Quiz 1. Historical Foundation And Schools Of Thought

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Bertfelisilda_jr
B
Bertfelisilda_jr
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 3 | Total Attempts: 9,808
Questions: 15 | Attempts: 8,946

SettingsSettingsSettings
Quiz 1. Historical Foundation And Schools Of Thought - Quiz

This is Soc. Scie 2 first quiz for the prelim period. It is about the historical foundation and schools of thought


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The branch of psychology that deals with the understanding and treating personal problems and correct abnormal behavior .

    • A.

      Clinical Psychology

    • B.

      Educational Psychology

    • C.

      Development Psychology

    • D.

      Experimental Psychology

    Correct Answer
    A. Clinical Psychology
    Explanation
    Clinical psychology is the correct answer because it is the branch of psychology that focuses on understanding and treating personal problems and correcting abnormal behavior. This field involves the assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of mental disorders, as well as providing therapy and counseling to individuals. Clinical psychologists often work in hospitals, clinics, or private practices, and they use various therapeutic techniques to help individuals improve their mental health and well-being.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    The person who established the first psychological laboratory for research.

    • A.

      Sigmund Freud

    • B.

      John B. Watson

    • C.

      Wilhelm Wundt

    • D.

      Max Wertheimer

    Correct Answer
    C. Wilhelm Wundt
    Explanation
    Wilhelm Wundt is the correct answer because he is known as the person who established the first psychological laboratory for research. Wundt is considered the founder of experimental psychology and his laboratory, which was established in Leipzig, Germany in 1879, marked the beginning of psychology as a scientific discipline. Wundt's work focused on studying the conscious experience through introspection and laid the foundation for modern psychology.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    The school of thought in psychology that is concerned with the unconscious motive of  behavior.

    • A.

      Humanistic Psychology.

    • B.

      Psychoanalysis

    • C.

      Behaviorism

    • D.

      Structuralism

    Correct Answer
    B. Psychoanalysis
    Explanation
    Psychoanalysis is the correct answer because it is the school of thought in psychology that focuses on the unconscious motives of behavior. Developed by Sigmund Freud, psychoanalysis explores how unconscious thoughts and desires influence behavior and seeks to bring these hidden motives to the conscious mind through techniques such as dream analysis and free association. This approach emphasizes the importance of understanding the unconscious mind in order to understand human behavior.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    The branch of psychology that applies psychological principles in improving performance in the work place.                           

    • A.

      Health Psychology

    • B.

      Industrial/Organizational Psychology

    • C.

      Forensic Psychology

    • D.

      Sports Psychology

    Correct Answer
    B. Industrial/Organizational Psychology
    Explanation
    Industrial/Organizational Psychology is the branch of psychology that applies psychological principles in improving performance in the workplace. This field focuses on various aspects such as employee selection, training and development, motivation, job satisfaction, and organizational behavior. It aims to enhance productivity, efficiency, and overall well-being in work settings. Health Psychology, Forensic Psychology, and Sports Psychology are different branches of psychology that focus on other specific areas of study and practice.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    The branch of psychology that applies psychological principles in improving performance in sports.                       

    • A.

      Health Psychology

    • B.

      Genetic Psychology

    • C.

      Forensic Psychology

    • D.

      Sports Psychology

    Correct Answer
    D. Sports Psychology
    Explanation
    Sports psychology is the branch of psychology that applies psychological principles in improving performance in sports. It focuses on understanding how psychological factors can affect an athlete's performance and well-being, such as motivation, confidence, focus, and stress management. Sports psychologists work with athletes to develop mental skills and strategies to enhance their performance, overcome challenges, and achieve their goals. They may also address issues related to team dynamics, communication, and leadership. By utilizing psychological techniques, sports psychology aims to optimize athletes' mental and emotional states to improve their overall performance in sports.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    The branch of psychology that looks into the relationships between behavior and  biological processes of the body.                          

    • A.

      Developmental Psychology

    • B.

      Physiological Psychology

    • C.

      Social Psychology

    • D.

      Clinical Psychology

    Correct Answer
    B. Physiological Psychology
    Explanation
    Physiological psychology is the branch of psychology that studies the relationship between behavior and biological processes of the body. This field focuses on understanding how the brain, nervous system, and other physiological factors influence human behavior and mental processes. It explores topics such as the effects of hormones, neurotransmitters, and brain structures on behavior, emotions, and cognition. By examining the physiological mechanisms underlying behavior, physiological psychology provides valuable insights into the biological basis of human psychology.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    The systematic study of human behavior.                                  

    • A.

      Psychiatry

    • B.

      Psychology

    • C.

      Physiology

    • D.

      Astronomy

    Correct Answer
    B. Psychology
    Explanation
    Psychology is the correct answer because it is the field of study that focuses on understanding human behavior and mental processes. It involves the systematic study of various aspects of human behavior, including thoughts, emotions, motivations, and social interactions. Psychiatry, on the other hand, is a branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental disorders. Physiology is the study of how living organisms function, while astronomy is the study of celestial objects and the universe.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

      The branch of psychology that deals with how society influence individual behavior.

    • A.

      Sociology

    • B.

      Educational Psychology

    • C.

