World's Hardest Trivia Quiz On Philosophy!

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    System of norms, values and stereotypes in a cultural-historical epoch is ...:
    • A. 

      Doctrine

    • B. 

      Outlook

    • C. 

      Gilosoism

    • D. 

      Materialism

    • E. 

      Cognition

  • 2. 
    Scholasticism is ...:
    • A. 

      Mystic ritual

    • B. 

      Apologetic movement

    • C. 

      Logic doctrine

    • D. 

      European Medieval "school philosophy"

    • E. 

      Epistemological study

  • 3. 
    "Summa Theologica" is a book of ...
    • A. 

      St.Thomas Aquinas

    • B. 

      St. Augustin

    • C. 

      Abu Nasyr al-Farabi

    • D. 

      Ibn Sina

    • E. 

      Ibn Rushd

  • 4. 
    Philosophy is ...
    • A. 

      One of the historical outlook types about the world, human and his place in the world

    • B. 

      One of the historical outlook types about religious activity in the world

    • C. 

      One of the historical outlook types about beauty in the world

    • D. 

      One of the historical outlook types about Being in the world

    • E. 

      One of the historical outlook types about right behavior, morality, justice in the world

  • 5. 
    The founder of deconstructivism:
    • A. 

      B.Russel

    • B. 

      I.Kant

    • C. 

      M. Heidegger

    • D. 

      J.-P. Sartre

    • E. 

      J. Derrida

  • 6. 
    Chinese thinker Mo Di was a founder of...:
    • A. 

      Induism

    • B. 

      Mohism

    • C. 

      Confucianism

    • D. 

      Rig-Veda

    • E. 

      Phenomenology

  • 7. 
    Which direction is the 20th century was engaged in philosophy of language?
    • A. 

      Phenomenology

    • B. 

      Pragmatism

    • C. 

      Hermeneutics

    • D. 

      Analitical philosophy

    • E. 

      Ontology

  • 8. 
    Who stood at the beginning of pragmatism?
    • A. 

      St.Aquinas

    • B. 

      Charles Sanders Peirce

    • C. 

      Ludwig Josef Johann Wittgenstein

    • D. 

      Franz Brentano

    • E. 

      St. Albert

  • 9. 
    “Phenomenology of Spirit” was written by…
    • A. 

      St. Albert

    • B. 

      G.Hegel

    • C. 

      Socrates

    • D. 

      J. Dewey

    • E. 

      Protagoras

  • 10. 
    Translation of word “axiology”:
    • A. 

      Study of values

    • B. 

      Cosmo centrism

    • C. 

      Love Theo

    • D. 

      Pantheism

    • E. 

      Love Humanity

  • 11. 
    A priori and A posteriori are important categories in philosophy of…
    • A. 

      E.Husserl

    • B. 

      M.Heidegger

    • C. 

      B.Spinoza D.Hume

    • D. 

      D.Hume

    • E. 

      I.Kant

  • 12. 
    “There are only two substances in the beginning of the world – thinking and extended substances” (dualism) is from philosophy of…
    • A. 

      E.Kant

    • B. 

      D.Hume

    • C. 

      R.Descartes

    • D. 

      J.-P.Sartre

    • E. 

      Protagoras

  • 13. 
    How can we describe Hume’s doctrine?
    • A. 

      Demonstrative reasoning

    • B. 

      Moral reasoning

    • C. 

      Agnosticism

    • D. 

      A gift from the gods

    • E. 

      Common sense

  • 14. 
    The most general organization of humans is…
    • A. 

      Each individual on his or her own

    • B. 

      God

    • C. 

      Society

    • D. 

      There is no rational ground for moral judgment

    • E. 

      State

  • 15. 
    Who was the teacher of Aristotle?
    • A. 

      Protagoras

    • B. 

      Descartes

    • C. 

      Heraclitus

    • D. 

      Plato

    • E. 

      Thales

  • 16. 
    Aristotle was directly taught by…
    • A. 

      Protagoras

    • B. 

      Descartes

    • C. 

      Heraclitus

    • D. 

      Plato

    • E. 

      Thales

  • 17. 
    Theory of knowledge is called as…
    • A. 

      Cognition

    • B. 

      Epistemology

    • C. 

      Social philosophy

    • D. 

      Feeling

    • E. 

      Axiology

  • 18. 
    The object of philosophy is:
    • A. 

      Cognition process and the place of man in this world

    • B. 

      World in whole and the place of man in this world

    • C. 

      Human being

    • D. 

      Truth, unconcealment

    • E. 

      Mind at whole

  • 19. 
    The main parts of philosophy:
    • A. 

      Ontology, epistemology, ethics, aesthetics

    • B. 

      This world, methodology

    • C. 

      History, methodology

    • D. 

      Geometry, algebra, analytics

    • E. 

      Economy, ecology

  • 20. 
    The meaning of the notion of EPISTEME in Greek philosophy:
    • A. 

      Process

    • B. 

      Place

    • C. 

      Knowledge

    • D. 

      Being

    • E. 

      Truth

  • 21. 
    The most popular representative of the Greek Hedonism was…
    • A. 

      Hegel

    • B. 

      Democritus

    • C. 

      Thales

    • D. 

      Epicure

    • E. 

      Confucius

  • 22. 
    Vedanta is an Indian school of …:
    • A. 

      Existentialism direction

    • B. 

      Postmodern direction

    • C. 

      Freidism direction

    • D. 

      Orthodox direction

    • E. 

      Heterodox direstion

  • 23. 
    Epistemology is:
    • A. 

      A study of love wisdom

    • B. 

      A study of religion

    • C. 

      A study of human knowledge

    • D. 

      A study of art

    • E. 

      A study of mathematics

  • 24. 
    Ethic is:
    • A. 

      A study of nature, origin and limits of human cognition

    • B. 

      A study of wisdom

    • C. 

      A study of morality

    • D. 

      Branch of physics

    • E. 

