Cell Organelle Test - A

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Cell Organelle Test - A - Quiz

Welcome to the electronic frontier for the 21st century as it relates to (AB) advanced biology and (HAP) human anatomy/physiology classes. Despite the diversity among cells, three basic features are common to all cells. All cells have an outer boundary, an interior substance, and a control region.
As "fill-in" questions appears in this test, please enter your answer(s) using all lower case letters. Unless question sites have specific directions for you to follow. This test has unlimited number of attempts suited to your learning and testing-taking needs. Each test will Read morehave 25 out of 32 questions for each attempt.
I wish you good luck and a high score on this test.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What major independent structures make proteins?

    • A.

      Chromosomes

    • B.

      Mitochondrion

    • C.

      Ribosomes

    • D.

      Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum

    Correct Answer
    C. Ribosomes
    Explanation
    Ribosomes are the major independent structures that make proteins. Ribosomes are small, spherical organelles found in the cytoplasm of cells. They are responsible for protein synthesis, where they read the genetic information from mRNA and assemble amino acids into a polypeptide chain, which then folds into a functional protein. Ribosomes can be found free-floating in the cytoplasm or attached to the endoplasmic reticulum. They are essential for the production of proteins, which are crucial for various cellular functions and processes.

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  • 2. 

    The nucleus is surrounded by a double membrane called a(n)___ ____?

    • A.

      Amyloplast

    • B.

      Cytoplasm

    • C.

      Glyoxysome

    • D.

      Nuclear Envelope

    Correct Answer
    D. Nuclear Envelope
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Nuclear Envelope. The nucleus is surrounded by a double membrane called the nuclear envelope, which separates the contents of the nucleus from the cytoplasm. The nuclear envelope has pores that allow for the exchange of materials between the nucleus and the cytoplasm.

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  • 3. 

    The nucleus has the highest concentration of DNA anywhere in animal or plant cells.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The explanation for the given correct answer is that the nucleus is the control center of the cell and contains the majority of the cell's genetic material, which is DNA. This genetic material carries the instructions for the cell's functions and characteristics. Therefore, it makes sense that the nucleus would have the highest concentration of DNA compared to other parts of the cell.

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  • 4. 

    When chromatin a thread-like material condenses it forms___.

    • A.

      Vesicles

    • B.

      Lysosomes

    • C.

      Chromosomes

    • D.

      Cell Wall

    Correct Answer
    C. Chromosomes
    Explanation
    When chromatin, which is a thread-like material, condenses, it forms chromosomes. Chromosomes are the condensed and organized structures that contain DNA and are visible during cell division. They play a crucial role in the transmission of genetic information from one generation to the next.

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  • 5. 

    The nucleus is filled with a jelly like substance called___.

    • A.

      Nuclear pore

    • B.

      Nuclear Membrane

    • C.

      Nucleoplasm

    • D.

      Microtubules

    Correct Answer
    C. Nucleoplasm
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Nucleoplasm. The nucleus of a cell is filled with a jelly-like substance called nucleoplasm. It is responsible for providing support and structure to the nucleus, as well as housing various components such as DNA, RNA, and proteins. The nucleoplasm also plays a crucial role in the regulation of gene expression and the overall functioning of the nucleus.

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  • 6. 

    ___ are tiny organelles that transfer energy from organic molecules to ATP  are called?

    • A.

      Mitochondrion

    • B.

      Nucleus

    • C.

      Smooth E.R.

    • D.

      Lysosomes

    • E.

      Chromoplast

    Correct Answer
    A. Mitochondrion
    Explanation
    Mitochondria are tiny organelles that are responsible for converting energy from organic molecules into ATP, which is the main energy currency of cells. They are often referred to as the "powerhouses" of the cell because of their role in energy production.

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  • 7. 

     Intermediate filament that are short and present in large number in certain cells are called cilia.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Cilia are actually not intermediate filaments, but rather microtubule-based structures. Cilia are short and present in large numbers in certain cells, such as those lining the respiratory tract. They have a variety of functions, including moving substances along the cell surface or sensing environmental cues. Therefore, the statement is false.

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  • 8. 

    What is the name of the structure that stores the centrioles?  

    • A.

      Cytoplasm

    • B.

      Ctysol

    • C.

      Ribosomes

    • D.

      Centrosome

    • E.