      Psychiatry

    • D.

      Social Psychology

    Correct Answer
    D. Social Psychology
    Explanation
    Social Psychology is the branch of psychology that deals with how society influences individual behavior. It focuses on understanding how social factors such as social norms, culture, and social interactions shape people's thoughts, feelings, and actions. This field explores topics like conformity, obedience, prejudice, and group dynamics, aiming to understand how individuals are influenced by their social environment. Unlike Sociology, which studies society as a whole, Social Psychology specifically examines the impact of society on individual behavior. Educational Psychology focuses on learning and teaching processes, while Psychiatry deals with mental disorders and their treatment.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

      The field of science that deals with man's culture.

    • A.

      Anthropology

    • B.

      Chemistry

    • C.

      Sociology

    • D.

      Physiology

    Correct Answer
    A. Anthropology
    Explanation
    Anthropology is the correct answer because it is the field of science that studies human culture. It focuses on understanding the origins and development of human societies, their beliefs, customs, and social behaviors. Anthropologists examine various aspects of human culture, including language, art, religion, and social structures. By studying different cultures, anthropologists aim to gain insights into the diversity and similarities of human societies throughout history.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

      The meaning of the word "psyche".

    • A.

      Study

    • B.

      Mind or soul

    • C.

      Shape

    • D.

      Behavior

    Correct Answer
    B. Mind or soul
    Explanation
    The word "psyche" refers to the mind or soul. It is often used to describe the innermost thoughts, feelings, and consciousness of an individual. This term is commonly used in psychology and philosophy to explore the depths of human consciousness and understanding.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

      The school of thought in psychology that deals with the function of consciousness.

    • A.

      Structuralism

    • B.

      Gestalt Psychology

    • C.

      Humanistic Psychology

    • D.

      Functionalism

    Correct Answer
    D. Functionalism
    Explanation
    Functionalism is the correct answer because it is the school of thought in psychology that focuses on understanding the purpose and function of consciousness. Unlike structuralism, which emphasizes the structure of the mind, functionalism seeks to understand how mental processes and behaviors serve adaptive functions in an individual's life. It emphasizes the practical aspects of consciousness and how it helps individuals adapt to their environment and achieve their goals.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

      The school of thought in psychology that grew out of the works of Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers.

    • A.

      Humanistic Psychology

    • B.

      Structuralism

    • C.

      Behaviorism

    • D.

      Psychoanalysis

    Correct Answer
    A. Humanistic Psychology
    Explanation
    Humanistic psychology is the correct answer because it is the school of thought in psychology that emerged from the works of Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers. This approach focuses on the individual's subjective experiences, free will, and personal growth. It emphasizes the importance of self-actualization and the belief that individuals have the capacity to fulfill their potential and achieve personal happiness. Humanistic psychology places a strong emphasis on the individual's unique qualities and their ability to make conscious choices in shaping their own lives.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

      Most prominent functionalists.

    • A.

      Max Wertheimer and Wolfgang Kohler

    • B.

      Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers

    • C.

      William James and John Dewey

    • D.

      Sigmund Freud and B.F. Skinner

    Correct Answer
    C. William James and John Dewey
    Explanation
    William James and John Dewey are considered the most prominent functionalists in psychology. Functionalism is a psychological perspective that focuses on the function of mental processes and behaviors in adapting to the environment. Both James and Dewey made significant contributions to this perspective. William James is known for his theory of emotion and his emphasis on the importance of studying the whole conscious experience. John Dewey, on the other hand, emphasized the practical application of psychology in education and believed that learning should be based on real-life experiences. Together, James and Dewey helped shape the functionalist approach to psychology.

    Rate this question:

  • 14. 

      This school of psychology emphasizes human processes particularly the uniqueness of the individual, the validity of subjective experience, freedom of choice, and the tendency of each individual to strive to realize his or her potential.

    • A.

      Humanistic Psychology

    • B.

      Behaviorism

    • C.

      Psychoanalysis

    • D.

      Gestalt Psychology

    Correct Answer
    A. Humanistic Psychology
    Explanation
    Humanistic psychology emphasizes the importance of understanding and studying human experiences, individuality, and personal growth. It emphasizes the belief that individuals have the freedom to make choices and strive to reach their full potential. This approach focuses on subjective experiences and the uniqueness of each individual, rather than solely relying on observable behaviors or unconscious processes.

    Rate this question:

  • 15. 

      This field of psychology is concerned with changes that take place in people during their life span, as they grow from birth to old age.

    • A.

      Educational Psychology

    • B.

      Counseling Psychology

    • C.

      Developmental Psychology

    • D.

      Genetic Psychology

    Correct Answer
    C. Developmental Psychology
    Explanation
    Developmental psychology focuses on studying the changes that occur in individuals throughout their lifespan, from infancy to old age. It examines various aspects of human development, including physical, cognitive, emotional, and social changes. This field aims to understand how individuals develop and how different factors such as genetics, environment, and experiences influence their growth and development. Developmental psychologists also investigate the impact of different life events and transitions on individuals' development, providing valuable insights into human behavior and development across the lifespan.

    Rate this question:

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jun 20, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Bertfelisilda_jr
Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.