      World religion

  • 25. 
    Aesthetics is:
    • A. 

      A study of nature, origin and limits of human cognition

    • B. 

      A philosophical study of principles, moral and human behavior

    • C. 

      A study of beauty

    • D. 

      One of the directions of Buddhism

    • E. 

      Philosophy as a system

  • 26. 
    Who first introduce the word “philosophy”?
    • A. 

      Zeno Eley

    • B. 

      Socrates

    • C. 

      Pythagoras

    • D. 

      Democritus

    • E. 

      Parmenides

  • 27. 
    Thales postulated that the primary substance is:
    • A. 

      Water

    • B. 

      Air

    • C. 

      Ground

    • D. 

      The heaven

    • E. 

      Fire

  • 28. 
    Anaximander defined the primary substance as:
    • A. 

      Wind

    • B. 

      Air

    • C. 

      Ground

    • D. 

      Apeiron

    • E. 

      Fire

  • 29. 
    Anaximenes considered the primary substance supposing:
    • A. 

      Number

    • B. 

      Air

    • C. 

      Ground

    • D. 

      Apeiron

    • E. 

      Fire

  • 30. 
    Who defined the beginning of the world (ARCHE) as fire:
    • A. 

      Parmenides

    • B. 

      Xenon Eley

    • C. 

      Heraclitus of Ephesus

    • D. 

      Pythagoras

    • E. 

      Democritus

  • 31. 
    Who is the author of this statement: “It’s impossible to enter the same river twice”?
    • A. 

      Parmenides

    • B. 

      Democritus

    • C. 

      Xenon Eley

    • D. 

      Pythagoras

    • E. 

      Heraclitus of Ephesus

  • 32. 
    Who said that: “Good and evil are the same oppositions” (Ancient Greek dialectic)?
    • A. 

      Heraclitus

    • B. 

      Plato

    • C. 

      Xenon Eley

    • D. 

      Pythagoras

    • E. 

      Socrates

  • 33. 
    Who is considered as the first thinker of Renaissance?
    • A. 

      D.Alighieri

    • B. 

      N.Machiavelli

    • C. 

      G.Galilei

    • D. 

      L.Valla

  • 34. 
    Who is the founder of Eleatic school?
    • A. 

      Parmenides

    • B. 

      Cicero

    • C. 

      Thales

    • D. 

      Pythagoras

    • E. 

      Socrates

  • 35. 
    The author of famous paradoxes (apories) is…
    • A. 

      Parmenides

    • B. 

      Cicero

    • C. 

      Thales

    • D. 

      Pythagoras

    • E. 

      Zeno of Elea

  • 36. 
    Zeno of Elea developed paradoxes (apories) are about…
    • A. 

      Love

    • B. 

      Absence of Motion

    • C. 

      Kindness

    • D. 

      Evil

    • E. 

      God wisdom

  • 37. 
    Who is the author of “The Canon of Medicine”?
    • A. 

      Parmenides

    • B. 

      Cicero

    • C. 

      Thales

    • D. 

      Ibn Sina

    • E. 

      Ibn Rushd

  • 38. 
    Who is considered as the most famous Turkic philosopher in the medieval Arab-Muslim philosophy?
    • A. 

      Ibn Sina

    • B. 

      Ibn Rushd

    • C. 

      Al Farabi

    • D. 

      Al Kindi

    • E. 

      Al Ghazali

  • 39. 
    The first historical type of outlook that is considered as is a system of ancient legends.
    • A. 

      Philosophy

    • B. 

      Science

    • C. 

      Ethics

    • D. 

      Mythology

    • E. 

      Theology

  • 40. 
    Faith in the supernatural force(-s), which is based on a strong system of moral norms and the special organization of people, is…
    • A. 

      Religion

    • B. 

      Ontology

    • C. 

      Physics

    • D. 

      Epicurianism

    • E. 

      Substancialism

  • 41. 
    The Socratic main value was formulated as
    • A. 

      Virtue is religion

    • B. 

      Virtue is arts

    • C. 

      Virtue is knowledge

    • D. 

      Virtue is war

    • E. 

      Virtue is interests

  • 42. 
    The famous representative of patristic studies, author of the books “The City of God”, “Confessions”
    • A. 

      Thomas Aquinas

    • B. 

      Boethius

    • C. 

      M.Heidegger

    • D. 

      A.Kamus

    • E. 

      St.Augustin

  • 43. 
    Apologetics, Patristic and Scholasticism are the periods of…
    • A. 

      Renaissance philosophy

    • B. 

      Medieval philosophy

    • C. 

      German classical philosophy

    • D. 

      Kazakh philosophy

    • E. 

      Ancient philosophy

  • 44. 
    Eidos Urania is a concept of philosophy of...
    • A. 

      Aristotle

    • B. 

      Pithagoras

    • C. 

      Plato

    • D. 

      Zeno of Eley

    • E. 

      Thales

  • 45. 
    Who of the labeled philosophers is a Sufist?
    • A. 

      Al-Kindi

    • B. 

      Al-Farabi

    • C. 

      Ibn Sina

    • D. 

      Al-Ghazali

    • E. 

      Ulykbek

  • 46. 
    Outlook function of philosophy is…
    • A. 

      Phenomenological perception

    • B. 

      Rational sphere

    • C. 

      Critical thinking of pseudo scientists

    • D. 

      A united picture of the world in general, to combine data of sciences, arts, practices

    • E. 

      Individuality of social elements

  • 47. 
    According to whom, “Freedom is conscious necessity”?
    • A. 

      Kant

    • B. 

      Spinoza

    • C. 

      Hegel

    • D. 

      Shelling

    • E. 

      Kierkegaard

  • 48. 
    The author of “Three Truths”
    • A. 

      Kunanbayev

    • B. 

      Altynsarin

    • C. 

      Bekmakhanov

    • D. 

      Seifullin

    • E. 

      Kudaiberdiyev

  • 49. 
    The author of “Traces of Shamanism among the Kazakhs”:
    • A. 

