Concept 3.1 - 3.2 Test

17 Questions | Total Attempts: 41

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Concept 3.1 - 3.2 Test - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    ​​​​​​ How did the invention and spread of the telegraph affect American society in the 1800s?
    • A. 

      It increased access to popular culture by allowing musicians to record and distribute their music.

    • B. 

      It enabled businesses to increase their markets by improving long-distance communication.

    • C. 

      It led to the development of suburbs by making jobs outside of the city more plentiful.

    • D. 

      It gave ordinary people access to technology that did not require special training to operate.

  • 2. 
    Corporations raise capital by
    • A. 

      Acquiring natural resources

    • B. 

      Developing bureaucracies

    • C. 

      Hiring blue-collar and white-collar workers

    • D. 

      Selling bonds and shares of stock

  • 3. 
    Read the information below. Workers employed by Andrew Carnegie mined iron ore in Ohio. The ore was transported across the Great Lakes on ships owned by Carnegie and then transported to Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, on Carnegie’s railroad. Finally, workers in Carnegie’s mills turned the iron ore into steel. This information best describes which business innovation from the industrial era?
    • A. 

      Vertical integration

    • B. 

      The assembly line

    • C. 

      Bureaucratization

    • D. 

      The department store

  • 4. 
    The work of George Westinghouse and Nikolai Tesla helped to
    • A. 

      Replace steam power with oil power

    • B. 

      Spread the use of electricity

    • C. 

      Convince individuals to invest in the stock market

    • D. 

      Expand the national railroad network

  • 5. 
    The spread of railroads during the 1800s aided the U.S. economy by
    • A. 

      Reducing the time workers spent commuting to and from work

    • B. 

      Providing a large number of well-paying jobs to recent immigrants

    • C. 

      Bringing consumers closer to the agricultural regions where their food was grown

    • D. 

      Making it easier to move natural resources and finished goods around the country

  • 6. 
    Which action was one of the U.S. government’s earliest responses to the environmental damage caused by industrialization?
    • A. 

      Establishment of a system of national parks and forests

    • B. 

      Passage of air and water pollution regulations

    • C. 

      A push to move factories from cities into suburban areas

    • D. 

      An effort to convert from coal power to electricity

  • 7. 
    Many Native American nations decided to fight back against  [Blank] and the redrawing of their territories.
    • A. 

      Mass production

    • B. 

      Sikhism

    • C. 

      Assimilation

  • 8. 
    Which factor most contributed to the conflicts between Mexican Americans and European settlers in the Southwest during the second half of the 1800s?
    • A. 

      Attempts by the Mexican government to reconquer the region

    • B. 

      The desire of Mexican Americans to gain independence from the United States

    • C. 

      The desire of ranchers to use the land occupied by Mexican Americans

    • D. 

      Alliances between Mexican and Native Americans to attack white settlements

  • 9. 
    Which statement best describes the effect of the Dawes Act?
    • A. 

      Individual Native Americans could own and sell plots of reservation land.

    • B. 

      European settlers could claim unused land on reservations by farming it for five years.

    • C. 

      Individual Native Americans could not own and sell plots of reservation land.

    • D. 

      Federal money would be made available to compensate Native Americans for treaty violations.

  • 10. 
    Which factor most contributed to the rise of the mining industry in the United States during the middle of the 1800s?
    • A. 

      Urbanization

    • B. 

      Industrialization

    • C. 

      Sectional conflict

    • D. 

      Westward migration

  • 11. 
    Which statement best explains why boomtowns became ghost towns in the American West?
    • A. 

      A transcontinental railroad was built alongside the town.

    • B. 

      A Native American reservation was opened to settlers near the town.

    • C. 

      People discovered gold and other precious metals beneath the town.

    • D. 

      People used up all the resources surrounding the town.

  • 12. 
    What was the main focus of federal Indian policy during the first half of the 1800s?
    • A. 

      Making Native American land ghost towns

    • B. 

      Assimilating Native Americas into mainstream society

    • C. 

      Pushing Native Americans onto reservations west of the Mississippi River

    • D. 

      Encouraging settlers and Native Americans to coexist peacefully

  • 13. 
    Which statement explains how construction of the transcontinental railroad most affected Native Americans during the 1800s?
    • A. 

      The settlers who traveled west on railroads took land that had traditionally belonged to Native Americans.

    • B. 

      The opportunities made possible by railroads convinced Native Americans in the West to move to eastern cities.

    • C. 

      The immigrants who came to the United States on railroads took away jobs that had previously been given to Native Americans.

    • D. 

      The ease of traveling by railroads helped Native Americans more effectively hunt the bison they needed to survive.

  • 14. 
    Which statement best describes the federal government's role in the nation's post-Civil War growth?
    • A. 

      By raising taxes on immigrants from Europe, the federal government attempted to slow population growth east of the Mississippi River.

    • B. 

      By making states responsible for funding the construction of railroads and communities, the federal government played a minor role in growth west of the Mississippi River.

    • C. 

      By lowering taxes on people who moved from the West to the East, the federal government attempted to encourage growth east of the Mississippi River.

    • D. 

      By funding new technologies and providing cheap land, the federal government played a major role in encouraging growth west of the Mississippi River.

  • 15. 
    A [Blank], also called a reserve or a reserve station, is an area of land that has been set aside for native people. 
    • A. 

      Entrepeneur

    • B. 

      Reservation

    • C. 

      Wounded knee

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