Take Is Interesting Quiz Chapter 19 Philosophy

19 Questions | Total Attempts: 190

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Philosophy Quizzes & Trivia

Philosophy has always been an intriguing topic, whether studied professionally or just pondered in a moment of curiosity – it is defined as the study of fundamental problems concerning a host of matters such as existence, knowledge, reason, mind, language and values. What do you know about it?


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Consequences:
    • A. 

      In ethics, the view that morality of an action depends entirely on its consequences and not simply on the kind of action it is.

    • B. 

      In egalitarianism, the good or bad results produced by an action

    • C. 

      The eighteenth century philosophical movement marked by rejection of traditional social, religious and political authority. It emphasized on using ones own reason

  • 2. 
    Enlightenment:
    • A. 

      The methods developed my Jeremy Bentham to measure the quantity of various pleasures and pain.

    • B. 

      The eighteenth century philosophical movement marked by rejection of traditional social, religious and political authority. It emphasized on using ones own reason

    • C. 

      The doctrine that pleasure is the primary good that life has to offer

  • 3. 
    Hedonic calculus:
    • A. 

      The methods developed my Jeremy Bentham to measure the quantity of various pleasures and pain.

    • B. 

      The attempt to determine the extent to which the pleasure or pain felt by one person is greater than another persons.

    • C. 

      The view that actions are morally right to the extent that they product beneficial consequences, and morally wrong that they impose costs.

  • 4. 
    Hedonism:
    • A. 

      In classical utilitarianism, any differences among pleasures that make one pleasure count for more or less than another.

    • B. 

      In classical utilitarianism, the quantity of pleasure or satisfaction produced by an action, by which the quantity of pain can be subtracted.

    • C. 

      The doctrine that pleasure is the primary good that life has to offer

  • 5. 
    Interpersonal comparisons:
    • A. 

      In classical utilitarianism, any differences among pleasures that make one pleasure count for more or less than another.

    • B. 

      The attempt to determine the extent to which the pleasure or pain felt by one person is greater than another persons.

    • C. 

      The doctrine that pleasure is the primary good that life has to offer

  • 6. 
    Principle of utility:
    • A. 

      The methods developed my Jeremy Bentham to measure the quantity of various pleasures and pain.

    • B. 

      The view that actions are morally right to the extent that they product beneficial consequences, and morally wrong that they impose costs.

    • C. 

      The doctrine that pleasure is the primary good that life has to offer

  • 7. 
    Qualitative distinctions amongst pleasures:
    • A. 

      In classical utilitarianism, any differences among pleasures that make one pleasure count for more or less than another.

    • B. 

      The view that actions are morally right to the extent that they product beneficial consequences, and morally wrong that they impose costs.

    • C. 

      The attempt to determine the extent to which the pleasure or pain felt by one person is greater than another persons.

  • 8. 
    Utility:
    • A. 

      The view that actions are morally right to the extent that they product beneficial consequences, and morally wrong that they impose costs.

    • B. 

      The attempt to determine the extent to which the pleasure or pain felt by one person is greater than another persons.

    • C. 

      In classical utilitarianism, the quantity of pleasure or satisfaction produced by an action, by which the quantity of pain can be subtracted.

  • 9. 
    Utilitarianism was a product of the philosophy of which era?
    • A. 

      Ancient Greece

    • B. 

      The Enlightenment

    • C. 

      The Industrial Reolution

  • 10. 
    Which to forces govern the actions of humans according to Bentham?
    • A. 

      Good and evil

    • B. 

      Right and wrong

    • C. 

      Pain and pleasure

  • 11. 
    Bentham and his follower, John Stuart Mill, championed social reforms such as women's right to vote and humane punishment because?
    • A. 

      They benefited the rights of individuals

    • B. 

      The were likely to produce the greatest good for the greatest number

    • C. 

      The produced good results

  • 12. 
    John Stuart Mill added a new dimension to the utilitarian movement by:
    • A. 

      Asserting that there are qualitative differences among pleasures and pains.

    • B. 

      Judging actions by their consequences only

    • C. 

      His belief in the greatest happiness for the greatest number of people

  • 13. 
    Which utilitarian philosopher had himself preserved as an "auto-icon"?
    • A. 

      John Stuart Mill

    • B. 

      Jim Mill

    • C. 

      Jeremy Bentham

  • 14. 
    Consequntialism holds that:
    • A. 

      No actions are intrinsically immoral

    • B. 

      Some actions are always immoral

    • C. 

      The net costs of an action determine its value

  • 15. 
    The theory of "ideal utilitarianism" was proposed by:
    • A. 

      James Mill

    • B. 

      Peter Singer

    • C. 

      G.E. Moore

  • 16. 
    Sentient creatures, natural habitats, and goods such as art and love, according to G.E. Moore have:
    • A. 

      Qualitative value

    • B. 

      Moral value

    • C. 

      Intrinsic value

  • 17. 
    Norwegian philosopher Arne Naess has argued that:
    • A. 

      The value of the environment can be expressed quantitatively

    • B. 

      Certain natural habitats are living entities and as such can claim equal moral status to that of human beings

    • C. 

      It is impossible to measure and compare the values of different cultures

  • 18. 
    According to philosopher Johnathan Glover:
    • A. 

      Natural habitats have intrinsic value

    • B. 

      The attempts to calculate the costs of large scale projects.

    • C. 

      In ethics, all that matters is how humans are affected by decisions.

  • 19. 
    Utilitarianism, according to Peter Singer, should consider only:
    • A. 

      Pleasure and pain

    • B. 

      Intrinsic values

    • C. 

      Net costs

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