Justice And Ethics Ch 6 Quiz-----------

30 Questions | Total Attempts: 145

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Ethics Quizzes & Trivia

Justice and Ethics Ch 6 Quiz------------------------------------------------------------------- --------


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Divine command theory comes in two notable variations that are:
    • A. 

      Absolutist and moderate versions

    • B. 

      Absolutist and deterministic versions

    • C. 

      Deterministic and moderate versions

    • D. 

      Religious and atheist versions

  • 2. 
    It is generally understood within ethics that for something to be a sufficient foundation for morality and/or a sufficient motivation for moral behavior, it should be:
    • A. 

      Universal

    • B. 

      Theoretical

    • C. 

      General

    • D. 

      A and C

  • 3. 
    While Plato felt that the well-balanced soul was the virtuous soul, he also believed that each of the soul's parts had its own virtue. What is the virtue of spirit?
    • A. 

      Moderation

    • B. 

      Courage

    • C. 

      Wisdom

    • D. 

      Valor

  • 4. 
      A main concern with divine command theory is the problem of:
    • A. 

      Utility

    • B. 

      Reinterpreting motives

    • C. 

      Varying strengths of religiosity

    • D. 

      Common ground

  • 5. 
    During the Middle Ages, the dominant social and legal force was the:
    • A. 

      Knights code of conduct

    • B. 

      Legislative body

    • C. 

      Roman Catholic Church

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 6. 
      Following the logic of mutual aid, it is ________ rather than mutual advantage that does, or at least should, motivate us to be moral.
    • A. 

      Religious connections

    • B. 

      Shared support

    • C. 

      Obligations of duty

    • D. 

      Social norms

  • 7. 
    Genuine morality must be:
    • A. 

      Divine

    • B. 

      Obligatory

    • C. 

      Religious

    • D. 

      Authentic

  • 8. 
    Following the ________ version of divine command theory, telling the truth is neither inherently good nor bad; it is only good because it is directed by God.
    • A. 

      Absolute

    • B. 

      Moderate

    • C. 

      Atheist

    • D. 

      Deterministic

  • 9. 
    Social and political philosopher ________ argued that natural compassion prevents us from harming others while simultaneously inclining us to assist people in need.
    • A. 

      Plato

    • B. 

      John Kleinig

    • C. 

      Thomas Hobbes

    • D. 

      Jean-Jacques Rousseau

  • 10. 
    The interests of the Roman Catholic Church in combating heresy gave rise to a several hundred-year law enforcement campaign known as the:
    • A. 

      Holy Witch-hunt

    • B. 

      Divine Inquest

    • C. 

      Holy Wars

    • D. 

      Holy Inquisition

  • 11. 
    In the social history of criminal justice, ________ frequently emerges as an influence in nearly every sphere.
    • A. 

      Religion

    • B. 

      Ethics

    • C. 

      Correctional policy

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 12. 
    According to Plato, the self or soul is comprised of three parts, which are:
    • A. 

      A rational part, a spirited part, an authentic part

    • B. 

      An appetitive part, a rational part, a religious part

    • C. 

      An appetitive part, a rational part, a spirited part

    • D. 

      A spirited part, a determined part, an ethical part

  • 13. 
    The crime of ________ encompassed nearly any act that was contrary to the church doctrine.
    • A. 

      Heresy

    • B. 

      Blasphemy

    • C. 

      Witchcraft

    • D. 

      Profanity

  • 14. 
    During the 1800s, ________ was commonly employed as a means of maximizing time for reflection and repentance in the interest of reform.
    • A. 

      Long prison sentencing

    • B. 

      Isolation

    • C. 

      Extended torture

    • D. 

      Confession

  • 15. 
    One of the major limitations stemming from the absolutist variety of divine command theory is that:
    • A. 

      It is far too absolute for true morality

    • B. 

      It implies that there is no morality unless one believes in God

    • C. 

      It suggests that the majority of people are immoral

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 16. 
    When did conceptions of crime and punishment begin to be divorced from their earlier religious foundations?
    • A. 

      Beginning in 1231

    • B. 

      The early to mid-1800s

    • C. 

      The mid-1900s

    • D. 

      The mid- to late 1800s

  • 17. 
    In The Republic, ________ specifies that being moral is in our best interests, even though we do not always or often realize it.
    • A. 

      Thomas Hobbes

    • B. 

      Plato

    • C. 

      Jean-Jacques Rousseau

    • D. 

      Kurt Baier

  • 18. 
    ________ divine command theory holds that actions that are morally right are deemed so because God commands them.
    • A. 

      Atheist

    • B. 

      Deterministic

    • C. 

      Moderate

    • D. 

      Absolute

  • 19. 
    The ________ argument suggests that we want others to be well not because it is in our best interest, but because it is in our nature to want others to be well.
    • A. 

      Mutual aid

    • B. 

      Mutual advantage

    • C. 

      Mutual morality

    • D. 

      Exclusive advantage

  • 20. 
    ________ argues that certain actions are good or bad, moral or immoral because they are approved or disapproved of by God.
    • A. 

      Morality

    • B. 

      Kantian ethics

    • C. 

      Divine command theory

    • D. 

      Utilitarianism

  • 21. 
    ________ subjected those accused of certain crimes to extremely painful and sometimes deadly tests of faith.
    • A. 

      Tortures

    • B. 

      Ordeals

    • C. 

      Mutilations

    • D. 

      Trials

  • 22. 
    ________ divine command theory allows for the possibility that morality is possible without religion.
    • A. 

      Atheist

    • B. 

      Moderate

    • C. 

      Absolute

    • D. 

      Deterministic

  • 23. 
    Moderate versions of divine command theory have their origins in Plato's:
    • A. 

      Euthyphro

    • B. 

      The Republic

    • C. 

      Virtues of Man

    • D. 

      Leviathan

  • 24. 
    3 claims
  • 25. 
    Altruism (p 105)
  • 26. 
    Feinberg
  • 27. 
    Sources of Fear and External Sanctions (p113)
  • 28. 
    Types of Neutralization/Police deviance (p 117)
  • 29. 
    Police Corruption (p 122)
  • 30. 
    Mutual Advantage vs. Mutual Aid (pp137& 140)