Industrial Revolution Question Answer Quiz

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Industrial Revolution Question Answer Quiz - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    England passed laws to make sure the United States could not make the machines they had.  They didn't want competition with our country.  One man was able to get around these laws.  Which is NOT a way Samuel Slater managed to build England's machines in America?

    • A.

      He disguised himself as a farmer to come to America

    • B.

      He worked for seven years to buy the plans for Arkwright's machines

    • C.

      He practiced building them in England

    • D.

      He memorized them while being an apprentice

    Correct Answer
    B. He worked for seven years to buy the plans for Arkwright's machines
    Explanation
    Samuel Slater managed to build England's machines in America by working for seven years to buy the plans for Arkwright's machines.

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  • 2. 

    Which of the following is NOT an example of how life changed after new large machines were built?

    • A.

      Mills were built near waterways

    • B.

      Workers had to work according to the owners' schedules and paces

    • C.

      More people stayed at home because of portable machines

    • D.

      People didn't work at home as much

    Correct Answer
    C. More people stayed at home because of portable machines
    Explanation
    The answer "more people stayed at home because of portable machines" is not an example of how life changed after new large machines were built. The other options all show changes that occurred due to the construction of new large machines. Mills being built near waterways allowed for easier transportation of goods and increased industrialization. Workers having to work according to the owners' schedules and paces reflects the shift towards factory work and the loss of control over their own time. People not working at home as much suggests that the traditional cottage industry was replaced by centralized factories. However, the statement about more people staying at home because of portable machines does not align with the changes brought about by large machines.

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  • 3. 

    Steam power allowed factories to be built...

    • A.

      Anywhere

    • B.

      Near water

    • C.

      On moving water

    • D.

      On farms

    Correct Answer
    A. Anywhere
    Explanation
    Steam power allowed factories to be built anywhere because it eliminated the need for factories to be located near water sources. Prior to the invention of steam power, factories had to be built near water in order to harness water power for their operations. However, with the advent of steam power, factories could be powered by steam engines, which allowed them to be located anywhere, regardless of proximity to water sources. This increased the flexibility and convenience of factory locations, leading to the establishment of factories in various parts of the world.

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  • 4. 

    Before interchangeable parts and _______  _______________________, very few goods, like bikes, clocks, engines, & sewing machines could be produced in a much longer time.

    Correct Answer
    mass production
    Explanation
    Before interchangeable parts and mass production, very few goods, like bikes, clocks, engines, and sewing machines could be produced in a much longer time. Mass production refers to the manufacturing of goods on a large scale using standardized processes and machinery. This method allows for the efficient production of goods in large quantities, reducing the time and cost involved in manufacturing. With the introduction of mass production, the production time for goods such as bikes, clocks, engines, and sewing machines significantly decreased, making them more accessible and affordable for consumers.

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  • 5. 

    All of these made travel easier and faster during the Industrial Revolution EXCEPT...

    • A.

      Canals

    • B.

      Steam power

    • C.

      Steam boats

    • D.

      Steam trucks

    Correct Answer
    D. Steam trucks
    Explanation
    During the Industrial Revolution, various advancements were made to improve travel, including the development of canals, steam power, steam boats, and steam trucks. Canals allowed for the transportation of goods and people by water, while steam power revolutionized the efficiency and speed of transportation. Steam boats were used for river and sea travel, and steam trucks were utilized for land transportation. Therefore, the correct answer is "steam trucks" as they were not a mode of transportation during the Industrial Revolution.

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  • 6. 

     Which events happened LAST?

    • A.

      Samuel Slater rebuilds England's machines

    • B.

      New machines using interchangeable parts are used in England

    • C.

      Over 350.000 immigrants came to America in 1850 to find a better life

    • D.

      Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin

    Correct Answer
    C. Over 350.000 immigrants came to America in 1850 to find a better life
    Explanation
    The events of Samuel Slater rebuilding England's machines, new machines using interchangeable parts being used in England, and Eli Whitney inventing the cotton gin all occurred in the past, but the event of over 350,000 immigrants coming to America in 1850 happened after these events. Therefore, the event of over 350,000 immigrants coming to America in 1850 happened last.

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  • 7. 

    What was the reason for the invention of James Hargreaves' spinny jenny, Richard Arkwright's water frame & the power loom in England?

    • A.

      Pollution in the water caused a need for ways to clean water to drink.