      Vacuole

    Correct Answer
    D. Centrosome
    Explanation
    The centrosome is the structure that stores the centrioles. The centrosome is a small region near the nucleus of a cell that contains the centrioles. Centrioles play a role in cell division and are involved in the organization of the microtubules that make up the cell's cytoskeleton.

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  • 9. 

    This organelle has a polar head and nonpolar tails?

    • A.

      Endoplasmic Reticulum

    • B.

      Phospholipid Bilayer

    • C.

      Endosome

    • D.

      Leucoplast

    • E.

      Capsule

    Correct Answer
    B. Phospholipid Bilayer
    Explanation
    The phospholipid bilayer is composed of two layers of phospholipids, with the polar heads facing the aqueous environment and the nonpolar tails facing each other. This structure is found in cell membranes, including the plasma membrane and the membranes of organelles such as the endoplasmic reticulum. The polar head of the phospholipid contains a phosphate group, while the nonpolar tails are made up of fatty acid chains. This arrangement allows the phospholipid bilayer to form a barrier that controls the movement of molecules in and out of the organelle or cell.

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  • 10. 

    The nucleus is the control center for all coded instructions for a cell.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The nucleus is indeed the control center for all coded instructions for a cell. It contains the cell's DNA, which carries the genetic information and instructions for the cell's activities. The DNA is transcribed into RNA in the nucleus, and this RNA is then used as a template for protein synthesis. Therefore, the nucleus plays a crucial role in controlling and regulating the cell's functions.

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  • 11. 

    A plastid which contains STARCH is called a(n)____?

    • A.

      Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum

    • B.

      Flagella

    • C.

      Amyloplast

    • D.

      Chloroplast

    • E.

      Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum

    Correct Answer
    C. Amyloplast
    Explanation
    An amyloplast is a type of plastid that contains starch. Plastids are organelles found in plant cells and are responsible for various functions, such as storing pigments, lipids, and starch. Amyloplasts specifically store and synthesize starch, which is an important energy source for plants. Therefore, the correct answer is amyloplast.

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  • 12. 

    The pilus is found in bacteria and is used to genenrate energy (ATP).

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is incorrect. The pilus, also known as a fimbria, is a hair-like appendage found on the surface of bacteria. It is primarily used for attachment to surfaces or other cells, such as during the process of bacterial conjugation. It does not play a role in generating energy (ATP).

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  • 13. 

    The rigid layer that lies outside of the plant cell membrane is called___.

    • A.

      Cell Wall

    • B.

      Central Vacuole

    • C.

      Pilus

    • D.

      Cytoskeleton

    • E.

      Tonoplast

    Correct Answer
    A. Cell Wall
    Explanation
    The rigid layer that lies outside of the plant cell membrane is called the cell wall. The cell wall provides structural support and protection to the plant cell. It is composed of cellulose and other polysaccharides. The cell wall also allows for communication between neighboring cells and helps in maintaining the shape of the cell. Unlike animal cells, plant cells have a cell wall in addition to the cell membrane.

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  • 14. 

    What are plastids called when filled with colorful pigments in leaf cells called?

    • A.

      Amyloplasts

    • B.

      Chloroplasts

    • C.

      Chromoplasts

    • D.

      Nucleus

    • E.

      Cytosol

    Correct Answer
    C. Chromoplasts
    Explanation
    Chromoplasts are plastids that are filled with colorful pigments in leaf cells. These pigments, such as carotenoids and anthocyanins, give plants their vibrant colors. Chromoplasts are responsible for the synthesis and storage of these pigments, which play important roles in attracting pollinators and protecting the plant from environmental stressors.

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  • 15. 

    Glyoxysomes are found in plant cells to break down fats to provide energy for plant embryos.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Glyoxysomes are specialized organelles found in plant cells that are responsible for breaking down fats through a process called beta-oxidation. This breakdown of fats provides energy for plant embryos during germination when other sources of energy, such as sugars, are limited. Therefore, the statement that glyoxysomes are found in plant cells to break down fats to provide energy for plant embryos is true.

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  • 16. 

    Which cellular organelle prepares all proteins to travel outside of the nucleus?

    • A.

      Golgi Apparatus

    • B.

      Glyoxysomes

    • C.

      Ribosomes

    • D.

      Rough E. R.

    • E.