      Kunanbayev

    • B. 

      Altynsarin

    • C. 

      Ualikhanov

    • D. 

      Seifullin

    • E. 

      Kudaiberdiyev

  • 50. 
    One of the outstanding French existentialist:
    • A. 

      David Hume

    • B. 

      Georg Hegel

    • C. 

      Albert Camus

    • D. 

      Francis Bacon

    • E. 

      Martin Heidegger

  • 51. 
    Division to Subjective spirit, Objective spirit, Absolute spirit comes from philosophy of…?
    • A. 

      Fichte

    • B. 

      Hegel

    • C. 

      Kant

    • D. 

      Shelling

    • E. 

      Marx

  • 52. 
    Division to Me, not-Me, synthesis of Me and not-Me comes from philosophy of…?
    • A. 

      Fichte

    • B. 

      Hegel

    • C. 

      Kant

    • D. 

      Shelling

    • E. 

      Marx

  • 53. 
    One of the main Nietzsche’s concept was called
    • A. 

      Will to life

    • B. 

      Will to power

    • C. 

      Good and Evil

    • D. 

      The myth on religion

    • E. 

      Being of human

  • 54. 
    The second Kant’s “Critique…” is…
    • A. 

      Critique of Pure Reason

    • B. 

      Critique of Judgement

    • C. 

      Critique of Practical Reason

    • D. 

      Lectures on Ethics

    • E. 

      Three Truths

  • 55. 
    Hegel’s outstanding work is…
    • A. 

      “Will to power”

    • B. 

      “Critique of practical reason”

    • C. 

      “Nihilism”

    • D. 

      “Science of Logic”

    • E. 

      “Being and time”

  • 56. 
    Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel belongs to
    • A. 

      Philosophy of the Middle times

    • B. 

      Philosophy of the New time

    • C. 

      Nihilism of XVIII century

    • D. 

      Conservatism of XVII century

    • E. 

      German classical philosophy

  • 57. 
    Ancient eastern philosophy developed mainly in…
    • A. 

      India and China

    • B. 

      India and Japan

    • C. 

      Persia and China

    • D. 

      Egypt and China

    • E. 

      India and Korea

  • 58. 
    “Act only on that maxim through which you can at the same time will that become a universal law” is...
    • A. 

      The Hegel’s Categorical imperative

    • B. 

      The Kant’s Categorical imperative

    • C. 

      The Kant’s Hypothetical imperative

    • D. 

      The Fichte’s Hypothetical imperative

    • E. 

      The Hegel’s Hypothetical imperative

  • 59. 
    The Sanskrit word «veda» means…
    • A. 

      Mind, cognition

    • B. 

      Knowledge, wisdom

    • C. 

      Aesthetics, beauty

    • D. 

      Power, authority

    • E. 

      Perception, contemplation

  • 60. 
    In metaphysics, Kant claimed some cognitive situations that contain contradictory statements. Human reason, in its attempt to reach absolute truth, faces to them. Kant calls them as…
    • A. 

      Aesthetics and Beauty

    • B. 

      God, freedom and immortality

    • C. 

      Antinomies

    • D. 

      Power and authority

    • E. 

      Perception and contemplation

  • 61. 
    According to the Indian outlook, at the heart of cosmos there is an eternal substance…
    • A. 

      Aesthetics

    • B. 

      Theology

    • C. 

      Religion

    • D. 

      Biology

    • E. 

      Brahman

  • 62. 
    A posteriori means…
    • A. 

      After experience

    • B. 

      Before experience

    • C. 

      Before Antinomies

    • D. 

      Before authority

    • E. 

      After contemplation

  • 63. 
    A priori means
    • A. 

      After experience

    • B. 

      Before experience

    • C. 

      Before Antinomies

    • D. 

      Before authority

    • E. 

      After contemplation

  • 64. 
     Immanuel Kant was born in…
    • A. 

      1834

    • B. 

      1804

    • C. 

      1724

    • D. 

      1859

    • E. 

      1700

  • 65. 
    The first Kant’s greatest work in metaphysical area is…
    • A. 

      “Will to power”

    • B. 

      “Critique of Judgement”

    • C. 

      “The Phenomenology of Spirit”

    • D. 

      “Critique of Pure Reason”

    • E. 

      “Critique of Practical Reason”

  • 66. 
    The second Kant’s greatest critique is…
    • A. 

      “Will to power"

    • B. 

      “Critique of practical reason”

    • C. 

      “The Phenomenology of Spirit”

    • D. 

      “The Critique of Pure Reason”

    • E. 

      “Being and time”

  • 67. 
    The third Kant’s greatest critique is…
    • A. 

      “Will to power”

    • B. 

      “Critique of practical reason”

    • C. 

      “The Phenomenology of Spirit”

    • D. 

      “The Critique of Pure Reason”

    • E. 

      “The Critique of Judgment”

  • 68. 
    Immanuel Kant belongs to the
    • A. 

      Philosophy of the Middle times

    • B. 

      Philosophy of the New time

    • C. 

      Nihilism of XVIII century

    • D. 

      Conservatism of XVII century

    • E. 

      German classical philosophy

  • 69. 
    Leibniz’s main philosophical work.
    • A. 

      “Will to power”

    • B. 

      “Monadology”

    • C. 

      “Critique of practical reason”

    • D. 

      “The Phenomenology of Spirit”

    • E. 

      “The Critique of Pure Reason”

  • 70. 
    Descartes divides the world into a metaphysical dualism of two substances:
    • A. 

      Extended and thinking

    • B. 

      Experience and thing

    • C. 

      Antinomies and time

    • D. 

      Authority and belief

    • E. 

      Contemplation and comparison

  • 71. 
    The famous Descartes’s formula “Cogito, ergo sum” is translated from Latin as
    • A. 

      I think, therefore, I have truth

    • B. 

      I think, therefore, I have power

    • C. 

