Biology Quiz: Cellular Respiration

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Biology Quiz: Cellular Respiration - Quiz


Would you like to learn about cellular respiration? Cellular respiration is a group of metabolic reactions and processes that occur in the cells of living things. Oxygen is necessary for cellular respiration because many oxidation-reduction reactions occur through cellular respiration. Cellular respiration generates the most energy in the cell. This quiz will assist you in discovering about cellular respiration. All the best.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The aerobic and anaerobic pathways of cellular respiration REQUIRE which products?

    • A.

      ATP, pyruvic acid (pyruvate), and NADH

    • B.

      Pyruvic acid (pyruvate) and NADH

    • C.

      Pyruvic acid (pyruvate) and ATP

    • D.

      NADH and ATP

    Correct Answer
    B. Pyruvic acid (pyruvate) and NADH
  • 2. 

    During alcoholic fermentation,

    • A.

      Glucose is split into 3 pyruvic acid (pyruvate)

    • B.

      3 ATP molecules are produced

    • C.

      NAD+ is regenerated, allowing glycolysis to continue

    • D.

      Oxygen in required

    Correct Answer
    C. NAD+ is regenerated, allowing glycolysis to continue
    Explanation
    During alcoholic fermentation, glucose is split into 3 pyruvic acid molecules. This process also produces 3 ATP molecules. However, the key role of alcoholic fermentation is the regeneration of NAD+. In glycolysis, NAD+ is converted into NADH, and without the regeneration of NAD+, glycolysis would stop due to the lack of NAD+ molecules. Therefore, the regeneration of NAD+ allows glycolysis to continue, ensuring the production of ATP through this anaerobic process.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following are anaerobic and occur in the cytoplasm of the cell?

    • A.

      Fermentation only

    • B.

      Fermentation and glycolysis

    • C.

      Glycolysis, Krebs cycle, and ETC

    • D.

      Krebs cycle and ETC

    Correct Answer
    B. Fermentation and glycolysis
    Explanation
    Fermentation and glycolysis are anaerobic processes that occur in the cytoplasm of the cell. Fermentation is a metabolic process that converts sugar into acids, gases, or alcohol, without the use of oxygen. Glycolysis is the first step in cellular respiration, where glucose is broken down into pyruvate to produce energy. Both of these processes do not require oxygen and take place in the cytoplasm of the cell.

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  • 4. 

    The Krebs cycle stars with

    • A.

      Pyruvic acid (pyruvate) and yields lactic acid or alcohol

    • B.

      Glucose and yields 32 ATPs

    • C.

      Lactic acid and yield carbon dioxide

    • D.

      Pyruvic acid (pyruvate) and yields carbon dioxide

    Correct Answer
    D. Pyruvic acid (pyruvate) and yields carbon dioxide
    Explanation
    The Krebs cycle is a series of chemical reactions that occur in the mitochondria of cells. It is also known as the citric acid cycle or the tricarboxylic acid cycle. The cycle begins with pyruvic acid (pyruvate) which is produced during glycolysis. During the Krebs cycle, pyruvic acid is broken down further and converted into carbon dioxide. This process releases energy in the form of ATP. Therefore, the correct answer is pyruvic acid (pyruvate) and yields carbon dioxide.

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  • 5. 

    Lactic acid fermentation occurs in

    • A.

      Aerobic conditions

    • B.

      Mitochondria

    • C.

      Yeast

    • D.

      Muscle cells

    Correct Answer
    D. Muscle cells
    Explanation
    Lactic acid fermentation occurs in muscle cells. During intense exercise, when oxygen supply is limited, muscle cells switch from aerobic respiration to lactic acid fermentation. This process helps generate energy in the absence of oxygen by breaking down glucose into lactic acid. This buildup of lactic acid causes muscle fatigue and soreness.

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  • 6. 

    How are cellular respiration and photosynthesis almost opposite processes?

    • A.

      Photosynthesis releases energy, and cellular respiration stores energy.

