Philosophy Trivia

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Philosophy Trivia - Quiz

If you think you are good at philosophy, test your general knowledge with this trivia about philosophy.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Who wrote "Das Kapital" and "The Communist Manifesto"?

    • A.

      Karl Marx

    • B.

      John Locke

    • C.

      Vladimir Lenin

    • D.

      Friedrich Nietzsche

    Correct Answer
    A. Karl Marx
    Explanation
    Karl Marx is the correct answer because he is the author of both "Das Kapital" and "The Communist Manifesto." These two works are considered foundational texts in Marxist theory and have had a significant impact on political and economic thought. Marx's writings critique capitalism and advocate for the establishment of a classless society based on the principles of communism. His ideas have influenced social movements and political ideologies worldwide.

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  • 2. 

    By what name are the collected sayings of Confucius and his followers known?

    • A.

      The Bhagavad Gita

    • B.

      The Analects

    • C.

      The Koran

    • D.

      The Zen Way

    Correct Answer
    B. The Analects
    Explanation
    The collected sayings of Confucius and his followers are known as The Analects. This book is a compilation of Confucius' teachings and philosophical ideas, which have had a significant impact on Chinese culture and society. It serves as a guide for moral and ethical behavior, emphasizing the importance of filial piety, respect for authority, and the cultivation of virtue. The Analects is considered one of the most important texts in Confucianism and has been studied and revered for centuries.

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  • 3. 

    Who described life as "solitary, poor, nasty, brutish and short"?

    • A.

      Thomas Hobbes

    • B.

      Alfred North Whitehead

    • C.

      Adam Smith

    • D.

      Plato

    Correct Answer
    A. Thomas Hobbes
    Explanation
    Thomas Hobbes described life as "solitary, poor, nasty, brutish and short". This quote is from his book "Leviathan" where he discusses his theory of the social contract and the state of nature. Hobbes believed that without a strong central authority, human life would be characterized by constant conflict and violence, leading to a short and miserable existence for individuals.

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  • 4. 

    What philosophical "blade" encourages one to prefer simple explanations when they fit the evidence?

    • A.

      Darwin's Dagger

    • B.

      Occam's Razor

    • C.

      Neil's Knife

    • D.

      The Sword Of Aristophanes

    Correct Answer
    B. Occam's Razor
    Explanation
    Occam's Razor is a philosophical principle that suggests that when multiple explanations are available for a phenomenon, the simplest one is often the most accurate. This principle encourages individuals to favor explanations that require fewer assumptions or entities, as they are more likely to align with the evidence. By choosing the simplest explanation, Occam's Razor promotes efficiency and avoids unnecessary complexity in understanding the world.

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  • 5. 

    What philosopher wrote the famous work "On Liberty"?

    • A.

      Sir Thomas More

    • B.

      David Hume

    • C.

      John Stuart Mill

    • D.

      Gottfried Leibniz

    Correct Answer
    C. John Stuart Mill
    Explanation
    John Stuart Mill is the correct answer because he is the philosopher who wrote the famous work "On Liberty". This book, published in 1859, is a classic of political philosophy and advocates for individual freedom and the limitations of government intervention. Mill argues that individuals should have the right to think, speak, and act as they please as long as they do not harm others. His ideas on liberty and individual rights have had a significant influence on modern political thought.

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  • 6. 

    What "dismal" thinker believed that human populations inevitably outstrip food supplies?

    • A.

      Thomas Robert Malthus

    • B.

      Immanuel Kant

    • C.

      John Stuart Mill

    • D.

      Soren Kierkegaard

    Correct Answer
    A. Thomas Robert Malthus
    Explanation
    Thomas Robert Malthus is the correct answer because he is known for his theory of population growth, which states that human populations will eventually surpass the available food supply. Malthus believed that this would lead to famine, disease, and other forms of suffering. His ideas were influential in the field of economics and demography, and continue to be debated and discussed today.

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  • 7. 

    What Greek philosopher known for his triangle-related "Theorem" had numerically-obsessed followers?

    • A.

      Pythagoras

    • B.

      Socrates

    • C.

      Aristotle

    • D.

      Plato

    Correct Answer
    A. Pythagoras
    Explanation
    Pythagoras is the correct answer because he is a Greek philosopher known for his famous "Pythagorean Theorem," which relates to triangles. He had followers who were obsessed with numbers and believed in the mystical properties of numbers. Socrates, Aristotle, and Plato were also Greek philosophers, but they are not specifically known for their work on triangles or numerology.

