Psychology By Hockenburry Chapter 11: Personality Quiz!

51 Questions | Total Attempts: 6117

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Material Quizzes & Trivia

Quiz derived from material in Chapter 11 of Hockenbury @ Hockenbury Fith Edition. Subject: Personality


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    • A. 

      Emphasizes learning and conscious cognitive processes, including the importance of beliefs about the self, goal setting, and self-regulation.

    • B. 

      Emphasizes the importance of unconscious processes and the influence of early childhood experience.

    • C. 

      Emphasizes the description and measurement of specific personality differences among individuals.

    • D. 

      Represents an optimistic look at human nature, emphasizing the self and the fulfillment of a person's unique potential.

  • 2. 
    The trait perspective of personality theory __________________.
    • A. 

      Emphasizes the description and measurement of specific personality differences among individuals.

    • B. 

      Represents an optimistic look at human nature, emphasizing the self and the fulfillment of a person's unique potential.

    • C. 

      Emphasizes learning and conscious cognitive processes, including the importance of beliefs about the self, goal setting, and self-regulation.

    • D. 

      Emphasizes the importance of unconcious processes and the influence of early childhood experience.

  • 3. 
    The humanistic perspective of personality theory __________________
    • A. 

      Emphasizes the importance of unconcious processes and the influence of early childhood experience.

    • B. 

      Emphasizes the description and measurement of specific personality differences among individuals.

    • C. 

      Represents an optimistic look at human nature, emphasizing the self and the fulfillment of a person's unique potential.

    • D. 

      Emphasizes learning and conscious cognitive processes, including the importance of beliefs about the self, goal setting, and self-regulation.

  • 4. 
    The attribution of one's own unacceptable urges or qualities to others.
    • A. 

      Regression

    • B. 

      Repression

    • C. 

      Projection

    • D. 

      Denial

  • 5. 
    Thinking or behaving in a way that is the extreme opposite of unacceptable urges or impulses.
    • A. 

      Projection

    • B. 

      Denial

    • C. 

      Reaction formation

    • D. 

      Regression

  • 6. 
    According to Freud, psychological energy develops into the three basic structures of personality. Which is NOT one of those three structures?
    • A. 

      Id

    • B. 

      Libido

    • C. 

      Ego

    • D. 

      Superego

  • 7. 
    A psychoanalytic technique in which the patient spontaneoulsy reports all thoughts, feelings, and mental images as they come to mind.
    • A. 

      Hypnosis

    • B. 

      Free association

    • C. 

      Introspection

  • 8. 
    A form of displacement in which sexual urges are rechanneled into productive, nonsexual activities.
    • A. 

      Sublimation

    • B. 

      Denial

    • C. 

      Undoing

    • D. 

      Rationalization

  • 9. 
    Retreating to a behavior pattern characteristic of an earlier stage of development.
    • A. 

      Denial

    • B. 

      Regression

    • C. 

      Repression

    • D. 

      Undoing

  • 10. 
    In Freud's theory, the completely unconscious, irrational component of personality that seeks immediate satisfaction of instinctual urges and drives; ruled by the pleasure principle.
    • A. 

      Eros

    • B. 

      Ego

    • C. 

      Id

    • D. 

      Superego

  • 11. 
    In Freud's theory, a child's unconscious sexual desire for the opposite-sex parent, usually accompanied by hostile feelings toward the same-sex parent.
    • A. 

      Identification

    • B. 

      Oedipus complex

    • C. 

      Ego defense mechanism

    • D. 

      Penis envy

  • 12. 
    The psychoanalytic persepctive of personality theory____________
    • A. 

      Represents an optimistic look at human nature, emphasizing the self and the fulfillment of a person's unique potential.

    • B. 

      Emphasizes learning and conscious cognitive processes, including the importance of beliefs about the self, goal setting, and self-regulation.

    • C. 

      Emphasizes the importance of unconcious processes and the influence of early childhood experience.

    • D. 

      Emphasizes the description and measurement of specific personality differences among individuals.

  • 13. 
    In Freud's dynamic theory of personality, the ______________ level of awareness contains information that you're not currently aware of but can easily bring to concious awareness.
    • A. 

      Conscious

    • B. 

      Unconscious

    • C. 

      Preconscious

    • D. 

      Subconscious.

  • 14. 
    The Freudian psychosexual stage in which pleasure is derived through elimination and acquiring control over elimination.
    • A. 

      Oral

    • B. 

      Phallic

    • C. 

      Anal

    • D. 

      Genital

  • 15. 
    One major criticism of the _________________ and _______________ perspectives on personality theory, is the lack of scientific testability and empircal evidence.
    • A. 

      Trait, humanistic

    • B. 

      Humanistic, psychoanalytic

    • C. 

      Humanistic, social-cognitive

    • D. 

      Social-cognitive, trait

  • 16. 
    Children in the _____________ stage will outwardly show a strong desire to associate exclusively with same-sex peers.
    • A. 

      Genital

    • B. 

      Anal

    • C. 

      Oral

    • D. 

      Latency

  • 17. 
    The final resoluation of the Oedipus complex occurs in adolescence during the ________ stage, during which incestuous urges start to resurface, and the personb directs sexual urges toward socially acceptable substitutes.
    • A. 

      Latency

    • B. 

      Genital

    • C. 

      Phallic

    • D. 

      Oral

  • 18. 
    • A. 

      Phallic stage

    • B. 

      Genital

    • C. 

      Anal

    • D. 

      Oral

  • 19. 
    According to Freud, sexual urges of boys and girls become repressed during the ____________ stage in late childhood, due to the intense anxiety associated with the Oedipus complex.
    • A. 

      Genital

    • B. 

      Latency

    • C. 

      Oral

    • D. 

      Anal

  • 20. 
    Psychologist who believed that the most fundamental human motive is striving for superiority.
    • A. 

      Carl Rogers

    • B. 

      Carl Jung

    • C. 

      Karen Horney

    • D. 

      Alfred Adler

  • 21. 
    Psychologist who stressed the importance of cultural and social factors in personality development.
    • A. 

      Alfred Adler

    • B. 

      Karen Horney

    • C. 

      Carl Jung

    • D. 

      Sigmund Freud

  • 22. 
    In Freud's theory, the _______________ level of awareness represents the thoughts, feelings, wishes and drives that are operating below the level of concious awareness.
    • A. 

      Unconscious

    • B. 

      Conscious

    • C. 

      Subconscious

    • D. 

      Preconscious

  • 23. 
    Penis envy is a term used to describe_________________
    • A. 

      A child's unconcious sexual desire for the opposite-sex parent, usually accompanied by hostile feelings.

    • B. 

      A man's desire to have a penis similar in size to those of African's and their descendents.

    • C. 

      The sense of deprivation and loss a little girl exepriences when she discovers that boys have a penis, and she does not.

  • 24. 
    Psychologists who believed that the deepest part of the individual psyche is the collective unconcious, whihc is shared by all people and reflects humanity's collective evolutionary history.
    • A. 

      Karen Horney

    • B. 

      Sigmund Freud

    • C. 

      Carl Junge

    • D. 

      Alfred Adler

  • 25. 
    • A. 

      Psychological test

    • B. 

      Projective test

    • C. 

      Rorscach Inkblot Test

    • D. 

      Graphology