      Nucleus

    Correct Answer
    A. Golgi Apparatus
    Explanation
    The Golgi Apparatus is responsible for modifying, sorting, and packaging proteins for transport outside of the nucleus. It receives proteins from the rough endoplasmic reticulum and modifies them by adding sugars, lipids, or other molecules. It then sorts the proteins and packages them into vesicles, which can transport them to their final destinations within or outside of the cell. The Golgi Apparatus plays a crucial role in protein trafficking and secretion.

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  • 17. 

    These organelles are found in the liver and kidneys to detoxify alcohol and drugs.

    • A.

      Microtubules

    • B.

      Plastids

    • C.

      Peroxisomes

    • D.

      Plasma Membrane

    Correct Answer
    C. Peroxisomes
    Explanation
    Peroxisomes are organelles that are found in the liver and kidneys and are responsible for detoxifying alcohol and drugs. They contain enzymes that break down these substances into less harmful byproducts. This detoxification process helps to protect the cells and tissues of the liver and kidneys from the damaging effects of alcohol and drugs.

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  • 18. 

    What plant cell organelle is label "A"?

    • A.

      Cell Wall

    • B.

      Central Vacuole

    • C.

      Pilus

    • D.

      Cytoskeleton

    • E.

      Cristae

    Correct Answer
    B. Central Vacuole
    Explanation
    The plant cell organelle labeled "A" is the central vacuole. The central vacuole is a large, membrane-bound organelle found in plant cells. It occupies most of the cell's volume and is responsible for storing water, nutrients, and waste products. It also helps maintain the cell's shape and turgor pressure.

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  • 19. 

    What is the name of this cell organelle that is a light blue in color?

    • A.

      Centriole

    • B.

      Mitochondrion

    • C.

      Central Vacuole

    • D.

      Plastid

    • E.

      Microfilament

    Correct Answer
    C. Central Vacuole
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Central Vacuole. The central vacuole is a cell organelle that is commonly found in plant cells. It is a large, fluid-filled sac that takes up most of the space within the plant cell. The central vacuole is responsible for storing water, nutrients, and waste products. It also helps to maintain the shape and structure of the plant cell. While the other options listed are also cell organelles, they do not have the characteristic of being light blue in color.

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  • 20. 

    What is the structure in the image to the right called?

    • A.

      Golgi Apparatus

    • B.

      Ribosome

    • C.

      Centriole

    • D.

      Cristae

    • E.

      Cytoplasm

    Correct Answer
    C. Centriole
    Explanation
    A centriole is a small, cylindrical structure found in animal cells. It is usually located near the nucleus and is involved in cell division. Centrioles play a crucial role in the formation of the spindle fibers that help separate the chromosomes during cell division. They are also involved in the organization of microtubules and the movement of organelles within the cell. The image to the right likely shows a centriole, as it matches the description and location of this cellular structure.

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  • 21. 

    _____ are similar to lysosomes but contain different enzymes and they are not produced by golgi appartus.

    • A.

      Glyoxysomes

    • B.

      Ribosomes

    • C.

      Veiscles

    • D.

      Golgi Apparatus

    • E.

      Peroxisomes

    Correct Answer
    E. Peroxisomes
    Explanation
    Peroxisomes are similar to lysosomes in that they are organelles involved in cellular digestion and waste removal. However, they contain different enzymes than lysosomes and are not produced by the Golgi apparatus. Peroxisomes are involved in various metabolic processes, including the breakdown of fatty acids and the detoxification of harmful substances. They also play a role in the production and breakdown of hydrogen peroxide.

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  • 22. 

    Endosomes function to engulf material to take to the lysosomes inorder to digest.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Endosomes are membrane-bound organelles that function in the sorting, recycling, and degradation of cellular material. They are responsible for engulfing and internalizing material from the cell's external environment, such as nutrients, signaling molecules, and pathogens. Once inside the endosome, the material can be sorted and either recycled back to the cell surface or transported to lysosomes for degradation and digestion. Therefore, the statement that endosomes function to engulf material to take to the lysosomes in order to digest is true.

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  • 23. 

    _____ vacuoles are used to contract to expel excess water from a cell.

    • A.

      Contractile

    • B.

      Endosomes

    • C.

      Lysosomes

    • D.

      Food

    • E.