      I think, therefore, I have faith

    • D. 

      I think, therefore, I am

    • E. 

      I think, therefore, I have values

  • 72. 
    Universal law in Indian philosophy, which operates in the past, present and future, is called…
    • A. 

      Thinking

    • B. 

      Experience

    • C. 

      Analysis

    • D. 

      Induction

    • E. 

      Karma

  • 73. 
    Who is the author of “Discourse on Method”?
    • A. 

      Parmenides.

    • B. 

      Descartes.

    • C. 

      Bacon.

    • D. 

      Anaxagoras.

    • E. 

      Zeno of Elea.

  • 74. 
    According to Plato, everything can be divided in:
    • A. 

      Thing and idea

    • B. 

      Matter and form

    • C. 

      Matter and idea

    • D. 

      Idea and form

    • E. 

      Thing and matter

  • 75. 
    The method that comes from common to local knowledge is…
    • A. 

      Blessedness

    • B. 

      Deduction

    • C. 

      Analysis

    • D. 

      Induction

    • E. 

      Kindness

  • 76. 
    Causa Sui, according to Spinoza, is
    • A. 

      Blessedness

    • B. 

      Knowledge of random experience

    • C. 

      Cause of itself

    • D. 

      Logic

    • E. 

      Kindness

  • 77. 
    In J.Locke’s philosophy tabula rasa is…
    • A. 

      Struggle

    • B. 

      Knowledge of random experience

    • C. 

      Reason

    • D. 

      Logic

    • E. 

      Pure table

  • 78. 
    The author of “Summa Theologica”
    • A. 

      Plato

    • B. 

      Buddha

    • C. 

      Camus

    • D. 

      Thomas Aquinas

    • E. 

      St.Augustin

  • 79. 
    Samsara is…
    • A. 

      A cycle of repeated reincarnation

    • B. 

      Word

    • C. 

      Happiness

    • D. 

      War

    • E. 

      Desire

  • 80. 
    Heliocentric system of the Universe was proposed by:
    • A. 

      Copernicus

    • B. 

      Galileo

    • C. 

      Bruno

    • D. 

      Plato

    • E. 

      Ptolemy

  • 81. 
    One of the main philosophic works of Baruch Spinoza:
    • A. 

      “Will to power”

    • B. 

      “Critique of practical reason”

    • C. 

      “The Phenomenology of Spirit”

    • D. 

      “Critique of Pure Reason”

    • E. 

      “Ethics”

  • 82. 
    The title of the Great Baconian social utopia is
    • A. 

      “Will to power”

    • B. 

      “Critique of practical reason”

    • C. 

      “The Phenomenology of Spirit”

    • D. 

      “New Atlantis”

    • E. 

      “Ethics”

  • 83. 
    The first Baconian idol of mind is
    • A. 

      Cave

    • B. 

      Marketplace

    • C. 

      Tribe

    • D. 

      Theatre

    • E. 

      Mind

  • 84. 
    The second Baconian idol of mind is
    • A. 

      Cave

    • B. 

      Marketplace

    • C. 

      Tribe

    • D. 

      Theatre

    • E. 

      Mind

  • 85. 
    The third Baconian idol of mind is
    • A. 

      Cave

    • B. 

      Marketplace

    • C. 

      Tribe

    • D. 

      Theatre

    • E. 

      Mind

  • 86. 
    The fourth Baconian idol of mind is
    • A. 

      Cave

    • B. 

      Marketplace

    • C. 

      Tribe

    • D. 

      Theatre

    • E. 

      Mind

  • 87. 
    The principal Baconian gnoseological work is
    • A. 

      “Either-or”

    • B. 

      “Critique of practical reason”

    • C. 

      “The Phenomenology of Spirit”

    • D. 

      “Critique of Pure Reason”

    • E. 

      “Novum Organum, New Instrument”

  • 88. 
    What Indian school was established by Prabhakara?
    • A. 

      Mimamsa

    • B. 

      Taoism

    • C. 

      Postmodernism

    • D. 

      Moism

    • E. 

      Deism

  • 89. 
    The most famous of the cynics is:
    • A. 

      Thales

    • B. 

      Pythagoras

    • C. 

      Diogenus

    • D. 

      Plato

    • E. 

      Protagoras

  • 90. 
    An important tradition borrowed by Al-Farabi from ancient philosophy is called:
    • A. 

      Mysticism

    • B. 

      Peripateticism

    • C. 

      Gilosoism

    • D. 

      Materialism

    • E. 

      Idealism

  • 91. 
    The doctrine about that knowledge is based on experience is:
    • A. 

      Empiricism

    • B. 

      Rationalism

    • C. 

      Agnosticism

    • D. 

      Abstract general ideas

    • E. 

      Complexity

  • 92. 
    E.Kant’s categorical imperative is about…
    • A. 

      There’s no place like home.

    • B. 

      The world is round.

    • C. 

      Moral problems.

    • D. 

      Everybody everywhere is pretty much the same.

    • E. 

      Physical problems.

  • 93. 
    What schools in ancient India developed logic explanation of the world?
    • A. 

      Mimamsa

    • B. 

      Nyaya

    • C. 

      Sankhya

    • D. 

      Buddhism

    • E. 

      Vaiseshika

  • 94. 
    The famous representative of patristic studies, author of the books “The City of God”, “Confessions”:
    • A. 

      Thomas

    • B. 

      Origen

    • C. 

      St. Albert

    • D. 

      St.Aquinas

    • E. 

      St. Augustine.

  • 95. 
    Who created Buddhism?
    • A. 

      Thales

    • B. 

      Pythagoras

    • C. 

      Democritus

    • D. 

      Socrates

    • E. 

      Gautama Siddhartha Shakyamuni

  • 96. 
    What school was created by Gautama Siddhartha Shakyamuni?
    • A. 

      Dialectic

    • B. 

      Lyceum

    • C. 

      Gymnasium

    • D. 

      Pantheism

    • E. 