    • B.

      Photosynthesis removes carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, and cellular respiration puts it back.

    • C.

      Photosynthesis removes oxygen from the atmosphere, and cellular respiration puts it back.

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Photosynthesis removes carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, and cellular respiration puts it back.
    Explanation
    Photosynthesis and cellular respiration are almost opposite processes because they have opposite effects on carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere. During photosynthesis, plants take in carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and convert it into glucose, releasing oxygen as a byproduct. On the other hand, during cellular respiration, organisms consume glucose and oxygen to produce energy, releasing carbon dioxide as a waste product. Therefore, photosynthesis removes carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, while cellular respiration puts it back.

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  • 7. 

    The energy of the electrons passing along the electron transport chain is used to make

    • A.

      Citric acid

    • B.

      Alcohol

    • C.

      Lactic acid

    • D.

      ATP

    Correct Answer
    D. ATP
    Explanation
    The energy of the electrons passing along the electron transport chain is used to make ATP. ATP (adenosine triphosphate) is a molecule that stores and releases energy for cellular processes. During cellular respiration, the electron transport chain is a series of reactions that occur in the mitochondria, where electrons are passed from one molecule to another. This process generates a proton gradient, which drives the synthesis of ATP through a process called oxidative phosphorylation. ATP is essential for various cellular activities, including muscle contraction, active transport, and synthesis of macromolecules.

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  • 8. 

    Which process generates MOST of the ATP produced during cellular respiration?

    • A.

      ETC

    • B.

      Glycolysis

    • C.

      Fermentation

    • D.

      Krebs cycle

    Correct Answer
    A. ETC
    Explanation
    The process that generates the most ATP during cellular respiration is the Electron Transport Chain (ETC). This is because the ETC is the final step in the process and is responsible for the majority of ATP production. During the ETC, electrons from NADH and FADH2 are passed along a series of protein complexes, creating a proton gradient across the inner mitochondrial membrane. This gradient is then used by ATP synthase to produce ATP. Glycolysis, fermentation, and the Krebs cycle also contribute to ATP production, but they generate fewer ATP molecules compared to the ETC.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following passes high-energy electrons into the electron transport chain?

    • A.

      Acetyl-CoA

    • B.

      NADH and FADH2

    • C.

      Citric acid

    • D.

      ATP and ADP

    Correct Answer
    B. NADH and FADH2
    Explanation
    NADH and FADH2 are molecules that carry high-energy electrons to the electron transport chain. These molecules are produced during the Krebs cycle, also known as the citric acid cycle, where acetyl-CoA is converted into citric acid. ATP and ADP are not directly involved in passing high-energy electrons into the electron transport chain.

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  • 10. 

    C6 H12O6 + 6O2 + ADP + P -----> 6CO2 + 6 H2O + ATP The process show in the equation above begins in the cytoplasm of a cell and ends in the

    • A.

      Chloroplast

    • B.

      Cytoplasm

    • C.

      Mitochondria

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Mitochondria
    Explanation
    The equation given represents cellular respiration, which is the process by which cells convert glucose and oxygen into carbon dioxide, water, and ATP (energy). Cellular respiration occurs in the mitochondria, which are the powerhouses of the cell responsible for generating ATP. Therefore, the correct answer is mitochondria.

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  • 11. 

    Unlike photosynthesis, cellular respiration occurs in

    • A.

      Animal cells only

    • B.

      Plant cells only

    • C.

      All but plant cells

    • D.

      All eukaryotic cells

    Correct Answer
    D. All eukaryotic cells
    Explanation
    Cellular respiration is the process by which cells break down glucose and other organic molecules to produce energy in the form of ATP. This process occurs in all eukaryotic cells, which include both animal and plant cells. Therefore, the correct answer is "all eukaryotic cells."

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  • 12. 

    At the end of the electron transport chain,

    • A.

      The electrons combine with oxygen and protons to form water.

