Grade 8 Cells And Systems Quiz

Reviewed by Stephen Reinbold
Stephen Reinbold, PhD, Biological Sciences |
Biology Expert
Review Board Member
Stephen Reinbold has a Ph.D. in Biological Sciences with a particular interest in teaching. He taught General Biology, Environmental Science, Zoology, Genetics, and Anatomy & Physiology for almost thirty years at Metropolitan Community College in Kansas City, Missouri. He particularly enjoyed emphasizing scientific methodology and student research projects. Now, enjoying retirement, he works part-time as an editor while also engaging in online activities.
, PhD, Biological Sciences
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Grade 8 Cells And Systems Quiz - Quiz

Do you like studying science? Do you have good knowledge of human body cells? Try this grade 8 cell quiz that we've prepared below to check your understanding of human body cells and their related concepts. Crafted with care, each question aims to test your knowledge, reinforce learning, and ignite a passion for the life sciences.

From the structure and function of cell organelles to the intricate workings of the human body's systems, this quiz covers all essential topics in an engaging and interactive format. As you progress, you'll encounter a mix of multiple-choice questions, true/false statements, and short Read moreanswer challenges designed to cater to different learning styles and encourage critical thinking.
The questions of this test will be based on the Grade 8 science syllabus, and students who understand this topic can ace this quiz easily. So, let's start this grade 8 cell test and see if you can pass it or not. Best of luck!


Grade 8 Cells And Systems Questions and Answers

  • 1. 

    Which of the following is false?

    • A.

      The nucleus controls all activity in the cell

    • B.

      The nucleus carries DNA

    • C.

      The plant cell has no nucleus

    • D.

      The nuclear membrane connects with the endoplasmic reticulum

    Correct Answer
    C. The plant cell has no nucleus
    Explanation
    The given statement "The plant cell has no nucleus" is false because plant cells, like animal cells, have a nucleus. The nucleus is a membrane-bound organelle that controls all the activities of the cell and contains the cell's DNA. The nucleus is present in both plant and animal cells and is responsible for regulating gene expression, cell division, and overall cell function.

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  • 2. 

    A ___________________ organism has only one cell.

    Correct Answer
    unicellular
    Explanation
    An organism that is unicellular means that it is composed of only one cell. This type of organism is simple in structure and function, as all of its life processes occur within a single cell. Examples of unicellular organisms include bacteria, archaea, and some types of algae. They are capable of performing all necessary functions for survival, such as obtaining nutrients, reproducing, and responding to their environment, within their single cell.

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  • 3. 

    Which is a function of the mitochondria?

    • A.

      Carries DNA

    • B.

      Stores wastes

    • C.

      Convert food energy to ATP energy for the cell

    • D.

      Stores proteins

    Correct Answer
    C. Convert food energy to ATP energy for the cell
    Explanation
    Mitochondria are known as the powerhouses of the cell because their main function is to generate energy in the form of ATP through cellular respiration. This process occurs in the inner membrane of the mitochondria, where electrons from food molecules are transferred through a series of reactions, ultimately producing ATP. Therefore, the correct answer is “converts food energy to ATP energy for the cell."

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  • 4. 

    Which is false?

    • A.

      Vacuoles sometimes store waste

    • B.

      Plant cells have one large vacuole

    • C.

      Animal cells have more than one vacuole

    • D.

      Vacuoles are used to break down worn-out organelles

    Correct Answer
    D. Vacuoles are used to break down worn-out organelles
    Explanation
    The statement that vacuoles are used to break down worn-out organelles is false. Vacuoles are primarily responsible for storing water, ions, and nutrients in plant and animal cells. They can also store waste products, but their main function is not to break down worn-out organelles. This task is typically performed by lysosomes, which contain enzymes that break down cellular waste and debris.

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  • 5. 

    Which of the following is not present in an animal cell?

    • A.

      Vacuole

    • B.

      Cell Wall

    • C.

      Lysosomes

    • D.