      Buddhism

  • 97. 
    The translation of the word “philosophy”:
    • A. 

      Pantheism

    • B. 

      Love wisdom.

    • C. 

      Cosmo centrism.

    • D. 

      Love Theo

    • E. 

      Love Human

  • 98. 
    The word “Sophist” is translated from Greek as:
    • A. 

      Wise man

    • B. 

      Warrior

    • C. 

      Judge

    • D. 

      Man

    • E. 

      Thinker

  • 99. 
    The most prominent student of Plato’s Academy:
    • A. 

      Euclid

    • B. 

      Pythagoras

    • C. 

      Aristotle

    • D. 

      Democritus

    • E. 

      Protagoras

  • 100. 
    Plato founded the school of Philosophy called:
    • A. 

      Lyceum

    • B. 

      Gymnasium

    • C. 

      Academy

    • D. 

      Agora

    • E. 

      Dialectics of Athens.

  • 101. 
    What writing did Confucius write?
    • A. 

      Tao Te Ching

    • B. 

      Lunyu, or Analects

    • C. 

      I-Ching

    • D. 

      Li-Ching

    • E. 

      Shu-Ching

  • 102. 
    He was called «the first teacher»:
    • A. 

      Socrates

    • B. 

      Aristotle

    • C. 

      Plato

    • D. 

      Diogenus

    • E. 

      Heraclitus

  • 103. 
    The teacher of Alexander the Great was:
    • A. 

      Aristotle

    • B. 

      Socrates

    • C. 

      Plato

    • D. 

      Heraclitus

    • E. 

      Pythagoras

  • 104. 
    Mo Di created a school named as …
    • A. 

      Junta

    • B. 

      Buddhism

    • C. 

      Democracy

    • D. 

      Mohism

  • 105. 
    Laozi created a school that is:
    • A. 

      Tyranny

    • B. 

      Jainism

    • C. 

      Taoism

    • D. 

      Democracy

  • 106. 
    What beginning (Arche) did Heraclitus recognize?
    • A. 

      Logos

    • B. 

      Virtue

    • C. 

      Intelligence

    • D. 

      Honor

    • E. 

      Pleasure

  • 107. 
    What beginning did Pythagoras recognize?
    • A. 

      Numbers

    • B. 

      Dialectical argument

    • C. 

      Rational instruction

    • D. 

      Learning from our mistakes

    • E. 

      Breathing

  • 108. 
    Miletus school was named after:
    • A. 

      Name of the city.

    • B. 

      Name of philosopher

    • C. 

      Name of founder.

    • D. 

      Name of the river.

    • E. 

      Name of book.

  • 109. 
    Teachings of Aristotle is called as…
    • A. 

      Academicism

    • B. 

      Peripatetism

    • C. 

      Buddhism

    • D. 

      Atheism

    • E. 

      Pantheism

  • 110. 
    «Emanation» means:
    • A. 

      The process of formation of things through confluence of matter and form.

    • B. 

      Universe “flows” from the beyond a single principle and exists eternally.

    • C. 

      Process of cognition by recollecting the soul.

    • D. 

      Process of developing of inference.

    • E. 

      Process of development of the world of natural phenomena.

  • 111. 
    Who of them is mostly considered as an ethnographer?
    • A. 

      Al-Biruni.

    • B. 

      Shokan Ualikhanov

    • C. 

      Al-Khorezmi

    • D. 

      Abai Kunanbayev

    • E. 

      Ybyrai Altynsarin

  • 112. 
    Who of them is a representative of the Milesian school?
    • A. 

      Al-Biruni.

    • B. 

      Al-Khorezmi

    • C. 

      Anaximander

    • D. 

      Heraclitus

    • E. 

      Altynsarin

  • 113. 
    Parmenides and Zeno belong to…
    • A. 

      Milesian school.

    • B. 

      Taoism.

    • C. 

      Eley school.

    • D. 

      Mimamsa.

    • E. 

      Yoga.

  • 114. 
    The author of the book «Three Truths»:
    • A. 

      Yassaui

    • B. 

      Kudaiberdiyev

    • C. 

      Al-Farabi.

    • D. 

      Ulugbek

    • E. 

      Al-Gazali.

  • 115. 
    Under the Renaissance human was considered to be as
    • A. 

      Man is a political creature.

    • B. 

      Man is a thinking being.

    • C. 

      Man is a religious being.

    • D. 

      Human is a creator, artist, enriched microcosm.

    • E. 

      Man is a siner.

  • 116. 
    He founded the Philosophy of politics in the epoch of formation of the early bourgeois relations…
    • A. 

      Mirandola

    • B. 

      Machiavelli

    • C. 

      Campanella

    • D. 

      Cardinal Mazzarini

    • E. 

      Cardinal Rischelier

  • 117. 
    Primordial substance of the nature according to Heraclitus is:
    • A. 

      Water

    • B. 

      Air

    • C. 

      Fire

    • D. 

      Earth

    • E. 

      Wood

  • 118. 
    Expression «You can’t enter the same water twice» belongs to:
    • A. 

      Heraclitus

    • B. 

      Protagoras

    • C. 

      Pythagoras

    • D. 

      Anaximander

    • E. 

      Plato

  • 119. 
    Outstanding philosopher and doctor of the Arab medieval world, author of «Canon of medical science»:
    • A. 

      Ibn Rushd

    • B. 

      Ibn Badj

    • C. 

      Ibn Sina.

    • D. 

      Al-Farabi.

    • E. 

      Ibn Tufeil.

  • 120. 
    Leucippus and Democritus are of the representatives of …
    • A. 

      Milesian school

    • B. 

      Taoism.

    • C. 

      Atomist school.

    • D. 

      Mimamsa.

    • E. 

      Eley school.

  • 121. 
    He was a student at the Sophists school first, and then became their opponent:
    • A. 

      Protagoras

    • B. 

      Pythagoras

    • C. 

      Heraclitus

    • D. 

