The Ethics And Integrity Of Human Subjects Research

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Ashley.sweet
A
Ashley.sweet
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 222
Questions: 15 | Attempts: 223

SettingsSettingsSettings
The Ethics And Integrity Of Human Subjects Research - Quiz

This quiz accompanies a Powerpoint presentation created to educate PPSWCF employees about the ethics and integrity of human subjects research.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    A practice in which researchers test new drugs, or new ways of using drugs, on volunteer human participants.

    • A.

      Research Investigation

    • B.

      Clinical Trial

    • C.

      Drug Study

    • D.

      Institutional Review Board

    • E.

      Human Subjects Research

    Correct Answer
    B. Clinical Trial
    Explanation
    A clinical trial is a practice where researchers test new drugs or new ways of using drugs on volunteer human participants. This involves conducting experiments and collecting data to determine the safety and effectiveness of the drug or treatment. Clinical trials are an essential part of the drug development process and help in advancing medical knowledge and improving patient care.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    A person who conducts research is called a(n)...

    • A.

      Researcher

    • B.

      Investigator

    • C.

      Coordinator

    • D.

      Trial Monitor

    • E.

      Scientist

    Correct Answer
    B. Investigator
    Explanation
    An investigator is the correct answer because a person who conducts research is often referred to as an investigator. This term is commonly used in various fields such as science, law enforcement, and social sciences. Investigators are responsible for gathering data, analyzing information, and drawing conclusions based on their research findings. They play a crucial role in advancing knowledge and understanding in their respective areas of study.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    True or False: The Tuskegee syphilis experiment enrolled 399 African American men and women infected with syphilis to look at the long term affects of untreated syphilis. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The Tuskegee syphilis experiment did enroll 399 African American men, but not women, who were infected with syphilis. However, the purpose of the study was not to look at the long-term effects of untreated syphilis, but rather to observe the natural progression of the disease when left untreated. The participants were not informed of their diagnosis and were denied treatment, even when penicillin became the standard treatment for syphilis. This unethical study lasted for 40 years, from 1932 to 1972, and resulted in numerous deaths and health complications for the participants.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    The medication VIOXX was developed by which major pharmaceutical company?

    • A.

      Bayer

    • B.

      Pfizer

    • C.

      Merck

    • D.

      Johnson & Johnson

    • E.

      Proctor & Gamble

    Correct Answer
    C. Merck
    Explanation
    Merck is the correct answer because it is a major pharmaceutical company that developed the medication VIOXX.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    Which principles make up the Belmont Report? (Check all that apply)

    • A.

      Respect for persons

    • B.

      Honesty

    • C.

      Beneficence

    • D.

      Justice

    • E.

      Compassion

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Respect for persons
    C. Beneficence
    D. Justice
    Explanation
    The Belmont Report is a foundational document in the field of research ethics. It outlines three principles that should guide research involving human subjects: respect for persons, beneficence, and justice. Respect for persons emphasizes the autonomy and dignity of individuals, ensuring their informed consent and protecting vulnerable populations. Beneficence requires researchers to maximize benefits and minimize harm to participants. Justice demands fairness and equal treatment in the selection of research subjects. The principles of honesty and compassion are not explicitly mentioned in the Belmont Report.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    Giving a patient one free year of birth control pills for one urine sample may be an example of...

    • A.

      A Vulnerable Population

    • B.

      Therapeutic Misconception

    • C.

      Compensation

    • D.

      Undue Influence

    • E.

      Benificence

    Correct Answer
    D. Undue Influence
    Explanation
    Undue influence refers to a situation where a person is coerced or manipulated into making a decision that is not in their best interest. In this scenario, giving a patient one free year of birth control pills in exchange for one urine sample may be seen as undue influence because it could potentially pressure the patient into providing the urine sample, even if they may not necessarily need or want the birth control pills.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    If we learn of a better treatment option during a study we must inform patients about it. This scenario illuminates which Belmont principle?

    • A.

      Undue Influence

    • B.

      Beneficence

    • C.

      Respect for Persons

    • D.

      Justice

    • E.

      Vioxx

    Correct Answer
    B. Beneficence
    Explanation
    The scenario described in the question highlights the principle of beneficence. Beneficence refers to the ethical obligation to act in the best interest of others and promote their well-being. In this case, the principle of beneficence is demonstrated by the requirement to inform patients about a better treatment option that has been discovered during a study. By doing so, the researchers are ensuring that the patients receive the best possible care and have access to the most effective treatment available.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    True or False: According to the principle of justice, investigators may exclude Caucasian women from a study about women's attitudes toward Depo Provera. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    According to the principle of justice, investigators cannot exclude Caucasian women from a study about women's attitudes toward Depo Provera. The principle of justice emphasizes fairness and equal treatment for all individuals, regardless of their race or ethnicity. Excluding a specific racial group from a study would be discriminatory and unethical. Therefore, the correct answer is false.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    Please give one example of a vulnerable population. 

  • 10. 

    True or False: No research may involve termination of a pregnancy. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Research may involve the termination of a pregnancy in certain cases. For example, medical research may explore the effects of certain drugs or procedures on pregnancy termination. Additionally, research on reproductive health or fetal development may require the termination of a pregnancy for scientific purposes. Therefore, it is not true that no research may involve the termination of a pregnancy.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    During recruitment, a patient is convinced that the risks of the study do not apply to her. This is an example of...

    • A.

      Undue Influence

    • B.

      Vulnerable Population

    • C.

      Therapeutic Misconception

    • D.

      Respect for Persons

    • E.

      Disclosure

    Correct Answer
    C. Therapeutic Misconception
    Explanation
    Therapeutic Misconception refers to the situation where a patient participating in a study mistakenly believes that the experimental treatment being offered will directly benefit them, rather than understanding that the primary purpose of the study is to gather scientific knowledge. In this case, the patient's belief that the risks of the study do not apply to her suggests that she has misunderstood the nature of the study and its potential outcomes, indicating a therapeutic misconception.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    A patient has been given 10 minutes alone to read the informed consent document. You enter the room to discuss the risks of the study, but the patient states she has read everything. She is a middle-aged woman who seems like she genuinely understands everything. She is becoming openly agitated as you try to continue, stating she wants to participate, but is running late to pick up her son from school and doesn’t need to hear the risks again, she understands, and doesn’t know why you don’t believe her. What can you do?

  • 13. 

    You have gone through informed consent with a patient; however she doesn’t   seem to be paying attention. You go over the same point again, and she seems unfazed, as if you didn’t just repeat yourself.  She insists she understands, but you have a feeling she doesn’t. What can you do?

  • 14. 

    A patient sends in a survey. She has been a long standing patient and you know that she has had three ABs. In the survey, when asked how many ABs she has had, she wrote in “2”. Knowing that she must have made a mistake, you correct her answer for her and put the survey in her file, because you want the study to have accurate information. Is this scenario ethically sound? Why or why not?

  • 15. 

    You feel the research program coordinator or medical director is behaving unethically during a study. What can you do?

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jun 01, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Ashley.sweet
Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.