Quiz 2: Health Behaviours

24 Questions

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Quiz 2: Health Behaviours

As per usual, you have as many attempts within the 1 week time frame to pass the quiz (90+%). All information to pass the quiz is available in our class wiki.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    • A. 

      Normative beliefs

    • B. 

      Self-efficacy

    • C. 

      Pre-contemplation

    • D. 

      Cue to action

    • E. 

      Costs and benefits

  • 2. 
    In applying the Health Belief Model to the decision to have back surgery, a patient must first:
    • A. 

      Find out what other people have done in the same situation

    • B. 

      Consult with his or her family to see what they think

    • C. 

      Try every possible medical treatment

    • D. 

      Check the internet for alternative options

    • E. 

      Acknowledge that a health threat exists

  • 3. 
    Which of the following is a FALSE statement about health promotion programs? 
    • A. 

      It can more cost effective to prevent illness through a health promotion program than it is to treat the illness.

    • B. 

      They are designed so that they don’t affect people’s beliefs and values.

    • C. 

      They provide information regarding the efficacy of preventative behaviors.

    • D. 

      In keeping with the theory of planned behavior, health promotion programs focus on the gains rather than costs.

    • E. 

      Health promotion programs can target at-risk populations.

  • 4. 
    • A. 

      Whether a person practices a particular health behavior is influenced by how they perceive a health threat and whether a particular health practice will be effective in reducing that threat.

    • B. 

      One component of the health belief model is about how a person's perception of a particular health behavior depends on observing the actions and experiences of other people.

    • C. 

      A person is likely to change their behavior if the costs outweigh the benefits.

    • D. 

      The health belief model is most often used to explain the patient-provider relationship.

    • E. 

      A person's self-efficacy is not a factor that affects their health behaviors.

  • 5. 
    • A. 

      People will cross the street against a red light if a well-dressed person with a briefcase does it first, but not if the same person crosses the street in shabby clothes.

    • B. 

      Nelson Mandela said of his father, “he could be exceedingly stubborn, another trait that may unfortunately have been passed down from father to son.” (Long Walk to Freedom)

    • C. 

      If people are persuaded that they have what it takes to succeed (such as at a basketball game), they will exert more effort and avoid focusing on their doubts or problems in life.

    • D. 

      Options B and C are correct.

    • E. 

      All of the above are correct.

  • 6. 
    • A. 

      Clarifying the use and effects of prescribed medications with a pharmacist.

    • B. 

      Receiving an immunization against influenza.

    • C. 

      Receiving an annual mammogram.

    • D. 

      Eliminating offending allergens from asthmatic patients.

    • E. 

      In a diabetic patient, screening for renal, eye, and foot problems.

  • 7. 
    • A. 

      Clarifying the use and effects of prescribed medications with a pharmacist.

    • B. 

      Receiving an immunization against influenza.

    • C. 

      Receiving an annual mammogram.

    • D. 

      Eliminating offending allergens from asthmatic patients.

    • E. 

      In a diabetic patient, screening for renal, eye, and foot problems.

  • 8. 
    • A. 

      Wearing a seatbelt when driving.

    • B. 

      Expecting to have my blood pressure measured when I visit my physician.

    • C. 

      Doing what my peers suggest to me about my health is important.

    • D. 

      Having my family and friends think that I should go on a diet.

    • E. 

      Being healthy is a desirable outcome of quitting smoking.

  • 9. 
    • A. 

      Self-reported health rating for off-reserve First Nations people are poorer than those of a non-First Nations population that is matched for socioeconomic levels and health behaviors.

    • B. 

      Smoking adoptation patterns among adolescents.

    • C. 

      Infant mortality rates are greater among people in Canada's lowest income bracket than the rates for people in the highest income bracket.

    • D. 

      Risk-related behaviours are more common among people in particular occupations. For example, 43% of people working in construction-related professions smoked cigarettes daily, compared with 20% of people in managerial occupations.

    • E. 

      All of the above.

  • 10. 
    • A. 

      I think that being healthy and looking good are desirable attributes.

    • B. 

      I am confident that I could quit smoking if I wanted to.

    • C. 

      The decision to exercise is within my control.

    • D. 

      Options B and C are correct.

    • E. 

      All of the above.

  • 11. 
    • A. 

      Uses vicarious learning as a tool for affecting health behaviors through its "Body Break" commercials.

    • B. 

      Can serve as a cue to action for viewers to improve their health behaviors.

    • C. 

      Targets people's beliefs about costs and benefits by empahsizing the fun of exercise.

    • D. 

      Options B and C are correct.

    • E. 

      All of the above.

  • 12. 
    • A. 

      "Person A started smoking for social reasons but continues to smoke to cope with stress. Person B started because of stress but continues for social reasons." This is an example of how health behavior patterns across a lifetime will vary between individuals.

    • B. 

      "Person C's decision to smoke is related to stress, while her decision to exercise depends on ease of access to sports facilities." This is an example of how different health habits are controlled by different factors.

    • C. 

      "Children get regular exercise because it is a part of their school curriculum, but adults must consciously practice this health habit." This is an example of how factors may change over a lifetime.

    • D. 