      Socrates

    • E. 

      Diogenus

  • 122. 
    “I know that I know nothing” was proclaimed by…
    • A. 

      Thales

    • B. 

      Pythagorus

    • C. 

      Democritus

    • D. 

      Seneka

    • E. 

      Socrates

  • 123. 
    One of the main philosophical books of St. Thomas Aquinas is:
    • A. 

      Summa Theologica.

    • B. 

      Summa of All Summas.

    • C. 

      Summa in Defence of God.

    • D. 

      Summa of Evidences.

    • E. 

      Summa contra Devil.

  • 124. 
    Which of the following subjects did Descartes most admire when he was a student?
    • A. 

      Mathematics

    • B. 

      Philosophy

    • C. 

      Poetry

    • D. 

      Zoology

    • E. 

      Chemistry

  • 125. 
    A thinker who formulated 5 proofs of existence of God:
    • A. 

      Augustine

    • B. 

      Erasmus of Rotterdam.

    • C. 

      Thomas Aquinas.

    • D. 

      Makiavelli

    • E. 

      Abelyar

  • 126. 
    Myth of the Cave was developed by:
    • A. 

      Augustine

    • B. 

      Erasmus of Rotterdam

    • C. 

      Plato

    • D. 

      Makiavelli

    • E. 

      Abelyar

  • 127. 
    What social group did Confucius compare with state?
    • A. 

      War

    • B. 

      Community

    • C. 

      Struggle

    • D. 

      Conflict

    • E. 

      Family

  • 128. 
    Which of these schools is from the heterodox direction of Ancient India?
    • A. 

      Mimamsa

    • B. 

      Yoga

    • C. 

      Sankhya

    • D. 

      Buddhism

    • E. 

      Vaiseshika

  • 129. 
    Which of these schools is from the heterodox direction of Ancient India?
    • A. 

      Mimamsa

    • B. 

      Yoga

    • C. 

      Sankhya

    • D. 

      Vaiseshika

    • E. 

      Jainism

  • 130. 
    Which of these schools is from the heterodox direction of Ancient India?
    • A. 

      Mimamsa

    • B. 

      Yoga

    • C. 

      Sankhya

    • D. 

      Charvaka-Lokayata

    • E. 

      Vaiseshika

  • 131. 
    Title of school based by Aristotle is…
    • A. 

      Academy

    • B. 

      Legism

    • C. 

      Pantheism

    • D. 

      Deism

    • E. 

      Lyceum

  • 132. 
    Theocentrism provides that in the center of the universe is…
    • A. 

      God

    • B. 

      Something mystical

    • C. 

      Poetics

    • D. 

      Human

    • E. 

      Science

  • 133. 
    Defining characteristic of the religious outlook is:
    • A. 

      Belief in art of superstitions

    • B. 

      Belief in contemptuous attitude to science, the denial of their validity

    • C. 

      Belief in wisdom

    • D. 

      Belief in the supernatural, otherworldly forces, having the opportunity to influence the course of world events

    • E. 

      Belief in denial of human freedom, the belief that all actions originally defined by God

  • 134. 
    One of the characteristics of the Renaissance is:
    • A. 

      Atheism

    • B. 

      Theologism

    • C. 

      Sociocentrism

    • D. 

      Cosmocentrism

    • E. 

      Antropocentrism

  • 135. 
    Creationism is the idea that the world and mankind created by…
    • A. 

      God

    • B. 

      Something mystical

    • C. 

      Poetics

    • D. 

      Human

    • E. 

      Science

  • 136. 
    Searching human individuality is the peculiar feature of Philosophy of...
    • A. 

      Conventialism

    • B. 

      Life

    • C. 

      Renaissance

    • D. 

      Rationalism

    • E. 

      Conformism

  • 137. 
    Outstanding philosopher of the Renaissance blamed in heresy and burnt by Inquisition
    • A. 

      Leonardo da Vinci

    • B. 

      Kusansky

    • C. 

      L. Valla

    • D. 

      Campanella

    • E. 

      Jordano Bruno

  • 138. 
    Definition of outlook …
    • A. 

      System of views, evaluations, and emotions that characterize the relationship of man to the world and to himself

    • B. 

      System of body of knowledge possessed by people

    • C. 

      System of reflection of human consciousness of the social relations that objectively exist in society

    • D. 

      System of adequate system of preferences of adult personality

    • E. 

      System of historical forms of daily mind

  • 139. 
    A characteristic feature of the Philosophy of the Renaissance is:
    • A. 

      Atheism

    • B. 

      Theologism

    • C. 

      Sociocentrism

    • D. 

      Cosmocentrism

    • E. 

      Antropocentrism

  • 140. 
    The idea that destinies of the world and people are determined by God is…
    • A. 

      Freedom

    • B. 

      Desire

    • C. 

      Canon

    • D. 

      Providentialism

    • E. 

      Emotions

  • 141. 
    The main category in Taoism is…
    • A. 

      Freedom

    • B. 

      Desire

    • C. 

      Canon

    • D. 

      Path

    • E. 

      Emotions

  • 142. 
    One of the representatives of the stoics was…
    • A. 

      Epicurus

    • B. 

      Seneca

    • C. 

      Aristotle

    • D. 

      Plato

    • E. 

      Socrates

  • 143. 
     Primordial Being in Indian philosophy is termed as…
    • A. 

      Atma

    • B. 

      Caste

    • C. 

      Karma

    • D. 

      Samsara

    • E. 

      Brahma

  • 144. 
    An Arabic category of tawhid means…
    • A. 

      Humanism

    • B. 

      Naturalism

    • C. 

      Monotheism

    • D. 

      Science

    • E. 

      Polytheism

  • 145. 
    Expression «You can't enter the same water twice» belongs to:
    • A. 

      Heraclitus

    • B. 

      Protagoras

    • C. 

      Pythagoras

    • D. 

      Anaximander

    • E. 