      Golgi Body

    Correct Answer
    B. Cell Wall
    Explanation
    The cell wall is not present in an animal cell. While both plant and fungal cells have a rigid cell wall made of cellulose, animal cells lack this structure. Animal cells are surrounded by a flexible plasma membrane that allows for movement and flexibility. The absence of a cell wall in animal cells enables them to change shape and move more freely compared to plant cells.

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  • 6. 

    Bacteria are

    • A.

      Eukaryotic cells

    • B.

      Prokaryotic cells

    • C.

      Are always sphere-shaped

    • D.

      Are always spiral-shaped

    Correct Answer
    B. Prokaryotic cells
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Prokaryotic cells." Bacteria are prokaryotic cells because they lack a nucleus and other membrane-bound organelles. Prokaryotic cells are generally smaller and simpler in structure compared to eukaryotic cells, which have a true nucleus and other membrane-bound organelles. Bacteria can have various shapes, including sphere-shaped (cocci), spiral-shaped (spirilla), and rod-shaped (bacilli), but their cell type remains prokaryotic regardless of their shape.

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  • 7. 

    ____________ is the diffusion of water particles through a selectively permeable membrane.

    Correct Answer
    Osmosis
    Explanation
    The diffusion of water particles through a selectively permeable membrane is called "osmosis." Osmosis is a specific type of diffusion that involves the movement of water molecules across a membrane from an area of lower solute concentration to an area of higher solute concentration, or vice versa, in an attempt to equalize the concentration on both sides of the membrane. This process is essential for many biological and cellular functions.

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  • 8. 

    An example of a response to a stimulus is

    • A.

      Answering this question

    • B.

      Blinking when a bright light is shone on your face

    • C.

      Staring at a blank TV screen

    • D.

      Waking up naturally in the morning

    Correct Answer
    B. Blinking when a bright light is shone on your face
    Explanation
    Blinking when a bright light is shone on your face is an example of a response to a stimulus because it is an automatic reflex action that occurs in response to the stimulation of the optic nerves by the sudden increase in light intensity. This reflex helps protect the eyes from potential damage caused by excessive light.

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  • 9. 

    ________ is a cell in which there are very few organelles, and those organelles are NOT enclosed in a membrane.

    Correct Answer
    prokaryotic, prokaryotes, Prokaryotes, Prokaryotic, Prokaryotic cell
    Explanation
    A prokaryotic cell is a cell in which there are very few organelles, and those organelles are not enclosed in a membrane. Prokaryotic cells are typically found in bacteria and archaea, and they lack a nucleus and other membrane-bound organelles found in eukaryotic cells. This type of cell is characterized by its simplicity and smaller size compared to eukaryotic cells.

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  • 10. 

    Cells extract energy from their food by means of

    • A.

      Chlorophyll

    • B.

      Photosynthesis

    • C.

      Cellular respiratation

    • D.

      Osmosis

    Correct Answer
    C. Cellular respiratation
    Explanation
    Cells extract energy from their food through cellular respiration. This process involves breaking down glucose molecules in the presence of oxygen to produce ATP, which is the main energy currency of cells. Cellular respiration occurs in the mitochondria of eukaryotic cells and involves a series of enzymatic reactions that release energy stored in the chemical bonds of glucose. Chlorophyll and photosynthesis are related to the process of converting sunlight into chemical energy in plants, while osmosis is the movement of water across a semipermeable membrane and is not directly involved in energy extraction.

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Stephen Reinbold |PhD, Biological Sciences |
Biology Expert
Stephen Reinbold has a Ph.D. in Biological Sciences with a particular interest in teaching. He taught General Biology, Environmental Science, Zoology, Genetics, and Anatomy & Physiology for almost thirty years at Metropolitan Community College in Kansas City, Missouri. He particularly enjoyed emphasizing scientific methodology and student research projects. Now, enjoying retirement, he works part-time as an editor while also engaging in online activities.

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