      "Person D started smoking because of peer pressure, but now only smokes when stressed out." This is an example of how different health habits are controlled by different factors.

    • E. 

      "Person E doesn't wear a seatbelt when riding with friends because he wants to look 'cool,' while Person F doesn't wear a seatbelt because of a phobia." This is an example of how different factors may control the same health behavior for different people.

  • 13. 
    • A. 

      Preparation stage: "Stress causes me to crave a cigarette, so I use yoga help me relax."

    • B. 

      Maintenance: "For the last year, my friends and I go golfing every Sunday instead of spending the day drinking beer at the pub."

    • C. 

      Contemplative: "High blood pressure runs in my family. There's nothing that I can do about it."

    • D. 

      Options A and C are correct.

    • E. 

      All of the above are correct.

  • 14. 
    According to the lecture presented by Tiffany and Sultan, which of these is not considered a form of physical activity?
    • A. 

      Aerobic.

    • B. 

      Anaerobic.

    • C. 

      Isometric.

    • D. 

      Isostatic.

    • E. 

      Isokinetic.

  • 15. 
    According to the lecture presented by Tiffany and Sultan, which of these statistics is false?
    • A. 

      Males eat about 10% less fruits and vegetables than females in our age group.

    • B. 

      Males are more physically inactive than females in our age group.

    • C. 

      Approximately 40% of females and 55% of males are overweight or obese in Canada.

    • D. 

      The total cost of obesity to society is less than the total cost of physical inactivity.

    • E. 

      The indirect fiscal costs of obesity is greater the direct cost.

  • 16. 
    • A. 

      They have academic pressure that removes them away from time that can be spent exercising.

    • B. 

      The a la carte style of dining halls discourages waiting for a balanced meal.

    • C. 

      They don't believe that exercise and diet are important issues.

    • D. 

      Students eat what is most readily available to them.

    • E. 

      Residence life does not include enough social physical activity.

  • 17. 
    Suarez and Mullins discussed motivational interviewing in their paper. Which one of the stages of the transtheoretical model of change used in the paper is correctly matched to its definition?
    • A. 

      Termination- the intervention is stopped.

    • B. 

      Precontemplation- the person begins to brainstorm change.

    • C. 

      Action -A plan of action is developed.

    • D. 

      Maintenance- The person is engaged in changing their behaviour.

    • E. 

      Contemplation- change is considered but the person is ambivalent towards change.

  • 18. 
    Manderbacka studies the relationship between health behaviours and self-ratings of health. Which of these health behaviours is not correlated with health ratings?
    • A. 

      Dietary fat.

    • B. 

      Smoking.

    • C. 

      Exercise.

    • D. 

      Leisure time.

    • E. 

      Vitamin use.

  • 19. 
    As  described by the American Heart Association, which of these modes of action can prevent cardiovascular disease?
    • A. 

      Behavioural targets of change.

    • B. 

      Community implementation of intervention.

    • C. 

      Essential public health serives to allow for direct prevention.

    • D. 

      All of the above.

    • E. 

      None of the above.

  • 20. 
    Chiuve et al examined the relationship between lifestyle factors and stroke. Which of these is not a life style factor that the investigators assessed in their survey?
    • A. 

      Smoking.

    • B. 

      Stress levels.

    • C. 

      Diet.

    • D. 

      Alcohol consumption.

    • E. 

      Exercise.

  • 21. 
    In a study conducted by Babyak et al on major depression it was found that:
    • A. 

      Exercise has a known mechanism of action for reducing major depression.

    • B. 

      Excercise and medication combined prevent relapse in depression more so than medication or exercise alone.

    • C. 

      Exercise prevents relapse in depression more so than medication or a combination of medication and exercise.

    • D. 

      Participants involved in exercise only were treated more quickly than the medication group.

    • E. 

      The exercise group had the highest percentage of partially recovered patients as compared to the medication and combined groups.

  • 22. 
    A lack of sleep has been found to have a negative effect on:
    • A. 

      Behaviour.

    • B. 

      Cognitive performance.

    • C. 

      Motor function.

    • D. 

      The immune system.

    • E. 

      All of the above.

  • 23. 
    • A. 

      Children who are overweight or obese are at greater risk of developing eating disorders.

    • B. 

      There was an observed higher prevalence of overweight and obese girls in the African American and Hispanic girls.

    • C. 

      Average weight African American and Hispanic girls felt pressured to gain weight.

    • D. 

      There is no greater concern over eating attitudes and behaviours in the overweight and obese African American and Hispanic girls.

    • E. 

      Overweight and obese African American and Hispanic girls had less concern over peer influence than their average weight counterparts.

  • 24. 
    • A. 

      Cholesterol levels were associated with a higher risk of nursing home admission in both the middle aged and elderly participants.

    • B. 

      The practice of multiple risky health behaviours leads to a higher risk of nursing home admission than the practice of only one.

    • C. 

      Risk ratios were significantly greater in the middle aged group than in the elderly group.

    • D. 

      Preventative measures must be implemented earlier to effectively change risky health behaviours and reduce the economic burden of nursing home care.

    • E. 

      None of the above are findings from the study.