      Plato

  • 146. 
    Who was considered to be the first philosopher of Greece, a founder of the Milesian school?
    • A. 

      Socrates

    • B. 

      Aristotle

    • C. 

      Cicero

    • D. 

      Thales

    • E. 

      Epicurus

  • 147. 
    Teachings of Aristotle called
    • A. 

      Peripatetizm

    • B. 

      Academicism

    • C. 

      Buddhism

    • D. 

      Atheism

    • E. 

      Pantheism

  • 148. 
    The author of “Monadology” is…
    • A. 

      T. Hobbes

    • B. 

      J. Locke

    • C. 

      R. Descartes

    • D. 

      G. Leibniz

    • E. 

      F. Bacon

  • 149. 
    Origenes Adamantius is a philosopher of…
    • A. 

      Patristics

    • B. 

      Scholasticism

    • C. 

      Epistemology

    • D. 

      Apologetics

    • E. 

      Aesthetics

  • 150. 
    The founder of social agreement (Leviathan) theory is…
    • A. 

      T. Hobbes

    • B. 

      J. Locke

    • C. 

      R. Descartes

    • D. 

      D. Hume

    • E. 

      F. Bacon

  • 151. 
    Outlook is:
    • A. 

      System of views, evaluations, and emotions that characterize the relationship of man to the world and to himself

    • B. 

      Body of knowledge possessed by people

    • C. 

      Reflection of human consciousness of the social relations that objectively exist in society

    • D. 

      Adequate system of preferences of adult personality

    • E. 

      Form of history

  • 152. 
    A thinker Thomas Aquinas formulated 5 proofs of…
    • A. 

      Existence of Soul

    • B. 

      Existence of Matter

    • C. 

      Existence of God

    • D. 

      Existence of Logos

    • E. 

      Existence of Eidos Urania

  • 153. 
    Belief in the supernatural, otherworldly forces, having the opportunity to influence the course of world events is…
    • A. 

      Science

    • B. 

      Religion

    • C. 

      Denial of human freedom

    • D. 

      Art

    • E. 

      Wisdom

  • 154. 
    Who were the classical philosophers in the Ancient Greek-Roman philosophy
    • A. 

      Machiavelli, Socrates, Plato

    • B. 

      Socrates, Plato, Aristotle

    • C. 

      Abay, Pushkin, Machiavelli

    • D. 

      Aristotle, Machiavelli, Plato

    • E. 

      Napoleon, Chingizkhan, Marx

  • 155. 
    Where did Socrates contribute his ideas?
    • A. 

      In the cloister, church and grave

    • B. 

      In the streets, market place, and gymnasiums

    • C. 

      In the house, forest, and sky

    • D. 

      In the grave, university, and school

    • E. 

      In the church, mosque, and synagogue

  • 156. 
    The author of «Divine comedy»
    • A. 

      Rene Descartes

    • B. 

      Dante Alighieri

    • C. 

      Erasmus of Rotterdam

    • D. 

      Lorenzo Valla

    • E. 

      Petrarch

  • 157. 
    Who offered psychoanalytic theory in human nature?
    • A. 

      Leonardo da Vinci

    • B. 

      Nikolas of Cusa

    • C. 

      Loranzo Valla

    • D. 

      Tomaso Campanella

    • E. 

      Sigmund Freud

  • 158. 
    The main postulate of empiricism
    • A. 

      Knowing the world causes doubts

    • B. 

      Reason is the main source to know the world.

    • C. 

      Intuition is the highest form of knowledge

    • D. 

      All knowledge is based on experience.

    • E. 

      The source of knowledge is God's revelation.

  • 159. 
    Under the Renaissance human was considered as:
    • A. 

      Political being

    • B. 

      Reasonable being

    • C. 

      Product of the society possessing the soul

    • D. 

      Creator, artist, rich microcosm.

    • E. 

      Microcosmos

  • 160. 
    Who developed a doctrine about four factors that hinder the veridical cognition of nature, which he calls idols, or “phantoms”?
    • A. 

      Francis Bacon

    • B. 

      Martin Heidegger

    • C. 

      Karl Marx

    • D. 

      Plato

    • E. 

      Albert Camus

  • 161. 
    Representative of the Early Modern Philosophy, who said "I think, therefore I am"
    • A. 

      Descartes

    • B. 

      Locke

    • C. 

      Bacon

    • D. 

      Hume

    • E. 

      Spinoza

  • 162. 
    Searching human individuality is a peculiar feature of human creature can be met in Philosophy of...
    • A. 

      Conventialism

    • B. 

      Life

    • C. 

      Renaissance

    • D. 

      Rationalism

    • E. 

      Conformism

  • 163. 
    “Thus Spoke Zarathustra” is a work of …
    • A. 

      R.Descartes

    • B. 

      F.Nietzsche

    • C. 

      Albert Camus

    • D. 

      Karl Marx

    • E. 

      Martin Heidegger

  • 164. 
    The author of “Emile: or, On Education”, “The New Eloise”, “Social Contract”
    • A. 

      Lao tzu

    • B. 

      Jean-Jacques Rousseau.

    • C. 

      Albert Camus

    • D. 

      Karl Marx

    • E. 

      Martin Heidegger

  • 165. 
    Branch of philosophy that studies historical knowledge and interpretation of historical process:
    • A. 

      Philosophy of history

    • B. 

      Logics

    • C. 

      Ontology

    • D. 

      History of philosophy

    • E. 

      Epistemology

  • 166. 
    “The Divine Comedy” is written by...
    • A. 

      Dante

    • B. 

      Protagoras

    • C. 

      Hippocrates

    • D. 

      Hippias

    • E. 

      Raphael

  • 167. 
    Shokan Ualikhanov’s work is...
    • A. 

      “On Islam in the Steppe”

    • B. 

      “Metaphysics”

    • C. 

      “Abay’s Path”

    • D. 

      “Book of Words”

  • 168. 
    The definition of public economic formation in materialism was first developed by...
    • A. 

