A Social & Political Philosophy Quiz

16 Questions | Total Attempts: 37

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Philosophy Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    According to Rawls, the goal is to live in ignorance of our true position in society.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 2. 
    Rawls' theory consists of two parts:
    • A. 

      An interpretation of the original position, and a set of principles that would be accepted there 

    • B. 

      An analysis of justice and a theory of how we acquired the concept

    • C. 

      A theory of moral language and a theory of moral properties

    • D. 

      A description of our existing social institutions and a critique of them

  • 3. 
    According to Rawls, the priority of the Difference Principle over any other will ensure justice.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    Rawls' second principle of justice is concerned with the distribution of economic goods.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 5. 
    According to Rawls, the most reasonable principles of justice are those that everyone would accept and agree to from a fair position.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 6. 
    Rawls' theory is one of distributive justice, which is the branch of moral theory that tries to develop just principles for the distribution of benefits.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 7. 
    Rawls' theory requires us to return to the original position.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    According to Rawls, the natural distribution of talents is:
    • A. 

      Perfectly equal

    • B. 

      Just

    • C. 

      Arbitrary

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 9. 
    Rawls' main criticism of utilitarianism as a theory of distributive justice is:
    • A. 

      It is difficult to qualitatively assess different pleasures.

    • B. 

      Utilitarianism requires lesser life prospects for some groups of people.

    • C. 

      Utilitarianism weighs the interests on some individuals over the interests of others.

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 10. 
    According to Rawls, although there are natural differences in human beings, there is nothing natural or inevitable about the weight attached to those differences.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 11. 
    The goal of making decisions from behind the veil of ignorance is to maximize happiness for the maximum number of people.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    Rawls claims that the veil of ignorance is fairness ensuring.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    According to Rawls, people in the original position would not agree to an inequality that would further widen the gap between the least and more advantaged members of society.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    Rawl's original position is not a hypothetical thought experiment, rather, it is an explanation of an existing circumstance of fair decision-making.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 15. 
    The difference principle says that when the distribution of goods cannot be equal unless
    • A. 

      Opportunities should be available to everyone, but inequalities should favor the middle-class.

    • B. 

      Opportunities should be available to everyone, but favor the most well-off.

    • C. 

      Opportunities should be available to everyone, but inequalities should favor the least well-off.

    • D. 

      There should be no inequalities, with opportunities favoring the least well-off.

  • 16. 
    Rawls claims that when his two principles come into conflict
    • A. 

      Neither takes precedence over the other.

    • B. 

      The first principle (liberty) takes precedence over the second (concerning inequality).

    • C. 

      The second principle (concerning inequality) takes precedence over the first (concerning liberty).

    • D. 

      A mistake has been made because they cannot conflict.

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