Bioscience 2: Test 3

72 Questions | Total Attempts: 218

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Bioscience Quizzes & Trivia

Test 3 in bioscience covering the Endocrine lectures.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following is not one of the major regulating systems for homestasis?
    • A. 

      Cardiovascular system

    • B. 

      Nervous System

    • C. 

      Endocrine System

    • D. 

      All of these are important in regulating homeostasis

  • 2. 
    The endocrine system in important in regulating all of the following except…
    • A. 

      Metabolism

    • B. 

      Mobility

    • C. 

      Fluid Status

    • D. 

      Behavior

  • 3. 
    Which of the following is not an endocrine gland?
    • A. 

      Placenta

    • B. 

      Thyroid

    • C. 

      Spleen

    • D. 

      Pancreas

  • 4. 
    Endocrine function is mediated by ____
    • A. 

      Neurotransmitters

    • B. 

      Peptides

    • C. 

      Cortisol

    • D. 

      Hormones

  • 5. 
    Growth hormone is synthesized and secretd by the anterior pituitary but exerts its effects in tissues throughout the body, this is known as a _______ function.
    • A. 

      Paracrine

    • B. 

      Mesocrine

    • C. 

      Autocrine

    • D. 

      Somacrine

  • 6. 
    When a secreted hormone acts on the producer cell itself this is known as a ______ function.
    • A. 

      Paracrine

    • B. 

      Mesocrine

    • C. 

      Autocrine

    • D. 

      Somacrine

  • 7. 
    Which of the following is not one of the major categories of hormones?
    • A. 

      Peptides

    • B. 

      Esters

    • C. 

      Amines

    • D. 

      Steroids

  • 8. 
    Which of the following are not Peptide hormones? (multiple answers)
    • A. 

      Oxytocin

    • B. 

      Vasopressin

    • C. 

      Thyroxine

    • D. 

      Aldosterone

    • E. 

      Estrogen

  • 9. 
    Which of the following  are Amine hormones? (mult answer)
    • A. 

      Thyroxine

    • B. 

      Calcitonin

    • C. 

      Testosterone

    • D. 

      ACTH

    • E. 

      Serotonin

  • 10. 
    Which of the following are steroid hormones? (mult answer)
    • A. 

      Serotonin

    • B. 

      Cortisol

    • C. 

      Angiotensin

    • D. 

      Estrogen

    • E. 

      Prolactin

  • 11. 
    A person with Hypothyroidism most likely has a _________ number of receptors for that hormone.
    • A. 

      Amount of circulating hormone has no effect on receptors.

    • B. 

      Decreased

    • C. 

      Increased

  • 12. 
    The “master gland” is also called the….
    • A. 

      Pituitary

    • B. 

      Adrenal

    • C. 

      Pancreas

    • D. 

      Thyroid

  • 13. 
    Secretion of pituitary hormones is regulated by what?
    • A. 

      Adenohypophysis

    • B. 

      Hypothalamus

    • C. 

      Neurohypophysis

    • D. 

      Pons

  • 14. 
    Which of the following are secreted by the Adenohypophysis? (mult Answers)
    • A. 

      ADH

    • B. 

      Prolactin

    • C. 

      ACTH

    • D. 

      Oxytocin

    • E. 

      Growth Hormone

  • 15. 
    Hypothalamic hormones may inhibit release of anterior pituitary hormones.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 16. 
    Sheehan’s syndrome is a  form of postpartum shock that results in a pituitary infract. Thus causing hypopituitarism. Knowing the hormones of the pituitary gland you would expect this pt to require which of the following treatments? (mult answer)
    • A. 

      Synthroid, to maintain thyroid function

    • B. 

      Demeclocycline, to antagonize effects of ADH on kidneys

    • C. 

      Corticosteroid replacement, due to decreased cortisol levels

    • D. 

      Smaller ETT due to subglottic narrowing caused by growth hormone

  • 17. 
    Which of the following is not a symptom of acromegaly?
    • A. 

      Cardiomyopathy

    • B. 

      Hepatomegaly

    • C. 

      Hyperglycemia

    • D. 

      Decreased Lung volumes

  • 18. 
    Hypersecretion of growth hormone is a 21 yr old male is most likely to result in which of the following?
    • A. 

      Acromegaly

    • B. 

      Dwarfism

    • C. 

      Gigantism

    • D. 

      Sheehans Syndrome

  • 19. 
    You are caring for Mr. Andrews today who has a PMH of Acromegaly.  Your preceptor asks you  what anesthetic considerations are most important when inducing the for anesthesia. To sound like a really smart SRNA you should say which of the following?
    • A. 

      “My pt has decreased lung volumes due to the effects of growth hormone, so may desaturate easily. I need to intubate quickly”

    • B. 

      “This pt may be a difficult intubation due to the effects of excessive growth hormone. Perhaps we should consider a fiberoptic intubation.”

    • C. 

      “My pt will be hypotensive. Perhaps I should consider giving a small fluid bolus prior to inducing this pt.”

    • D. 

      “I will put the tube in, YOU check a blood sugar. I need to focus most of all on the hyperglycemia.”

  • 20. 
    Aweeee! You’re having a Baby! (If you are a male consider it a divine miracle). It sounds nice but you are currently experiencing horrible uterine contractions while cursing God and the stupid &*#% man that put you here. In this moment of exquisite pain you think back to bioscience and realize what gland and hormone are responsible for your current predicament?
    • A. 

      Anterior Pituitary and Prolactin

    • B. 

      Anterior Pituitary and Oxytocin

    • C. 

      Posterior Pituitary and Oxytocin

    • D. 

      Posterior Pituitary and Prolactin

    • E. 

      Wait... If I'm a guy where the heck is that thing going to come out of?!?!?!?!

  • 21. 
    ADH is synthesized and secreted by the posterior pituitary gland.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 22. 
    A decrease in ADH secretion will result in a ______ in urine osmolarity and a _____ decrease in serum osmolarity.
    • A. 

      Decrease, Decrease

    • B. 

      Increase, Increase

    • C. 

      Increase, Decrease

    • D. 

      Decrease, Increase

  • 23. 
    Which of the following will not trigger release of ADH from the posterior pituitary?
    • A. 

      Decrease in plasma sodium ion concentration

    • B. 

      Increase in plasma osmolarity

    • C. 

      Decrease in blood volume

    • D. 

      Decrease in BP

  • 24. 
    Diabetes Insipidus is caused by excessive secretion of ADH from the posterior pituitary lobe.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 25. 
    You are caring for Ms. Mourtain who is in the hospital due to AMS related to a brain tumor. She was recently diagnosed with Diabetes Insipidus, and needs to be treated. Which of the following would be the best choice to treat this pt?
    • A. 

      Democlocycline 150 mg PO every 6 hours

    • B. 

      Administer D5NS IV first to correct hypovolemic shock and hyponatremia

    • C. 

      Give Desmopressin 2mcg SC every 6 hours as needed

    • D. 

      Fluid restriction is sufficient to treat mild cases

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