      Engels

    • B. 

      Stalin

    • C. 

      Marx

    • D. 

      Rousseau

    • E. 

      Lenin

  • 169. 
    Who is the author of a doctrine Wissenschaftslehre?
    • A. 

      Engels

    • B. 

      Machiavelli

    • C. 

      Fichte

    • D. 

      Rousseau

    • E. 

      Lenin

  • 170. 
    Who is the author of the books “Either/or”, “Fear and Trembling”?
    • A. 

      Rousseau

    • B. 

      Lenin

    • C. 

      Kierkegaard

    • D. 

      Marx

  • 171. 
    Who indicated the difference between conscious and unconscious in human mind?
    • A. 

      Plato

    • B. 

      Freud

    • C. 

      Hume

    • D. 

      Marx

    • E. 

      Sartre

  • 172. 
    “Adam bol” is a principle cultivated by...
    • A. 

      S.Seifullin

    • B. 

      M.Zhumabayev

    • C. 

      B.Mailin

    • D. 

      Y.Altynsarin

    • E. 

      A.Kunanbayev

  • 173. 
    Heliocentric system of Universe was elaborated by...
    • A. 

      Galilei

    • B. 

      Bruno

    • C. 

      Ptolemy

    • D. 

      Tesla

    • E. 

      Copernicus

  • 174. 
    Aesthetical values are:
    • A. 

      Love, friendship

    • B. 

      Beauty, art, harmony, style

    • C. 

      Civil rights

    • D. 

      Freedom of word and personality

    • E. 

      Social justice

  • 175. 
    Miletus school’s representative Thales thought that the beginning of the world is.
    • A. 

      Moisture, water

    • B. 

      Apeiron

    • C. 

      Air

    • D. 

      Logos

    • E. 

      Fire

  • 176. 
    The most famous of the cynics is:
    • A. 

      Thales

    • B. 

      Protagoras

    • C. 

      Pythagoras

    • D. 

      Diogenus of Sinopa

    • E. 

      Plato

  • 177. 
    Primordial substance of the nature according to Heraclitus is:
    • A. 

      Water

    • B. 

      Air

    • C. 

      Fire

    • D. 

      Wood

    • E. 

      Earth

  • 178. 
    An idea that human of newborn is “Tabula Rasa” belongs to:
    • A. 

      D.Hume

    • B. 

      R.Descartes

    • C. 

      G.Leibniz

    • D. 

      J.Locke

    • E. 

      T.Hobbes

  • 179. 
    One of the representatives of the stoics was
    • A. 

      Epicurus

    • B. 

      Socrates

    • C. 

      Seneca

    • D. 

      Aristotle

    • E. 

      Plato

  • 180. 
    What was the central problem of the Greek school of Philosophy of the Pre-Socratic period:
    • A. 

      The origin of man.

    • B. 

      Problem of life and death

    • C. 

      Acquisition of happiness and serenity

    • D. 

      Cosmos and its origin.

    • E. 

      Soul of the things

  • 181. 
    One of the prominent rhetor in the Roman Empire was...
    • A. 

      Thales

    • B. 

      Pythagoras

    • C. 

      Democritus

    • D. 

      Socrates

    • E. 

      Cicero

  • 182. 
    How many thinkers does German classical philosophy contain?
    • A. 

      2

    • B. 

      4

    • C. 

      9

    • D. 

      5

    • E. 

      7

  • 183. 
    The word "Sophist" is translated from Greek as:
    • A. 

      Wise man

    • B. 

      Warrior

    • C. 

      Judge.

    • D. 

      Man

    • E. 

      Thinker

  • 184. 
    The most prominent student of Plato’s Academy:
    • A. 

      Euclidus

    • B. 

      Pythagoras

    • C. 

      Aristotle

    • D. 

      Democritus

    • E. 

      Protagoras

  • 185. 
    The school founded by Plato was called:
    • A. 

      Liceum

    • B. 

      Gimnasium

    • C. 

      Academy

    • D. 

      Agora

    • E. 

      Dialectics of Athens

  • 186. 
    In F.Nietzsche’s philosophy, human nature is divided into...
    • A. 

      Dionysian and Apollonian beginnings

    • B. 

      Positive and negative beginnings

    • C. 

      Human and animal beginnings

    • D. 

      Black and white beginnings

    • E. 

      Eastern and western beginnings

  • 187. 
    “God is dead” said...
    • A. 

      F.Nietzsche

    • B. 

      Heraclitus

    • C. 

      Plato

    • D. 

      E.Kant

    • E. 

      F.Hegel

  • 188. 
    Creationism is...
    • A. 

      Idea, in which God created everything

    • B. 

      Idea, in which Evil created everything

    • C. 

      Idea, in which Satan created everything

    • D. 

      Idea, in which human himself created everything

    • E. 

      Idea, in which nature itself created everything

  • 189. 
    Philosophy of the Middle Ages characterized as "school philosophy" was called:
    • A. 

      Mysticism

    • B. 

      Apologetics

    • C. 

      Scholastics

    • D. 

      Patristics

    • E. 

      Nominalists

  • 190. 
    The author of “The Treatise of the views of the citizens of a Virtuous City” is called “the second teacher”:
    • A. 

      Al-Biruni

    • B. 

      Al-Khorezmi

    • C. 

      Al-Gazali

    • D. 

      Ibn Sina

    • E. 

      Al-Farabi

  • 191. 
    Outstanding philosopher Arab-Muslim medieval world, author of «Canon of medical science»...
    • A. 

      Ibn Rushd

    • B. 

      Ibn Sina

    • C. 

      Ibn Badj

    • D. 

      Al-Farabi

    • E. 

      Ibn Tufeil

  • 192. 
    What philosophy was divided into Westernizers and Slavophiles?
    • A. 

      Kazakh

    • B. 

      German classical

    • C. 

      Greek-Roman

    • D. 

      French

    • E. 

      Russian