calculus is even possible.

    • C. 

      It is difficult to determine both the amount of utility for each affected individual and the amount of utility for the whole society.

    • D. 

      All of these.

    • E. 

      None of these.

  • 11. 
    Rights that involve claims on specific identifiable individuals are called: 
    • A. 

      Moral rights.

    • B. 

      General rights.

    • C. 

      Specific rights

    • D. 

      Negative rights.

    • E. 

      Legal rights.

  • 12. 
    Rights that entail an obligation on the part of others to refrain from acting in certain ways are called: 
    • A. 

      Moral rights.

    • B. 

      General rights.

    • C. 

      In personam rights.

    • D. 

      Negative rights.

    • E. 

      Legal rights.

  • 13. 
    Rights that impose obligations on others to provide us with some good are called: 
    • A. 

      In rem rights.

    • B. 

      In personam rights.

    • C. 

      Negative rights.

    • D. 

      Positive rights.

    • E. 

      Moral rights.

  • 14. 
    Which of the following deals with the distribution of benefits and burdens, mostly in the evaluation of social, political, and economic institutions? 
    • A. 

      Retributive justice

    • B. 

      Compensatory justice

    • C. 

      Distributive justice

    • D. 

      All of these

    • E. 

      None of these

  • 15. 
    Which of the following is concerned with the compensation of persons for wrongs done to them in voluntary relations such as contract breaches?
    • A. 

      Retributive justice

    • B. 

      Compensatory justice

    • C. 

      Distributive justice

    • D. 

      All of these

    • E. 

      None of these

  • 16. 
    Which of the following involves the punishment of wrongdoers who have participated in involuntary relations such as criminal acts? 
    • A. 

      Retributive justice

    • B. 

      Compensatory justice

    • C. 

      Distributive justice

    • D. 

      All of these

    • E. 

      None of these

  • 17. 
    According to Jeremy Bentham, which of the following is true? 
    • A. 

      Utilitarianism places no value on equality and makes no allowance for justified unequal treatment.

    • B. 

      Equal distributions generally produce more utility than unequal ones.

    • C. 

      Both A and B.

    • D. 

      Neither A nor B.

  • 18. 
    According to John Stuart Mill, which of the following is true? 
    • A. 

      Utilitarianism places no value on equality and makes no allowance for justified unequal treatment.

    • B. 

      Equal distributions generally produce more utility than unequal ones.

    • C. 

      Equality alone is not enough to account for justice, so another criterion, utility, becomes necessary

    • D. 

      Both A and B.

    • E. 

      Neither A nor B.

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