Bentley Ch. 29 Test Industrial Society

14 Questions | Total Attempts: 1047

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Bentley Ch. 29 Test Industrial Society

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following was NOT an economic advantage enjoyed by Britain in the 18th century?
    • A. 

      Abundant and accessible coal deposits

    • B. 

      Local sources of raw cotton

    • C. 

      Abundant skilled and unskilled labor

    • D. 

      Access to water transportation

  • 2. 
    Cotton cloth was valued by European consumers in the 18th century because it
    • A. 

      Was rare and considered a luxury

    • B. 

      Was comfortable and convenient

    • C. 

      Was a British product and so considered patriotic

    • D. 

      lasted longer than wool

  • 3. 
    Improvements in transportation, such as the railroads and steamships, 
    • A. 

      Lowered transportation costs and linked industrial centers with overseas resources

    • B. 

      Facilitated the movement of people as well as goods

    • C. 

      Facilitated delivery of manufactured products to consumers

    • D. 

      All of these statements are correct

  • 4. 
    It could be said that global economic forces split countries into two dominant patterns. While one was the  manufacturing nations, what was the other form?
    • A. 

      Nations whose government received profits for sale of its raw materials

    • B. 

      Nations in which private citizens benefited from sale of natural resources

    • C. 

      Nations that exported labor to satisfy the demands in manufacturing countries

    • D. 

      Nations that became dependent on manufacturing economies rather than controlling their own

  • 5. 
    Of the following aspects of industrialization, which one clearly underpinned the industrialization of Japan and Russia?
    • A. 

      Abundant natural resources

    • B. 

      A thriving middle class

    • C. 

      A large workforce

    • D. 

      Government support

  • 6. 
    What effect did industrialization have on gender roles?
    • A. 

      Men could make higher wages than women so most women looked for jobs as domestic servants

    • B. 

      Women moved into jobs such as teaching that had been relegated to men

    • C. 

      Both men and women found valuable societal roles in separate spheres

    • D. 

      Very few jobs were available for women so most women retired to housekeeping

  • 7. 
    Industrialization led to global changes in population. What was an example of demographic transition? 
    • A. 

      People moved from rural regions into urban regions

    • B. 

      Global migrations occurred as workers moved to new countries

    • C. 

      Declining mortality rates made for a healthier population

    • D. 

      Declining birth rates contributed to a slowing in the population increase

  • 8. 
    Industrialization made profound changes in work responsibilities. Which of the following groups protested the changes first? 
    • A. 

      Socialists

    • B. 

      Workers

    • C. 

      Agricultural landlords

    • D. 

      City governments

  • 9. 
    Which of the following conditions was LEAST important in the process of industrialization?
    • A. 

      A healthy agricultural economy

    • B. 

      A navigable system of waterways

    • C. 

      A convenient power source

    • D. 

      An available labor source

  • 10. 
    When comparing the industrialization process of Russian and Japan, which of the following would be most similar in the role of government?
    • A. 

      The Dutch government during the commercial boom of the 16th and 17th centuries

    • B. 

      The Inca's participation in the economic production of the high Andes

    • C. 

      The laissez-faire practices of 19th century American politics

    • D. 

      The role of the French government in a mercantilist economy

  • 11. 
    When comparing the roles of urban and rural women in the middle ages with those in the industrial age, which of the following is the most accurate description?   
    • A. 

      Rural women maintained the same roles while urban women became increasingly independent entrepreneurs

    • B. 

      Rural women gained more authority as men left for cities while urban women lost their autonomy and became completely dependent on men

    • C. 

      Rural women maintained their same roles while urban women continued with a diversity of roles, but there was less opportunity for independent initiative

    • D. 

      Rural women began to form cooperatives to market agricultural goods while urban women increasingly depended on industrial work as the foundation of their economic well-being

  • 12. 
    All of the following are examples of vertical organization EXCEPT   
    • A. 

      Standard Oil's control of all phases of petroleum production and distribution

    • B. 

      The Krupp firm's integration of mines, steel mills, and munitions plants

    • C. 

      The British East India Company's monopoly on the tea trade

    • D. 

      U.S. Steel's control of mines, mills, and railroad manufacture

  • 13. 
    From the perspective of the consumer, the factory system meant 
    • A. 

      Cheaper manufactured goods

    • B. 

      Lower-quality manufactured goods

    • C. 

      Fewer choices in manufactured goods

    • D. 

      Acute shortages of many manufactured items

  • 14. 
    From the perspective of the worker, the factory system meant 
    • A. 

      Better working conditions than piecework done at home

    • B. 

      Better pay for skilled work

    • C. 

      Greater opportunities for advancement within a free market system

    • D. 

      Harsh discipline and close supervision

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