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  • 8. 

    What 17th-century philosopher said "Without God nothing can be conceived"?

    • A.

      Niccolo Machiavelli

    • B.

      Immanuel Kant

    • C.

      Thomas Hobbes

    • D.

      Benedict De Spinoza

    Correct Answer
    D. Benedict De Spinoza
    Explanation
    Benedict De Spinoza, a 17th-century philosopher, is known for his statement "Without God nothing can be conceived." This statement reflects Spinoza's belief in the existence and importance of God in understanding the world. Spinoza's philosophy emphasized the idea that God is the ultimate reality and the source of all existence. He argued that everything in the world is a manifestation of God, and without God, nothing can be conceived or understood. Spinoza's views on God and the nature of reality had a significant impact on philosophy and continue to be studied and debated today.

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  • 9. 

    What medieval philosopher fell in love with and secretly married his student, Heloise? 

    • A.

      Sir Francis Bacon

    • B.

      Immanuel Kant

    • C.

      Rene Descartes

    • D.

      Peter Abelard

    Correct Answer
    D. Peter Abelard
    Explanation
    Peter Abelard was a medieval philosopher who fell in love with his student, Heloise, and secretly married her. This love affair and marriage caused a scandal at the time, as it went against societal norms and religious teachings. Abelard is known for his contributions to philosophy, particularly in the field of logic, and his tragic love story with Heloise has become a famous tale in history.

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  • 10. 

    Who wrote "Critique of Pure Reason"?

    • A.

      Immanuel Kant

    • B.

      John Stuart Mill

    • C.

      Aristotle

    • D.

      Sir Francis Bacon

    Correct Answer
    A. Immanuel Kant
    Explanation
    Immanuel Kant wrote "Critique of Pure Reason." This philosophical work, published in 1781, explores the limits and possibilities of human knowledge. Kant argues that knowledge is not solely derived from experience but also relies on innate concepts and structures of the mind. He introduces the concepts of a priori knowledge and synthetic a priori judgments, challenging traditional metaphysics and rationalism. Kant's "Critique of Pure Reason" is considered a groundbreaking work in epistemology and has had a significant influence on subsequent philosophical thought.

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  • 11. 

    What philosophical "-ism" is closely associated with writer Ayn Rand?

    • A.

      Positivism

    • B.

      Utilitarianism

    • C.

      Collectivism

    • D.

      Objectivism

    Correct Answer
    D. Objectivism
    Explanation
    Objectivism is closely associated with writer Ayn Rand. Ayn Rand developed this philosophical system, which emphasizes individualism, reason, and self-interest. Objectivism holds that the purpose of life is to pursue one's own happiness and that individuals have the right to live for themselves. It rejects collectivism and altruism, advocating for laissez-faire capitalism and limited government intervention. Ayn Rand's novels, such as "Atlas Shrugged" and "The Fountainhead," promote the principles of Objectivism and have had a significant impact on libertarian and conservative thought.

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  • 12. 

    Who famously said: "Life must be understood backward. But it must be lived forward."?

    • A.

      Sigmund Freud

    • B.

      John Stuart Mill

    • C.

      Soren Kierkegaard

    • D.

      Immanuel Kant

    Correct Answer
    C. Soren Kierkegaard
    Explanation
    Soren Kierkegaard famously said, "Life must be understood backward. But it must be lived forward." This quote reflects Kierkegaard's philosophy on the nature of life and the importance of reflection and understanding in order to make meaningful choices and decisions. Kierkegaard believed that true understanding of life can only come through reflection on past experiences, but that ultimately, one must live in the present and move forward with purpose and intention. This quote captures the essence of Kierkegaard's existentialist philosophy and his emphasis on the individual's responsibility to live an authentic and meaningful life.

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  • 13. 

    What Lord Chancellor of England was executed for not accepting the king as the head of the Church?

    • A.

      David Hume

    • B.

      Sir Thomas More

    • C.

      Sir Francis Bacon

    • D.

      Thomas Hobbes

    Correct Answer
    B. Sir Thomas More
    Explanation
    Sir Thomas More was executed for not accepting the king as the head of the Church. He was a devout Catholic and refused to acknowledge King Henry VIII as the supreme authority in religious matters. More's refusal to take an oath recognizing the king's authority over the Church led to his trial and subsequent execution for treason. He remained steadfast in his beliefs and chose to die rather than compromise his religious convictions.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 18, 2015
    Quiz Created by
    Cambronbill3
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