Simple Quiz On Atomic Structure

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Nailah Mutiasari
N
Nailah Mutiasari
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 12,419
Questions: 20 | Attempts: 12,419

SettingsSettingsSettings
Simple Quiz On Atomic Structure - Quiz

Simple quiz on atomic structure, chemical bonding and the periodic table.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What are isotopes?

    • A.

      A) They have the same number of neutrons but different number of protons.

    • B.

      B) They have different number of neutrons and protons but same number of electrons

    • C.

      C) They have different number of neutrons and electrons but same number of protons

    • D.

      D) They have different number of neutrons but same number of protons.

    Correct Answer
    D. D) They have different number of neutrons but same number of protons.
    Explanation
    Alternatively, they have the same atomic number but different mass number.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    If a principal quantum shell has the number n=2, what is the maximum number of electron it can have?

    • A.

      2

    • B.

      4

    • C.

      6

    • D.

      8

    Correct Answer
    D. 8
    Explanation
    n=2 is the second principal quantum shell. It is made up of an s orbital and p orbital which can store 2 and 6 electrons respectively. 2+6=8

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    Which electronic configuration represents Chromium?

    • A.

      A) 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s1

    • B.

      B) 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p4 4s2

    • C.

      C) 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p5 4s1

    • D.

      D) 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 4s1 3p6

    Correct Answer
    C. C) 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p5 4s1
    Explanation
    A half filled d sub shell has extra stability.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    Given that Copper exists as copper 63 and copper 65 and their relative atomic mass is 63.6, find the relative abundance of each isotope.

    • A.

      Cu63 - 30 Cu 65 - 70

    • B.

      Cu 63 - 30 Cu 65 - 70

    • C.

      Cu 63 - 40 Cu 65 - 60

    • D.

      Cu 63 - 60 Cu 65 - 40

    Correct Answer
    B. Cu 63 - 30 Cu 65 - 70
    Explanation
    let x = relative abundance of cu 63

    63(x/100) + 65(1-x/100) = 63.6
    x=70
    Relative abundance of Cu 65 = 100-70
    =30

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    Particles, ions or atoms that have the same number of ... are isoelectronic?

    • A.

      Protons

    • B.

      Neutrons

    • C.

      Electrons

    • D.

      Elements

    Correct Answer
    C. Electrons
    Explanation
    Particles, ions, or atoms that have the same number of electrons are isoelectronic. Isoelectronic species have the same electronic configuration, meaning they have the same number of electrons and therefore similar chemical properties. The number of protons and neutrons in an atom does not determine whether they are isoelectronic, as it is the number of electrons that primarily determines the element's behavior in chemical reactions.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    Which electronic configuration is stable?

    • A.

      A) 1s2 2s2 2p6

    • B.

      B) 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s1

    • C.

      C) 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2

    • D.

      D) 1s2 2s2 2p3

    Correct Answer
    A. A) 1s2 2s2 2p6
    Explanation
    A stable electronic configuration has a completely filled outermost principal quantum shell.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    Aufbau’s Principle states that:

    • A.

      A) Electrons in their ground state will occupy orbitals in order of their energy level; the lowest energy levels are always filled first.

    • B.

      B) The orbitals of a subshell must be singly occupied with electrons of parallel spin before they can be occupied in pairs.

    • C.

      C) An orbital cannot contain more than 2 electrons. If 2 electrons occupy the same orbitals, they must have opposite spins; i.e. one up spin and one down spin

    • D.

      D) None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. A) Electrons in their ground state will occupy orbitals in order of their energy level; the lowest energy levels are always filled first.
    Explanation
    Aufbau's Principle is a fundamental principle in chemistry that describes the order in which electrons fill the orbitals of an atom. According to this principle, electrons in their ground state will occupy orbitals in order of their energy level, with the lowest energy levels being filled first. This means that electrons will fill the orbitals starting from the lowest energy level and moving up to higher energy levels. This principle helps to explain the organization of the periodic table and the electron configuration of atoms.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    Since isotopes have the same number of electrons, they then have the same...?

    • A.

      Chemical properties

    • B.

      Melting point

    • C.

      Boiling point

    • D.

      Density

    Correct Answer
    A. Chemical properties
    Explanation
    Isotopes have the same number of electrons, which means they have the same electron configuration. This electron configuration determines the chemical properties of an element. Therefore, isotopes have the same chemical properties. The other options, melting point, boiling point, and density, are not solely determined by the number of electrons and can vary between isotopes.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    Element P has the electronic configuration 2.8.6.Element Q has the electronic configuration 2.8.8.2.Which statement about the compound PQ is probably correct?

    • A.

      It will have a low boiling point.

    • B.

      It will conduct electricity when molten.

    • C.

      An aqueous solution of the compound will not conduct electricity.

    • D.

      It will have a giant covalent structure.

    Correct Answer
    B. It will conduct electricity when molten.
    Explanation
    An ionic compound is formed.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    Xenon is in group 0. Which statement about xenon is true?

    • A.

      Xenon molecules are diatomic

    • B.

      Xenon supports combustion

    • C.

      Xenon has two outer electrons

    • D.

      Xenon is unreactive

    Correct Answer
    D. Xenon is unreactive
    Explanation
    All noble gases are unreactive.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    In fleming's left hand rule, if the first finger is pointing at the field and the second finger is pointing at the current, then the thumb is at...?

    • A.

      Direction of field

    • B.

      Direction of current

    • C.

      Direction of electrons

    • D.

