Intro To Philosophy Quiz Part- III

20 Questions | Total Attempts: 72

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Philosophy Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The following view says that you are free in the sense that when you do an action, you could have done a different action instead:
    • A. 

      Determinism

    • B. 

      Libertarianism

    • C. 

      Compatibilism

    • D. 

      Fatalism

  • 2. 
    The following view says that on occasions when you act freely, you could not have done a different action:
    • A. 

      Determinism

    • B. 

      Libertarianism

    • C. 

      Compatibilism

    • D. 

      Fatalism

  • 3. 
    Rachels raises a problem with the Argument from Experience, that a person could experience herself as being free when she makes a conscious choice, and yet not really be free.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    According to Rachels, if Determinism is false because there is indeterminacy at the quantum level, it follows that we have free will.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 5. 
    When Einstein  said "God does not play dice with the universe" his point was this:
    • A. 

      We have free will.

    • B. 

      Determinism is false.

    • C. 

      God determines everything we will do.

    • D. 

      Things that occur at the sub-atomic level are determined.

  • 6. 
    According to Rachels, the Libertarian and the Compatibilist agree with the following idea:
    • A. 

      We are sometimes free.

    • B. 

      Determinism is true.

    • C. 

      It's never true that we could have done otherwise than what we did

    • D. 

      Determinism is false.

  • 7. 
    According to Rachels, if Determinism is true, then it follows that all actions are predictable in principle.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    According to Rachels, the problem with the following argument is stated in which of the choices below it:  1.) We cannot help but admire or blame people for what they do, nor can we avoid feeling pride or shame for what we do. 2.) These responses - admiration, blame, pride, and shame - presuppose that people have free will. 3.) Therefore, we can't help believing that people have free will. 4.) So people have free will.
    • A. 

      (4) doesn't follow from (3).

    • B. 

      (1) is false.

    • C. 

      (2) is false.

    • D. 

      (3) is false.

  • 9. 
    Rachels believes that the following argument shows that we have free will:
    • A. 

      The Argument from Accountability

    • B. 

      The Argument that We Cannot Predict our Own Decisions

    • C. 

      The Argument From Experience

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 10. 
    According to Rachels, if Libertarianism is true, then there is some part of us that is not governed by the Laws of Nature.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 11. 
    No theory accepts that you can be free if determinism is true.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    According to Compatibilism, when you act freely, you are acting according to your desires, but your desires are caused by things outside of your control.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    Rachels says that according to Inwagen's argument, the main problem with Compatibilism is that it ignores the fact that our desires and values are determined by events in the remote past.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    According to Rachels, if we do not have free will, we cannot reason.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 15. 
    According to Rachels, the following is a plausible response to the Libertarian argument that humans act freely because at the quantum level the behavior of matter is undetermined: Free action is not the same as undetermined action.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 16. 
    Rachels thinks it may be correct that:
    • A. 

      If you have no free will, you're responsible for your bad action if you have no excuse for it.

    • B. 

      If you have no free will, then you're never responsible for any bad action.

    • C. 

      If you have free will, then you're always responsible for any bad action.

    • D. 

      If you have free will, you're always responsible for any good action.

  • 17. 
    Part of the reason why Rachels says that if no one is free, "it would be odd to criticize anyone for anything he has done" (p. 123) is this:
    • A. 

      When you criticize someone you're telling them what they ought to do.  And that implies they could do otherwise.

    • B. 

      When you criticize someone you're telling them what they ought to do.  And that implies that they have the general physical power to do it.

    • C. 

      It is commonsense to criticize someone for a wrong action.

    • D. 

      A non-free person is unlikely to be offended by criticism.

  • 18. 
    The "Determinist Argument" (Rachels, pg. 110) and the Libertarian agree with the following idea:
    • A. 

      No one is ever free.

    • B. 

      If Determinism is true, then no one is ever free.

    • C. 

      Determinism is true.

    • D. 

      None of the above.

  • 19. 
    According to Rachels, if you can explain a murder's misdeeds in terms of his genes, history, or the chemistry of his brain, it means that the murderer is not a bad person.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    According to Rachels, a serious problem with Libertarianism is that if our actions are not determined by the Laws of Nature, then we have no plausible explanation for how they come about.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

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