Biology Digestive System Quiz

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Biology Digestive System Quiz - Quiz

Biology is the science of living. We have created a quiz on the Digestive system that will test your knowledge about this topic. The digestive system is the process of eating, excretion, and all that happens in between. This quiz covers questions ranging from easy to medium to high levels that will be of immense help to students. If you find this quiz informative and challenging enough, or you learned something new from this, do share it with your friends and family. All the best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Animal Nutrition What is Homeostasis?

    • A.

      The Suspension of inactive Organs

    • B.

      The balance of various levels in the organism

    • C.

      The balance of Glucose in the organism

    • D.

      The inactivity of organs

    Correct Answer
    B. The balance of various levels in the organism
    Explanation
    Homeostasis refers to the balance of various levels in the organism. It is the body's ability to maintain stable internal conditions despite external changes. This includes regulating temperature, pH levels, blood sugar levels, and other physiological processes. Homeostasis is essential for the proper functioning of the body and ensuring that all organs and systems work together harmoniously.

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  • 2. 

    What are Heterotrophs?

    • A.

      Organisms that have the ability of Homeostasis

    • B.

      Mammals with feet that have nails

    • C.

      Heterosexual mammals

    • D.

      Organisms dependent on intake of food for life.

    Correct Answer
    D. Organisms dependent on intake of food for life.
    Explanation
    Heterotrophs are organisms that cannot produce their own food and rely on consuming other organisms for energy and nutrients. They are unable to perform photosynthesis or chemosynthesis, so they must obtain their energy from external sources, such as plants or other animals. This is why they are considered "organisms dependent on intake of food for life".

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  • 3. 

    When glucose levels become too high in the blood, The _____ secretes ______.

    • A.

      Pancreas, Insulin

    • B.

      Liver, Insulin

    • C.

      Pancreas, Glucagon

    • D.

      Liver, Glucagon

    Correct Answer
    A. Pancreas, Insulin
    Explanation
    When glucose levels become too high in the blood, the pancreas secretes insulin. Insulin is a hormone that helps regulate blood sugar levels by allowing glucose to enter cells, where it can be used for energy or stored for later use. Insulin also signals the liver to stop producing glucose and promotes the storage of excess glucose as glycogen. Therefore, the pancreas plays a crucial role in maintaining blood glucose balance by secreting insulin in response to high glucose levels.

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  • 4. 

    A malnourished animal is __________.

    • A.

      An animal with caloric deficiency

    • B.

      An animal that has a diet low in amino acids

    • C.

      An animal who has one or more essential nutrients missing from it's diet

    • D.

      An animal that has a diet low in fat

    Correct Answer
    C. An animal who has one or more essential nutrients missing from it's diet
    Explanation
    An animal that is malnourished is one that is lacking one or more essential nutrients in its diet. This means that the animal is not receiving the necessary vitamins, minerals, proteins, fats, or carbohydrates that it needs to maintain proper health and function. This can lead to various health issues and deficiencies in the animal's body.

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  • 5. 

    A undernourished animal is __________.

    • A.

      An animal with caloric deficiency

    • B.

      An animal that has a diet low in amino acids

    • C.

      An animal who has one or more essential nutrients missing from it

    • D.

      An animal that has a diet low in fat

    Correct Answer
    A. An animal with caloric deficiency
    Explanation
    An undernourished animal is one that has a deficiency in calories, meaning it does not consume enough energy through its diet to meet its needs. This can lead to weight loss, malnutrition, and various health issues.

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  • 6. 

    Which of these are classes of essential nutrients? (you may choose as many as applicable)

    • A.

      Essential oils

    • B.

      Essential fatty acids

    • C.

      Water

    • D.

      Essential amino acids

    • E.

      Vitamins

    • F.

      Minerals

    • G.

      Essential sugars

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Essential fatty acids
    D. Essential amino acids
    E. Vitamins
    F. Minerals
    Explanation
    Essential fatty acids, essential amino acids, vitamins, and minerals are all classes of essential nutrients. Essential fatty acids are necessary for the body's normal growth and development, while essential amino acids are the building blocks of proteins. Vitamins are organic compounds that are essential for various metabolic processes, and minerals are inorganic substances that are necessary for proper bodily functions. These nutrients cannot be synthesized by the body and must be obtained through diet.

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  • 7. 

    How many essential amino acids are there for humans?

    • A.

      4

    • B.

      6

    • C.

      8

    • D.

      10

    Correct Answer
    C. 8
    Explanation
    There are 8 essential amino acids for humans. Essential amino acids are those that cannot be produced by the body and must be obtained through diet. These amino acids are necessary for various bodily functions, including the building and repair of tissues, the formation of enzymes and hormones, and the production of energy. Without an adequate intake of these essential amino acids, the body may experience deficiencies and health issues.