    • B.

      Their kids needed something for the science fair in England.

    • C.

      Travel became very popular and new types of transportation were needed.

    • D.

      Cotton cloth became very popular and they needed faster ways to produce enough for the people who wanted to buy it.

    Correct Answer
    D. Cotton cloth became very popular and they needed faster ways to produce enough for the people who wanted to buy it.
    Explanation
    The invention of James Hargreaves' spinny jenny, Richard Arkwright's water frame, and the power loom in England was driven by the increasing popularity of cotton cloth and the need for faster production methods to meet the demand of the people who wanted to buy it.

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  • 8. 

    Many ________________________ came to America in the 1840's to work in the busy factories.

    Correct Answer
    immigrants
    immigrant
    Explanation
    Many immigrants came to America in the 1840's to work in the busy factories. The word "immigrants" is the plural form of "immigrant," which refers to a person who moves to a foreign country permanently. In this context, the sentence suggests that multiple individuals from different countries migrated to America during the specified time period to find employment in factories.

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  • 9. 

    10 year old girls left school and their family farms to work 14-hour days in mills in order to make money. 

    • A.

      TRUE

    • B.

      FALSE

    Correct Answer
    A. TRUE
    Explanation
    During the Industrial Revolution, it was common for children, including 10-year-old girls, to leave school and their family farms to work long hours in mills. These children were often employed in dangerous and labor-intensive jobs, working up to 14 hours a day, in order to help their families earn money. This practice was prevalent during this time period, making the statement true.

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  • 10. 

    Who began using interchangeable parts to build clocks to keep up with the sudden demand to tell time rather than use the sun, or church bells?

    • A.

      Eli Terry

    • B.

      Eli Whitney

    • C.

      Richard Arkwright

    • D.

      James Watt

    Correct Answer
    A. Eli Terry
    Explanation
    Eli Terry began using interchangeable parts to build clocks to meet the increasing demand for timekeeping. This innovation allowed for the mass production of clocks, as individual parts could be easily replaced if damaged or worn out. By using interchangeable parts, Terry was able to streamline the production process and meet the growing need for accurate timekeeping devices.

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  • 11. 

    Which words best describe life BEFORE the Industrial Revolution?

    • A.

      Farms, self-efficient, simple tools

    • B.

      Farms, factories, fast-paced

    • C.

      Factories, self-efficient, simple

    • D.

      Factories, technology, busy

    Correct Answer
    A. Farms, self-efficient, simple tools
    Explanation
    Life before the Industrial Revolution was characterized by farms, self-sufficiency, and the use of simple tools. During this time, the majority of the population lived in rural areas and relied on agriculture for their livelihood. People were self-sufficient, producing their own food and goods. The tools used were basic and often handmade, reflecting the simplicity of life before the introduction of industrial machinery and technology.

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  • 12. 

    Eli Whitney's cotton jenny made cleaning cotton easier and quicker, made the country more money, caused a greater demand for cotton, & forced more African Americans into slavery.

    • A.

      TRUE

    • B.

      FALSE

    Correct Answer
    B. FALSE
    Explanation
    The statement is false because Eli Whitney's cotton gin, not cotton jenny, made cleaning cotton easier and quicker. The invention of the cotton gin did increase the demand for cotton and led to an increase in slavery, but the statement incorrectly attributes these consequences to the cotton jenny.

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  • 13. 

    Used by Eli Whitney in order to make guns more quickly, _________________________  ________________ were identical pieces of machines that can be used in place of one another. 

    Correct Answer
    interchangeable parts
    interchangable parts
    interchangeable part
    Explanation
    Interchangeable parts were used by Eli Whitney to make guns more quickly. These parts were identical pieces of machines that could be used in place of one another.

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  • 14. 

    Cyrus McCormick invented a machine that cuts and gathers grain called...

    • A.

      The reaper

    • B.

      The farmer's friend

    • C.

      The spinning jenny

    • D.

      The cotton gin

    Correct Answer
    A. The reaper
    Explanation
    Cyrus McCormick invented a machine that cuts and gathers grain called the reaper. This machine revolutionized agriculture by greatly increasing the efficiency of harvesting crops. The reaper allowed farmers to cut and gather grain much more quickly and easily than by traditional manual methods. It played a significant role in the development of the agricultural industry and had a lasting impact on farming practices.

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  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 24, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Mrsmorrison
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