    • B.

      The electrons build up inside the mitochondria and diffuse back to thylakoid.

    • C.

      The electrons are used in the formation of ethyl alcohol.

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. The electrons combine with oxygen and protons to form water.
    Explanation
    At the end of the electron transport chain, the electrons combine with oxygen and protons to form water. This is known as the final step of cellular respiration, where oxygen acts as the final electron acceptor. The electrons are transferred from the electron transport chain to oxygen, along with protons, to produce water molecules. This process is crucial for the generation of ATP (energy) in the mitochondria.

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  • 13. 

    Which of the following is the correct sequence of events in AEROBIC cellular respiration?

    • A.

      Krebs cycle > electron transport chain > glycolysis

    • B.

      Krebs cycle > glycolysis > electron transport chain

    • C.

      Glycolysis > Krebs cycle > electron transport chain

    • D.

      Glycolysis > fermentation > Krebs cycle

    Correct Answer
    C. Glycolysis > Krebs cycle > electron transport chain
    Explanation
    The correct sequence of events in aerobic cellular respiration is glycolysis, followed by the Krebs cycle, and then the electron transport chain. Glycolysis is the first step in cellular respiration where glucose is broken down into pyruvate. The pyruvate then enters the Krebs cycle, also known as the citric acid cycle, where it is further broken down and produces energy-rich molecules like NADH and FADH2. The NADH and FADH2 then enter the electron transport chain, where they donate electrons and help generate ATP, the energy currency of the cell.

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  • 14. 

    Which of the following is NOT true about the amount of ATP produced during aerobic cellular respiration?

    • A.

      A net gain of 2 ATP molecules is produced during glycolysis.

    • B.

      4 ATP molecules are produced during the Krebs cycle.

    • C.

      32 ATP molecules are produced during the electron transport chain

    • D.

      36 ATP molecules are produced overall.

    Correct Answer
    B. 4 ATP molecules are produced during the Krebs cycle.
    Explanation
    During the Krebs cycle, only 2 ATP molecules are produced. The Krebs cycle, also known as the citric acid cycle, is a series of chemical reactions that occur in the mitochondria. It is the second stage of aerobic cellular respiration and involves the breakdown of acetyl-CoA to produce energy-rich molecules. While the Krebs cycle generates high-energy electrons that are used in the electron transport chain to produce ATP, it directly produces only 2 ATP molecules. Therefore, the statement that 4 ATP molecules are produced during the Krebs cycle is not true.

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  • 15. 

    The Krebs cycle takes place in which of the following areas?

    • A.

      2 only (outer membrane)

    • B.

      3 only (intermembrane space)

    • C.

      4 only (matrix)

    • D.

      1 only (inner membrane)

    • E.

      1,3, and 4

    Correct Answer
    C. 4 only (matrix)
    Explanation
    The Krebs cycle, also known as the citric acid cycle, occurs in the matrix of the mitochondria. The matrix is the innermost compartment of the mitochondria, surrounded by the inner membrane. It is in the matrix where the Krebs cycle enzymes are located and where the cycle takes place. Therefore, the correct answer is 4 only (matrix).

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  • 16. 

    Which of the following is TRUE about glycolysis?

    • A.

      Glycolysis is aerobic

    • B.

      Glycolysis produces a net gain of 4 ATP.

    • C.

      Glucose is broken down into pyruvic acid (pyruvate).

    • D.

      Glucose is completely broken down into carbon dioxide.

    Correct Answer
    C. Glucose is broken down into pyruvic acid (pyruvate).
    Explanation
    Glycolysis is the metabolic pathway that converts glucose into pyruvate. During glycolysis, glucose is broken down into two molecules of pyruvate, along with the production of ATP and NADH. This process occurs in the cytoplasm of cells and does not require oxygen, making it anaerobic. The statement "Glucose is broken down into pyruvic acid (pyruvate)" is true and accurately describes the process of glycolysis.

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  • 17. 

