APUSH Chapter 13-14 Review Test!

60 Questions | Total Attempts: 1093

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Life on the frontier was
    • A. 

      Fairly comfortable for women but not for men.

    • B. 

      Downright grim for most pioneer families

    • C. 

      Free of disease and premature death.

    • D. 

      Rarely portrayed in popular literature.

    • E. 

      Based on tight-knit communities.

  • 2. 
    All of the following gave rise to a more dynamic, market-oriented, national economy in early nineteenth-century America except
    • A. 

      The push west in search of cheap land. government regulation of all major economic industry. a vast number of European immigrants settling in the cities. the push west in search of cheap land

    • B. 

      Government regulation of all major economic industry.

    • C. 

      A vast number of European immigrants settling in the cities

    • D. 

      Newly invented machinery

    • E. 

      Better roads, faster steamboats, far-reaching canals, far spread roads

  • 3. 
     In early-nineteenth-century America,
    • A. 

      The annual population growth rate was much higher than in colonial days.

    • B. 

      The urban population was growing at an unprecedented rate.

    • C. 

      The birthrate was rapidly declining

    • D. 

      The death rate was increasing

    • E. 

      The center of population moved northward

  • 4. 
    The dramatic growth of American cities between 1800 and 1860
    • A. 

      Led to a lower death rate.

    • B. 

      Contributed to a decline in the birthrate.

    • C. 

      Resulted in unsanitary conditions in many communities

    • D. 

      Forced the federal government to slow immigration.

    • E. 

      Created sharp political conflict between farmers and urbanites

  • 5. 
    Ireland’s great export in the 1840s was
    • A. 

      People.

    • B. 

      Potatoes.

    • C. 

      Wool.

    • D. 

      Whiskey. whiskey

    • E. 

      Music

  • 6. 
    The Irish immigrants to early nineteenth-century America
    • A. 

      Were mostly Roman Catholics and hated the British

    • B. 

      Tended to settle on western farmlands

    • C. 

      Were warmly welcomed by American workers.

    • D. 

      Identified and sympathized with free American blacks.

    • E. 

      Were often members of the Irish Republican Army.

  • 7. 
    Native-born Protestant Americans distrusted and resented the Irish mostly because these immigrants
    • A. 

      Were poor

    • B. 

      Were thought to love alcohol

    • C. 

      Were Roman Catholic

    • D. 

      Frequently became police officers

    • E. 

      Were slow to learn English

  • 8. 
    When German immigrants came to the United States, they
    • A. 

      Often became Baptist or Methodists to escape nativism hatred.

    • B. 

      Mixed well with other Americans.

    • C. 

      Remained mostly in the Northeast.

    • D. 

      Prospered with astonishing ease.

    • E. 

      Dropped most of their German customs.

  • 9. 
    The sentiment of fear and opposition to open immigrant was called
    • A. 

      The cult of domesticity.

    • B. 

      Nativism

    • C. 

      Unitarianism

    • D. 

      “rugged individualism”

    • E. 

      “nationalistic patriotism”

  • 10. 
    Native-born Americans feared that Catholic immigrants to the United States would
    • A. 

      Want to attend school with Protestants.

    • B. 

      Overwhelm the native-born Catholics and control the church

    • C. 

      “establish” the Catholic church at the expense of Protestantism.

    • D. 

      Assume control of the “Know Nothing” party.

    • E. 

      Establish monasteries and convents in the west.

  • 11. 
    The “Father of the Factory System” in the United States was
    • A. 

      Robert Fulton

    • B. 

      Samuel F. B. Morse

    • C. 

      Eli Whitney

    • D. 

      Samuel Slater

    • E. 

      Thomas Edison

  • 12. 
    Eli Whitney was instrumental in the invention of the
    • A. 

      Steamboat

    • B. 

      Cotton gin

    • C. 

      Railroad locomotive

    • D. 

      Telegraph

    • E. 

      Repeating revolver

  • 13. 
    The underlying basis for modern mass production was the
    • A. 

      Cotton gin

    • B. 

      Musket

    • C. 

      Use of interchangeable parts

    • D. 

      Principle of limited liability

    • E. 

