A. Ask a firefighter which neighborhoods have the fewest fires.
B. Ask a realtor which neighborhoods have the most expensive houses.
C. Ask people living in the neighborhood if they are happy with where they live.
D. Ask the police department which neighborhoods have the lowest crime rates.
A. Excellent private schools and superb fire and police systems
B. A United Way that receives large donations each year
C. An extensive array of services offered by private physicians
D. Clean air and water and a sense of community cohesion
A. A drive-through
B. A neighborhood observation
C. A quick overview
D. A windshield survey
A. People with open boundaries living in a particular area
B. People gathered together to solve a particular problem
C. People with a sense of belonging or common identity
D. People with at least one common demographic characteristic
A. A geographic area with defined boundaries
B. A particular place over time for common purposes
C. A place and beliefs or value systems
D. A place or common demographic characteristics
A. The employees of Delco Manufacturing
B. The Miami Valley region
C. The village of Yellow Springs
D. The United States Census Bureau census tract #1017
A. Those who are all living in the same geopolitical area
B. Those who are all members of the same phenomenologic community
C. Those who engage in repeated face-to-face communication
D. Those who respect each others perspective
A. A community that has resolved its major problems at least temporarily
B. The area in which some problems are approached on a wider regional basis
C. The fact that communities have to solve their own problems
D. The reality that some problems have to be approached on a federal basis
A. The demographics (such as age) of the persons living in the community
B. The emotional maturity of the communitys residents
C. The history of the community
D. The number and quality of daycare centers and schools
A. Interviewing health care professionals concerning the community
B. Researching findings from epidemiologic studies
C. Learning about the health of the communitys population
D. Discovering groups among the community residents who are most at risk
A. The subgroup can more easily afford health care services.
B. The subgroup has more political power and can influence health funding.
C. The subgroup has notably higher statistical risk for experiencing health problems.
D. The subgroup knows how to obtain publicity if their needs are not met.
A. Address financial needs of residents.
B. Engage in functions that can be measured.
C. Provide for socialization and a sense of identity.
D. Require that public safety structures be built.
A. Demanding a reasonable budget for assessment expenses
B. Telling everyone what he or she is doing so that the listener may have input
C. Using a tool to systematically identify, collect, and organize appropriate data
D. Allowing at least 2 weeks to collect data to ensure thoroughness
A. Choosing persons who live in the community and may share their insights
B. Creating a budget of both time and money to devote to assessment
C. Defining the community and determining its boundaries or parameters
D. Outlining the data needed and determining where they might be found
A. The community does not have an identity.
B. The community is probably resistant to change.
C. The nurse will not be able to share community resources.
D. The nurse may have limited access to the community.
A. A group of concerned citizens points out the rising number of homeless persons in the community.
B. A subgroup of the community demands that housing for homeless persons be built.
C. Homeless persons decide to picket in front of the city government building.
D. The state legislature passes a law that all communities must build some housing for homeless persons.
A. Ensuring that the communitys history is remembered
B. Encouraging socialization with persons outside the community
C. Maximizing availability of financial and other resources
D. Promoting survival and maximizing the well-being of members
A. Census tract data can be used to determine needed agency staffing.
B. Density of housing is associated with contagious infections.
C. Ethnicity determines how health is defined and protected.
D. Income determines what community services can be financed.
A. Persons with high incomes typically have nutritional problems resulting from diet choices.
B. Low educational level is associated with more health promotion behaviors.
C. Religion may suggest beliefs concerning use of contraception, health care, and food choices.
D. Being the majority population group, young adult men help determine which service agencies are most needed.
A. How or whether community members worship
B. How and when the community members prefer to engage in recreation
C. The diseases or injuries for which they may be at risk
D. Where residents do their grocery shopping and what they typically buy
A. Areas of strength
B. Areas of need
C. Balance of inputs to outputs
D. Openness to intervention
A. The nurse may have to convince the informal leaders of the need for the program before it can be successful.
B. The nurse may need to ask the formal leaders to provide leadership for the programs.
C. The nurse will want to know political priorities before deciding on any actions to be taken.
D. The nurse will want the approval of the elected governing body before making decisions about health programming.
A. Homeless women and children
B. Intravenous drug users
C. Pregnant single teenage girls
D. Single adolescent boys
D. Cannot be determined from the given data
A. Completing a comprehensive survey with community residents
B. Performing a windshield survey
C. Requesting community residents respond to an Internet survey
D. Using data already collected and available on the Internet