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  • 8. 

    Which two foods, when eaten together, provides all the essential amino acids for humans?

    • A.

      Beans and lettuce

    • B.

      Corn and wheat

    • C.

      Bananas and oranges

    • D.

      Beans and corn

    Correct Answer
    D. Beans and corn
    Explanation
    Beans and corn, when eaten together, provide all the essential amino acids for humans. Beans are a good source of amino acids, but they lack some essential amino acids. On the other hand, corn is deficient in a different set of essential amino acids. However, when consumed together, beans and corn complement each other's amino acid profiles, resulting in a complete protein source that provides all the essential amino acids needed by the human body.

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  • 9. 

    Why are Vitamins A, D, E, and K more dangerous than others?

    • A.

      They are more poisonous.

    • B.

      They are fat-soluble, and hard to dispose of.

    • C.

      These have more dangerous side effects

    • D.

      They are water soluble, and thrown away easily

    Correct Answer
    B. They are fat-soluble, and hard to dispose of.
    Explanation
    Vitamins A, D, E, and K are more dangerous than others because they are fat-soluble, meaning they dissolve in fat and are stored in the body's fatty tissues. This makes it difficult for the body to get rid of excess amounts of these vitamins, leading to a higher risk of toxicity. In contrast, water-soluble vitamins, such as vitamin C and the B vitamins, are easily excreted in urine when taken in excess.

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  • 10. 

    Is the statement true or false? Minerals are organic nutrients

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Minerals are inorganic substances that are essential for the proper functioning of the body. They are not organic nutrients, which are derived from living organisms. Therefore, the statement that minerals are organic nutrients is false.

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  • 11. 

    _______ eat small food particles when close. _______ live in or on food source _______ salvage partially decayed organic material _______ drinks liquid directly from living animals _______ feeds large pieces of food

    • A.

      Suspension-feeders, substrate-feeders, deposit-feeders, fluid-feeders, bulk-feeders

    • B.

      Substrate-feeders, suspension-feeders, bulk-feeders, fluid-feeders, deposit feeders

    • C.

      Suspension-feeders, deposit-feeders, substrate-feeders, fluid-feeders, bulk-feeders

    • D.

      Suspension-feeders, substrate-feeders, bulk-feeders, fluid-feeders, deposit-feeders

    Correct Answer
    A. Suspension-feeders, substrate-feeders, deposit-feeders, fluid-feeders, bulk-feeders
    Explanation
    Suspension-feeders eat small food particles when close, substrate-feeders live in or on a food source, deposit-feeders salvage partially decayed organic material, fluid-feeders drink liquid directly from living animals, and bulk-feeders feed on large pieces of food.

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  • 12. 

    The Mammalian Digestive System What is the Alimentary Canal?

    • A.

      A part of the small intestine

    • B.

      The place where the stomach meets the duodenum

    • C.

      The Left arch of the Large Intestine

    • D.

      The path that food takes from the mouth to the anus.

    Correct Answer
    D. The path that food takes from the mouth to the anus.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "The path that food takes from the mouth to the anus." The alimentary canal refers to the entire pathway that food follows as it passes through the digestive system, starting from the mouth and ending at the anus. It includes organs such as the esophagus, stomach, small intestine, and large intestine. This pathway allows for the ingestion, digestion, absorption, and elimination of food.

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  • 13. 

    Villi (you may choose as many as applicable)

    • A.

      Are Rhythmical contractions of the gut.

    • B.

      Are fingerlike projections in the small intestine.

    • C.

      Increase the absorbing surface of the small intestine

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Are fingerlike projections in the small intestine.
    C. Increase the absorbing surface of the small intestine
    Explanation
    Villi are fingerlike projections in the small intestine that increase the absorbing surface of the small intestine. These structures greatly increase the surface area available for absorption of nutrients from digested food. The rhythmic contractions of the gut, known as peristalsis, are not related to villi.

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  • 14. 

    Peristalsis

    • A.

      Is the rhythmic waves of contraction in a canal that push substance.

    • B.

      Is the rhythmic waves of the villi

    • C.

      Is the action of churning the stomach

    • D.

      Is the action of eating food

    Correct Answer
    A. Is the rhythmic waves of contraction in a canal that push substance.
    Explanation
    Peristalsis refers to the rhythmic waves of contraction that occur in a canal, such as the digestive tract, to push substances along. This process helps in the movement of food, liquids, and other materials through the digestive system. It is an essential mechanism for proper digestion and absorption of nutrients.

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  • 15. 

    The mammalian digestive system contains the accessory glands: (you may choose as many as applicable)

    • A.

      Gallbladder

    • B.

      Liver

    • C.

      Pancreas

    • D.

      The Salivary Glands

    • E.