      Passing of protective tariffs

  • 14. 
    Match each individual with the correct invention. A) Samuel Morse    1. Telegraph B) Cyrus McCormick    2. Mower-reaper C) Elias Howe    3: Steamboat D) Robert Fulton    4: Sewing machine
    • A. 

      Samuel Morse 1. Telegraph

    • B. 

      Cyrus McCormick 2. Mower-reaper

    • C. 

      Elias Howe 3: Steamboat

    • D. 

      Robert Fulton 4: Sewing machine

  • 15. 
    The American work force in the early nineteenth century was characterized by
    • A. 

      Substantial employment of women and children in factories.

    • B. 

      Strikes by workers that were few in number but usually effective. strikes by workers that were few in number but usually effective

    • C. 

      A general lengthening of the workday from ten to fourteen hours.

    • D. 

      Extensive political activity among workers.

    • E. 

      Reliance on the system of apprentices and masters.

  • 16. 
    In the case of Commonwealth verses Hunt, the supreme court of Massachusetts ruled that
    • A. 

      Corporations were unconstitutional.

    • B. 

      Labor unions were not illegal conspiracies

    • C. 

      Labor strikes were illegal, they violated the Fair Labor Acts.

    • D. 

      The Boston Associates employment of young woman and children in their factories was inhumane.

    • E. 

      The state could regulate factory wages and working conditions.

  • 17. 
    The “cult of domesticity”
    • A. 

      Gave women more opportunity to seem employment out of the home

    • B. 

      Resulted in more pregnancies for women

    • C. 

      Restricted women’s moral influence on the family.

    • D. 

      Glorified the traditional role of women as homemakers

    • E. 

      Was especially strong among rural women.

  • 18. 
    With the development of cash-crop agriculture in the trans-Allegheny West
    • A. 

      Subsistence farming became common. subsistence farming became common. subsistence farming became common

    • B. 

      Farmers began to support the idea of slave labor

    • C. 

      Farmers quickly faced mounting indebtedness.

    • D. 

      The South could harvest a larger crop.

    • E. 

      The issue of farm surpluses came to the forefront

  • 19. 
    The “canal era” of American history began with the construction of the
    • A. 

      Mainline Canal in Pennsylvania

    • B. 

      James River Canal beginning in Virginia.

    • C. 

      Wabash Canal in Indiana.

    • D. 

      Panama Canal

    • E. 

      Erie Canal in New York.

  • 20. 
     Compared with canals, railroads
    • A. 

      Were more expensive to construct

    • B. 

      Transported freight more slowly.

    • C. 

      Were generally safer.

    • D. 

      Were susceptible to weather delays

    • E. 

      Could be built almost anywhere.

  • 21. 
    As a result of the introduction of the cotton gin
    • A. 

      Fewer slaves were needed on plantations.

    • B. 

      Short-staple cotton lost popularity

    • C. 

      Slavery was reinvigorated.

    • D. 

      Thomas Jefferson predicted the gradual death of slavery.

    • E. 

      The African slave trade was legalized.

  • 22. 
    Members of the planter aristocracy
    • A. 

      Produced fewer front-rank statesmen than the North

    • B. 

      Dominated society and politics in the South

    • C. 

      Provided democratic rule in the South

    • D. 

      Promoted tax-supported public education

    • E. 

      Kept up developments in modern thought.

  • 23. 
    Plantation agriculture was wasteful largely because
    • A. 

      It relied mainly on artificial means to fertilize the soil

    • B. 

      It required leaving cropland fallow every other year.

    • C. 

      Excessive water was used for irrigation.

    • D. 

      It was too diversified, thus taking essential nutrients from the soil

    • E. 

      Its excessive cultivation of cotton despoiled good land.

  • 24. 
    Plantation mistresses
    • A. 

      Had little contact with slaves

    • B. 

      Primarily controlled male slaves

    • C. 

      Frequently supported abolitionism

    • D. 

      Commanded a sizable household staff of mostly female slaves

    • E. 

      Were almost universally loved by their slaves

  • 25. 
    Northern attitudes toward free blacks can best be described as
    • A. 

      Supporting their right to full citizenship.

    • B. 

      Disliking the race but liking individual blacks.

    • C. 

      Advocating black movement into the new territories

    • D. 

      Politically sympathetic but socially segregationist

    • E. 

      Disliking the individuals but liking the race

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