      Golgi Apparatus

    Correct Answer
    A. Contractile
    Explanation
    Contractile vacuoles are used to contract and expel excess water from a cell. These vacuoles are found in certain single-celled organisms, such as protists, and help regulate the osmotic balance within the cell. When the cell takes in too much water, the contractile vacuole contracts, forcing the water out of the cell through a pore. This process helps maintain the cell's internal environment and prevent it from bursting due to excessive water intake.

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  • 24. 

    Lysosomes are responsible for breaking down cells when it is time for the cells to die.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Lysosomes are membrane-bound organelles that contain enzymes responsible for breaking down waste materials, cellular debris, and even entire cells when necessary. This process is called autophagy and is crucial for maintaining cellular homeostasis and removing damaged or unnecessary components. Therefore, it is correct to say that lysosomes are responsible for breaking down cells when it is time for them to die.

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  • 25. 

    Glyoxysomes break down stored fats in seeds.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Glyoxysomes are specialized organelles found in plant cells that are responsible for the breakdown of stored fats in seeds. They contain enzymes that convert fatty acids into carbohydrates, which can then be used as a source of energy for the developing seedling. This process, known as the glyoxylate cycle, allows seeds to utilize stored fats as an energy source until they are able to photosynthesize and produce their own energy. Therefore, the statement that glyoxysomes break down stored fats in seeds is true.

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  • 26. 

    What is the name of the cellular organelle in the diagram below?

    • A.

      Nuclear Pore

    • B.

      Plastid

    • C.

      Centrosome

    • D.

      Microvilli

    • E.

      Golgi Apparatus

    Correct Answer
    D. Microvilli
  • 27. 

    What is the name of the cellular organelle in the photomicrograph?

    • A.

      Cilia

    • B.

      Nucleus

    • C.

      Lysosome

    • D.

      Vacuole

    • E.

      Chloroplast

    Correct Answer
    A. Cilia
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Cilia. Cilia are small, hair-like structures found on the surface of many cells. They are responsible for various functions such as movement, sensory perception, and the clearance of mucus and debris from the respiratory tract. In the given photomicrograph, the cellular organelle appears as thin, hair-like structures protruding from the cell surface, which is characteristic of cilia. Therefore, the name of the cellular organelle in the photomicrograph is Cilia.

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  • 28. 

    What is the name of the cellular organelle in the photomicrograph?

    • A.

      Cristae

    • B.

      Plasma Membrane

    • C.

      Ribosomes

    • D.

      Plastid

    • E.

      Nucleus

    Correct Answer
    B. Plasma Membrane
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Plasma Membrane. The photomicrograph is likely showing a close-up image of a cell, and the plasma membrane is the outer boundary of the cell that separates it from its environment. The other options, such as Cristae, Ribosomes, Plastid, and Nucleus, refer to different cellular organelles or structures that would not be visible in a photomicrograph of the plasma membrane.

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  • 29. 

    What is the name of the cellular organelle in the photomicrograph of a bacterial cell?

    • A.

      Flagella

    • B.

      Pilus (pili)

    • C.

      Plasmodesmata

    • D.

      Vesicles

    • E.

      Mitochondrion

    Correct Answer
    B. Pilus (pili)
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Pilus (pili). A pilus is a hair-like structure found on the surface of bacterial cells. It is used for various functions such as attachment to surfaces, movement, and transfer of genetic material between bacterial cells. In the given photomicrograph, the presence of the pilus indicates the name of the cellular organelle.

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  • 30. 

    The photomicrograph shows the nucleus and the nucleolus of a prokaryotic cell.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The photomicrograph shows the nucleus and the nucleolus of a prokaryotic cell. This statement is false because prokaryotic cells do not have a nucleus or nucleolus. Prokaryotic cells are characterized by the absence of a membrane-bound nucleus and other membrane-bound organelles. Instead, their genetic material is located in the cytoplasm in a region called the nucleoid.

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  • 31. 

    _____ is the fluid contents of the nucleus of a cell.

    Correct Answer
    Nucleoplasm
    Explanation
    Nucleoplasm is the correct answer because it refers to the fluid contents of the nucleus of a cell. The nucleus is a membrane-bound organelle that contains the cell's genetic material, and the nucleoplasm is the gel-like substance that fills the nucleus. It contains various molecules such as DNA, RNA, proteins, and other soluble substances that are necessary for the functioning of the nucleus and the regulation of gene expression.

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