      Kidney

    • F.

      Stomach

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Liver
    C. Pancreas
    D. The Salivary Glands
    Explanation
    The mammalian digestive system contains several accessory glands that aid in the digestion and absorption of nutrients. The liver is one of these glands, which produces bile that helps break down fats. The pancreas is another accessory gland that produces enzymes to break down carbohydrates, proteins, and fats. The salivary glands also play a role in digestion by producing saliva, which contains enzymes that begin the breakdown of carbohydrates. The gallbladder stores bile produced by the liver and releases it into the small intestine when needed. The kidneys and stomach are not accessory glands involved in digestion.

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  • 16. 

    What Part of the digestive system secretes hydrochloric acid?

    • A.

      Mouth

    • B.

      Stomach

    • C.

      Large intestine

    • D.

      Small intestine

    Correct Answer
    B. Stomach
    Explanation
    The stomach secretes hydrochloric acid as part of its digestive function. This acid helps to break down food and kill bacteria in the stomach, aiding in the digestion process. The other options, such as the mouth, large intestine, and small intestine, do not secrete hydrochloric acid.

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  • 17. 

    The contents of the stomach must be acidic so that pepson may be converted to its active form, pepsinogen.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The explanation for the given correct answer (False) is that the contents of the stomach must be acidic for pepsinogen to be converted into its active form, pepsin. Pepsin is an enzyme that helps in the digestion of proteins. However, pepsinogen is the inactive form of pepsin and needs to be converted into pepsin by the acidic environment of the stomach. Therefore, the statement that the contents of the stomach must be acidic for pepsin to be converted to its active form is false.

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  • 18. 

    Consider an enzyme-catalyzed reaction tha normlly occurs in the mouth. Which one of the following changes would cause the greatest increase in the reaction rate if the reaction was proceeding at 20°c and at a PH of 7?

    • A.

      Decrease the temperature and increase the PH.

    • B.

      Increase the temperature and maintain the same PH.

    • C.

      Decrease the temperature and increase the amount of substrate.

    • D.

      Decrease the temperature and decrease the amount of substrate.

    Correct Answer
    B. Increase the temperature and maintain the same PH.
    Explanation
    Increasing the temperature of the reaction would cause the greatest increase in the reaction rate. This is because increasing the temperature generally increases the kinetic energy of the molecules, leading to more frequent and energetic collisions between the enzyme and substrate. This promotes the formation of the enzyme-substrate complex and speeds up the reaction. Maintaining the same pH is also important because enzymes have an optimal pH at which they function most efficiently. Changing the pH could potentially denature the enzyme and decrease its activity.

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  • 19. 

    Salivary Amylaze Hydrolyzes (you may choose as many as applicable)

    • A.

      Starch

    • B.

      Protein

    • C.

      Glucose

    • D.

      Fat

    Correct Answer
    A. Starch
    Explanation
    Salivary amylase is an enzyme found in saliva that helps break down starch into smaller molecules such as glucose. Therefore, it can hydrolyze starch. However, it cannot hydrolyze proteins, fats, or glucose.

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  • 20. 

    In which structure are vitamins synthesized by bacteria?

    • A.

      Stomach

    • B.

      Small Intestine

    • C.

      Large Intestine

    • D.

      Pancreas

    Correct Answer
    C. Large Intestine
    Explanation
    Vitamins are synthesized by bacteria in the large intestine. The large intestine is home to a diverse community of bacteria, known as the gut microbiota, which play a crucial role in the synthesis of certain vitamins, such as vitamin K and some B vitamins. These bacteria have the ability to produce these vitamins through various metabolic pathways, which are then absorbed by the body and contribute to overall health.

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  • 21. 

    Which organ contains the most Hydrogen Ions?

    • A.

      Liver

    • B.

      Stomach

    • C.

      Gallbladder

    • D.

      Pancreas

    Correct Answer
    B. Stomach
    Explanation
    The stomach contains the most hydrogen ions. Hydrogen ions are released by the stomach lining to help break down food and aid in digestion. This acidic environment is necessary for the activation of digestive enzymes and the breakdown of proteins. The stomach has a highly acidic pH level, ranging from 1.5 to 3.5, due to the presence of hydrogen ions.

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  • 22. 

    Decreased secretion of insulin results in

    • A.

      Increased production of glycogen in the liver

    • B.

      Increased concentration of glucose in the blood.

    • C.

      Decreased concentration of protein in the small intestine.

    • D.

      Decreased concentration of sugar molecules in the duodenum.

    Correct Answer
    B. Increased concentration of glucose in the blood.
    Explanation
    Decreased secretion of insulin results in increased concentration of glucose in the blood. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas that helps regulate blood sugar levels. When insulin levels are low, glucose cannot be properly absorbed by cells for energy, leading to an accumulation of glucose in the bloodstream. This can result in high blood sugar levels, a condition known as hyperglycemia.