    Pathway A  Glucose--> Pyruvic acid --> Lactic acid (2 ATP produced) Pathway B   Glucose--> Pyruvic acid --> Carbon dioxide + Ethanol (2 ATP produced) Pathway C   Glucose--> Pyruvic acid --> Carbon dioxide + water (36 ATP produced) Which of the following is true about the above pathways?

    • A.

      The Krebs cycle occurs after pathway A

    • B.

      Pathway C occurs in the presence of oxygen

    • C.

      Both pathways A and B occur in the presence of oxygen

    • D.

      Both answers A and C

    Correct Answer
    B. Pathway C occurs in the presence of oxygen
    Explanation
    Pathway C, which produces 36 ATP, occurs in the presence of oxygen. This is because the final step of pathway C involves the complete oxidation of pyruvic acid, which requires oxygen. In contrast, pathway A and pathway B both occur in the absence of oxygen, as they produce lactic acid and ethanol, respectively. Therefore, the correct answer is that pathway C occurs in the presence of oxygen.

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  • 18. 

    A science teacher performs an experiment to measure the carbon dioxide uptake of the green algae Chlorella under light conditions.  He prepares a suspension of Chlorella and places it in a growth chamber near a lamp.  A student disrupts the experiment by turning off the lamp, creating dark conditions.  Why is there a negative uptake of carbon dioxide under dark condtions?

    • A.

      Carbon dioxide production requires light

    • B.

      Chlorella is actively photosynthesizing

    • C.

      Cellular respiration is taking place

    • D.

      Glucose production in the dark requires less carbon dioxide

    Correct Answer
    C. Cellular respiration is taking place
    Explanation
    In the absence of light, Chlorella cannot perform photosynthesis to produce glucose. Instead, it undergoes cellular respiration, which is a process that breaks down glucose to release energy. During cellular respiration, carbon dioxide is produced as a byproduct. Therefore, under dark conditions, the Chlorella is not taking up carbon dioxide for photosynthesis, but rather releasing it through cellular respiration, resulting in a negative uptake of carbon dioxide.

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  • 19. 

    During aerobic cellular respiration, in which of the following locations do ATP molecules form?

    • A.

      Mitochondrial matrix and outer mitochondrial membrane only

    • B.

      Cytosol only

    • C.

      Cytosol, Mitochondrial matrix and outer mitochondrial membrane only

    • D.

      Mitochondrial matrix and inner mitochondrial membrane only

    Correct Answer
    D. Mitochondrial matrix and inner mitochondrial membrane only
    Explanation
    During aerobic cellular respiration, ATP molecules form in the mitochondrial matrix and inner mitochondrial membrane only. This is because the process of ATP synthesis, known as oxidative phosphorylation, occurs in these specific locations within the mitochondria. The mitochondrial matrix is the space inside the inner membrane where the citric acid cycle takes place, generating high-energy electrons. These electrons are then transferred along the electron transport chain, located in the inner mitochondrial membrane, which ultimately leads to the production of ATP through chemiosmosis. Therefore, ATP formation is limited to the mitochondrial matrix and inner mitochondrial membrane only.

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  • 20. 

    While investigating yeast respiration, a researcher detects ethanol in the yeast culture. Which molecules does the yeast culture also contain?

    • A.

      Carbon dioxide and ATP

    • B.

      Lactic acid and ATP

    • C.

      Oxygen and lactic acid

    • D.

      Oxygen and Carbon dioxide

    Correct Answer
    A. Carbon dioxide and ATP
    Explanation
    When yeast undergoes respiration, it produces carbon dioxide and ATP. Carbon dioxide is a byproduct of the breakdown of glucose during cellular respiration, and ATP is the energy currency of the cell. Therefore, the presence of ethanol in the yeast culture suggests that the yeast is undergoing fermentation, which produces ethanol and carbon dioxide as waste products, while also generating ATP for energy.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 23, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    Jdowdyrobinson
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