World History Quiz: Life In The Industrial Age

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| By Rkleine74
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World History Quiz: Life In The Industrial Age - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Russia didn't industrialize as quickly as other nations because it lacked:

    • A.

      Political stability

    • B.

      Expertise

    • C.

      Technology

    • D.

      Capital

    Correct Answer
    A. Political stability
    Explanation
    Russia didn't industrialize as quickly as other nations because it lacked political stability. Political stability is crucial for creating a conducive environment for economic growth and industrialization. Without stability, there is a lack of certainty and security for investors, which hinders the flow of capital and slows down the development of industries. Additionally, political instability can lead to frequent changes in policies and regulations, making it difficult for businesses to plan and operate efficiently. Therefore, the absence of political stability in Russia would have been a significant obstacle to its industrialization process.

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  • 2. 

    An artist of the mid 1800s who portrayed the harsh lives of slum dwellers was probably using which artistic style?

    • A.

      Realism

    • B.

      Impressionism

    • C.

      Neoclassicism

    • D.

      Romanticism

    Correct Answer
    A. Realism
    Explanation
    An artist of the mid 1800s who portrayed the harsh lives of slum dwellers was probably using realism as an artistic style. Realism sought to depict everyday life and the harsh realities of society, often focusing on the working class and socially disadvantaged individuals. This style emerged as a reaction against the idealized and romanticized portrayals of the previous artistic movements. Realist artists aimed to capture the truth and authenticity of their subjects, presenting them in a straightforward and unembellished manner. Therefore, it is likely that an artist portraying the harsh lives of slum dwellers in the mid 1800s would have chosen realism as their artistic style.

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  • 3. 

    Romanticism can be described as  a revolt against the Enlightenment's emphasis on:

    • A.

      Religion

    • B.

      Reason

    • C.

      Legends

    • D.

      The past

    Correct Answer
    B. Reason
    Explanation
    Romanticism can be described as a revolt against the Enlightenment's emphasis on reason because it sought to prioritize emotions, imagination, and intuition over rationality and logic. Romanticism rejected the idea that everything could be explained and understood through logical analysis and instead embraced the mysterious, the supernatural, and the irrational. It celebrated individuality, subjectivity, and the power of the imagination, seeking to evoke strong emotions and create a sense of awe and wonder. By emphasizing emotions and intuition, Romanticism aimed to challenge the strict rationality and intellectualism of the Enlightenment period.

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  • 4. 

    What theory applied the idea of natural selection to the development of business and society?

    • A.

      Social gospel

    • B.

      Social Darwinism

    • C.

      Capitalism

    • D.

      Socialism

    Correct Answer
    B. Social Darwinism
    Explanation
    Social Darwinism is the theory that applied the idea of natural selection to the development of business and society. It suggests that society and business operate in a similar way to the natural world, with competition and survival of the fittest determining success or failure. This theory became popular in the late 19th and early 20th centuries and was used to justify social and economic inequality, as well as to oppose government intervention in business and society.

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  • 5. 

    The population of Europe exploded between 1800 and 1900 largely because of:

    • A.

      Cities eliminated slums and tenements

    • B.

      Couples had more and more children

    • C.

      Medical advances causing decline in death rate

    • D.

      Couples began having kids at an earlier age

    Correct Answer
    C. Medical advances causing decline in death rate
    Explanation
    The correct answer is medical advances causing a decline in the death rate. During the 19th century, significant advancements in medicine, such as improved sanitation, vaccinations, and the discovery of antibiotics, contributed to a decrease in mortality rates. This led to a decrease in the number of deaths, allowing more people to survive and resulting in a population explosion in Europe during that time period.

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  • 6. 

    a production method in which workers repeatedly perform one task in the manufacturing process:

    • A.

      Interchangeable parts

    • B.

      Bessemer process

    • C.

      The assembly line

    • D.

      Cottage industries

    Correct Answer
    C. The assembly line
    Explanation
    The assembly line is a production method in which workers repeatedly perform one task in the manufacturing process. This method involves dividing the production process into smaller, specialized tasks that are performed by different workers or machines. Each worker or machine is responsible for a specific task, and the products move along a conveyor belt or assembly line, being worked on at each stage until they are completed. This method increases efficiency and productivity, as it allows for faster production and reduces the time and effort required for each worker to complete a product.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following were writers of the realism movement?

    • A.

      Edgar Degas, Georges Seurat

    • B.

      William Wordsworth, Mary Shelley

    • C.

      Gustave Courbet, Thomas Eakins

    • D.

      Charles Dickens, Victor Hugo

    Correct Answer
    D. Charles Dickens, Victor Hugo
    Explanation
    Charles Dickens and Victor Hugo were both writers associated with the realism movement. Realism was a literary movement that emerged in the 19th century and sought to depict ordinary life and society in a realistic and truthful manner, often focusing on social issues and the struggles of the working class. Dickens and Hugo both wrote novels that depicted the harsh realities of their time, such as poverty, inequality, and social injustice. Dickens' works like "Oliver Twist" and "A Tale of Two Cities" and Hugo's novels like "Les Misérables" and "The Hunchback of Notre-Dame" are considered classics of the realism movement.

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  • 8. 

    What did Mathew B. Brady accomplish in the area of visual arts?

    • A.

      His pictures captured beauty of nature

    • B.

      He created postimpressionist pictures

    • C.

      He photographed cathedrals in Europe

    • D.

      He took realistic pictures of the Civil War

    Correct Answer
    D. He took realistic pictures of the Civil War
    Explanation
    Mathew B. Brady accomplished taking realistic pictures of the Civil War. He was a renowned photographer who documented the events and aftermath of the war through his photographs. His images provided a visual record of the war, capturing the reality and impact of the conflict. Brady's photographs were instrumental in shaping public perception and understanding of the Civil War.

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  • 9. 

    What limited the effectiveness of women involved in the temperance movement?

    • A.

      They were too focused on the suffrage movement

    • B.

      They were too busy with their families to support causes

    • C.

      They couldn't vote and were barred from most schools

    • D.

      They didn't want to get involved in political issues

    Correct Answer
    C. They couldn't vote and were barred from most schools
    Explanation
    Women involved in the temperance movement were limited in their effectiveness because they couldn't vote and were barred from most schools. This meant that they had limited political power and access to education, which hindered their ability to advocate for their cause effectively. Without the ability to vote or receive a proper education, their influence and voice in society were significantly restricted.

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  • 10. 

    What invention did the internal combustion engine make possible?

    • A.

      Fulton's steam boat

    • B.

      The Wright Brothers' airplane

    • C.

      Morse's telegraph

    • D.

      Faraday's electric motor

    Correct Answer
    B. The Wright Brothers' airplane
    Explanation
    The internal combustion engine made the invention of the Wright Brothers' airplane possible. This engine provided the necessary power and propulsion for the aircraft, allowing it to take off and fly. Without the internal combustion engine, the airplane would not have been able to achieve the speed, efficiency, and control necessary for sustained flight.

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  • Current Version
  • Aug 23, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 24, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    Rkleine74
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