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  • 23. 

    Which enzymes are used in the digestion of Carbohydrates? (you may choose as many as applicable)

    • A.

      Salivary Amylase

    • B.

      Glucase

    • C.

      Maltase

    • D.

      Pancreatic Amylase

    • E.

      Trypsin

    • F.

      Lipase

    • G.

      Sucrase

    • H.

      Lactase

    • I.

      Chymotripsin

    • J.

      Renal Amylase

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Salivary Amylase
    C. Maltase
    D. Pancreatic Amylase
    G. Sucrase
    H. Lactase
    Explanation
    Salivary amylase is an enzyme found in saliva that begins the digestion of carbohydrates in the mouth. Maltase is an enzyme found in the small intestine that breaks down maltose into glucose. Pancreatic amylase is produced by the pancreas and helps to break down starches into maltose and glucose. Sucrase is an enzyme that breaks down sucrose into glucose and fructose. Lactase is an enzyme that breaks down lactose into glucose and galactose. These enzymes are all involved in the digestion of carbohydrates at different stages in the digestive system.

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  • 24. 

    Which enzymes are involved (directly or indirectly) in the digestion of Proteins? (you may choose as many as applicable)

    • A.

      Trypsin

    • B.

      Dipeptidase

    • C.

      Aminopeptidase

    • D.

      Chymotripsin

    • E.

      Pepsin

    • F.

      Carboxypeptidase

    • G.

      Enteropeptidase

    • H.

      Pepsinogen

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Trypsin
    B. Dipeptidase
    C. Aminopeptidase
    D. Chymotripsin
    E. Pepsin
    F. Carboxypeptidase
    G. Enteropeptidase
    H. Pepsinogen
    Explanation
    Trypsin, Dipeptidase, Aminopeptidase, Chymotripsin, Pepsin, Carboxypeptidase, Enteropeptidase, and Pepsinogen are all enzymes involved in the digestion of proteins. Trypsin, Chymotripsin, and Carboxypeptidase are proteases that break down proteins into smaller peptides. Pepsin is another protease that functions in the stomach. Dipeptidase and Aminopeptidase are involved in the further breakdown of peptides into individual amino acids. Enteropeptidase is responsible for activating trypsinogen to its active form, trypsin. Pepsinogen is the inactive form of pepsin, which is activated by the acidic environment in the stomach. Therefore, all these enzymes play a role in the digestion of proteins either directly or indirectly.

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  • 25. 

    Which enzymes are used in the digestion of Nucleic Acid? (you may choose as many as applicable)

    • A.

      Amylases

    • B.

      Nucleases

    • C.

      Disaccharidases

    • D.

      Lipase

    • E.

      Ribonuclease

    • F.

      Deoxynuclease

    Correct Answer
    B. Nucleases
    Explanation
    Nucleases are enzymes that are used in the digestion of nucleic acids. They break down the phosphodiester bonds between nucleotides, leading to the fragmentation of the nucleic acid molecule. Ribonuclease specifically targets RNA molecules, while deoxynuclease targets DNA molecules. Therefore, nucleases play a crucial role in the digestion and breakdown of nucleic acids in the body.

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  • 26. 

    Lacteals

    • A.

      Are located inside the large intestine

    • B.

      Are part of the lymphatic system

    • C.

      Are located inside microvilli

    • D.

      Increase the absorbing surface area of the small intestine

    Correct Answer
    B. Are part of the lymphatic system
    Explanation
    Lacteals are part of the lymphatic system. The lymphatic system is responsible for transporting lymph, a fluid that contains white blood cells and other immune system cells, throughout the body. Lacteals are specialized lymphatic vessels found in the small intestine. They play a crucial role in the absorption of dietary fats and fat-soluble vitamins. Lacteals are located inside the microvilli, which are tiny projections on the surface of the small intestine. This arrangement increases the absorbing surface area of the small intestine, allowing for efficient absorption of nutrients.

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  • 27. 

    Secretin

    • A.

      Stimulates the pancreas to release bicorbonate

    • B.

      Stimulates the duodenum to secrete other enterogastrones

    • C.

      Stimulates the liver to release bile

    • D.

      Stimulates the stomach to secrete gastric juice

    Correct Answer
    A. Stimulates the pancreas to release bicorbonate
    Explanation
    Secretin is a hormone that is released by the duodenum in response to the presence of acid in the stomach. Its main function is to stimulate the pancreas to release bicarbonate, which helps to neutralize the acid in the stomach and maintain the pH balance in the small intestine. This is important for proper digestion and absorption of nutrients.

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  • Current Version
  • Dec 26, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jun 11, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Xcissors
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