Ch17.3 The Sun Is The Source Of Most Visible Light

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You may work with a partner to complete this assignment p. 568-572


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Light comes from the ____ and other natural sources.

    Explanation
    Light comes from the Sun and other natural sources. The Sun is a major source of light, as it emits electromagnetic radiation in the form of visible light. This light is responsible for illuminating the Earth during the day. Additionally, there are other natural sources of light such as stars, fire, and bioluminescent organisms. These sources emit light either through combustion or biochemical reactions.

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  • 2. 

    _____ is the only form of EM radiation for which human bodies have specialized sensory organs.

    Explanation
    Visible light is the only form of EM radiation for which human bodies have specialized sensory organs. Our eyes contain specialized cells called photoreceptors that are sensitive to the wavelengths of light in the visible spectrum. These photoreceptors convert the light energy into electrical signals that our brain interprets as visual information. While other forms of EM radiation, such as radio waves or X-rays, can interact with our bodies, they do not have specialized sensory organs dedicated to detecting them.

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  • 3. 

    Green plants need light to make their own food. Plants, in turn, supply food directly or indirectly for nearly all other living creatures.With very few exceptions, _____ creatures depend on light for their existence.

    Explanation
    Living creatures depend on light for their existence. This is because green plants need light to carry out photosynthesis and produce food. Plants are the primary producers in most ecosystems, and they provide food directly or indirectly for nearly all other living creatures. Therefore, without light, the process of photosynthesis cannot occur, leading to a lack of food production and ultimately the survival of living creatures.

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  • 4. 

    Most of the visible light waves in the environment come from the Sun. The Sun’s high temperature produces light of every wavelength. The production of light by materials at high temperatures is called _____.

    Explanation
    Incandescence refers to the production of light by materials at high temperatures. In this case, the high temperature of the Sun causes it to emit light of every wavelength, making it the primary source of visible light waves in the environment.

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  • 5. 

    Many organisms produce their own visible light, which they use in a variety of ways. They produce this light through __________.

    Explanation
    Luminescence refers to the emission of light by an organism or substance without the presence of heat. Many organisms have the ability to produce their own visible light through a biochemical process called bioluminescence. This light production serves various purposes such as attracting mates, luring prey, or as a defense mechanism. Luminescence is a common phenomenon observed in fireflies, deep-sea creatures, and certain bacteria.

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  • 6. 

    The production of light by living organisms is called _________

    Explanation
    Bioluminescence refers to the production of light by living organisms. This phenomenon is commonly observed in various marine organisms such as jellyfish, plankton, and deep-sea creatures. Bioluminescence is achieved through a chemical reaction involving luciferin, an enzyme called luciferase, and oxygen. This process results in the emission of light, which serves different purposes for organisms, including attracting mates, communication, and defense mechanisms. Bioluminescence is a fascinating adaptation that allows organisms to produce light without generating heat, making it an efficient and unique natural phenomenon.

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  • 7. 

    Bioluminescent organisms produce light from _______ reactions rather than from intense heat.

    Explanation
    Bioluminescent organisms produce light through chemical reactions rather than through intense heat. This means that the light they emit is a result of specific chemical reactions occurring within their bodies. These reactions involve the interaction of certain molecules, such as luciferin and luciferase, which produce light as a byproduct. Unlike other sources of light, such as fire or incandescent bulbs, bioluminescence does not generate significant amounts of heat. Instead, it relies on the energy released during chemical reactions to produce light, making it a unique and fascinating phenomenon in the natural world.

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  • 8. 

    The process of bioluminescence is very _______. Almost all of the energy released by the chemical reactions of bioluminescence is converted into light. Very little heat is produced.

    Explanation
    Bioluminescence is a highly efficient process because almost all of the energy released by the chemical reactions involved is converted into light, with very little heat produced. This means that the organisms that possess this ability can emit light without wasting much energy in the form of heat.

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  • 9. 

    Bioluminescence is similar to what human technology?

    Explanation
    Bioluminescence is similar to LEDs because both involve the emission of light. Bioluminescence is a natural phenomenon in which living organisms produce light through a chemical reaction, while LEDs are man-made devices that emit light when an electric current passes through them. Both bioluminescence and LEDs are used for illumination and have various applications in fields such as lighting, signaling, and displays.

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  • 10. 

    What was the first artificial lighting used by humans?

    Explanation
    The first artificial lighting used by humans was fire. Fire provided warmth and light, allowing early humans to see in the darkness and stay warm during colder periods. Fire was discovered and harnessed by early humans, and it played a crucial role in their survival and development.

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  • 11. 

    The development of the electric light bulb in the late 1800s made light available at a touch. An ordinary light bulb is a sealed glass tube with a thin tungsten wire running through it. This wire is called a ______.

    Explanation
    The development of the electric light bulb in the late 1800s revolutionized the way we illuminate our surroundings. The ordinary light bulb consists of a sealed glass tube with a thin tungsten wire running through it. This wire, known as a filament, is responsible for producing light when an electric current passes through it. The filament heats up and emits light, making it an essential component of the light bulb.

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  • 12. 

    _______ bulbs have several advantages over ordinary incandescent bulbs.

    Explanation
    Halogen bulbs have several advantages over ordinary incandescent bulbs. Halogen bulbs have a longer lifespan and are more energy-efficient. They also produce a brighter and whiter light, making them ideal for tasks that require focused illumination. Additionally, halogen bulbs can be dimmed, allowing for more control over the lighting in a room.

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  • 13. 

    ________ occurs when a material absorbs EM radiation of one wavelength and gives off EM radiation of another

    Explanation
    Fluorescence is a phenomenon where a material absorbs electromagnetic (EM) radiation of one wavelength and then emits EM radiation of another, usually of a longer wavelength. This occurs because the absorbed energy excites the electrons in the material to higher energy levels, and when these electrons return to their ground state, they release the excess energy as light. This emitted light is typically of a different color or wavelength than the absorbed radiation, resulting in fluorescence.

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  • 14. 

    What are light bulb filaments made of?

    Explanation
    Light bulb filaments are made of tungsten. Tungsten is a metal known for its high melting point and resistance to heat. It is an ideal material for filaments because it can withstand the high temperatures required for the filament to glow and emit light. Tungsten also has a low rate of evaporation, which helps to prolong the lifespan of the filament. Therefore, tungsten is commonly used in light bulb filaments to ensure efficient and long-lasting lighting.

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  • 15. 

    What makes a filament incandescent?

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "heat" or "Heat". This is because an incandescent filament requires a high temperature to produce light. When an electric current passes through the filament, it heats up and becomes so hot that it emits visible light. This process is known as incandescence. Without heat, the filament would not reach the necessary temperature to produce light.

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