      Direction of resultant force

    Correct Answer
    D. Direction of resultant force
    Explanation
    According to Fleming's left-hand rule, if the first finger represents the direction of the magnetic field and the second finger represents the direction of the current, then the thumb represents the direction of the resultant force. This means that the correct answer is "Direction of resultant force." The rule is commonly used to determine the direction of the force experienced by a current-carrying conductor in a magnetic field.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    What is the shape of the p-orbital? 

    • A.

      Dumb-bell shape

    • B.

      Pyramid shape

    • C.

      Spherical shape

    • D.

      Square shape

    Correct Answer
    A. Dumb-bell shape
    Explanation
    The p-orbital is shaped like a dumbbell, with two lobes on either side of the nucleus. This shape is a result of the wave-like nature of electrons and their probability distribution within the orbital. The dumbbell shape allows for the electron to move in different directions and orientations around the nucleus.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    The first period consists of two elements. How many elements does the second period consist of?

    • A.

      2

    • B.

      8

    • C.

      10

    • D.

      18

    Correct Answer
    B. 8
    Explanation
    In the periodic table, groups are the columns while periods are the rows.

    Rate this question:

  • 14. 

    Which of the following are the properties of graphite?

    • A.

      Hard, high melting point.

    • B.

      Soft, low melting point

    • C.

      Soft, high melting point

    • D.

      Hard, low melting point.

    Correct Answer
    C. Soft, high melting point
    Explanation
    Graphite is a form of carbon that has a layered structure, with weak bonds between the layers. This structure gives graphite its soft and slippery texture, making it suitable for use as a lubricant. However, graphite also has a high melting point, which means it requires a significant amount of heat to change from a solid to a liquid state. This property makes graphite useful in high-temperature applications, such as in the production of crucibles and refractory materials. Therefore, the correct answer is "Soft, high melting point."

    Rate this question:

  • 15. 

    Potassium and Francium are both in group I of the periodic table. Which one of the following statements is correct?

    • A.

      Both metals form acidic oxides.

    • B.

      Francium has more electrons in its outermost shell than potassium.

    • C.

      Francium has a lower melting point than potassium.

    • D.

      Francium reacts less quickly with water than potassium.

    Correct Answer
    C. Francium has a lower melting point than potassium.
    Explanation
    Francium has a lower melting point than potassium because as you move down Group I of the periodic table, the melting points of the elements decrease. This is due to the increase in atomic size and the weakening of metallic bonds. Francium, being below potassium in the group, has a larger atomic size and weaker metallic bonds, resulting in a lower melting point compared to potassium.

    Rate this question:

  • 16. 

    Which combination is correct for diamond?

    • A.

      Covalent bond, 4 atoms joined to each carbon atom

    • B.

      Ionic bond, 4 atoms joined to each carbon atom

    • C.

      Covalent, 3 atoms joined to each carbon atom

    • D.

      Ionic, 3 atoms joined to each carbon atom

    Correct Answer
    A. Covalent bond, 4 atoms joined to each carbon atom
    Explanation
    Diamond is a form of carbon in which each carbon atom is covalently bonded to four other carbon atoms. This results in a three-dimensional network structure, giving diamond its hardness and unique properties. The covalent bonds are strong and stable, making diamond one of the hardest substances known. Therefore, the correct combination for diamond is "covalent bond, 4 atoms joined to each carbon atom."

    Rate this question:

  • 17. 

    Boron and aluminium are both in group III of the periodic table. Which statement is true for these two elements?

    • A.

      Both elements are metals

    • B.

      Both elements contain 3 electrons in the outermost shells.

    • C.

      Both elements form acidic oxides.

    • D.

      Both elements have the same proton number.

    Correct Answer
    B. Both elements contain 3 electrons in the outermost shells.
    Explanation
    Both ions of the elements have the 3+ charge.

    Rate this question:

  • 18. 

    Which statement about the change in properties of the elements from left to right across a period is correct?

    • A.

      The elements change from being metals to non-metals.

    • B.

      The number of neutrons in an atom decreases.

    • C.

      The electrical conductivity of the elements increases.

    • D.

      The number of protons in an atom decreases.

    Correct Answer
    A. The elements change from being metals to non-metals.
    Explanation
    As you move from left to right across a period in the periodic table, the elements tend to change from being metals to non-metals. This is because the properties of elements are determined by their electron configurations, and as you move across a period, the number of valence electrons increases. Metals tend to have fewer valence electrons and non-metals tend to have more valence electrons. Therefore, as you move from left to right across a period, the elements transition from having metallic properties to having non-metallic properties.

    Rate this question:

  • 19. 

    Allotropes are of...

    • A.

      The same element and have similar properties

    • B.

      Different elements but have similar properties

    • C.

      Different elements and different properties

    • D.

      The same element but of different properties

    Correct Answer
    A. The same element and have similar properties
    Explanation
    Allotropes are different forms of the same element that exhibit distinct physical and chemical properties. Despite their differences, allotropes share some common characteristics due to their elemental composition. Therefore, they are of the same element and have similar properties.

    Rate this question:

  • 20. 

    If Fluorine were mixed with Sodium Chloride, what would be the outcome?

    • A.

      Sodium Fluoride, Sodium Chloride

    • B.

      Potassium Fluoride and Chlorine

    • C.

      Sodium Fluoride and Chlorine

    • D.

      No reaction

    Correct Answer
    C. Sodium Fluoride and Chlorine
    Explanation
    Fluoride would displace chloride in an equation because it is in a higher period of group VII, making it more reactive.

    Rate this question:

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 27, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Nailah Mutiasari
Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.